Quarterly Journal of Economics
Journal Impact IF - Analysis · Trend · Prediction · Ranking


New

Journal Impact IF

2019-2020

11.375

-3.4 %

Journal Impact IF Trend

Related Journals

Popular Journals

Quarterly Journal of Economics

The 2019-2020 Journal Impact IF of Quarterly Journal of Economics is 11.375, which is just updated in 2020.

Quarterly Journal of Economics Impact Factor
Highest IF
11.775
Highest Journal Impact IF

The highest Journal Impact IF of Quarterly Journal of Economics is 11.775.

Lowest IF
5.278
Lowest Journal Impact IF

The lowest Journal Impact IF of Quarterly Journal of Economics is 5.278.

Total Growth Rate
92.1%
IF Total Growth Rate

The total growth rate of Quarterly Journal of Economics IF is 92.1%.

Annual Growth Rate
10.2%
IF Annual Growth Rate

The annual growth rate of Quarterly Journal of Economics IF is 10.2%.

Journal Impact IF Ranking

Subcategory Quartile Rank Percentile
Economics and Econometrics Q1 1/637

Economics and Econometrics 99%

Journal Impact IF Ranking

· In the Economics and Econometrics research field, the Quartile of Quarterly Journal of Economics is Q1. Quarterly Journal of Economics has been ranked #1 over 637 related journals in the Economics and Econometrics research category. The ranking percentile of Quarterly Journal of Economics is around 99% in the field of Economics and Econometrics.

Quarterly Journal of Economics Impact Factor 2020-2021 Prediction

Quarterly Journal of Economics Impact Factor Predition System

Quarterly Journal of Economics Impact Factor Prediction System is now online. You can start share your valuable insights with the community.

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Total Publications
5244
Total Citations
1396969

Annual Publication Volume

Annual Citation Record

International Collaboration Trend

Cited Documents Trend

Journal Impact IF History

Year Journal Impact IF
Year Journal Impact IF
2019-2020 11.375
2018-2019 11.775
2017-2018 7.863
2016-2017 6.662
2015-2016 5.538
2014-2015 6.654
2013-2014 5.966
2012-2013 5.278
2011-2012 5.92
Journal Impact IF History

· The 2019-2020 Journal Impact IF of Quarterly Journal of Economics is 11.375
· The 2018-2019 Journal Impact IF of Quarterly Journal of Economics is 11.775
· The 2017-2018 Journal Impact IF of Quarterly Journal of Economics is 7.863
· The 2016-2017 Journal Impact IF of Quarterly Journal of Economics is 6.662
· The 2015-2016 Journal Impact IF of Quarterly Journal of Economics is 5.538
· The 2014-2015 Journal Impact IF of Quarterly Journal of Economics is 6.654
· The 2013-2014 Journal Impact IF of Quarterly Journal of Economics is 5.966
· The 2012-2013 Journal Impact IF of Quarterly Journal of Economics is 5.278
· The 2011-2012 Journal Impact IF of Quarterly Journal of Economics is 5.92

Publications Cites Dataset

Year Publications Citations
Year Publications Citations
1921 31 0
1922 33 2
1923 36 2
1924 33 0
1925 34 1
1926 36 3
1927 31 5
1928 35 14
1929 32 2
1930 30 4
1931 32 6
1932 37 3
1933 31 6
1934 41 16
1935 39 5
1936 34 2
1937 34 11
1938 32 2
1939 43 4
1940 48 6
1941 39 1
1942 36 5
1943 32 8
1944 28 18
1945 31 3
1946 36 9
1947 25 15
1948 34 19
1949 34 8
1950 38 38
1951 35 16
1952 41 29
1953 39 32
1954 39 26
1955 46 36
1956 32 29
1957 36 59
1958 46 59
1959 51 71
1960 47 100
1961 48 115
1962 45 127
1963 50 104
1964 49 189
1965 53 179
1966 50 267
1967 51 364
1968 42 413
1969 51 553
1970 59 629
1971 55 759
1972 63 1014
1973 52 1059
1974 54 1285
1975 65 1457
1976 55 1546
1977 47 1614
1978 47 1669
1979 47 1865
1980 102 2023
1981 46 2139
1982 45 2393
1983 58 2683
1984 52 3050
1985 70 3123
1986 52 3616
1987 48 4177
1988 49 4355
1989 45 5163
1990 53 5266
1991 58 5649
1992 55 6512
1993 48 6805
1994 45 7714
1995 40 8940
1996 42 10016
1997 39 11311
1998 41 13667
1999 42 17351
2000 40 20473
2001 40 23274
2002 38 29441
2003 38 35071
2004 41 38873
2005 44 43519
2006 41 46214
2007 49 52769
2008 42 58931
2009 44 64332
2010 43 67945
2011 50 75271
2012 39 78951
2013 35 85526
2014 42 89538
2015 40 87094
2016 39 77210
2017 44 71629
2018 37 55766
2019 41 64277
2020 63 81561
Publications Cites Dataset

· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 31 reports and received 0 citations in 1921.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 33 reports and received 2 citations in 1922.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 36 reports and received 2 citations in 1923.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 33 reports and received 0 citations in 1924.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 34 reports and received 1 citations in 1925.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 36 reports and received 3 citations in 1926.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 31 reports and received 5 citations in 1927.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 35 reports and received 14 citations in 1928.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 32 reports and received 2 citations in 1929.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 30 reports and received 4 citations in 1930.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 32 reports and received 6 citations in 1931.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 37 reports and received 3 citations in 1932.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 31 reports and received 6 citations in 1933.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 41 reports and received 16 citations in 1934.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 39 reports and received 5 citations in 1935.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 34 reports and received 2 citations in 1936.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 34 reports and received 11 citations in 1937.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 32 reports and received 2 citations in 1938.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 43 reports and received 4 citations in 1939.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 48 reports and received 6 citations in 1940.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 39 reports and received 1 citations in 1941.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 36 reports and received 5 citations in 1942.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 32 reports and received 8 citations in 1943.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 28 reports and received 18 citations in 1944.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 31 reports and received 3 citations in 1945.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 36 reports and received 9 citations in 1946.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 25 reports and received 15 citations in 1947.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 34 reports and received 19 citations in 1948.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 34 reports and received 8 citations in 1949.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 38 reports and received 38 citations in 1950.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 35 reports and received 16 citations in 1951.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 41 reports and received 29 citations in 1952.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 39 reports and received 32 citations in 1953.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 39 reports and received 26 citations in 1954.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 46 reports and received 36 citations in 1955.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 32 reports and received 29 citations in 1956.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 36 reports and received 59 citations in 1957.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 46 reports and received 59 citations in 1958.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 51 reports and received 71 citations in 1959.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 47 reports and received 100 citations in 1960.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 48 reports and received 115 citations in 1961.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 45 reports and received 127 citations in 1962.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 50 reports and received 104 citations in 1963.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 49 reports and received 189 citations in 1964.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 53 reports and received 179 citations in 1965.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 50 reports and received 267 citations in 1966.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 51 reports and received 364 citations in 1967.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 42 reports and received 413 citations in 1968.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 51 reports and received 553 citations in 1969.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 59 reports and received 629 citations in 1970.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 55 reports and received 759 citations in 1971.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 63 reports and received 1014 citations in 1972.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 52 reports and received 1059 citations in 1973.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 54 reports and received 1285 citations in 1974.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 65 reports and received 1457 citations in 1975.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 55 reports and received 1546 citations in 1976.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 47 reports and received 1614 citations in 1977.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 47 reports and received 1669 citations in 1978.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 47 reports and received 1865 citations in 1979.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 102 reports and received 2023 citations in 1980.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 46 reports and received 2139 citations in 1981.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 45 reports and received 2393 citations in 1982.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 58 reports and received 2683 citations in 1983.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 52 reports and received 3050 citations in 1984.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 70 reports and received 3123 citations in 1985.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 52 reports and received 3616 citations in 1986.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 48 reports and received 4177 citations in 1987.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 49 reports and received 4355 citations in 1988.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 45 reports and received 5163 citations in 1989.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 53 reports and received 5266 citations in 1990.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 58 reports and received 5649 citations in 1991.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 55 reports and received 6512 citations in 1992.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 48 reports and received 6805 citations in 1993.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 45 reports and received 7714 citations in 1994.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 40 reports and received 8940 citations in 1995.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 42 reports and received 10016 citations in 1996.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 39 reports and received 11311 citations in 1997.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 41 reports and received 13667 citations in 1998.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 42 reports and received 17351 citations in 1999.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 40 reports and received 20473 citations in 2000.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 40 reports and received 23274 citations in 2001.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 38 reports and received 29441 citations in 2002.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 38 reports and received 35071 citations in 2003.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 41 reports and received 38873 citations in 2004.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 44 reports and received 43519 citations in 2005.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 41 reports and received 46214 citations in 2006.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 49 reports and received 52769 citations in 2007.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 42 reports and received 58931 citations in 2008.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 44 reports and received 64332 citations in 2009.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 43 reports and received 67945 citations in 2010.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 50 reports and received 75271 citations in 2011.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 39 reports and received 78951 citations in 2012.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 35 reports and received 85526 citations in 2013.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 42 reports and received 89538 citations in 2014.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 40 reports and received 87094 citations in 2015.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 39 reports and received 77210 citations in 2016.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 44 reports and received 71629 citations in 2017.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 37 reports and received 55766 citations in 2018.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 41 reports and received 64277 citations in 2019.
· The Quarterly Journal of Economics has published 63 reports and received 81561 citations in 2020.
· The total publications of Quarterly Journal of Economics is 5244.
· The total citations of Quarterly Journal of Economics is 1396969.

