## Flows Past(流过去)研究综述

Flows Past 流过去 - To obtain better understanding of the effect of slip distributions on the flow-past-square-cylinder problems that widely appear in the engineering fields, the flows past a single square cylinder, and two tandem square cylinders under different slip distributions and gap ratios are numerically investigated using the lattice Boltzmann method at low-Reynolds-numbers ( 25 ∼ 200 , mainly at 100).^{[1]}Results show that variation in the pipeline-seabed gap and pipeline diameter alters the slide mass flow behavior as it flows past the pipeline and hence the impact force when the pipeline-seabed gap is below a critical value.

^{[2]}The flows past a cylinder with a slit at different angles of inclination were simulated to determine the effect of the inclination of the slit on the flow pattern and heat transfer.

^{[3]}Flows past a cylinder and two dimensions turbine flows are used to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed PROM.

^{[4]}We elucidate the vortex dynamics of flows past a flapping plate using the vortex-surface field (VSF) and develop models for estimating thrust from shedding vortex surfaces in wakes.

^{[5]}We numerically solve the isothermal compressible Navier Stokes equations for a range of geometries: periodic and channel flows, flows past a cylinder, and porous media.

^{[6]}A particular susceptibility to roughness instabilities of flows past $90^{\circ }$ wedges is uncovered.

^{[7]}The Earth’s magnetosphere is region that is carved out by the solar wind as it flows past and interacts with the terrestrial magnetic field.

^{[8]}Numerical simulations of flows past the piggyback circular cylinders in tandem arrangement are performed by solving the variational multiscale formulation of the incompressible Navier–Stokes equations using in-house finite element method (FEM) codes.

^{[9]}A characteristic feature of flows past many oscillating airfoils and wings is the leading-edge vortex (LEV).

^{[10]}In the present study, flow characteristics in the region near wind turbine blades are analyzed in detail using CFD results of flows past the NREL UAE Phase VI rotor.

^{[11]}At small times, prior to the streamwise vortex shedding, a self-similar velocity is observed in the wake and no significant difference is observed in the dynamics of the flows past the square and the circular cylinders.

^{[12]}the machine ram pushes the media piston two and fro so that media filled inside it flows past the inner wall of workpiece and the material is removed.

^{[13]}Finally, flows past a hydrofoil are simulated within the framework of the kernel gradient free SPH in two kinds of non-reflecting boundary condition.

^{[14]}Finally, flows past an airfoil are simulated by using the proposed SPH method.

^{[15]}Dust waves are a result of gas-grain decoupling in a stream of dusty plasma that flows past a luminous star.

^{[16]}Stellar bow shocks, bow waves, and dust waves all result from the action of a star's wind and radiation pressure on a stream of dusty plasma that flows past it.

^{[17]}This work is an attempt to simulate the effects of pulsating flow upon the thermal and hydrodynamic behavior of shear-thinning non-Newtonian fluid (approximated as power-law fluid) while it flows past a semi-circular cylinder fixed in a symmetrically confining channel and deduces the optimum oscillating frequencies and amplitude for a particular power-law index (n) and Reynolds number (Re).

^{[18]}Dust waves and bow waves result from the action of a star's radiation pressure on a stream of dusty plasma that flows past it.

^{[19]}Simulations of flows past a sphere are chosen as a benchmark representative of a class of engineering flows past obstacles.

^{[20]}

为了更好地理解滑移分布对工程领域广泛出现的流过方柱问题的影响，对不同滑移分布和间隙比下流过单个方柱和两个串联方柱的流量进行了数值计算。使用格子玻尔兹曼方法在低雷诺数（25∼200，主要在 100）进行研究。

