## Resonance Spectrum(共振谱)研究综述

Resonance Spectrum 共振谱 - Deep learning method which has been created by ANFIS networks provides a powerful and efficient device for creating accurate relationship between plasmonic geometric parameters and resonance spectrums.^{[1]}By analyzing the surface plot of the resonance spectrum with different coupling positions, the ideal coupling parameters and ERV for displacement sensing are obtained.

^{[2]}Thereafter, both harmonic and transient analyses are conducted on a 2D coupled-field finite element model with a simulated delamination area to explore the resonance spectrum of the specimen, providing the guidelines for the frequency choice of the pumping wave.

^{[3]}Also,the structural parameters induces a red-shift in the resonance spectrum.

^{[4]}Due to SPR effect, when the RI of liquid changes, the wavelength of resonance spectrum will shift accordingly, thus the sensitivity of the RI can be achieved.

^{[5]}On the other hand, the interaction between LSPR and molecular excited or vibrational states also modulates the resonance spectrum, which can also be used for detecting a small number of molecules with a subtle change in the spectrum.

^{[6]}The resonance spectrum was observed over a wide magnetic field range, including low fields below the saturation magnetization and both polarities.

^{[7]}Strong optical excitation induced a red shift of the resonance spectrum and resulted in an enhanced optical transmission spectrum with a narrow bandwidth and a high response speed.

^{[8]}2) It was demonstrated by admittance measurements that the resonance spectrum of the piezoelectric actuator is largely independent of the dispensing cartridge.

^{[9]}The resonance spectrum is significantly affected by the coupling coefficient between the waveguide and the resonator, generating versatile resonance features.

^{[10]}Structural health monitoring of a thin element can be achieved through the analysis of its resonance spectrum.

^{[11]}The contributions from the cubic and tetragonal phases to the ferromagnetic-resonance spectrum of the sample are distinguished.

^{[12]}Here we show that, by developing a theoretical model which combines plasmon hybridization theory with transformation optics, one can control both global and local features of the resonance spectrum in an intuitive way.

^{[13]}For such surfaces, we obtain identities relating the discrete spectrum of the Laplace operator to the resonance spectrum (formed by the poles of the scattering matrix).

^{[14]}Accordingly, light waves of different wavelengths are respectively incident into the cavity structure immersed in a sensing fluid to obtain the resonance spectrum.

^{[15]}After obtaining the signatures of the two-photon edge state in the resonance spectrum of the circuit, we perform a reconstruction of the corresponding eigenmode and thus provide the direct evidence of the edge state formation.

^{[16]}It is demonstrated that below a critical value of the interparticle distance the susceptibility of each distinct component of the structure exhibits a characteristic single-resonance spectrum, whereas above this value, the spectrum has three resonances.

^{[17]}An important prediction in these models is the existence of resonance spectrum in vector boson scattering.

^{[18]}resonance spectrum.

^{[19]}This paper considers hardware and software for automated analysis of thin magnetic film ferroresonance spectrum to determine the rate of growth and decrease in ferroresonance spectrum (conversion factor parameter).