What is Impact Factor?

The impact factor (IF) or journal impact factor (JIF) of an academic journal is a scientometric index calculated by Clarivate that reflects the yearly average number of citations of articles published in the last two years in a given journal. It is frequently used as a proxy for the relative importance of a journal within its field; journals with higher impact factor values are often deemed to be more important, or carry more intrinsic prestige in their respective fields, than those with lower values.

Quarterly Journal of Economics | Academic Accelerator - About the Impact Factor

Impact factor is commonly used to evaluate the relative importance of a journal within its field and to measure the frequency with which the “average article” in a journal has been cited in a particular time period. Journal which publishes more review articles will get highest IFs. Journals with higher IFs believed to be more important than those with lower ones. According to Eugene Garfield “impact simply reflects the ability of the journals and editors to attract the best paper available.” Journal which publishes more review articles will get maximum IFs. The Impact Factor of an academic journal is a scientometric Metric that reflects the yearly average number of citations that recent articles published in a given journal received. It is frequently used as a Metric for the relative importance of a journal within its field; journals with higher Impact Factor are often deemed to be more important than those with lower ones. The Quarterly Journal of Economics Impact Factor IF measures the average number of citations received in a particular year (2020) by papers published in the Quarterly Journal of Economics during the two preceding years (2018-2019). Note that 2020 Impact Factor are reported in 2021; they cannot be calculated until all of the 2020 publications have been processed by the indexing agency. New journals, which are indexed from their first published issue, will receive an impact factor after two years of indexing; in this case, the citations to the year prior to Volume 1, and the number of articles published in the year prior to Volume 1, are known zero values. Journals that are indexed starting with a volume other than the first volume will not get an impact factor until they have been indexed for three years. Occasionally, Journal Citation Reports assigns an impact factor to new journals with less than two years of indexing, based on partial citation data. The calculation always uses two complete and known years of item counts, but for new titles one of the known counts is zero. Annuals and other irregular publications sometimes publish no items in a particular year, affecting the count. The impact factor relates to a specific time period; it is possible to calculate it for any desired period. In addition to the 2-year Impact Factor, the 3-year Impact Factor, 4-year Impact Factor, 5-year Impact Factor, Real-Time Impact Factor can provide further insights and factors into the impact of Quarterly Journal of Economics.

History

The impact factor was devised by Eugene Garfield, the founder of the Institute for Scientific Information (ISI). Impact factors are calculated yearly starting from 1975 for journals listed in the Journal Citation Reports (JCR). ISI was acquired by Thomson Scientific & Healthcare in 1992, and became known as Thomson ISI. In 2018, Thomson ISI was sold to Onex Corporation and Baring Private Equity Asia. They founded a new corporation, Clarivate, which is now the publisher of the JCR.

Use

The impact factor is used to compare different journals within a certain field. The Web of Science indexes more than 11,500 science and social science journals. Journal impact factors are often used to evaluate the merit of individual articles and individual researchers. This use of impact factors was summarised by Hoeffel:

Impact Factor is not a perfect tool to measure the quality of articles but there is nothing better and it has the advantage of already being in existence and is, therefore, a good technique for scientific evaluation. Experience has shown that in each specialty the best journals are those in which it is most difficult to have an article accepted, and these are the journals that have a high impact factor. Most of these journals existed long before the impact factor was devised. The use of impact factor as a measure of quality is widespread because it fits well with the opinion we have in each field of the best journals in our specialty....In conclusion, prestigious journals publish papers of high level. Therefore, their impact factor is high, and not the contrary.

