Secondary Health(二级健康)研究综述Secondary Health 二级健康 - While most of the care-seeking for common child illnesses occurs in PHC facilities, a fraction (20–30 percent) of care-seeking takes place in secondary healthcare facilities.  METHODS Annual incidence of PPE/PE in children were determined using secondary health care data for 2009-2018, provided by the Barmer statutory health insurer, serving about 11% of the German population.  Integrative models of health care have garnered increasing attention over the years and are currently being employed within acute and secondary health care services to support medical treatments in a range of specialities.  This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus (DM) among patients with newly diagnosed TB in Civil hospital Dehra, district Kangra (HP) a secondary health institute.  Therefore, we strongly recommend integrating this approach into public health education strategies for women at primary and secondary health-care centers.  “CFS/ME is bigger than the fatigue” described the importance of managing CFS/ME as a ‘long and hard’ chronic illness with secondary health, social and educational consequences.  This cross-sectional, descriptive study was conducted in the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital; a tertiary health facility serving treatment, teaching, health research and referral purposes for primary and secondary health care facilities within Rivers State and its adjoining states.  Data on secondary healthcare resource utilisation and clinical indicators were extracted for 24 months before and after surgery.  Specifically, we find that a rising unemployment reduces the demand for primary and secondary healthcare services, with the largest effect observed for hospital admissions and hospitalisation days.  The referrals were received from primary and secondary health care centres in different parts of the country.  Introduction The COVID-19 pandemic continues to impose significant direct burdens on secondary healthcare services in the UK and around the world.  Secondary healthcare utilisation outcomes included prescriptions of opioid and non-opioid pain medicines, inpatient admissions, length of ED stay, specialist referrals and re-presentations.  Fifty-two (87%) completed a survey about their experience with the diagnostic process and the years after in the psychiatric system and the secondary healthcare sector.  Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) protocols has reduced primary and secondary health care for other diseases, such as leishmaniasis, a parasitic, endemic, chronic and persistent disease in Brazil.  The financing of systems and the provision of services are presented along with the role of secondary health insurance.  primary and secondary healthcare facilities in the first survey, but provision of special wards (P =.  Methods: We used linked primary and secondary healthcare data (from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink [CPRD] GOLD and Aurum databases and Hospital Episodes Statistics Admitted Patient Care [HES APC]).  Methods: We used a register cohort of 78,040 individuals aged 19-60 years when diagnosed with CTS in secondary health care (hospitals and outpatient specialist health care) and their 390,199 matched references from the general population in 2001-2010.  The study was conducted in public areas (23 sites in the capital city Yerevan and 13 in other regions), both indoor and outdoor, as well as in primary and secondary healthcare centres.  