Introduction

The Global Peace Index (GPI) is a report produced by the Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP) that measures the relative position of nations and regions in peace. The GPI ranks 163 independent states and territories (which together account for 99.7 percent of the world's population) according to their level of peace. Over the past decade, the GPI has shown a trend of increasing global violence and declining peace. The GPI was developed from data collected and collated by the Economist Intelligence Unit and in consultation with an international panel of peace experts in peace institutes and think tanks. The index was first published in May 2009 and has been reported annually since. In 2015, 165 countries ranked, up from 121 in 2007. The research was originated by Australian tech entrepreneur Steve Killeria and has been endorsed by former UN Secretary General Kofi Annan, His Holiness the Dalai Lama, Archbishop Desmond Tutu, former presidents and others. Finland and 2008 Nobel Peace Prize Laureate Marti Ahtisaari, Nobel Laureate Muhammad Yunus, Economist Jeffrey Sachs, Former Irish President Mary Robinson, Former UN Deputy Secretary General Jan Eliasson, Former US President Jimmy Carter. Updated indices are released annually at events at the United Nations Secretariat in London, Washington DC, and New York. The 2023 GPI shows that Iceland, Denmark, Ireland, New Zealand and Austria are the most peaceful countries, while Afghanistan, Yemen, Syria, South Sudan and the Democratic Republic of the Congo are the least peaceful. Key findings of the 2023 GPI include a decline in global peace over the past 15 years, a 5% deterioration in global peace levels over the past 15 years, and a including widening peace inequalities in Here are the key results of the Global Peace Index for 2023: The 2023 GPI overall score worsened this year as six of the nine geographic regions represented declined. However, there were more countries whose levels of peace improved than those whose levels of peace deteriorated: 84 compared to 79. Total conflict-related deaths increased by 96 percent. The global economic cost of violence is $17.5 trillion PPP in 2022, equivalent to 12.9 percent of global GDP, or $2,200 per person. The past year has seen a change in the distribution of violence globally. Major conflicts in the Middle East and Africa and South Asia have declined, but conflicts in sub-Saharan Africa, Europe and the Asia-Pacific have intensified. The 'safety and security' and 'ongoing conflict' domains both deteriorated, while the 'militarization' domain registered modest improvement, continuing its long-term improving trend. Of the 23 GPI indicators, 10 recorded improvement, 11 recorded deterioration, and 2 recorded no change in the past year. The two indicators that worsened the most in 2022 were conflict-related external and internal conflict deaths, followed by political instability. The indicators that improved the most were UN peacekeeping funding and military spending.

Scholarly Articles

International panel

The 2016 and 2017 GPI International Panel consisted of the following members: Kevin P. Clements, President, Foundation for Peace and Conflict Studies and Director, National Center for Peace and Conflict Studies, University of Otago, New Zealand Sabina Alkire, Director, Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI), University of Oxford, UK Ian Anthony, Research Coordinator and Director of the Program on Arms Control, Disarmament and Non-Proliferation, Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), Sweden Isabelle Alandon, Belgium, International Crisis Group, Head of Research and Deputy Head of Communications and Outreach Manuela Mesa, Director, Center for Education and Peace Studies (CEIPAZ), President, Spanish Association for Peace Studies (AIPAZ), Madrid, Spain Nick Grono, CEO, Freedom Fund, UK Ekaterina Stepanova, Head of the Peace and Conflict Studies Unit, Institute for World Economy and International Relations (IMEMO), Russian Academy of Sciences

Methodology

In assessing peace, the GPI examines the extent to which countries are involved in ongoing domestic and international conflicts and seeks to assess the level of domestic harmony or discord. A wide range of safety and security in society is evaluated using 10 indicators. They argue that a low crime rate, minimal incidence of terrorism and violent demonstrations, harmonious relations with neighboring countries, a stable political climate, and a small number of internally displaced persons and refugees in the population suggest peace. There is a possibility that it is. In 2017, 23 indicators were used to establish a country's peace score. The indicator was originally selected in 2007 with the assistance of a panel of experts and is reviewed annually by the panel of experts. The scores for each metric are normalized on a scale of 1 to 5, with qualitative metrics grouped into five groups and quantitative metrics scored from 1 to 5 to three decimal places. The table of indicators is below. In the table, UCDP is the Uppsala Conflict Data Program administered by Uppsala University in Sweden, EIU is the Economist Intelligence Unit, UNSCT is the United Nations Crime Survey and Criminal Justice System Operation, and ICPS is the International Center. Prison studies at King's College London, IISS from the International Institute for Strategic Studies publication Military Balance, and SIPRI from the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute's Arms Transfer Database. Metrics not already ranked on the 1-5 scale were transformed using the following formula: x = [x - min(x)] / [max(x) - min(x)], where max(x) and min(x) ) are the highest and lowest values ​​of that indicator for the countries ranked in the index. The resulting 0–1 score was converted to a 1–5 scale. Individual indicators were then weighted according to the expert panel's judgment of importance. Scores were then expressed in two weighted sub-indices: internal peace, which is weighted to 60% of the country's final score, and external peace, which is weighted to 40% of the country's final score. 'Negative peace', defined as the absence of violence or fear of violence, is used as the definition of peace in compiling the Global Peace Index. Another purpose of the GPI database is to facilitate deeper research into the concept of positive peace: the attitudes, institutions and structures that promote peace in societies. GPI also explores the relationship between peace and responsible international measures, including democracy and transparency, education and material well-being. As such, we seek to understand the relative importance of various potential determinants, or 'driving forces', that may influence the development of a peaceful society at home and abroad. Statistical analysis is applied to GPI data to reveal specific conditions that promote peace. . Researchers have determined that positive peace, including attitudes, institutions and structures that proactively avoid conflict and promote functioning societies, is the primary driver of peace. The eight pillars of positive peace are well-functioning government, sound business environment, acceptance of the rights of others, good relations with neighboring countries, free flow of information, high level of human capital, and low level. Corruption, fair distribution of resources. In countries suffering from high levels of violence, well-functioning governments, low levels of corruption, acceptance of the rights of others, and good relations with neighboring countries are more important. Free flow of information and a healthy business environment become more important as a country approaches the global average peace level, also known as the medium peace level. Low levels of corruption are the only pillar of great importance across all three levels of peace. This suggests that it is an important transformative factor at all stages of the country's development.