^{[1]}结果表明，管道-海底间隙和管道直径的变化会改变滑动质量流行为，因为它流过管道，因此当管道-海底间隙低于临界值时会改变冲击力。

^{[2]}模拟流过具有不同倾斜角度的狭缝的圆柱体的流动，以确定狭缝的倾斜对流动模式和传热的影响。

^{[3]}流过气缸和二维涡轮流用于证明所提出的 PROM 的有效性。

^{[4]}我们使用涡流表面场 (VSF) 阐明流过拍动板的涡流动力学，并开发用于估计尾流中脱落涡流表面推力的模型。

^{[5]}我们对一系列几何形状的等温可压缩 Navier Stokes 方程进行数值求解：周期性和通道流、流过圆柱体和多孔介质。

^{[6]}揭示了超过 $90^{\circ }$ 楔形的流动对粗糙度不稳定性的特殊敏感性。

^{[7]}地球的磁层是太阳风在流经并与地球磁场相互作用时形成的区域。

^{[8]}通过使用内部有限元法 (FEM) 代码求解不可压缩 Navier-Stokes 方程的变分多尺度公式，对流经串联排列的背驮式圆柱体进行数值模拟。

^{[9]}流过许多摆动翼型和机翼的一个特征是前缘涡流 (LEV)。

^{[10]}在本研究中，使用流经 NREL 阿联酋第六阶段转子的 CFD 结果详细分析了风力涡轮机叶片附近区域的流动特性。

^{[11]}在小时候，在流向涡流脱落之前，尾流中观察到自相似速度，并且在流过方形和圆柱体的流动动力学中没有观察到显着差异。

^{[12]}机头柱塞两下推动介质活塞，使填充在其中的介质流过工件内壁，将材料排出。

^{[13]}最后，在两种非反射边界条件下，在核梯度自由 SPH 框架内模拟了流经水翼的水流。

^{[14]}最后，通过使用提出的 SPH 方法模拟流过翼型。

^{[15]}尘埃波是流过一颗发光恒星的尘埃等离子体流中气体颗粒解耦的结果。

^{[16]}恒星弓激波、弓波和尘埃波都是恒星风和辐射压力对流过它的尘埃等离子体流的作用产生的。

^{[17]}这项工作试图模拟脉动流对剪切稀化非牛顿流体（近似为幂律流体）在流过固定在对称约束通道中的半圆形圆柱体时的热和流体动力学行为的影响，并且推导出特定幂律指数 (n) 和雷诺数 (Re) 的最佳振荡频率和振幅。

^{[18]}尘埃波和弓波是恒星辐射压力对流过它的尘埃等离子体流的作用产生的。

^{[19]}选择流过球体的模拟作为代表经过障碍的一类工程流的基准。

^{[20]}

## Fluid Flows Past 流体流过

In this paper, a numerical simulation is performed to study the flow characteristics and heat transfer process when fluid flows past an oscillating cylinder.^{[1]}Among the many types of fluid flows is the well-known vortex shedding, which takes place when a fluid flows past a bluff body.

^{[2]}When a fluid flows past an elastic body, the ensuing fluid-structure interaction can cause the body to vibrate as energy is transferred from the fluid to the elastic structure.

^{[3]}The analysis endeavors the effects of boundary-layer approximation on unsteady second-grade fluid flows past an erect plate in porous medium.

^{[4]}This work simulates a classical flow pattern (Von Karman Street) that can form as fluid flows past a flapping NACA0012 airfoil, and S1223 airfoil at low Reynolds numbers and low velocities.

^{[5]}

在本文中，进行了数值模拟，以研究流体流过摆动圆柱体时的流动特性和传热过程。

^{[1]}在许多类型的流体流动中，有众所周知的涡流脱落，它发生在流体流过钝体时。

^{[2]}当流体流过弹性体时，随着能量从流体传递到弹性结构，随后的流体-结构相互作用会导致弹性体振动。

^{[3]}该分析努力研究边界层近似对流经多孔介质中直立板的非定常二级流体的影响。

^{[4]}这项工作模拟了一种经典的流动模式（Von Karman Street），当流体在低雷诺数和低速下流过扑动的 NACA0012 翼型和 S1223 翼型时，可以形成这种模式。

^{[5]}

## Planar Flows Past

Finally, planar flows past a cylinder with different Mach numbers are numerically simulated to test and verify the reliability of this model, and to analyze influence rules of the excited quantum vibrational energy for polyatomic gas flows.^{[1]}Finally, planar flows past a cylinder are numerically simulated to test and verify the reliability of the models in a supersonic case, and to analyze the influences of the excited internal energies for polyatomic gas flows.