Black BC with obesity are at high risk for recurrent cancer and secondary health conditions.  Aim: to determine the prevalence of depression among dental outpatients in an secondary health facility in Benin City using the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9).  Secondary health outcomes included estimated TB cases and TB deaths averted using 3HP versus 9H.  Hypertensive patients had higher rates of monthly follow-up and controlled blood pressure in the decentralized facilities than in the non-decentralized facilities, where these services were limited to primary and secondary health centres.  The limited capacity of secondary health services to address the increasing prevalence of dementia within the community draws attention to the need for an enhanced role for nurses working collaboratively with GPs in diagnosing and coordinating post-diagnostic care for patients with dementia.  Methods: We used linked primary and secondary healthcare data (from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink [CPRD] GOLD and Aurum databases and Hospital Episodes Statistics Admitted Patient Care [HES APC]).  The instrument used to conduct quantitative research is a questionnaire in the study which was filled by HR managers of secondary health care units.  Secondary health economics endpoints include hospital days, intensive care unit days, and change in the EQ-5D-5L score at discharge and 6 months compared to baseline.  The vaginal delivery was spontaneous, contrary to the recommendations given to the pregnant woman in a secondary healthcare institution.  ResultsThis study found evidence to support the mediating role of psychosocial resources and of secondary health conditions in the association between socioeconomic status and loneliness.  Hence, poor health status would expose them to the risk of getting communicable or non-communicable diseases as a secondary health condition (Bellamy, 2016).  Methods and findings We estimated health-related quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) and both primary and secondary healthcare costs for 310,913 men and women of white British ancestry aged between 39 and 72 years in UK Biobank between recruitment (2006 to 2010) and 31 March 2017.  The objective was to enhance coordination and continuity of care across primary and secondary health services from a single point-of-entry multidisciplinary coordination centre.  Background: During a pandemic, women may be especially vulnerable to secondary health problems driven by its social and economic effects.  The major barriers to error disclosures at the tertiary and the secondary health facilities were: lack of malpractice insurance (69.  The main objective of the study was to determine the factors associated with poor viral suppression in children and adolescents accessing antiretroviral therapy in secondary health facilities in Lagos State.  In comparison, disadvantaged host populations have access to free/discounted pharmaceutical products and unrestricted access to primary and secondary health care.  This is a systematic review of systematic reviews of secondary health conditions, health promotion interventions, and employment in people with intellectual disabilities.  Conclusions: Involvement in an environment that was important to the injured person before the accident, in either a passive (in the absence of functional capacity) or active form, promotes a greater sense of self-efficacy and good QoL, regardless of the time that has passed since the accident, and despite high levels of pain or secondary health issues.  