Eugene Garfield

In brief, Impact factors may be used by:
  • Authors to decide where to submit an article for publication.
  • Libraries to make collection development decisions
  • Academic departments to assess academic productivity
  • Academic departments to make decisions on promotion and tenure.
As impact factors are a journal-level metric, rather than an article- or individual-level metric, this use is controversial. Garfield agrees with Hoeffel,but warns about the "misuse in evaluating individuals" because there is "a wide variation [of citations] from article to article within a single journal". Other things to consider about Impact Factors:
  • Many journals do not have an impact factor.
  • The impact factor cannot assess the quality of individual articles. Even if citations were evenly distributed among articles, the impact factor would only measure the interests of other researchers in an article, not its importance and usefulness.
  • Only research articles, technical notes and reviews are “citable” items. Editorials, letters, news items and meeting abstracts are “non-citable items”.
  • Only a small percentage of articles are highly cited and they are found in a small subset of journals. This small proportion accounts for a large percentage of citations.
  • Controversial papers, such as those based on fraudulent data, may be highly cited, distorting the impact factor of a journal.
  • Citation bias may exist. For example, English language resources may be favoured. Authors may cite their own work.
Moreover, informed and careful use of these impact data is essential, and should be based on a thorough understanding of the methodology used to generate impact factors. There are controversial aspects of using impact factors:
  • It is not clear whether the number of times a paper is cited measures its actual quality.
  • Some databases that calculate impact factors fail to incorporate publications including textbooks, handbooks and reference books.
  • Certain disciplines have low numbers of journals and usage. Therefore, one should only compare journals or researchers within the same discipline.
  • Review articles normally are cited more often and therefore can skew results.
  • Self-citing may also skew results.
  • Some resources used to calculate impact factors have inadequate international coverage.
  • Editorial policies can artificially inflate an impact factor.
Impact factors have often been used in advancement and tenure decision-making. Many recognize that this is a coarse tool for such important decisions, and that a multitude of factors should be taken into account in these deliberations. When considering the use of the impact factor (IF), keep these aspects in mind:
  • IF analysis is limited to citations from the journals indexed by the Web of Science/Web of Knowledge. Currently, the Web of Science indexes only 8621 journals across the full breadth of the sciences, and just 3121 in the social sciences.
  • A high IF/citation rate says nothing about the quality -- or even, validity -- of the references being cited. Notorious or even retracted articles often attract a lot of attention, hence a high number of citations. The notority related to the first publication on "cold fusion" is one such example.
  • Journals that publish more "review articles" are often found near the top of the rankings. While not known for publishing new, creative findings, these individual articles tend to be heavily cited.
  • The IF measures the average number of citations to articles in the journal -- given this, a small number of highly-cited articles will skew the figure.
  • It takes several years for new journals to be added to the list of titles indexed by the Web of Science/Web of Knowledge, so these newer titles will be under-represented.
  • It's alleged that journal editors have learned to "game" the system, encouraging authors to cite their works previously published in the same journal.
Comparing Journals Across Disciplines? Not a good idea! Using Impact Factors within a given discipline should only be done with great care, as described above. Using impact factor data to compare journals across disciplines is even more problematic. Here are some of the reasons:
  • Disciplines where older literature is still referenced, such as Chemistry and Mathematics, offer challenges to the methodolgy since older citations (older than two years) are not used to calculate the impact factor for a given journal. (Five-year impact factor analysis, which can be calculated using the Journal Citation Index database, helps smooth out this problem only to some degree.)
  • Different disciplines have different practices regarding tendency to cite larger numbers of references. Higher overall citation rates will bump upward impact factor measurements.
  • Where it's common for large numbers of authors to collaborate on a single paper, such as in Physics, the tendency of authors to cite themselves (and in this case, more authors) will result in increased citation rates.

Pros and Cons of the Impact Factor

Pros:

  • A vetted, established metric for measuring journal impact within a discipline.
  • Designed to eliminate bias based on journal size and frequency.
Cons:
  • Individual articles makes an uneven contribution to overall Impact Factor.
  • Impact Factor does not account for certain things, things like context (postive or negative citaion) and intentionality (self-citation).
  • The metric is proprietary to and bound by the contents of the Thomson Reuters database.
  • Citations, on which the Impact Factor is based, count for less than 1% of an article's overall use.

Criticism

Numerous critiques have been made regarding the use of impact factors. A 2007 study noted that the most fundamental flaw is that impact factors present the mean of data that are not normally distributed, and suggested that it would be more appropriate to present the median of these data. There is also a more general debate on the validity of the impact factor as a measure of journal importance and the effect of policies that editors may adopt to boost their impact factor (perhaps to the detriment of readers and writers). Other criticism focuses on the effect of the impact factor on behavior of scholars, editors and other stakeholders. Others have made more general criticisms, arguing that emphasis on impact factor results from negative influence of neoliberal policies on academia claiming that what is needed is not just replacement of the impact factor with more sophisticated metrics for science publications but also discussion on the social value of research assessment and the growing precariousness of scientific careers in higher education.
Experts stress that there are limitations in using impact factors to evaluate a scholar's work. There are many reasons cited for not relying on impact factor alone to evaluate the output of a particular individual. Among these are the following:

  • A single factor is not sufficient for evaluating an author's work.
  • Journal values are meaningless unless compared within the same discipline. Impact factors vary among disciplines.
  • The impact factor was originally devised to show the impact of a specific journal, not a specific scholar. The quality and impact of the author's work may extend beyond the impact of a particular journal.
According to Jim Testa, a researcher for ThomsonReuters Scientific, the most widespread misuse of the Impact Factor is to evaluate the work of an individual author (instead of a journal). "To say that because a researcher is publishing in a certain journal, he or she is more influential or deserves more credit is not necessarily true. There are many other variables to consider." (interview 6/26/2008 in Thomson Reuters blog entry)

Quarterly Journal of Economics
Journal Profile

About

The Quarterly Journal of Economics is the oldest professional journal of economics in the English language. Edited at Harvard University's Department of Economics, it covers all aspects of the field.QJE is invaluable to professional and academic economists and students around the world. The Quarterly Journal of Economics is a peer-reviewed academic journal published by the Oxford University Press. Its current editors-in-chief are Pol Antr?s, Robert J. Barro, Lawrence F. Katz, and Andrei Shleifer (Harvard University). It is the oldest professional journal of economics in the English language, and covers all aspects of the field?”from the journal's traditional emphasis on microtheory, to both empirical and theoretical macroeconomics. According to the Journal Citation Reports, the journal has a 2015 impact factor of 6.662, ranking it first out of 347 journals in the category Economics. It is generally regarded as one of the top 5 journals in economics, together with the American Economic Review, Econometrica, the Journal of Political Economy, and the Review of Economic Studies.

Highly Cited Keywords

ISSN
0033-5533
ISSN

The ISSN of Quarterly Journal of Economics is 0033-5533 . An ISSN is an 8-digit code used to identify newspapers, journals, magazines and periodicals of all kinds and on all media–print and electronic.

ISSN (Online)
1531-4650
ISSN (Online)

The ISSN (Online) of Quarterly Journal of Economics is 1531-4650 . An ISSN is an 8-digit code used to identify newspapers, journals, magazines and periodicals of all kinds and on all media–print and electronic.

Publisher
Oxford University Press
Publisher

Quarterly Journal of Economics is published by Oxford University Press .

Publication Frequency
Quarterly
Publication Frequency

Quarterly Journal of Economics publishes reports Quarterly .

Coverage
1886 - Present
Coverage

The Publication History of Quarterly Journal of Economics covers 1886 - Present .

Open Access
NO
Open Access

Quarterly Journal of Economics is Subscription-based (non-OA) Journal. Publishers own the rights to the articles in their journals. Anyone who wants to read the articles should pay by individual or institution to access the articles. Anyone who wants to use the articles in any way must obtain permission from the publishers.

Publication Fee
Publication Fee

There is no publication fee for submiting manuscript to Quarterly Journal of Economics. Quarterly Journal of Economics is Subscription-based (non-OA) Journal. Publishers own the rights to the articles in their journals. Anyone who wants to read the articles should pay by individual or institution to access the articles.

Language
English
Language

The language of Quarterly Journal of Economics is English .

Country/Region
United Kingdom
Country/Region

The publisher of Quarterly Journal of Economics is Oxford University Press , which locates in United Kingdom .

Journal Research Scope

Quarterly Journal of Economics | Academic Accelerator - About the Journal

Research Scope

Selected Articles

Full Title Authors
Full Title Authors