^{[20]}

由 ANFIS 网络创建的深度学习方法为创建等离子体几何参数和共振谱之间的准确关系提供了强大而高效的设备。

^{[1]}通过分析不同耦合位置的共振谱曲面图，得到了位移传感的理想耦合参数和ERV。

^{[2]}此后，对具有模拟分层区域的二维耦合场有限元模型进行谐波和瞬态分析，以探索样品的共振谱，为泵浦波的频率选择提供指导。

^{[3]}此外，结构参数会引起共振光谱的红移。

^{[4]}由于 SPR 效应，当液体的 RI 发生变化时，共振光谱的波长会发生相应的偏移，从而达到 RI 的灵敏度。

^{[5]}另一方面，局域表面等离子体共振与分子激发态或振动态之间的相互作用也对共振光谱进行调制，也可用于检测少量光谱发生细微变化的分子。

^{[6]}在宽磁场范围内观察到共振谱，包括低于饱和磁化强度和两个极性的低场。

^{[7]}强光激发引起共振光谱的红移并导致具有窄带宽和高响应速度的增强的光透射光谱。

^{[8]}2) 导纳测量表明，压电致动器的共振谱在很大程度上独立于分配筒。

^{[9]}谐振频谱受波导和谐振器之间的耦合系数的显着影响，产生多种谐振特征。

^{[10]}薄元件的结构健康监测可以通过分析其共振谱来实现。

^{[11]}立方相和四方相对样品的铁磁共振谱的贡献是不同的。

^{[12]}在这里，我们表明，通过开发一种将等离子体杂交理论与变换光学相结合的理论模型，可以直观地控制共振光谱的全局和局部特征。

^{[13]}对于这样的表面，我们获得了将拉普拉斯算子的离散谱与共振谱（由散射矩阵的极点形成）相关联的恒等式。

^{[14]}相应地，不同波长的光波分别入射到浸没在传感流体中的空腔结构中以获得共振光谱。

^{[15]}在获得电路共振谱中双光子边缘态的特征后，我们对相应的本征模进行了重构，从而提供了边缘态形成的直接证据。

^{[16]}结果表明，低于粒子间距离的临界值，结构的每个不同组分的磁化率表现出特征性的单共振光谱，而高于该值，光谱具有三个共振。

^{[17]}这些模型中的一个重要预测是矢量玻色子散射中存在共振谱。

^{[18]}共振谱。

^{[19]}本文考虑了用于自动分析薄磁膜铁磁共振谱的硬件和软件，以确定铁磁共振谱（转换因子参数）的增长和下降速率。

^{[20]}

## transform infrared spectroscopy 变换红外光谱

Poly(lysine-phenylalanine-tyrosine) block copolymers were synthesized by ring-opening polymerization of amino anhydride, and the structure was characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectrum.^{[1]}Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and nuclear magnetic resonance spectrum were used to analyze the chemical composition of the synthesized ASNDP.

^{[2]}The grown crystals characterization results on photoluminescence (PL), powder X-ray diffractometer (PXRD), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Fourier-transform Raman spectroscopy (FT-Raman), scanning electron microscopy, Vickers microhardness tester ( H v ), electron paramagnetic resonance spectrum (EPR) and dielectric studies.

^{[3]}Chemical methods, high performance gel permeation chromatography, fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, nuclear magnetic resonance spectrum and gas chromatography‑mass spectrometry were used to characterize the polysaccharide structure.

^{[4]}The structure and state of the hindered phenol were confirmed by nuclear magnetic resonance spectrum, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and X-ray diffraction (XRD).

^{[5]}The microstructures of those three coal samples were tested by adopting the Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and Nuclear magnetic resonance spectrum of carbon (13C-NMR).

^{[6]}

采用氨基酐开环聚合的方法合成了聚赖氨酸-苯丙氨酸-酪氨酸嵌段共聚物，并通过傅里叶变换红外光谱和质子核磁共振光谱对其结构进行了表征。

^{[1]}傅里叶变换红外光谱和核磁共振光谱用于分析合成的ASNDP的化学成分。

^{[2]}nan

^{[3]}采用化学方法、高效凝胶渗透色谱法、傅里叶变换红外光谱法、核磁共振光谱法和气相色谱-质谱法表征多糖结构。

^{[4]}通过核磁共振光谱、傅里叶变换红外光谱(FT-IR)和X射线衍射(XRD)证实了受阻酚的结构和状态。

^{[5]}nan

^{[6]}

## proton nuclear magnetic 质子核磁

Characterization of the studied compounds was carried out using infrared spectrum (IR), proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectrum (1H NMR), and elemental analysis (C.^{[1]}

使用红外光谱 (IR)、质子核磁共振光谱 (1H NMR) 和元素分析 (C.

^{[1]}

## Magnetic Resonance Spectrum 磁共振谱

Its characterization is mainly to use 1H-NMR nuclear magnetic resonance spectrum and infrared spectroscopy to determine the characteristic peak and range of borane.^{[1]}Poly(lysine-phenylalanine-tyrosine) block copolymers were synthesized by ring-opening polymerization of amino anhydride, and the structure was characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectrum.

^{[2]}The chemical structure of the ADBSPA was determined by nuclear magnetic resonance spectrum (NMR) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), and ADBSPA was processed onto cotton materials by immersion method.