^{[2]}The stability analysis of planar flows past a neo-Hookean solid subjected to three-dimensional disturbances showed that two-dimensional disturbances are more unstable than the corresponding three-dimensional disturbances within the consistent formulations.

^{[3]}

最后，对流经不同马赫数圆柱的平面流动进行数值模拟，验证模型的可靠性，分析激发量子振动能对多原子气体流动的影响规律。

^{[1]}最后，对流经圆柱体的平面流动进行了数值模拟，以测试和验证模型在超音速情况下的可靠性，并分析激发内能对多原子气体流动的影响。

^{[2]}平面流经受三维扰动的新胡克固体的稳定性分析表明，在一致的公式中，二维扰动比相应的三维扰动更不稳定。

^{[3]}

## Turbulent Flows Past 湍流过去

A purely Lagrangian vortex method is employed to investigate turbulent flows past a rough circular cylinder under moving wall effect at large-gap regime, namely h*/d* = 0.^{[1]}Vortex shedding in turbulent flows past circular cylinders represents a canonical problem suitable for validating new approaches in experimental analysis, as it has well known features.

^{[2]}Vortex identifications in turbulent flows past arrays of tandem plates are performed by employing the velocity field obtained by high-fidelity large eddy simulations.

^{[3]}

采用纯拉格朗日涡流法研究大间隙运动壁效应下通过粗糙圆柱的湍流，即h*/d* = 0。

^{[1]}通过圆柱的湍流中的涡流脱落代表了一个典型问题，适用于验证实验分析中的新方法，因为它具有众所周知的特征。

^{[2]}通过采用通过高保真大涡模拟获得的速度场来执行通过串联板阵列的湍流中的涡流识别。

^{[3]}

## Supersonic Flows Past 超音速流过

The method is validated by comparing against benchmark solutions or experimental data available in the literature, for test cases such as supersonic flows past a stationary cylinder and lift-off of rigid cylinders after shock impact.^{[1]}Supersonic flows past the morphing cavities with different ramp angles of the trailing wall are studied by the direct numerical simulation (DNS) method.

^{[2]}We are concerned with the structural stability of conical shocks in the three-dimensional steady supersonic flows past Lipschitz perturbed cones whose vertex angles are less than the critical angle.

^{[3]}

该方法通过与文献中可用的基准解决方案或实验数据进行比较来验证，用于测试案例，例如通过静止圆柱体的超音速流和冲击冲击后刚性圆柱体的升空。

^{[1]}通过直接数值模拟（DNS）方法研究了通过后壁不同坡度角的变形腔的超音速流动。

^{[2]}我们关注在经过顶角小于临界角的 Lipschitz 扰动锥体的三维稳定超音速流中锥形冲击的结构稳定性。

^{[3]}

## Incompressible Flows Past

This paper presents the purely fast Lagrangian vortex method (FLVM) for the simulation of the external incompressible flows past heaving and pitching bodies with high-frequency oscillation.^{[1]}We present a cut-cell method for the simulation of 2D incompressible flows past obstacles.

^{[2]}

这 本文提出了纯快速拉格朗日涡流法 (FLVM)，用于模拟通过高频振荡的起伏体和纵摇体的外部不可压缩流。

^{[1]}我们提出了一种用于模拟通过障碍物的二维不可压缩流的切割单元方法。

^{[2]}

## Separated Flows Past

Inviscid vortex models have been demonstrated to capture the essential physics of massively separated flows past aerodynamic surfaces, but they become computationally expensive as coherent vortex structures are formed and the wake is developed.^{[1]}To further enhance its capabilities, especially for simulating separated flows past bluff bodies, this paper aims to combine PANS with a non-linear eddy viscosity model (NLEVM).

