## Vertical Displacement(垂直位移)研究综述

Vertical Displacement 垂直位移 - We contribute to fill this gap by providing a reconstruction of offshore and coastal deformation through estimation of the vertical displacement of morphodepositional markers in high-resolution seismic reflection profiles and geoarchaeological markers directly surveyed at shallow depths.^{[1]}The simulation results show that the influence range of the pile on the surrounding soil is approximately 5–8 times the diameter of the pile under the action of dynamic loading; the vertical displacement of the pile mainly occurs at the beginning of the cycles.

^{[2]}Instrumentations and particle image velocimetry system (PIV) were applied to investigate soil pressure, vertical displacement of filling and tension distribution of geotextile.

^{[3]}The results show that external prestressed reinforcement is the best way, which can significantly reduce the vertical displacement of the main beam and the horizontal displacement of the main tower, and also improve the stress on the upper and lower edges of the main beam.

^{[4]}However, time-depth recorders have enabled researchers to identify flat, Ushaped dives (or type 1a dives) and these are conventionally labelled as resting dives on the seabed because they involve no vertical displacement of the animal.

^{[5]}The deformation is assessed according to the theoretical relationship between the horizontal strain on the FBG embedded in the monitoring tube and the vertical displacement of the cantilever beam.

^{[6]}ABSTRACT A fully coupled two-phase fluid flow and geomechanical model has been used to investigate the impact of injection fluid flow and geomechanics on reservoir pressure, effective stresses and strain, vertical displacements, viscous fingering instability, and viscous dissipation during the displacement of a viscous oil by water in a heterogeneous fractured porous medium.

^{[7]}Both the horizontal and vertical displacement of the roof slab increased with the temperature.

^{[8]}In this regard, effect of three different types of surcharge loads under different conditions was investigated for factor of safety of slope, maximum nail force, horizontal and vertical displacements of slope edge using static analysis.

^{[9]}Moreover, the vertical displacements of four riverside GPS stations in the Three Gorges Reservoir (TGR) area show significant negative correlation with water level of TGR, hence we conclude that the Three Gorges Dam (TGD) may directly affect the consistency of GPS annual signals of its upstream and downstream GPS stations.

^{[10]}These data were compared with plane strain analysis results of vertical displacement, horizontal displacement and excess pore pressure obtained by two finite element programs: PLAXIS and RS² (Rocsience).

^{[11]}Nowadays, hydrostatic levelling is a widely used method for the vertical displacements’ determinations of objects such as bridges, viaducts, wharfs, tunnels, high buildings, historical buildings, special engineering objects (e.

^{[12]}Vertical displacement was measured and compared to the response of the neat material, which contained massless tracking markers.

^{[13]}Horizontal and vertical displacement were measured via the SLHD and SLVJ, respectively.

^{[14]}The analytical solution of the obtained equation allows determining the horizontal and vertical displacements of the mass center at every moment of time.

^{[15]}The vertical displacement of the steel pipe curtain and the displacement of the highway pavement was monitored.

^{[16]}(6) The debonding of mortar layer has a great influence on the vertical displacement of rail, track plate, and the base plate.

^{[17]}The obtained results are presented as relationships among applied lateral load with horizontal, vertical displacement, and rotation.

^{[18]}The stress, vertical displacement and electric potential of the FRPC beam subjected to a uniform load are studied.

^{[19]}Vertical displacement (mm) was 1.

^{[20]}The dependences between the maximum equivalent stresses in the ground electrode lobes and the value of vertical displacement in the ground base are established, as well as the amount of movement of the earthing pad, at which the effective equivalent voltages reach critical values in the area where the paddles are adjacent to the rod.

^{[21]}Using their evaluation method applied to common the ASTRID core input data, Japan and France will calculate a collision load, a horizontal displacement, and a vertical displacement for core assemblies.

^{[22]}Vertical displacement of the barbell is commonly believed to be the key difference influencing strength performance between an arched and flat back bench press technique.

^{[23]}, 2020) proposed a new cable-supported PV system using three cables and four triangle brackets to form an inverted arch to reduce the vertical displacement of the PV modules.

^{[24]}Vertical displacement of the clavicle with reference to the height of the acromion was measured in standard anteroposterior radiographs.

^{[25]}The observation and measurement results, including force and vertical displacement of geosynthetics and lateral deformation of facing panels, indicate good settlement control performance of GRS wall during construction and under differential settlement.

^{[26]}The results show that the maximum horizontal displacement of the diaphragm wall and the vertical displacement (settlement) of soil around the foundation pit occur at the midpoint of the long side of the foundation pit.

^{[27]}Moreover, by comprehensively taking the influences of the shield excavation and grouting ring into account, the formula for calculating the vertical displacement of the existing tunnel caused by the excavation of the new tunnel is derived.

^{[28]}Objective: The goal of this study is to calculate and compare the Maximum Lyapunov Exponent (MLE) for the anteroposterior, mediolateral and vertical displacement of the markers attached to bony land marks of the trunk and foot.