^{[3]}The reaction product of HMF and L-cys was identified and named as 1-dicysteinethioacetal–5-hydroxymethylfurfural (DCH) according to the mass spectrum and nuclear magnetic resonance spectrum of the main product.

^{[4]}The level of creatine was determined by using a magnetic resonance spectrum (MRS) method.

^{[5]}Characterization of the studied compounds was carried out using infrared spectrum (IR), proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectrum (1H NMR), and elemental analysis (C.

^{[6]}The narrow and inhomogeneously broadened magnetic resonance spectrum differs significantly from the known spectra of in-plane defects.

^{[7]}65, and 2D heteronuclear single quantum coherence nuclear magnetic resonance spectrum (2D-HSQC NMR) analysis showing relative β-O-4 linkages (37.

^{[8]}Three peaks of microwave absorption are observed in the magnetic resonance spectrum, which is explained in the framework of the model of a two-phase system in magnetic relation.

^{[9]}Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and nuclear magnetic resonance spectrum were used to analyze the chemical composition of the synthesized ASNDP.

^{[10]}Here, we present a fiber-based quantum thermometer by tracking the sharp-dip in the zero-field optically detected magnetic resonance spectrum in a high-density nitrogen-vacancy ensemble.

^{[11]}The results showed that the pectin composition of their leaves was similar in terms of galacturonic acid, monosaccharide composition, degree of esterification, functional groups, nuclear magnetic resonance spectrum and morphological characteristics.

^{[12]}We report our investigations on the dependence of magnetic resonance spectrum on the light ellipticity and the polarization angle.

^{[13]}The nuclear magnetic resonance spectrum contains a variety of effective information, and most of the current clinical medicine uses nuclear magnetic resonance images as a diagnostic basis, but the spectral information is still not effectively explored.

^{[14]}The terpenoid components were determined using nuclear magnetic resonance spectrum.

^{[15]}Two microwave frequencies were locked to the two resonance points that were determined from the optically detected magnetic resonance spectrum.

^{[16]}The 2D 1H-15N HSQC nuclear magnetic resonance spectrum showed a good dispersion of resonance peaks with uniform intensity, indicating that the purified MtClpS protein was well folded and conformationally homogeneous.

^{[17]}Combining with the analysis of solid-state 13C nuclear magnetic resonance spectrum, the fractions of hydrophobic fulvic acid and hydrophilic fulvic acid are further considered as a potential food source for Thitarodes larvae.

^{[18]}Most phosphorus atoms are bonded with oxygen as the 31P nuclear magnetic resonance spectrum showed.

^{[19]}Chemical methods, high performance gel permeation chromatography, fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, nuclear magnetic resonance spectrum and gas chromatography‑mass spectrometry were used to characterize the polysaccharide structure.

^{[20]}The proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectrum confirmed the existence of PO and CO in nanofibers after electrospinning.

^{[21]}Carbon solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance spectrum shows different peaks at different chemical shifts related to the carbon structures of the organic moieties.

^{[22]}Four new triphenyltin(IV) acylhydrazone compounds of the type Ph3SnCH2CH2CONHN=R (where Ph = phenyl; R = isopropyl, isobutyl, cyclopentyl and cyclooctyl) were synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, infrared spectrum (IR), nuclear magnetic resonance spectrum (NMR) and mass spectrum (MS).

^{[23]}The structure and state of the hindered phenol were confirmed by nuclear magnetic resonance spectrum, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and X-ray diffraction (XRD).

^{[24]}The results of thin-layer chromatography and nuclear magnetic resonance spectrum confirmed the inclusion of questin into HP-β-CD.

^{[25]}The molecular structure of CPAM was characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectra (FT-IR) and 1H nuclear magnetic resonance spectrum (1H-NMR).

^{[26]}A type of Chinese anthracite coal was analyzed by several analytical techniques such as Fourier transform infrared spectrum (FTIR), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), solid-state 13C nuclear magnetic resonance spectrum (NMR), and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM).

^{[27]}But its evolution also raises questions: Have DFT calculations matured to the point that they have become a technical exercise—like obtaining a nuclear magnetic resonance spectrum—rather than an intellectual one? And if you hire a company to run calculations for you, how should you disclose its involvement, especially in the interest of reproducibility? The answers are complex,.

