The Massif de la Hote is a mountain range on the Tiburon Peninsula in southwestern Haiti. About 2.5 million years ago, the Laot Mountains were separated from the La Selle Mountains by a deep and wide seaway, forming an independent island. The result was a hotbed of endemic diseases in La Hottes' bird, plant and reptile communities. The La Hotte massif is subdivided into Eastern La Hotte in the east, La Hotte in the center, and Occidental La Hotte at the western end of the Tiburon Peninsula. Occidental Lajotte is relatively remote and he is one of the most biologically diverse and important regions in the whole of Hispaniola. It also supports some of the last stands at the top of Haiti's dense cloud forest. Haiti has a world heritage site here. Following the 2010 Haiti earthquake, UNESCO's World Heritage Program is helping assess Haiti's damage.

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Biodiversity and conservation

The Occidental La Hotte Mountain Range is the highest and most biologically diverse area of ​​the massif. Ascend to the summit of Pick Makaya at an elevation of approximately 7700 feet (2347 m). The high and variable elevation of this massif, the second highest mountain in Haiti, supports some of Hispaniola's highest levels of biodiversity and endemism. Endemic plants of the massif include Samuelssonia verrucosa, Cinnamodendron angustifolium, Miconia revolutifolia, Miconia ayisyena, Miconia tetrazygioides, Pleurothallis atrohiata, Wercklea hottensis, Clavija domingensis, Magnolia ekmanii, Sapium haitiense, Psidium hotteanum, and Phyllanthus abditus. I will. , Phyllanthusurbanianus, Myrcianthes esnardiana, Alsoophila confinis, Eugenia albimarginata, Eugenia cristula, Eugenia goavensis, Eugenia miragoanae, Eugenia perriniana, Tapura haitiensis, Sapium haitiense, Dussia Sanguinea, Nectandra caudatoacuminata, Pavonia hotteana, Myrcia calophylla, Myrcia chrysophylloides, Myrcia densifolia, Myrcia neohotteana , Myrcia neoinvolucurata, Myrcia tiburoniana, Mosiera tiburona. Endemic orchids include Cranikis galatea, Lepanthes flucatypetala, Lepanthes hottiana, Lepanthes magnipetala, Lepanthes pteroglossa, Lepanthes quadrispaturata, Lepanthes semperflorens, Lepantopsis aristata, Lepantopsis micheliae, Lepantopsis ornipteridion, Maraxis dodi, and Pluurothalis atrohi. will be Atta, Specklinia formondii, Specklinia mitchellii, Specklinia Stillsonii, Stelis choriantha, Stelis glacensis, Stelis magnicava, Tomzanonia filicina. Conservation International recognizes this area as one of the world's most critically endangered areas, home to 13 of Hispaniola's most endangered species (all amphibians). Masu. Among the most endangered frog species are Eleutherodactylus chlorophenax and Eleutherodactylus parapelates, his two species of frog endemic to Haiti. Haiti's national bird, the Hispanic Trogon, is recognized in the region, as is the wintering Bicknell Thrush. Notable Protected Areas in the Ott Mountains include 5 National Parks, 5 Habitat/Species Management Areas and 2 Sustainable Use Protected Areas. Cave of Marie-Jeanne, the largest cave in the Caribbean islands with its natural resources. The national parks are Pic Macaya National Park, Grande Colline National Park, De Mammel National Park, Grand Bois National Park and Ile à Vache National Park. Habitat/species management areas are Gros Key/Zone Humides Dacan, Olivier/Anglais, Point Abacou, Fond de Cay and La Couain. Two reserves where natural resources can be used sustainably are Jeremy-Abricot and Barkadres Keimitz.

= La Hotte Biosphere Reserve =

The La Hotte Biosphere Reserve was designated by UNESCO in 2016. The protected area covers 435,193.5 ha (terrestrial and marine), with a core area of ​​117,119 ha (land: 52,781.5 ha, ocean: 64,337.5 ha), a buffer zone of 185,027.5 ha (land: 130,074.5 ha, sea: 54,953 ha). Qtar), transition area 133,047 ha (82,423 ha land, 50,624 ha sea).

See also

Geography of Haiti caribbean mountains World Conservation Monitoring Center

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Definition & Meaning



  • a block of the earth's crust bounded by faults and shifted to form peaks of a mountain range



  • a Mid-Atlantic state; one of the original 13 colonies



  • a white soft metallic element that tarnishes readily; occurs in rare earth minerals and is usually classified as a rare earth a state in southern United States on the Gulf of Mexico; one of the Confederate states during the American Civil War the syllable naming the sixth (submediant



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