Roman Curia(罗马教廷)研究综述Roman Curia 罗马教廷 - It engages recent historiography to explain how the cardinal’s function and role in the Roman Curia, including his relationship to the pope, developed from the fifteenth century onwards, and how this was reflected in the range of men who occupied the cardinal’s office.  Attracted by the prospect of adding a saint to the family tree, Carlo presented Giovanni’s case to the Roman Curia.  Finally, this chapter provides information on the decisions taken by the Roman Curia on the unofficial cult to Joachim of Fiore, whose canonization trial is still open to this day.  Review of Paolo Sachet, Publishing for the Popes: The Roman Curia and the Use of Printing (1527–1555) (Leiden: Brill, 2020).  Furthermore, Spanish cardinals formed a minority in the Roman Curia, even in the years of Spanish predominance in Europe after the Council of Trent.  The paper identifies and systematizes interrelations of the Catholic Church and the medieval monarchical state, medieval universities are considered as an instrument of political, not spiritual influence of the Roman Curia on the West European monarchies, and herein lies scientific originality of the study.  Hus thus became an intellectual patron, a saint and protector, the leading intellectual authority of critics of the dealings of the pope, the Roman Curia and the Roman Church, and especially the predecessor of Martin Luther’s similar kind of writings.  According to the position of the Roman Curia, expressed in the pontifical documents of the post-conciliar period, the task of inculturation is seen in the preaching of Christianity from the position of transformation and insight into existing cultures with the Gospel, taking into account the openness to one's own transformation.  Exploring the important place that Bembo assumed within the Roman Curia during his cardinalate, and his association with the group known as the spirituali, this essay will consider how cardinal portraiture could be used to articulate visually a particular agenda of church reform.  Service in the Roman Curia is marked by the distinction between the system of government and that of public service.  The Roman Curia is the executive branch of the Apostolic See government.  It investigates the supervision and coordination of the various components of the hierarchical community from the pope and the Roman Curia down to the lowest clerical network of the parish and draws some implications to the social control of clerical behavior against sexual abuse.  In the aftermath of the reformation, Bavaria became the Roman Curia’s most important partner in the Holy Roman Empire, alongside the emperor.  Was it really true that so many Irish “intriguings monks” in Rome had such a negative influence over the Roman curia, and in particular over the high officials of Propaganda Fide? This essay focuses on the Irish Franciscans of St.  Such operatives were used both by secular sovereigns and by important representatives of the Roman Curia.  The main documents and legal texts issued by the Pope in 2018 and the various dicasteries of the Roman Curia, as well as international agreements signed by the Holy See, are outlined.  This chapter provides an overview of the composition, social interaction, spiritual formation, and networking of the Catholic hierarchy in the parish, diocese, episcopal conference, Roman Curia, and papacy, and their consequences to clerical behavior and social control against clerical sexual abuse.  It describes the international context at the time, the first post-Council period and the turnabout that happened in the 80s and 90s, when the unforeseen consequences of the Council changes led to the so-called “counter-reform” headed by the Roman Curia. 
它利用最近的史学来解释红衣主教的 在罗马教廷中的职能和作用，包括他与教皇的关系， 从 15 世纪开始发展起来，这如何反映在 占据红衣主教办公室的人的范围。  卡洛被在家族树中添加圣人的前景所吸引，将乔瓦尼的案子提交给罗马教廷。  最后，本章提供了有关罗马教廷对非官方对 Fiore 的 Joachim 的崇拜所做出的决定的信息，他的封圣审判至今仍在进行中。  审查 Paolo Sachet，为教皇出版：罗马教廷和印刷的使用（1527-1555）（莱顿：Brill，2020）。  此外，西班牙红衣主教占少数 在罗马教廷，甚至在西班牙在欧洲占主导地位的年代 特伦特理事会。  该论文识别并系统化了天主教会与中世纪君主制国家的相互关系，中世纪大学被认为是一种政治工具，而不是罗马教廷对西欧君主制的精神影响，这就是该研究的科学独创性。  胡斯因此成为知识分子的赞助人、圣人和保护者，是批评教皇、罗马教廷和罗马教会的主要知识权威，尤其是马丁路德类似著作的前身。  根据罗马教廷的立场，在大公会议后时期的教皇文件中表达，本土化的任务是从用福音转变和洞察现有文化的立场来看待基督教的宣讲，同时考虑到对自己的转变持开放态度。  探索 Bembo 的重要场所 在他的红衣主教期间担任罗马教廷，以及他与 被称为精神的团体，这篇文章将考虑如何主要肖像画 可以用来直观地表达教会改革的特定议程。  罗马教廷的服务以政府系统和公共服务系统之间的区别为标志。  罗马教廷是宗座政府的行政部门。  它调查了从教皇和罗马教廷到教区最低教职网络的等级社区的各个组成部分的监督和协调，并对针对性虐待的教职行为的社会控制产生了一些影响。  宗教改革之后，巴伐利亚成为罗马教廷在神圣罗马帝国中最重要的伙伴，与皇帝并驾齐驱。  罗马有这么多爱尔兰“有趣的修道士”对罗马教廷，特别是对宣传信仰的高级官员产生如此负面的影响，这真的是真的吗？这篇文章的重点是爱尔兰圣方济各会。  世俗君主和罗马教廷的重要代表都使用这些特工。  概述了教皇在 2018 年发布的主要文件和法律文本，以及罗马教廷的各个部委，以及罗马教廷签署的国际协议。  本章概述了教区、教区、主教会议、罗马教廷和教皇制度中天主教等级的构成、社会互动、精神形成和网络，以及它们对牧师行为和社会控制对牧师性虐待的影响。  它描述了当时的国际背景、后理事会的第一个时期以及发生在 80 年代和 90 年代的转变，当时理事会变化的不可预见的后果导致了以罗马教廷为首的所谓“反改革” .