^{[28]}The structures of CS-γCD were characterized by infrared spectrum (FT-IR), 13C-nuclear magnetic resonance spectrum (13C-NMR), scanning electron microscope (SEM), x-ray diffraction (XRD), and gel permeation chromatography (GPC).

^{[29]}The nature of the active agent was identified as 2-pyrrolidone-5-carboxylic acid, a derivative of glutamic acid, by EI-MS and nuclear magnetic resonance spectrum (1H NMR, 13C NMR).

^{[30]}The chemical shift difference, Δσ, between the methylene and hydroxyl protons in the high resolution 1H nuclear magnetic resonance spectrum of ethylene glycol is shown to be pressure dependent.

^{[31]}Fourier transform infrared spectrum and proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectrum confirm that the BIES contains the chemical structure of imide and diphenyl sulfone.

^{[32]}After 8 weeks of treatment, the clinical efficacy was compared among the three groups in terms of efficacy, cranial magnetic resonance spectrum, eeg slow wave index and intelligence evaluation.

^{[33]}One in vivo magnetic resonance spectrum of the prefrontal cortex region was acquired before and six spectra were acquired after intraperitoneal injections of saline or ethanol (1 g/kg or 2 g/kg).

^{[34]}The electronic spin ensemble corresponding to diamond defects can be manipulated and characterized by Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR), while the lack of fully understand the magnetic resonance spectrum has motivated a simulation of the electronic system.

^{[35]}Magnetic resonance spectrum showed an elevated choline value and reduced N-acetylaspartate value.

^{[36]}Objective To establish a method to identify unknown samples based on combined use of gas chromatography-mass spectrometry （GC-MS）, high resolution mass spectrometry （HRMS） and nuclear magnetic resonance spectrum （NMR） technique.

^{[37]}The microstructures of those three coal samples were tested by adopting the Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and Nuclear magnetic resonance spectrum of carbon (13C-NMR).

^{[38]}Since the line width of the nuclear magnetic resonance spectrum of food with a short relaxation time becomes broad, it is difficult to measure the MR signal.

^{[39]}A modern 19F nuclear magnetic resonance spectrum of perfluorotoluene (octafluorotoluene) and analysis from 1975 was used as a test data set to assess ANATOLIA.

^{[40]}

其表征主要是利用1H-NMR核磁共振光谱和红外光谱来确定硼烷的特征峰和范围。

^{[1]}采用氨基酐开环聚合的方法合成了聚赖氨酸-苯丙氨酸-酪氨酸嵌段共聚物，并通过傅里叶变换红外光谱和质子核磁共振光谱对其结构进行了表征。

^{[2]}nan

^{[3]}nan

^{[4]}nan

^{[5]}使用红外光谱 (IR)、质子核磁共振光谱 (1H NMR) 和元素分析 (C.