7% of midwifery students who took the courses were postgraduate students in the thesis stage, 41% of them worked in secondary health services, and 51.  It will also provide a means to raise awareness among primary and secondary health-care providers during the current pandemic.  Primary healthcare, Secondary Healthcare and tertiary healthcare are the major parts of the defined healthcare system that are been practiced across the country.  Objectives To investigate health care utilisation including both primary and secondary health care 6 months before the diagnosis of a relapse or a second malignant neoplasm (SMN) in survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL).  , consultations in primary or secondary health care) and clinical outcomes (i.  This study was designed to assess drug use patterns, based on World Health Organization (WHO)/INRUD core drug use indicators and some additional parameters, in the secondary healthcare hospital of Islamabad, Pakistan.  TrueNat or cartridge-based nucleic acid amplification test is for testing at primary and secondary health care level.  Secondary health outcomes also improved with the intervention: (1) mother-reported diarrhoea at 6 months, with adjusted relative risk (aRR) = 0.  Conclusion: Anxiety among orthopaedic surgeons during the COVID-19 pandemic is related to factors like younger age group, working in a primary or secondary healthcare facility.  Hence, the study aimed at determining the prevalence of uterine rupture, predisposing factors, management options plus clinical presentation at Secondary Health Facility in Okitipupa, South West Nigeria.  This study assesses the sociodemographic factors affecting the knowledge level of prostate cancer and prostate cancer screening tools and services among patients attending a secondary health facility in southern Nigeria.  Methods Eight semi-structured focus groups and three individual interviews were conducted between September 2019 and January 2020, with 34 participants representing men with PCa, primary and secondary healthcare professionals, and cancer organizations in western Norway. 
虽然大多数常见儿童疾病的就医发生在 PHC 设施中，但一小部分（20-30%）的就医发生在二级医疗保健设施中。  方法 使用 Barmer 法定健康保险公司提供的 2009-2018 年二级医疗保健数据确定儿童 PPE/PE 的年发病率，为约 11% 的德国人口提供服务。  多年来，综合医疗保健模式越来越受到关注，目前正被用于急性和二级医疗保健服务，以支持一系列专业的医疗治疗。  进行这项研究的目的是确定在二级卫生机构坎格拉 (HP) 区康格拉 (HP) 的民用医院 Dehra 新诊断出的结核病患者中糖尿病 (DM) 的患病率。  因此，我们强烈建议将这种方法纳入初级和二级卫生保健中心女性的公共卫生教育战略。  “CFS/ME 比疲劳更重要”描述了将 CFS/ME 管理为具有二级健康、社会和教育后果的“长期而艰难”的慢性疾病的重要性。  这项横断面的描述性研究是在哈科特港大学教学医院进行的；为河流州及其毗邻州的初级和二级卫生保健机构提供治疗、教学、健康研究和转诊服务的三级卫生机构。  提取手术前后24个月的二级医疗资源利用率和临床指标数据。  具体而言，我们发现失业率上升减少了对初级和二级医疗保健服务的需求，对住院人数和住院天数的影响最大。  这些转诊来自该国不同地区的初级和二级卫生保健中心。  简介 COVID-19 大流行继续给英国和世界各地的二级医疗保健服务带来巨大的直接负担。  次要医疗保健利用结果包括阿片类药物和非阿片类药物止痛药的处方、住院患者、急诊科住院时间、专家转诊和再次就诊。  52 人 (87%) 完成了一项关于他们在精神科系统和二级医疗保健部门的诊断过程以及之后几年的经验的调查。  2019 年冠状病毒病 (COVID-19) 协议减少了对其他疾病的初级和二级医疗保健，例如利什曼病，这是巴西的一种寄生虫、地方性、慢性和持续性疾病。  系统的融资和服务的提供与二级健康保险的作用一起介绍。  第一次调查中的初级和二级医疗机构，但提供特殊病房（P = .  方法：我们使用关联的初级和二级医疗保健数据（来自临床实践研究数据链接 [CPRD] GOLD 和 Aurum 数据库以及住院患者护理住院发作统计 [HES APC]）。  方法：我们使用了 78,040 名年龄在 19-60 岁的人的登记队列，这些人在 2001-2010 年间在二级医疗保健（医院和门诊专科医疗保健）中被诊断出患有 CTS，以及他们的 390,199 名来自普通人群的匹配参考文献。  该研究在公共区域（首都埃里温的 23 个地点和其他地区的 13 个地点）进行，包括室内和室外，以及初级和二级医疗保健中心。  患有肥胖症的黑人 BC 处于复发性癌症和继发性健康状况的高风险中。  目的：使用 Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) 确定贝宁市二级卫生机构牙科门诊患者的抑郁症患病率。  次要健康结果包括估计的结核病例和使用 3HP 与 9H 避免的 TB 死亡。  与非分散设施相比，高血压患者在分散设施中的每月随访率和血压控制率更高，这些服务仅限于初级和二级卫生中心。  二级卫生服务在解决社区内日益增加的痴呆症患病率方面的能力有限，这引起了人们对加强护士与全科医生合作在诊断和协调痴呆症患者诊断后护理方面的作用的关注。  