^{[2]}

无粘性涡流模型已被证明可以捕捉经过气动表面的大量分离流的基本物理特性，但随着连贯涡流结构的形成和尾流的发展，它们的计算成本变得昂贵。

^{[1]}为了进一步增强其能力，特别是模拟通过钝体的分离流，本文旨在将 PANS 与非线性涡粘模型 (NLEVM) 相结合。

^{[2]}

## Hypersonic Flows Past

Comparing the computational performance of the USPBGK-DSMC and BGK-DSMC hybrid methods for numerical test cases of hypersonic flows past a cylinder and plume flows out of a planar micronozzle, one note that the proposed USPBGK-DSMC hybrid method can achieve higher efficiency for such multiscale gas flow simulations.^{[1]}This paper illustrates the algorithmic features of this technique and the results achieved in the computation of hypersonic flows past compression ramps.

^{[2]}

比较 USPBGK-DSMC 和 BGK-DSMC 混合方法在高超声速流过圆柱体和羽流从平面微喷嘴流出的数值测试案例的计算性能，有人指出，所提出的 USPBGK-DSMC 混合方法可以实现更高的效率。多尺度气体流动模拟。

^{[1]}本文说明了该技术的算法特征以及在计算经过压缩斜坡的高超声速流时取得的结果。

^{[2]}

## Ga Flows Past

Based on the state-of-the art methods of gas turbine cascade heat transfer assessment, a theoretical model of the two-dimensional air turbine cascade is proposed, wherein gas flows past the turbine blade profile.^{[1]}The canonical problem of transonic dense gas flows past two-dimensional compression/expansion ramps has recently been investigated by Kluwick & Cox ( J.

^{[2]}

基于燃气轮机叶栅传热评估的最新方法，提出了二维空气涡轮叶栅的理论模型，其中气体流过涡轮叶片轮廓。

^{[1]}Kluwick & Cox (J.

^{[2]}

## Nanofluid Flows Past

The Maxwell nanofluid flows past over an exponentially uniform, horizontal porous stretchable plate inside the parabolic trough solar collector (PTSC).^{[1]},Nanofluid flows past wedge-shaped geometries have gained much consideration because of their extensive range of applications in engineering and science, such as, magnetohydrodynamics, crude oil extraction, heat exchangers, aerodynamics and geothermal systems.

^{[2]}

麦克斯韦纳米流体流过抛物槽太阳能收集器 (PTSC) 内的指数均匀的水平多孔可拉伸板。

^{[1]}, 纳米流体流过楔形几何形状，因其在工程和科学领域的广泛应用而备受关注，例如磁流体动力学、原油开采、热交换器、空气动力学和地热系统。

^{[2]}

## Unsteady Flows Past

Leading-edge-vortex (LEV) formation often characterizes the unsteady flows past airfoils and wings.^{[1]}Laminar flow simulations of unsteady flows past a cylinder illustrate the accuracy of the wall function IB method.

^{[2]}

前缘涡流 (LEV) 的形成通常表征经过机翼和机翼的不稳定流动。

^{[1]}通过圆柱体的非定常流的层流模拟说明了壁函数 IB 方法的准确性。

^{[2]}

## Stratified Flows Past 过去的分层流动

The present work extends the computational capabilities of semi-implicit finite volume (FV) non-oscillatory forward-in-time (NFT) solvers for simulating a range of stratified flows past blunt bodies.^{[1]}A numerical study of stably stratified flows past spheres at Reynolds numbers R e = 200 and R e = 300 is reported.

^{[2]}

目前的工作扩展了半隐式有限体积 (FV) 非振荡正时 (NFT) 求解器的计算能力，用于模拟经过钝体的一系列分层流。

^{[1]}报告了通过雷诺数 Re = 200 和 Re = 300 的球体的稳定分层流动的数值研究。

^{[2]}

## flows past two 流过两点

Flows past two spheres immersed in a horizontally moving, linearly stratified fluid are investigated at a moderate Reynolds number of 300.^{[1]}The model is validated against a set of benchmark flat-plate test cases: T3 series and SK, and also subsonic flows past two different airfoils: Aerospatiale A-airfoil ( R e = 2.