^{[6]}nan

^{[7]}nan

^{[8]}nan

^{[9]}傅里叶变换红外光谱和核磁共振光谱用于分析合成的ASNDP的化学成分。

^{[10]}nan

^{[11]}nan

^{[12]}nan

^{[13]}nan

^{[14]}nan

^{[15]}nan

^{[16]}二维 1H-15N HSQC 核磁共振谱显示共振峰分散良好，强度均匀，表明纯化的 MtClpS 蛋白折叠良好，构象均一。

^{[17]}结合固态13C核磁共振谱分析，进一步认为疏水性富里酸和亲水性富里酸馏分是Thitarodes幼虫的潜在食物来源。

^{[18]}如 31P 核磁共振谱所示，大多数磷原子与氧结合。

^{[19]}采用化学方法、高效凝胶渗透色谱法、傅里叶变换红外光谱法、核磁共振光谱法和气相色谱-质谱法表征多糖结构。

^{[20]}质子核磁共振谱证实静电纺丝后纳米纤维中存在PO和CO。

^{[21]}nan

^{[22]}nan

^{[23]}通过核磁共振光谱、傅里叶变换红外光谱(FT-IR)和X射线衍射(XRD)证实了受阻酚的结构和状态。

^{[24]}nan

^{[25]}nan

^{[26]}nan

^{[27]}nan

^{[28]}nan

^{[29]}nan

^{[30]}nan

^{[31]}nan

^{[32]}nan

^{[33]}nan

^{[34]}nan

^{[35]}nan

^{[36]}nan

^{[37]}nan

^{[38]}nan

^{[39]}nan

^{[40]}

## Paramagnetic Resonance Spectrum 顺磁共振谱

The X-band electron paramagnetic resonance spectrum recorded at room temperature imparts the increase of superexchange interaction with the increase in manganese concentration.^{[1]}The electron paramagnetic resonance spectrum of the lyophilized tomato pulp extract at 298 K featured HSF signal with (g0 = 2.

^{[2]}In order to address the questions posed, the following methods were used: field investigations of geology and sampling of the representative gold deposits, physical study and chemical analysis of quartz including, but not limited to, fluid inclusions as well as their compositions and trace elements in quartz, the unit cell parameters, electron paramagnetic resonance spectrum (EPR), and infrared spectroscopic analysis (ISA).

^{[3]}Electron paramagnetic resonance spectrum of Cr3+ proved that g = 3.

^{[4]}The X-band electron paramagnetic resonance spectrum recorded at room temperature conveys that the superexchange interaction is increased with the increase in Mn concentration.

^{[5]}[Re(CO3)Cl]2(bpm) was reduced with cobaltocene; the electron paramagnetic resonance spectrum of the product exhibits an isotropic signal (near g = 2) characteristic of a ligand-centered bpm radical.

^{[6]}The grown crystals characterization results on photoluminescence (PL), powder X-ray diffractometer (PXRD), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Fourier-transform Raman spectroscopy (FT-Raman), scanning electron microscopy, Vickers microhardness tester ( H v ), electron paramagnetic resonance spectrum (EPR) and dielectric studies.

^{[7]}2–300 К, all the compounds are characterized by transformation and mutual transfer of the lines of electron paramagnetic resonance spectrum of the Fe3+ ions (EPR).

^{[8]}We find that all tested materials generate an Electron Paramagnetic Resonance spectrum indicating the formation of OH* with concentrations ranging between 0.

^{[9]}The dark maroon 3-Y product had an axial electron paramagnetic resonance spectrum at 77 K (g1 = 1.

^{[10]}The electron paramagnetic resonance spectrum of the unstable two-coordinate Cu{N(SiPr i3)Dipp}2 displays significantly less Cu-N bond covalency than the stable two-coordinate copper(II) species Cu{N(SiMe3)Dipp}2.

^{[11]}Together with SO4 − detection in the electron paramagnetic resonance spectrum, a correlation between 4-chlorophenol oxidation rate and the faradaic efficiency for SO42− formation, monitored in PDS solutions while varying the cathode material, suggested cathodic PDS activation.

^{[12]}The Cu(II) complex was characterized by elemental analysis, molar conductance, electronic spectrum, IR and electronic paramagnetic resonance spectrum.

^{[13]}Without pyridine bound, the spin polarized transient electron paramagnetic resonance spectrum of the complex at 80 K is unusual and displays a strong absorptive pattern with a Lorentzian lineshape.

^{[14]}

在室温下记录的 X 波段电子顺磁共振谱表明，随着锰浓度的增加，超交换相互作用的增加。

^{[1]}冻干番茄果肉提取物在 298 K 下的电子顺磁共振谱以 HSF 信号为特征，具有 (g0 = 2.

^{[2]}nan

^{[3]}nan

^{[4]}在室温下记录的 X 波段电子顺磁共振谱表明超交换相互作用随着 Mn 浓度的增加而增加。

^{[5]}nan

^{[6]}nan

^{[7]}nan

^{[8]}我们发现所有测试的材料都会产生电子顺磁共振光谱，表明 OH* 的形成，浓度范围在 0 之间。

^{[9]}深栗色 3-Y 产品在 77 K (g1 = 1.