^{[29]}The difference in vertical displacement between the stiffer and the softer side of a track transition decreases significantly with an increase in the strength and stiffness of the subgrade soil.

^{[30]}The comparative analysis of the flexural effect of two-story two span concrete-filled steel tubular composite frame under different fire positions shows that: with the rising of fire time, the vertical displacement is also increasing, the scope of local plastic area is expanding, the deflection redistribution is obvious, and finally the mechanism is formed, and the failure occurs.

^{[31]}Our results show that for a TWH salt cavern: 1) the optimal maximum and minimum operating pressures are 23 MPa and 16 MPa, 2) that the UGS remains stable under static pressure and for a long period of time, and 3) that the horizontal displacement of the cavern is relatively small compared to the vertical displacement.

^{[32]}According to the results of the sudden removal of the column and the nonlinear dynamic analysis, the collapse would occur with and without dampers in the case of the 3-story building, in the case of the 6-story building there is an improvement in the vertical displacement and in the case of 15- story the difference is not significant.

^{[33]}In the case of vertical displacements affecting overturning, the safety of overturning was also greater, as the vertical displacement of the pile-reinforced wind turbine foundation was 36% smaller than the existing wind turbine foundation.

^{[34]}Effects of the Pasternak foundation parameters, material inhomogeneity, external load, punch radius or punch length on the contact stress, the contact width, the vertical displacements on the top and bottom surfaces of the layer, the subsurface and in-plane stresses are given.

^{[35]}69, which demonstrates a strong consistency between the seasonal terms of the GPS sequence and GRACE sequence; (2) during 2003–2015, the mean slope of vertical displacements is 0.

^{[36]}The rate of vertical displacement of the removal location, the maximum von Mises stress in rebar, the maximum compressive stress and strain in concrete in the interior wall removal scenarios were less extensively compared to the corner wall removal scenarios.

^{[37]}For the plane joint surface or joint surface with small asperity, the vertical displacement on the applied shear force side tended to go down, whereas it tended to go up on the opposite side.

^{[38]}Equivalent stress, lateral displacement and vertical displacement of the structure of different angles were discussed, with the increase of filling height, and the appropriate section angle was selected according to the variation rules of the stress.

^{[39]}

</p><p>我们通过估计在浅层直接测量的高分辨率地震反射剖面和地质考古标记中的形态沉积标记的垂直位移来重建近海和沿海变形，从而填补这一空白。

^{[1]}模拟结果表明，在动力荷载作用下，桩对周围土体的影响范围约为桩径的5～8倍；桩的垂直位移主要发生在循环的开始。

^{[2]}应用仪器和粒子图像测速系统（PIV）研究土压力、填料的垂直位移和土工布的张力分布。

^{[3]}结果表明，外部预应力加固是最佳方式，可以显着降低主梁竖向位移和主塔水平位移，同时改善主梁上下边缘受力。

^{[4]}然而，时间深度记录器使研究人员能够识别平坦的 U 形潜水（或 1a 型潜水），这些通常被标记为海床上的静止潜水，因为它们不涉及动物的垂直位移。

^{[5]}根据嵌入监测管的FBG的水平应变与悬臂梁的垂直位移之间的理论关系来评估变形。

^{[6]}摘要 一个完全耦合的两相流体流动和地质力学模型已被用于研究注入流体流动和地质力学对储层压力、有效应力和应变、垂直位移、粘性指进不稳定性和粘性驱散过程中的粘性耗散的影响。在非均质的裂缝性多孔介质中水对油的影响。

^{[7]}屋面板的水平和垂直位移都随着温度的升高而增加。

^{[8]}对此，采用静力分析方法研究了三种不同类型的超载荷载在不同条件下对边坡安全系数、最大钉力、边坡水平和垂直位移的影响。

^{[9]}此外，三峡水库（TGR）区沿江4个GPS站的垂直位移与三峡水库水位呈显着负相关，因此我们得出结论，三峡大坝（TGD）可能直接影响三峡水库GPS年信号的一致性。其上游和下游 GPS 站。

^{[10]}这些数据与通过两个有限元程序PLAXIS和RS²（Rocsience）获得的垂直位移、水平位移和超孔隙压力的平面应变分析结果进行了比较。

^{[11]}目前，静水压水准测量已成为桥梁、高架桥、码头、隧道、高层建筑、历史建筑、特殊工程物体（如：

^{[12]}测量垂直位移并与包含无质量跟踪标记的纯材料的响应进行比较。

^{[13]}水平和垂直位移分别通过 SLHD 和 SLVJ 测量。

^{[14]}得到的方程的解析解可以确定质心在每一时刻的水平和垂直位移。

^{[15]}监测了钢管帘的竖向位移和公路路面的位移。

^{[16]}(6)砂浆层脱粘对钢轨、轨道板、底板的垂直位移影响较大。

^{[17]}所得结果表示为施加的横向载荷与水平、垂直位移和旋转之间的关系。

^{[18]}研究了FRPC梁在均匀载荷作用下的应力、垂直位移和电位。

^{[19]}垂直位移 (mm) 为 1。