^{[2]}After that, the external flows past two hyperelastic cylinder-beam structures at the Reynolds number of 40–300 are studied and three different modes of static, linear, and nonlinear deformations of the beam are obtained, demonstrating its capability of simulating flows with nonlinear FSI problems with multiple deformable objects.

^{[3]}The canonical problem of transonic dense gas flows past two-dimensional compression/expansion ramps has recently been investigated by Kluwick & Cox ( J.

^{[4]}

在 300 的中等雷诺数下研究通过浸入水平移动的线性分层流体中的两个球体的流动。

^{[1]}该模型针对一组基准平板测试用例进行验证：T3 系列和 SK，以及经过两个不同翼型的亚音速流：Aerospatiale A 翼型 (R e = 2.

^{[2]}之后，研究了雷诺数为 40~300 的两个超弹性圆柱梁结构的外部流动，得到了梁的静态、线性和非线性三种不同的变形模式，证明了它具有非线性 FSI 模拟流动的能力多个可变形对象的问题。

^{[3]}Kluwick & Cox (J.

^{[4]}

## flows past airfoil 流过翼型

We mainly focused on flows past airfoils at high Reynolds (Re) numbers.^{[1]}Leading-edge-vortex (LEV) formation often characterizes the unsteady flows past airfoils and wings.

^{[2]}Applications to mesh adaptive calculations of flows past airfoils are presented.

^{[3]}Two techniques to quantify hitherto unexplored physics of flows past airfoils are employed: one is the construction of the anisotropy invariant map, and the second is skin-friction portraits with emphasis on flow transition and unsteady separation along the airfoil surface.

^{[4]}

我们主要关注通过高雷诺 (Re) 数的翼型的流动。

^{[1]}前缘涡流 (LEV) 的形成通常表征经过机翼和机翼的不稳定流动。

^{[2]}提出了对流经翼型的网格自适应计算的应用。

^{[3]}采用了两种技术来量化迄今为止尚未探索的流过翼型的物理特性：一种是构建各向异性不变图，第二种是皮肤摩擦图，重点是沿翼型表面的流动过渡和非定常分离。

^{[4]}

## flows past array

Flows past arrays of cylinders of different cross-sectional areas are experienced in numerous engineering relevant.^{[1]}Vortex identifications in turbulent flows past arrays of tandem plates are performed by employing the velocity field obtained by high-fidelity large eddy simulations.

^{[2]}

流经不同横截面积的圆柱阵列在许多相关工程中都有过。

^{[1]}通过采用通过高保真大涡模拟获得的速度场来执行通过串联板阵列的湍流中的涡流识别。

^{[2]}

## flows past aerodynamic

Inviscid vortex models have been demonstrated to capture the essential physics of massively separated flows past aerodynamic surfaces, but they become computationally expensive as coherent vortex structures are formed and the wake is developed.^{[1]}Written by a leading expert in the field, this book presents a novel method for controlling high-speed flows past aerodynamic shapes using energy deposition via direct current (DC), laser, or microwave discharge, and describes selected applications in supersonic and hypersonic flows.

^{[2]}

无粘性涡流模型已被证明可以捕捉经过气动表面的大量分离流的基本物理特性，但随着连贯涡流结构的形成和尾流的发展，它们的计算成本变得昂贵。

^{[1]}这本书由该领域的领先专家撰写，介绍了一种利用直流 (DC)、激光或微波放电的能量沉积来控制通过空气动力学形状的高速流动的新方法，并描述了在超音速和高超音速流动中的选定应用。

^{[2]}

## flows past circular 流过圆形

In comparison with the prominent benchmark flows past circular and square cylinders, this test problem has been less investigated in the literature from both numerical and experimental perspectives.^{[1]}Vortex shedding in turbulent flows past circular cylinders represents a canonical problem suitable for validating new approaches in experimental analysis, as it has well known features.

^{[2]}

与通过圆形和方形圆柱体的突出基准流相比，该测试问题在文献中从数值和实验角度的研究较少。

^{[1]}通过圆柱的湍流中的涡流脱落代表了一个典型问题，适用于验证实验分析中的新方法，因为它具有众所周知的特征。

^{[2]}