^{[10]}nan

^{[11]}nan

^{[12]}nan

^{[13]}nan

^{[14]}

## Plasmon Resonance Spectrum 等离子共振谱

Formation of silver nanoparticles was confirmed by the Surface Plasmon Resonance spectrum with absorption maxima at 431 nm.^{[1]}Here, we report on a new approach that consists of monitoring nanospectroscopic absorption changes of the plasmon resonance spectrum of gold nanoparticles immobilized on the facet of a multimode optical fiber.

^{[2]}It monitors the nanospectroscopic absorption changes of the plasmon resonance spectrum of the gold nanoparticles.

^{[3]}CA, FA and TA enhanced the colloidal stability of AgNPs in culture medium and have greatly changed the surface plasmon resonance spectrum of AgNPs due to the absorption of CA, FA and TA on surface of AgNPs.

^{[4]}Here, we extend the theory of singular graphene metasurfaces to account for the full nonlocal optical response of graphene and discuss the resulting impact on the plasmon resonance spectrum.

^{[5]}Because of the hierarchical structure and anisotropic surface, an obvious red shift of the local surface plasmon resonance spectrum was observed for the branched Au nanoshells.

^{[6]}Three dimensional finite element simulation and experimental analyses were explored on the assessment of the localized surface plasmon resonance spectrum and spatial distribution of the electromagnetic field enhancement near metallic nanoshells.

^{[7]}Large enhancement in transient reflectivity was observed, which approximately followed the plasmon resonance spectrum of the nano-triangles.

^{[8]}The wavelength-dependent reaction efficiency tracks the surface plasmon resonance spectrum of the Au nanoparticles, showing that the reaction is facilitated by plasmon excitation, while the responses from molecules with different redox potentials shed light on the energy distribution of the hot holes generated at metal nanoparticle/semiconductor heterostructures.

^{[9]}

表面等离子体共振光谱证实了银纳米颗粒的形成，在 431 nm 处具有最大吸收。

^{[1]}在这里，我们报告了一种新方法，该方法包括监测固定在多模光纤面上的金纳米粒子的等离子体共振光谱的纳米光谱吸收变化。

^{[2]}nan

^{[3]}nan

^{[4]}在这里，我们扩展了奇异石墨烯超表面的理论，以解释石墨烯的完全非局部光学响应，并讨论由此产生的对等离子体共振光谱的影响。

^{[5]}由于分层结构和各向异性表面，支链金纳米壳的局部表面等离子共振光谱出现明显的红移。

^{[6]}nan

^{[7]}nan

^{[8]}nan

^{[9]}

## Spin Resonance Spectrum

With the aid of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) in vitro, Cu-GSSG NPs catalyzed it to •OH radicals, which could be confirmed by the electron spin resonance spectrum and the degradation experiment of methylene blue.^{[1]}The g-factors obtained from the electron spin resonance spectrum show the typical trend of g∥ > g⊥ > 2.

^{[2]}The electron spin resonance spectrum validated the production of hydroxyl radical by PL, thus resulting in the elevation of intracellular reactive oxygen and the acceleration of cell death.

^{[3]}From evidence displayed in the electron spin resonance spectrum and from the spectral interpretation, the emission is associated with the MnCl62− ion.

^{[4]}$^{13}$C enrichment leads to hyperfine structure of the nitrogen vacancy electron spin resonance spectrum and as a result the spectrum of dynamic nuclear polarization.

^{[5]}The efficient photocatalytic activity could be mainly ascribed to Z-scheme electron transfer mechanism in ternary composites, which is determined by surface redox reactions, active species trapping experiment, electron spin resonance spectrum.

^{[6]}Herein, commercial ZnO nanocrystals (Sigma-Aldrich) were selected to trace the impurity and hydroxyl group evolution by temperature dependent photoluminescence spectrum, infrared spectrum and electron spin resonance spectrum.

^{[7]}

在体外，Cu-GSSG NPs 在过氧化氢 (H2O2) 的帮助下将其催化为 •OH 自由基，这可以通过电子自旋共振光谱和亚甲基蓝的降解实验得到证实。

^{[1]}从电子自旋共振谱得到的 g 因子呈现出 g∥ > g⊥ > 2 的典型趋势。

^{[2]}电子自旋共振谱证实了PL产生羟基自由基，从而导致细胞内活性氧升高和细胞死亡加速。

^{[3]}nan

^{[4]}nan

^{[5]}nan

^{[6]}nan

^{[7]}

## Ferromagnetic Resonance Spectrum 铁磁共振谱

Specifically, we explore the exchange bias effect and the broadband ferromagnetic resonance spectrum of Co 2 FeAl/IrMn multilayers and verify their dependency with the thickness of the antiferromagnet.^{[1]}The paper presents a method for measuring the ferromagnetic resonance spectrum in the radio frequency range (4 MHz).