方法：我们使用关联的初级和二级医疗保健数据（来自临床实践研究数据链接 [CPRD] GOLD 和 Aurum 数据库以及住院患者护理住院发作统计 [HES APC]）。  用于进行定量研究的工具是研究中的问卷，由二级医疗保健单位的人力资源经理填写。  次要卫生经济学终点包括住院天数、重症监护病房天数以及出院时和 6 个月时 EQ-5D-5L 评分与基线相比的变化。  阴道分娩是自发的，这与二级医疗机构对孕妇的建议相反。  结果本研究发现证据支持心理社会资源和二级健康状况在社会经济地位与孤独感之间的关联中的中介作用。  因此，健康状况不佳会使他们面临将传染性或非传染性疾病作为次要健康状况的风险（贝拉米，2016 年）。  方法和结果 我们估计了在英国生物银行招募（2006 年至 2010 年）和 31 岁之间，年龄在 39 至 72 岁之间的 310,913 名英国白人血统的男性和女性的健康相关质量调整生命年 (QALYs) 以及初级和二级医疗保健费用2017 年 3 月。  目标是通过单一入口点多学科协调中心加强初级和二级卫生服务的协调和连续性。  背景：在大流行期间，由于其社会和经济影响，女性可能特别容易受到继发性健康问题的影响。  三级和二级医疗机构错误披露的主要障碍是： 缺乏医疗事故保险 (69.  该研究的主要目的是确定与在拉各斯州的二级卫生机构接受抗逆转录病毒治疗的儿童和青少年病毒抑制不良相关的因素。  相比之下，处境不利的东道国人口可以获得免费/打折的药品，并且可以不受限制地获得初级和二级医疗保健。  这是对二级健康状况、健康促进干预和智障人士就业的系统评价的系统评价。  结自事故发生以来已经过去了，尽管有严重的疼痛或继发性健康问题。  参加该课程的助产士学生中有7%是论文阶段的研究生，其中41%在中等卫生服务部门工作，51人。  它还将提供一种手段，在当前大流行期间提高初级和二级卫生保健提供者的意识。  初级医疗保健、二级医疗保健和三级医疗保健是在全国范围内实行的既定医疗保健系统的主要部分。  目的 调查儿童急性淋巴细胞白血病 (ALL) 幸存者在诊断为复发或二次恶性肿瘤 (SMN) 前 6 个月的卫生保健利用率，包括初级和二级卫生保健。  、初级或二级卫生保健咨询）和临床结果（i.  本研究旨在根据世界卫生组织 (WHO)/INRUD 核心药物使用指标和一些附加参数评估巴基斯坦伊斯兰堡二级保健医院的药物使用模式。  TrueNat 或基于试剂盒的核酸扩增测试用于初级和二级医疗保健水平的测试。  干预措施也改善了次要健康结果：(1) 母亲报告的 6 个月腹泻，调整后的相对风险 (aRR) = 0。  结论：在 COVID-19 大流行期间，骨科医生的焦虑与年龄较小、在初级或二级医疗机构工作等因素有关。  因此，该研究旨在确定尼日利亚西南部 Okitipupa 二级卫生机构的子宫破裂患病率、诱发因素、管理方案以及临床表现。  本研究评估了影响在尼日利亚南部二级医疗机构就诊的患者对前列腺癌和前列腺癌筛查工具和服务的知识水平的社会人口因素。  方法 2019 年 9 月至 2020 年 1 月期间，进行了 8 个半结构化焦点小组和 3 个个人访谈，34 名参与者代表挪威西部患有前列腺癌的男性、初级和二级医疗保健专业人员以及癌症组织。  This information was analysed using the chi-square test and logistic regression analysis of groups based on patient characteristics, use of health-care services and secondary health conditions assessed using the Spinal Cord Injury Secondary Conditions Scale (SCI-SCS).  This information was analysed using the chi-square test and logistic regression analysis of groups based on patient characteristics, use of health-care services and secondary health conditions assessed using the Spinal Cord Injury Secondary Conditions Scale (SCI-SCS).  Background Across the lifespan, people with spinal cord injury (SCI) may experience preventable secondary health conditions (SHCs) such as pressures sores, muscle spasms and urinary tract infections (UTIs).  People with spinal cord injury are at risk for secondary health conditions, with this increasing readmission rates and decreasing quality of life.  OBJECTIVES To explore the prevalence of comorbidities, secondary health conditions (SHCs), and multimorbidity in the Finnish population with spinal cord injury (SCI).  Objective Secondary health conditions (SHCs) are common in people with spinal cord injury (SCI).  OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to find the most and least commonly prescribed medications for treating secondary health complications associated with spinal cord injury (SCI); and determine overall polypharmacy rates and risk factors associated with it.  Background Secondary health conditions (SHCs) such as pain, pressure sores, sexual problems, bowel and bladder problems are prevalent throughout the lifespan of people with spinal cord injury (SCI).  OBJECTIVES To (i) describe sense of coherence (SOC) and changes over six years in older adults aging with long-term spinal cord injury (SCI) and (ii) investigate how changes in SOC are associated with injury characteristics and changes in sociodemographics and secondary health conditions (SHCs; bowel-related and bladder-related problems, pain and spasticity).  In many cases, opioid misuse and opioid use disorder are associated with pain, a secondary health condition affecting individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI).