## Rough Porous(粗糙多孔)研究综述

Rough Porous 粗糙多孔 - The motion of non-Newtonian fluid with heat and mass transfer through porous medium past a shrinking plate is discussed.^{[1]}Darcy’s law for flow through porous a medium.

^{[2]}[15] have described some of the fundamental colloidal interactions that govern molecular transport through porous.

^{[3]}Micro scale simulations are performed of flow through porous (pyrolyzing) thermal protection system (TPS) materials using the direct simulation Monte Carlo (DSMC) method.

^{[4]}

## enhanced oil recovery 提高石油采收率

The flow of fluids through porous media is a topic of immense practical interest in a great diversity of technical field such as groundwater recovery and management, contaminant transport analysis, subsurface disposal of nuclear wastes, enhanced geothermal energy system, oil and gas production, thermal/chemical/biological enhanced oil recovery, hydraulic fracturing, CO2 sequestration, combustion in inert porous matrix, flow through carbonate/fractured/shale-gas/CBM reservoirs, granular beds for the storage of solar energy, forced convection cooling and so on.^{[1]}Relative permeability of multiphase flow through porous media plays a vital role in the petroleum industry, especially in enhanced oil recovery (EOR) processes.

^{[2]}Multiphase flow through porous media is important in a wide range of environmental applications such as enhanced oil recovery and geologic storage of CO2.

^{[3]}

流体通过多孔介质的流动是在地下水回收和管理、污染物迁移分析、核废料的地下处置、增强的地热能系统、石油和天然气生产、热/化学/生物强化采油、水力压裂、二氧化碳封存、惰性多孔基质中的燃烧、碳酸盐/压裂/页岩气/煤层气储层的流动、太阳能储存的颗粒床、强制对流冷却等。

^{[1]}通过多孔介质的多相流的相对渗透率在石油工业中起着至关重要的作用，特别是在提高石油采收率 (EOR) 过程中。

^{[2]}nan

^{[3]}

## two phase flow 两相流

A reliable prediction of two-phase flow through porous media requires the development and validation of models for flow across multiple length scales.^{[1]}To elucidate the interaction of two-phase flow, mass transport and electrochemical reactions, a two-dimensional two-phase model is developed for the microfluidic fuel cell with a flow-through porous anode.

^{[2]}A two-phase flow through porous media is studied experimentally.

^{[3]}

通过多孔介质的两相流的可靠预测需要开发和验证跨多个长度尺度的流动模型。

^{[1]}为了阐明两相流、质量传递和电化学反应的相互作用，我们为具有流通式多孔阳极的微流控燃料电池开发了二维两相模型。

^{[2]}nan

^{[3]}

## rough porous medium 粗孔介质

Colloid facilitated solute transport through porous media is investigated.^{[1]}In this paper, a theoretical study based on computational chemistry was carried out to determine the molecular interaction energies between paraffin–asphaltenes–water and four surfactant molecules to predict their effect in W/O emulsions and the theoretical influence on the pressure drop behavior for fluids that move through porous media.

^{[2]}The finite element method is found to be very effective in capturing boundary and inertia effects in the three-dimensional, fully-developed flow through porous media.

^{[3]}Heat and mass transport through porous media is governed by the advection-dispersion equation.

^{[4]}Diffusivity and permeability of methane through porous media are found to scale as a power function of porosity and constriction factor.

^{[5]}A challenge for representing preferential flow through porous media in 2D or 3D is capillary pressure overshoot in 1D.

^{[6]}In this article, the Poiseuille and Couette flows subject to tangent hyperbolic fluid model with variable pressure dependent viscosities through porous medium have been analyzed numerically.

^{[7]}In this work, we look into the multi-phase flow and transport through porous media at two different scales, namely pore- and Darcy scales.

^{[8]}The flow of polymer solutions through porous media is subject to some process-specific phenomena, such as the inaccessible pore volume (IAPV).

^{[9]}This article presents a numerical investigation on free convective heat and mass flow characteristics in a 3-dimensional MHD nonlinear boundary layer flow of nanofliuids past a deformed revolving surface through porous medium in the presence of Joule heating and radiation absorption as part of the chemical reaction mechanism.

^{[10]}Fundamentally, heat transfer, fluid flow through porous media, and the kinetics of hydrate reaction are the three key processes controlling the behavior of MH dissociation and the associated fluid production.

^{[11]}The convection-dispersion equation (CDE) describes the transport of solutes through porous media, as in a constructed wetland.

^{[12]}In this study, a combination of flow through porous media and VENTSIM modeling approaches were used first to estimate the airflow resistance of a conduit/column filled with hollow plastic balls and then to predict the airflow resistance of a cave zone/cave column.

^{[13]}The obstruction offered by the material and the circuitous flow path is quantified by the Klinkenberg-derived permeability and hydraulic tortuosity factor, which are key material properties that govern the momentum transport through porous media.

^{[14]}Movement of fluids through porous media is of great significance in different sciences such as civil engineering and chemical technology.

^{[15]}Unsteady flow with magneto-hydrodynamics and heat generation through porous medium past an impulsively started vertical plate with constant wall temperature and mass diffusion is considered here.

^{[16]}The main aim of this work is to observe the fluid flow and heat transfer characteristics through porous media at the REV (Representative Elementary Volume) scale in an enclosed squared cavity using LBM (Lattice Boltzmann Method) instead of traditional FVM, FDM, or FEM.

^{[17]}Gas flow through porous media is an important process for engineers to assess as a part of the design process.

^{[18]}By using this new mechanism, one can achieve more accurate simulation and modelling of fluid flow through porous media.

^{[19]}Hence the study of interaction of the geomagnetic field with the fluid in the geothermal region is of great interest, thus leading to interest in the study of MHD convection flows through porous medium.

^{[20]}miscible hydrocarbon/non-hydrocarbon, surfactant/polymer, smart water and combination of the three), complex phase equilibria, complicated rock/fluid interaction, and sophisticated transport through porous media will create a number of key technical challenges that must be addressed.

^{[21]}New experimental and numerical techniques constitute the major recent advancements in the study of flow through porous media.

^{[22]}The mixture flow through porous medium is studied within the standard Darcy-Boussinesq approach taking into account the solutal convection.

^{[23]}In our benchmark simulations of fluid flow through porous media, using double‐precision floating‐point arithmetic, the observed performance exceeds 960 million fluid lattice site updates per second.

^{[24]}These studies highlight the need to account for the influence of reactivity on the dynamic changes in the pore structures of subsurface nanoporous solids in Darcy’s description of flow through porous media.

^{[25]}The governing equations describing the free water flow are extended and applied to simulate also the filtration through porous media.

^{[26]}The flow of fluids through porous media is a topic of immense practical interest in a great diversity of technical field such as groundwater recovery and management, contaminant transport analysis, subsurface disposal of nuclear wastes, enhanced geothermal energy system, oil and gas production, thermal/chemical/biological enhanced oil recovery, hydraulic fracturing, CO2 sequestration, combustion in inert porous matrix, flow through carbonate/fractured/shale-gas/CBM reservoirs, granular beds for the storage of solar energy, forced convection cooling and so on.

^{[27]}Relative permeability of multiphase flow through porous media plays a vital role in the petroleum industry, especially in enhanced oil recovery (EOR) processes.

^{[28]}All of these advantages make the HDG method suitable for solving multiphase flow trough porous media.

^{[29]}The model ability in simulating fluid flow through porous media is approved by modeling dam break flow through a porous block.

^{[30]}Effect of convergent boundary over the post laminar flow through porous media is experimentally investigated in the present study.

^{[31]}In order to study the effects of both pressure and temperature on fluid and heat flow, we consider a model of non-isothermal single phase flow through porous media.

^{[32]}Finally, we draw a striking analogy with flow through porous media that the centroid of the droplet migrates with a velocity that is thought of as the volume averaged velocity inside a resistive medium.

^{[33]}This paper presents computational results for mixed convective heat flow through porous medium within two entrapped trapezoidal cavities filled of kerosene‑cobalt ferrofluid placed under the influence of magnetic field when heat is provided through uniformly moving top and bottom horizontal boundaries, however, the inclined walls are cold whereas middle horizontal wall is assumed insulated.

^{[34]}In both cases, the form of the empirical relationships was found to be similar to relationships given by Sabri Ergun for high velocity non-Darcy single and multi-phase flow through porous media.

^{[35]}We have analyzed the magnetohydrodynaimcs (MHD) unsteady free convection flow of incompressible Newtonian fluid passing over an inclined plate through porous medium with variable temperature and concentration at the boundary.

^{[36]}Microbubbles are one solution to the channeling problem in the displacement process through porous media.

^{[37]}Recently, Takatsu (2017) [21] has modified the conventional theorem for the local volume average of a gradient for the flow through porous media.

^{[38]}It is present in soils, water, building materials and can be transported through porous media, especially by convection and diffusion.

^{[39]}Numerical study of evaporation in porous medium during convective drying process was examined, and heat and mass transfer of liquid water and water vapor through porous media was investigated by using the Galerkin weighted residual finite element method.

^{[40]}This study is related to parallel stabilized mixed Galerkin method for 3-D transient flow through porous media using OpenMP specifications for shared type memory architectures.

^{[41]}Hydraulic flow, electrical flow and the passage of elastic waves through porous media are all linked by electrokinetic processes.

^{[42]}Consequently, an innovative and groundbreaking mathematical approach is introduced for the determination of the properties of the earth subsurface, when oil reserves together with water are moving through porous media.

^{[43]}—As fluids and gases move through porous media, they generate acoustic noise.

^{[44]}The impact of heat transfer on the magnetohydrodynamic peristaltically induced motion in a channel through porous medium has been investigated.

^{[45]}The purpose of this study is to analyze the entropy generation in magnetohydrodynamics stagnation point mixed convection flow of Carreau nanofluid through porous medium.

^{[46]}Applications of heat transfer and fluid flow through porous media are very capacious, so they have drawn great attention and research.

^{[47]}The system deals with two rotating superposed infinite hydromagnetic Darcian flows through porous media under the influence of a uniform tangential magnetic field.

^{[48]}Thus, in the present investigation we integrate heat transfer phenomenon with Sisko fluid flowing through porous medium bounded within curved wavy walls.

^{[49]}The purpose of this communication is to examine the collective influence of heat and mass transfer on magnetohydrodyanmics (MHD) water functionalized oxide or non-oxide nanofluid flows through porous medium together with thermal radiation and chemical reaction effects.

^{[50]}

研究了通过多孔介质的胶体促进溶质传输。

^{[1]}在本文中，基于计算化学进行了一项理论研究，以确定石蜡-沥青质-水和四种表面活性剂分子之间的分子相互作用能，以预测它们在 W/O 乳液中的作用以及对流体压降行为的理论影响。穿过多孔介质。

^{[2]}发现有限元方法在捕捉通过多孔介质的三维、充分发展的流动中的边界和惯性效应方面非常有效。

^{[3]}通过多孔介质的传热和传质受对流-扩散方程控制。

^{[4]}发现甲烷通过多孔介质的扩散率和渗透率是孔隙度和收缩因子的幂函数。

^{[5]}在 2D 或 3D 中表示通过多孔介质的优先流动的一个挑战是 1D 中的毛细管压力过冲。

^{[6]}在本文中，对通过多孔介质的具有可变压力相关粘度的切线双曲线流体模型的 Poiseuille 和 Couette 流动进行了数值分析。

^{[7]}在这项工作中，我们研究了多孔介质在两种不同尺度（即孔隙尺度和达西尺度）中的多相流动和传输。

^{[8]}聚合物溶液通过多孔介质的流动会受到一些特定于过程的现象的影响，例如不可接近的孔隙体积 (IAPV)。

^{[9]}本文介绍了在焦耳加热和辐射吸收作为化学反应机制的一部分的情况下，纳米流体通过变形的旋转表面通过多孔介质的 3 维 MHD 非线性边界层流中的自由对流热和质量流特性的数值研究.

^{[10]}从根本上说，传热、流体通过多孔介质流动和水合物反应动力学是控制 MH 解离行为和相关流体生产的三个关键过程。

^{[11]}对流-弥散方程 (CDE) 描述了溶质通过多孔介质的传输，例如在人工湿地中。

^{[12]}在这项研究中，首先使用流过多孔介质和 VENTSIM 建模方法的组合来估计填充有空心塑料球的导管/柱的气流阻力，然后预测洞穴区/洞穴柱的气流阻力。

^{[13]}材料和迂回流动路径提供的阻碍由克林伯格派生的渗透率和水力弯曲因子量化，这是控制通过多孔介质的动量传输的关键材料特性。

^{[14]}流体通过多孔介质的运动在土木工程和化学技术等不同学科中具有重要意义。

^{[15]}此处考虑了具有磁流体动力学的非定常流动和通过多孔介质通过具有恒定壁温和质量扩散的脉冲启动垂直板产生的热量。

^{[16]}这项工作的主要目的是使用 LBM（格子玻尔兹曼方法）代替传统的 FVM、FDM 或 FEM，以 REV（代表基本体积）尺度在封闭的方形腔中观察通过多孔介质的流体流动和传热特性。

^{[17]}通过多孔介质的气流是工程师在设计过程中评估的一个重要过程。

^{[18]}通过使用这种新机制，可以实现更精确的流体通过多孔介质流动的模拟和建模。

^{[19]}因此，研究地磁场与地热区流体的相互作用引起了人们的极大兴趣，从而引发了对通过多孔介质的 MHD 对流研究的兴趣。

^{[20]}混相烃/非烃、表面活性剂/聚合物、智能水和三者的组合）、复杂的相平衡、复杂的岩石/流体相互作用以及通过多孔介质的复杂传输将产生许多必须解决的关键技术挑战。

^{[21]}新的实验和数值技术构成了多孔介质流动研究的最新进展。

^{[22]}考虑到溶质对流，在标准 Darcy-Boussinesq 方法中研究了通过多孔介质的混合物流动。

^{[23]}在我们对通过多孔介质的流体流动的基准模拟中，使用双精度浮点算法，观察到的性能超过每秒 9.6 亿次流体晶格点更新。

^{[24]}这些研究强调了在达西对多孔介质流动的描述中，需要考虑反应性对地下纳米多孔固体孔隙结构动态变化的影响。

^{[25]}nan

^{[26]}流体通过多孔介质的流动是在地下水回收和管理、污染物迁移分析、核废料的地下处置、增强的地热能系统、石油和天然气生产、热/化学/生物强化采油、水力压裂、二氧化碳封存、惰性多孔基质中的燃烧、碳酸盐/压裂/页岩气/煤层气储层的流动、太阳能储存的颗粒床、强制对流冷却等。

^{[27]}通过多孔介质的多相流的相对渗透率在石油工业中起着至关重要的作用，特别是在提高石油采收率 (EOR) 过程中。

^{[28]}nan

^{[29]}nan

^{[30]}nan

^{[31]}nan

^{[32]}nan

^{[33]}nan

^{[34]}nan

^{[35]}nan

^{[36]}nan

^{[37]}nan

^{[38]}nan

^{[39]}nan

^{[40]}nan

^{[41]}nan

^{[42]}nan

^{[43]}nan

^{[44]}nan

^{[45]}nan

^{[46]}nan

^{[47]}nan

^{[48]}nan

^{[49]}nan

^{[50]}

## rough porous material 粗糙的多孔材料

We also show that, while the magnetophoretic velocity of particles through the bulk in a field gradient decreases with increasing rotation frequency, the enhanced in-plane diffusion allows for faster magnetophoretic transport through porous materials in rotating fields.^{[1]}Diffusive transport through porous materials is to a large extent determined by the microstructure of the material.

^{[2]}The experimental data are in good agreement with the evaluations according to the theory of radon diffusion through porous materials.

^{[3]}The key indicator of how easily fluids pass through porous materials is the “permeability”, which allows describing pressure loss and flow velocity in porous materials.

^{[4]}Soil columns have been utilized in hydrology to study vertical solute transfer through porous material for decades.

^{[5]}We emphasize the importance of predicting an accurate liquid-vapor interface shape on the prediction accuracy for both the permeability and the associated governing equations for liquid propagation and phase-change heat transfer through porous materials.

^{[6]}We show that helical motion can enhance particle transport through porous materials with implications for the design of microrobots that can navigate complex environments.

^{[7]}This paper describes basic principles and governing equations for describing groundwater flow through porous material.

^{[8]}Concerning the reliability part, predictions show a good agreement with experimental results, which confirm robustness, calculation efficiency and high accuracy of the proposed approach for predicting the coupled heat and moisture transfer through porous materials.

^{[9]}In the context of research upon the hydrodynamics of gas flow through porous materials an attempt was made to correlate the results of that research with the process issues resulting from the technological reasons for applying various kinds of coal chars.

^{[10]}A particle tracking (PT) method was applied to evaluate diffusion through porous materials and to quantify its diffusive properties based on 3D images over time.

^{[11]}Our discovery is fundamentally important for understanding protein channels and transport through porous materials and for designing novel sensors and filters.

^{[12]}When bone marrow is repeatedly filtered through porous material, the mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in the bone marrow can adhere to the outer and inner walls of the carrier material to become enriched locally, and this is a promising method for MSC enrichment.

^{[13]}

我们还表明，虽然粒子在场梯度中通过体的磁泳速度随着旋转频率的增加而降低，但增强的面内扩散允许在旋转场中通过多孔材料进行更快的磁泳传输。

^{[1]}通过多孔材料的扩散传输在很大程度上取决于材料的微观结构。

^{[2]}实验数据与根据氡通过多孔材料扩散的理论进行的评价非常吻合。

^{[3]}流体通过多孔材料的难易程度的关键指标是“渗透性”，它可以描述多孔材料中的压力损失和流速。

^{[4]}几十年来，土壤柱已在水文学中用于研究通过多孔材料的垂直溶质转移。

^{[5]}我们强调了预测准确的液-气界面形状对预测精度的重要性，以及通过多孔材料的液体传播和相变热传递的相关控制方程的预测精度。

^{[6]}nan

^{[7]}nan

^{[8]}nan

^{[9]}nan

^{[10]}nan

^{[11]}nan

^{[12]}nan

^{[13]}

## rough porous structure 粗孔结构

HighlightsFlexible sensitive carbon nanotubes/polydimethylsiloxane (CNTs/PDMS) nanocomposite with novel double-side rough porous structure was proposed by simple manufacturing methods.^{[1]}The present study addresses the hydrodynamic characteristics of the incident wave through porous structure for both finite and shallow water depth.

^{[2]}Wave transmission through porous structures.

^{[3]}(ii) The rough porous structure is conducive to gas adsorption and capture, and provides many active sites for the sensing reaction.

^{[4]}Time-resolved microtomography with high frame rate, high lateral resolution and sufficiently high contrast allows for observing three-dimensional motion of particles in two-phase solid–liquid flows through porous structures.

^{[5]}The model is extended to study flow through porous structures using Darcy velocity, with the energy dissipation within the porous medium modelled through additional laminar and turbulent resistance terms.

^{[6]}A channel flow coupled with a transversal stream through porous structures is investigated numerically in this study.

^{[7]}Flow through capillary tubes and flow through porous structures have been the two main approaches taken by researchers in order to model the capillary flow through fibrous structures.

^{[8]}

亮点通过简单的制造方法提出了具有新型双面粗糙多孔结构的柔性敏感碳纳米管/聚二甲基硅氧烷（CNTs/PDMS）纳米复合材料。

^{[1]}本研究解决了有限和浅水深度下通过多孔结构的入射波的水动力特性。

^{[2]}nan

^{[3]}nan

^{[4]}nan

^{[5]}nan

^{[6]}nan

^{[7]}nan

^{[8]}

## rough porous membrane 粗孔膜

Kinetic models further suggested a first order release rate, indicating that the release is primarily mediated by diffusion through porous membranes of the hydrogel.^{[1]}Transport of liquid mixtures through porous membranes is central to processes such as desalination, chemical separations, and energy harvesting, with ultrathin membranes made from novel 2D nanomaterials showing exceptional promise.

^{[2]}Electrochemical templating through porous membranes is applied to form arrays of micrometer long Ni nanowires (NWs).

^{[3]}This improved approach may apply to the surface energy characterization of hydrophilic rough porous membranes (e.

^{[4]}

动力学模型进一步提出了一级释放速率，表明释放主要由通过水凝胶多孔膜的扩散介导。

^{[1]}通过多孔膜传输液体混合物是脱盐、化学分离和能量收集等过程的核心，由新型二维纳米材料制成的超薄膜显示出非凡的前景。

^{[2]}nan

^{[3]}nan

^{[4]}

## rough porous rock 粗糙多孔岩石

Static pressure in the lenses of Permian- Triassic deposits and the dynamic factors of TMWs, moving and ascending through porous rocks over long distances under extremely high pressures, contributed as well.^{[1]}The results demonstrate that ignoring the inhomogeneity of surface charges may cause erroneous prediction of the ion transport through porous rocks with chemically active surfaces.

^{[2]}Speed of acquisition is paramount for the application of magnetic resonance to flow experiments through porous rocks.

^{[3]}In the proposed CO2 storage areas, some CO2 leakagescenarios were analyzed due to the filtering of CO2 fluids through porous rock layers, through abandoned wells and tectonic faults of the Donbas geological structures.

^{[4]}

二叠纪-三叠纪沉积物透镜体中的静压和 TMW 的动态因素，在极高压力下长距离穿过多孔岩石移动和上升，也做出了贡献。

^{[1]}结果表明，忽略表面电荷的不均匀性可能会导致错误预测离子通过具有化学活性表面的多孔岩石的传输。

^{[2]}nan

^{[3]}nan

^{[4]}

## rough porous surface 粗糙的多孔表面

FE-SEM analysis showed homogenous dispersion of nanofiller within the PCL matrix, and illustrated a rough porous surface.^{[1]}According to the SEM morphologies and EDS images, it could be confirmed that the rough porous surface structure, low surface energy modification and infused lubricants are key factors accounting for the excellent anti-wetting property of fabricated slippery Zn surface.