= 2007–2009 =

NOTE: The GPI methodology is regularly updated and refined to reflect the latest datasets. His annual GPI report includes a detailed description of the methodology used. In addition, data are revised periodically, so previous year values ​​may change accordingly. These tables contain scores and rankings published in official annual reports. For the latest revision data, see the Global Peace Index interactive world map.

International response

The Index has been endorsed as a political project by many leading international figures, including former UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan. Former Finnish President and 2008 Nobel Peace Prize winner Marti Ahtisaari. His Holiness the Dalai Lama. Archbishop Desmond Tutu. Muhammad Yunus. And former President of the United States Jimmy Carter. The index is widely recognized, with Australian philanthropist Steve Killelea A.M., who came up with the idea for the index, claiming it is a "wake-up call to leaders around the world." Professor Jeffrey Sachs, director of the Earth Institute at Columbia University, said: "The GPI continues its pioneering work in bringing the world's attention to the vast resources we waste in violence and conflict. War, imprisonment. , lives and money wasted on weapons," he said. “The system, the arms trade, etc., can be directed towards eradicating poverty, promoting education, and protecting the environment. It will also help us to invest productively towards a peaceful world." At the 2015 release of the GPI, Professor Sir Lawrence Friedman of King's College London described the index as a "very useful information system." "The best indicator of future conflicts is the conflicts of the past. The challenge is how we defuse conflicts." magazine acknowledged that "the index will run into some problems" when it first publishes the index in 2007. Specifically, according to The Economist, military spending is weighted "into countries that enjoy peace because other countries (often the United States) look out for their own defense: the courage of the nomads." ," he said, adding that the true usefulness of the index may not be the case. It explores not only the current rankings of certain countries, but also how those rankings change over time, tracking when and how countries became more or less peaceful. In 2012, The Economist suggested that "quantifying peace is like trying to explain the scent of happiness." The publication acknowledged that the GPI produced some "amazing results" and said, "Part of the appeal of this index is that the reader examines each variable in turn and how much weight is given to each. We can think about what we should do," he said. The university said the GPI report presents "the most recent and most comprehensive global data on trends in peace, violence and war" and "provides the world's best analysis of the statistical factors associated with long-term peace, as well as macroeconomic provide economic analysis." The GPI has been criticized for not including indicators specifically related to violence against women and children. In 2007, Leanne Eisler wrote for The Christian Science Monitor, arguing that "this blind spot makes the index highly inaccurate, to say the least." She points to many concrete examples, such as Egypt, where 90 percent of women claim to have been subjected to genital mutilation, and China, where "female infanticide remains a problem," according to a 2000 UNICEF study. mentions a case.

= World leaders talking about the GPI =

At a peace forum in August 2017, Honduras President Juan Orlando Hernandez said, "It is very significant to receive such a high rating from the Institute that once named the country the most violent country in the world. It's profound...my administration will continue to fight to protect all Hondurans." . The president recently launched an effort to build a series of safe parks across Honduras and hopes future GPI rankings will reflect further improvements. Malaysia ranked 29th in the 2017 GPI. The country's Minister of Communications and Multimedia, Datuk Seri Saleh Said Kerouak, said that Malaysia's high ranking alongside Malaysia's 2017 World Happiness Report is "a safe and prosperous country thanks to the efforts of the government." It is proof that it has become He also acknowledged, "There is still a lot of room for improvement and that is what we are working on to make Malaysia the best of the better." Following the announcement of the GPI in 2016, the Botswana Presidential Office issued a proud statement. In this year's index, Botswana ranked 28th out of 163 countries, up three places from last year, and continues to outperform more than half of the European regional countries surveyed and all five UN Security Council members. . Council... In addition, Botswana was one of only five countries to achieve full marks in the Domestic and International Conflicts category. said Navid Hanif, Director of the UN ECOSOC Assistance Coordination Office. “Being useful and peaceful is its own reward, but the IEP seeks to make its conclusions more evidence-based. Today, the index covers 99% of the population, making great progress. The report systematically measures peace and identifies its determinants,” said Philippine Presidential Press Secretary Ernesto Abella, referring to the 2017 GPI results, which ranked the Philippines 138th out of 163 countries. He countered, citing poor social safety and security scores, mainly due to President Duterte's war on drugs. I have no idea where GPI, Global Peace Index analyst, came from... apparently a local. Maybe there is a political trend somewhere...According to the survey results, Filipinos' net satisfaction is quite high. ” Sierra Leone ranked 39th in the 2017 Global Peace Index. Former Chief of Staff and National Security Agency (ONS) Advisor Dr. Jonathan P.J. 1, and 3 on the African continent....He said that following the report itself, Presidential Spokesperson Abdullai Bailaitai said, "Sierra Leone's good reputation in world peace will be the impetus for the country to take further action," he said.

Media coverage

The Independent: Global Peace Index: Middle East plunges into more turmoil, US faces new era of instability: “The annual Global Peace Index finds that political turmoil in the United States hit North America seriously in 2016. The World Peace Index for 2017, despite depicting intercontinental turmoil, shows that, when measured against a range of indicators, over the past year He says the world has become more peaceful overall. "BBC: Global Peace Index 2017: The world is 0.28% more peaceful than last year:" Global peace level slightly improved for first time since Syrian war began, but harmonization fell in US, terror record increased A study by a Sydney-based think tank found that Forbes: The World Peace Index Published annually since 2008, the index ranks 163 independent states and territories by their rank. “Forbes: The world’s most peaceful and least peaceful countries [infographic]: ``The world has gotten slightly safer in the past year, according to the 2017 Global Peace Index.'' But US The political impact and deep-rooted divisions brought about by the presidential campaign have led to a deterioration in the level of peace in North America. The Guardian: White House Campaign Accused of U.S. Reversing Global Tendency for Peace: Nature of Division Authors of Annual Global Peace Index Analyzes 163 Countries and Territories said that Donald Trump's rise to the White House meant that distrust of the US government would grow and social problems would likely become more entrenched. Huffington Post: World Peace Index 2017: North America Rankings Plunge as Donald Trump's Downfall "Washington Times: United States Ranked 114th Most Peaceful Country on Earth, Annual World Ranking “The index is produced by the Australia-based Institute for Economics and Peace and puts the impact of conflict worldwide at $14.3 trillion. However, the news isn't all bad. In a nutshell, the index found that 93 countries became 'more peaceful' in the last year, while 68 countries became 'less peaceful'. "Business Insider: 12 Safest Countries in the World": The Institute for Economics and Peace, a think tank, recently announced. The Global Peace Index 2017 reveals the safest and most dangerous countries in the world. The report ranked 163 countries based on their peacefulness. The ranking was determined by 23 factors, including homicide rates, political terrorism, and internal conflict deaths. Indian news websites ZeeNews, HindustanTimes and Jagran Josh: Three Indian news outlets report GPI's ranking system, World Peace Trends, Hindustan Times cites GPI, '2016 violence in India It impacted the economy at US$679.8 billion, 9% of India's GDP, or US$525 per capita,” emphasized (Philippine newspaper Philstar): “Among all 163 countries, the Philippines ranks 138th. For reference, India ranks up one place at 137. Despite this lower rank, however, it has remained relatively stable at this low rank for a long time, with a raw score of Although deteriorating, the country's rankings have not strayed far from this ranking in previous years…While the report's perspective on social security deserves respect, another aspect needs more hearing "World Economic Forum: These is the most peaceful country in the world.” The Global Peace Index ranks 163 countries based on internal and external conflicts, security and security, and degree of militarization. They found that 93 improved and 68 worsened, increasing overall peace levels by 0.28%. ”

Academic references

See also

world militarization index global terrorism index human development index Institute of Economics and Peace Steve Killelia UK Peace Index United States Peace Index world happiness report world peace

External links

Human Vision – Global Peace Index Site Institute of Economics and Peace Global Peace Index interactive world map Integrated Research Steve Killelea is the founder of technology company Integrated Research. Uppsala Conflict Data Program, Organized Violence Database Global Peace Index 2013: Full List List of Safest Countries by World Peace Index

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Dictionary

Definition & Meaning

Global

Adjective

  • involving the entire earth; not limited or provincial in scope having the shape of a sphere or ball

Peace

Noun

  • the state prevailing during the absence of war harmonious relations; freedom from disputes the absence of mental stress or anxiety the general security of public places a treaty to cease hostilities

Index

Noun

  • a numerical scale used to compare variables with one another or with some reference number a number or ratio (a value on a scale of measurement a mathematical notation indicating the number of times a quantity is multiplied by itself an alphabetical listing of names and topics along with page numbers where they are discussed the finger next to the thumb

Verb

  • list in an index provide with an index adjust through indexation

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