Primigravida Women(初产妇)研究综述Primigravida Women 初产妇 - Conclusion: This study finds that primigravida women have low childbirth self-efficacy, and there aresignificant differences between women’s self-efficacy with the demographic and reproductive variables.  The purpose of this study is to identify and anlyze the results of pregnancy examination in primigravida women who continiue to read Alquran every day during pregnancy.  The researcers planned this study to determine the effect of the education on the hygienic care of the newborn with the use of QR Code on readiness levels of primigravida women to hygienic care practices of the newborn.  Methods In this field trial, 39 of primigravida women were identified and selected as a target group.  gondii compared to primigravida women (OR: 2.  Objective: To compare the frequency of perineal tears (3 and 4 degree) with and without episiotomy in primigravida women.  We aimed to compare the effect of dexmedetomidine versus fentanyl as an adjuvant to low-dose ropivacaine-dexamethasone for intrathecal labor analgesia in primigravida women.  Childbirth is a new experience to the primigravida women.  Cases were nulliparous women who were not able to conceive after 24 months of unprotected intercourse and controls were primigravida women.  Research findings: Primigravida women with adaptive coping come with the percentage of 45.  The present study was carried out to determine the effect of honey on the severity of labor in primigravida women.  Secondary outcome measures were the prevalence of IDA and β-thalassemia trait in primigravida women.  Two classes represented the healthy higher-educated pregnant women who did not smoke: one group of multigravida women and one of primigravida women, also characterized by less pregnancy-specific knowledge and more pregnancy-related stress.  Over two-thirds of patients were born to primigravida women and were of low birthweight.  Materials and Methods: Primigravida women of 35-37 weeks of gestation attending the antenatal op and wards of Government maternity hospital, Tirupati, based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria.  Hence, the present study was conducted to determine the relationship between attitude toward labor pain and length of the first, second, and third stages in primigravida women.  This may have clinical implications in the management of postpartum hemorrhage for primigravida women. 
结论：本研究发现，初产妇分娩自我效能感较低，且女性自我效能感与人口统计学和生殖变量存在显着差异。  本研究的目的是确定和分析在怀孕期间每天继续阅读 Alquran 的初产妇的妊娠检查结果。  研究人员计划进行这项研究，以确定教育对新生儿卫生护理的影响，使用 QR 码对初产妇对新生儿卫生护理实践的准备程度的影响。  方法 在这项实地试验中，39 名初产妇被确定并选择为目标组。  gondii 与初产妇相比 (OR: 2.  目的：比较初产妇会阴部撕裂（3 度和 4 度）的发生率（3 度和 4 度）有无会阴切开术。  我们旨在比较右美托咪定与芬太尼作为低剂量罗哌卡因-地塞米松辅助剂对初产妇鞘内分娩镇痛的效果。  分娩对初产妇来说是一种全新的体验。  病例是未经保护的性交 24 个月后无法怀孕的未生育女性，对照组是初产妇。  研究结果：具有适应性应对的初产妇占 45%。  本研究旨在确定蜂蜜对初产妇分娩严重程度的影响。  次要结局指标是初产妇 IDA 和 β-地中海贫血特征的患病率。  两组代表不吸烟的受过高等教育的健康孕妇：一组多胎孕妇和一组初产妇，其特征还在于怀孕特定知识较少和与怀孕相关的压力较多。  超过三分之二的患者是初孕妇女所生，并且出生体重偏低。  材料和方法：根据纳入和排除标准，在蒂鲁帕蒂政府妇产医院的产前手术和病房中，孕 35-37 周的初产妇。  因此，本研究旨在确定初产妇对分娩疼痛的态度与第一、第二和第三阶段的长度之间的关系。  这可能对初产妇产后出血的管理具有临床意义。  Methods: This correlative study was conducted from July 2017 to October 2017 by involving 156 primigravida women who were over pregnancy 20 weeks in Seoul and Gyeonggi-do province.  Methods: This correlative study was conducted from July 2017 to October 2017 by involving 156 primigravida women who were over pregnancy 20 weeks in Seoul and Gyeonggi-do province. 
方法：这项相关研究于 2017 年 7 月至 2017 年 10 月在首尔和京畿道省进行，涉及 156 名怀孕 20 周以上的初产妇。  方法：这项相关研究于 2017 年 7 月至 2017 年 10 月在首尔和京畿道省进行，涉及 156 名怀孕 20 周以上的初产妇。  Subjects: The subjects of the study included 90 primigravida women who attended to antenatal unit.  Methods/designIn a randomized controlled trial, 90 primigravida women who attend for childbirth will be randomly assigned to one of three groups (intervention groups of either body acupressure or auricular acupressure; control, consisting of routine care). 
对象：该研究的对象包括 90 名在产前科就诊的初产妇。  方法/设计在一项随机对照试验中，90 名初产妇将被随机分配到三组中的一组（身体穴位按压或耳穴穴位按压干预组；对照组，包括常规护理）。  Therefore, the present study aimed to determine the relationship between health literacy level and socioeconomic status among primigravida womenin Bushehr, Iran.  This study aimed to analyze the correlation between integrated antenatal services and anxiety on facing facing childbirth among primigravida women. 
因此，本研究旨在确定伊朗布什尔地区初产妇的健康素养水平与社会经济地位之间的关系。  本研究旨在分析综合产前服务与初产妇面临分娩焦虑的相关性。  100 primigravida women who are fullling the inclusion criteria and attend gynae &obs OPD or admitted in their third trimester at IPGME&R from January 2017 to june 2018.  Convenience sampling technique was used to select the sample of 100 primigravida women’s from J. 
100 名初产妇，她们符合纳入标准并参加妇科和妇科 OPD 或在 IPGME&R 的妊娠晚期入院 2017 年 1 月至 2018 年 6 月。  采用便利抽样技术从J.