^{[2]}The torque-induced variation of damping constant of magnetization can be foreseen from the change of the linewidth of ferromagnetic resonance spectrum.

^{[3]}

具体来说，我们探索了 Co 2 FeAl/IrMn 多层膜的交换偏置效应和宽带铁磁共振谱，并验证了它们与反铁磁体厚度的相关性。

^{[1]}本文提出了一种在射频范围（4 MHz）内测量铁磁共振谱的方法。

^{[2]}nan

^{[3]}

## Spinning Resonance Spectrum

The excellent electrochemical properties of paired electrodes help in generating higher current density, due to the increased photocatalyst activity of the tridimensional catalyst as proved by electron spinning resonance spectrum, photoluminescence, and Electric Impedance Spectrum analysis.^{[1]}Finally, the DHC degradation mechanism was examined using radical quenching and ESR (electron spinning resonance spectrum) experiments, which showed that the S O 4.

^{[2]}

电子自旋共振光谱、光致发光和电阻抗光谱分析证明，由于三维催化剂的光催化剂活性增加，成对电极的优异电化学性能有助于产生更高的电流密度。

^{[1]}最后，使用自由基猝灭和 ESR（电子自旋共振光谱）实验检查了 DHC 降解机制，结果表明 S O 4.

^{[2]}

## Nucleon Resonance Spectrum

The new results on the nucleon resonance spectrum, electroexcitation amplitudes from analysis of the CLAS $\pi^+\pi^-p$ photo- and electroproduction data, and their impact on the exploration of strong QCD are presented.^{[1]}In particular, contributions from new N^{*} resonances listed in the Review of Particle Properties are observed, which aid in reaching the goal of mapping out the nucleon resonance spectrum.

^{[2]}

介绍了通过分析 CLAS $\pi^+\pi^-p$ 光和电产生数据获得的核子共振谱、电激发振幅的新结果，以及它们对强 QCD 探索的影响。

^{[1]}特别是，观察到来自粒子特性评论中列出的新 N^{*} 共振的贡献，这有助于实现绘制核子共振谱的目标。

^{[2]}

## Fano Resonance Spectrum

The index of refraction sensitivity and figure of merit of the structure are calculated based on modeling using the finite element method, and the waveguide structure is accordingly optimized by adjusting the different geometric parameters to achieve a high-quality Fano resonance spectrum.^{[1]}The peak and dip of the Fano resonance spectrum respectively reflected long- and short-range cellular changes, allowing us to simultaneously detect and distinguish between focal adhesion and cell spreading.

^{[2]}

## resonance spectrum showed

The 2D 1H-15N HSQC nuclear magnetic resonance spectrum showed a good dispersion of resonance peaks with uniform intensity, indicating that the purified MtClpS protein was well folded and conformationally homogeneous.^{[1]}Most phosphorus atoms are bonded with oxygen as the 31P nuclear magnetic resonance spectrum showed.

^{[2]}Magnetic resonance spectrum showed an elevated choline value and reduced N-acetylaspartate value.

^{[3]}

二维 1H-15N HSQC 核磁共振谱显示共振峰分散良好，强度均匀，表明纯化的 MtClpS 蛋白折叠良好，构象均一。

^{[1]}如 31P 核磁共振谱所示，大多数磷原子与氧结合。

^{[2]}nan

^{[3]}

## resonance spectrum confirmed

HR-MS characterization coupled with 1H resonance spectrum confirmed structural integrity of IL.^{[1]}The proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectrum confirmed the existence of PO and CO in nanofibers after electrospinning.

^{[2]}The results of thin-layer chromatography and nuclear magnetic resonance spectrum confirmed the inclusion of questin into HP-β-CD.

^{[3]}