^{[2]}A two-dimensional laminar flow driven by fluid injection through porous surface which represent an incompressible fluid inside a filtration chamber during extraction of particles from the fluid is investigated.

^{[3]}

FE-SEM 分析显示纳米填料在 PCL 基质中均匀分散，并显示出粗糙的多孔表面。

^{[1]}根据 SEM 形貌和 EDS 图像，可以确认粗糙的多孔表面结构、低表面能改性和注入的润滑剂是制造光滑锌表面优异抗润湿性能的关键因素。

^{[2]}nan

^{[3]}

## rough porous building 粗孔建筑

This work presents an alternative view on the numerical simulation of diffusion processes applied to the heat and moisture transfer through porous building materials.^{[1]}This work presents a detailed mathematical model combined with an innovative efficient numerical model to predict heat, air and moisture transfer through porous building materials.

^{[2]}

这项工作提出了关于通过多孔建筑材料传递热量和水分的扩散过程的数值模拟的另一种观点。

^{[1]}这项工作提出了一个详细的数学模型，并结合了一个创新的高效数值模型来预测热量、空气和水分通过多孔建筑材料的传递。

^{[2]}

## rough porous fin 粗孔翅片

The role of different important parameters have been discussed to understand their importance in the heat transfer through porous fins.^{[1]}The analysis has been done for three different fin volumes and the effect of important variables which directly influence the heat transfer rate through porous fins has been discussed.

^{[2]}

已经讨论了不同重要参数的作用，以了解它们在通过多孔翅片的热传递中的重要性。

^{[1]}已经对三种不同的翅片体积进行了分析，并讨论了直接影响通过多孔翅片的传热率的重要变量的影响。

^{[2]}

## rough porous wall 粗糙的多孔墙

A phenomenological model, which has already been developed by many researchers, describes the coupled transfer of heat, air and moisture through porous walls.^{[1]}Feedback stabilization or control are important topics not only in aero-dynamics, but also in other problems involving fluid flow such as stabilization of unsteady flow, flow over surfaces, injection of polymer solutions, mass transport through porous walls, etc.

^{[2]}

许多研究人员已经开发出一种现象学模型，描述了热量、空气和水分通过多孔壁的耦合传递。

^{[1]}反馈稳定或控制不仅是空气动力学的重要课题，而且在涉及流体流动的其他问题中也是重要的课题，例如不稳定流动的稳定、表面上的流动、聚合物溶液的注入、通过多孔壁的质量传输等。

^{[2]}

## rough porous metal 粗孔金属

The mechanisms that govern non-isothermal solid-fluid flow through porous metal foam heat exchangers are complex and poorly understood.^{[1]}Moreover, the complexity of multiphase non-isothermal solid-gas transport is further compounded by the fact that thermal solid-gas transport through porous metal foams is not established.

^{[2]}

控制通过多孔金属泡沫换热器的非等温固体流体流动的机制很复杂，而且人们知之甚少。

^{[1]}此外，多相非等温固-气传输的复杂性因未建立通过多孔金属泡沫的热固-气传输而进一步复杂化。

^{[2]}

## rough porous filter 粗孔过滤器

Extrusion through porous filters is a widely used method for preparing biomimetic model membranes.^{[1]}Extrusion through porous filters is a widely used method for preparing biomimetic model membranes.

^{[2]}

通过多孔过滤器挤出是制备仿生模型膜的一种广泛使用的方法。

^{[1]}通过多孔过滤器挤出是制备仿生模型膜的一种广泛使用的方法。

^{[2]}

## rough porous anode 粗孔阳极

To elucidate the interaction of two-phase flow, mass transport and electrochemical reactions, a two-dimensional two-phase model is developed for the microfluidic fuel cell with a flow-through porous anode.^{[1]}A solid solution Pd–Ni alloy co-sputtered on carbon paper (Pd–Ni/C) is explored as a catalyst in the flow-through porous anode of a direct urea fuel cell (DUFC).

^{[2]}

为了阐明两相流、质量传递和电化学反应的相互作用，我们为具有流通式多孔阳极的微流控燃料电池开发了二维两相模型。

^{[1]}研究了在碳纸上共溅射的固溶 Pd-Ni 合金 (Pd-Ni/C) 作为直接尿素燃料电池 (DUFC) 流通式多孔阳极的催化剂。

^{[2]}