## Field Inside(场内)研究综述

Field Inside 场内 - Specifically, we identify that since “memory-effect” speckle correlations allow estimation of the Fourier magnitude of the field inside the ultrasound focus, scanning the ultrasound focus enables robust diffraction-limited reconstruction of extended objects using ptychography (i.^{[1]}The problem of scattering of a plane electromagnetic wave by a truncated axisymmetric Gutman lens including calculation of the field inside the lens is considered.

^{[2]}Here we explore a MCI in a wilderness setting on the Columbia Icefield inside the Jasper National Park within the Canadian Rocky Mountains.

^{[3]}The solution indicated by Warat would be the carnivalization of legal education in order to undo ideological representations and explode the totalitarian orders that permeate this field inside out.

^{[4]}The frequency response of the field inside the cavity is constructed.

^{[5]}From a detailed analysis of plasma and magnetic field variations during the passage of the shock/sheath/magnetic cloud/non-magnetic cloud ejecta, together with the cosmic-ray neutron monitor data, we conclude that the high magnetic field regions are particularly effective in modulating the GCRs when the field inside them is high and turbulent also.

^{[6]}This research focused on furthering the current understanding of the flowfield inside a cavity under typical flight conditions.

^{[7]}In this paper, we found an RF leakage problem that the electromagnetic (EM) field inside the couplers can penetrate the bias capacitor and then propagate along the DC bias cable, thus disturbing the stability of the DC power supply and finally disabling the RF system.

^{[8]}We demonstrated simultaneous realization of phase-locked and mode-locked laser using Yb-doped 7-core MC-PCF by a semiconductor saturable absorber placed in the near-field inside a resonator.

^{[9]}Vector-based instrumentation for the determination of Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) uses measurements of the complex E-field inside a phantom at multiple locations.

^{[10]}Most of the methods of calculation of the field inside the buildings is based on the a large number of experimental measurements in different buildings type, with different views of the walls of the material, floors, degree clutter furniture and equipment.

^{[11]}Using this method, the closed boundary value problem for defining the field inside the inclusion has stated in terms of non-local boundary conditions in the form of Fredholm Integral Equation of second kind.

^{[12]}The distribution of the field inside the permanent magnet is investigated and the losses in permanent magnets are determined by solving the system of Maxwell's equations and taking into account the nonlinearity and hysteresis.

^{[13]}Nucleation of a given transformation band is thus related to: (i) stress concentrations at the surface, (ii) geometry (stress-field inside the sample) and (iii) a shielding effect from the bands already present.

^{[14]}A general solution for the field inside the fiber is obtained for the single-mode operation.

^{[15]}

具体来说，我们发现，由于“记忆效应”散斑相关性允许估计超声焦点内场的傅立叶幅度，因此扫描超声焦点可以使用 ptychography（i.

^{[1]}考虑了截断轴对称古特曼透镜对平面电磁波的散射问题，包括透镜内场的计算。

^{[2]}在这里，我们在加拿大落基山脉贾斯珀国家公园内的哥伦比亚冰原上的荒野环境中探索 MCI。

^{[3]}瓦拉特提出的解决方案将是法律教育的狂欢化，以消除意识形态的表述，并从内到外摧毁渗透到这一领域的极权主义秩序。

^{[4]}构造腔内场的频率响应。

^{[5]}通过对激波/鞘/磁云/非磁云喷射过程中等离子体和磁场变化的详细分析，以及宇宙射线中子监测数据，我们得出结论，高磁场区域在当 GCR 内部的场高且湍流时调制 GCR。

^{[6]}这项研究的重点是加深对典型飞行条件下空腔内流场的当前理解。

^{[7]}在本文中，我们发现了一个射频泄漏问题，即耦合器内部的电磁（EM）场可以穿透偏置电容器，然后沿着直流偏置电缆传播，从而扰乱直流电源的稳定性，最终禁用射频系统。

^{[8]}我们展示了使用掺镱的 7 核 MC-PCF 通过放置在谐振器内的近场中的半导体可饱和吸收体同时实现锁相和锁模激光器。

^{[9]}用于确定比吸收率 (SAR) 的基于矢量的仪器使用在多个位置测量体模内的复杂电场。

^{[10]}建筑物内场的计算方法大多是基于对不同建筑物类型、不同视角的墙体材料、地板、杂乱程度的家具和设备的大量实验测量。

^{[11]}使用这种方法，定义夹杂物内场的闭边值问题以非局部边界条件的形式以第二类 Fredholm 积分方程的形式表述。

^{[12]}研究了永磁体内部的磁场分布，并通过求解麦克斯韦方程组并考虑非线性和滞后来确定永磁体的损耗。

^{[13]}因此，给定转换带的成核与：(i) 表面应力集中，(ii) 几何形状（样品内的应力场）和 (iii) 对已经存在的带的屏蔽效应。

^{[14]}对于单模操作，获得了光纤内部场的一般解。

^{[15]}

## finite element method 有限元法

By the employment of a 3D numerical model in COMSOL, implemented by the finite element method associated with a cube, the distribution of the electric field inside a cube can be determined, which yields the values of the equivalent permittivity of the nanocomposites.^{[1]}In addition, the distribution of temperature field inside the composites has been investigated by a finite element method.

^{[2]}The distribution of the electric field inside the tumor was approximated using a finite element method simulation in a COMSOL Multiphysics environment.

^{[3]}The following items of work have been performed: ● analysis of statistical data on hazardous cargo transportation accidents, ● development of fire hazard emergency scenarios; ● improvement of “Railroad car analysis and design regulations”, ● development of mathematical models designated for the analysis of tanks, ● identification of an unstable temperature field inside a tank barrel, if in the seat of fire, using non-linear heat conduction equations and the finite element method (FEM), ● identification of the stress-strain state of a tank barrel during a fire.

^{[4]}This step requires the computation of the electric field inside the sensing domain, which is done via a typical field solver, such as the finite-element method.

^{[5]}

通过使用 COMSOL 中的 3D 数值模型，通过与立方体相关的有限元方法实现，可以确定立方体内的电场分布，从而得出纳米复合材料的等效介电常数值。

^{[1]}此外，还通过有限元方法研究了复合材料内部的温度场分布。

^{[2]}nan

^{[3]}nan

^{[4]}nan

^{[5]}

## ground wall insulation 地墙保温

A composite ground-wall insulation optimization structure is acquired based on this model and material parameter, reducing the maximum electric field inside the ground-wall insulation and increasing the overall electrical performance of the stator bars with composite ground-wall insulation.^{[1]}

基于该模型和材料参数，获得了复合地壁绝缘优化结构，降低了地壁绝缘内部的最大电场，提高了复合地壁绝缘定子线棒的整体电气性能。

^{[1]}

## Flow Field Inside 内部流场

Furthermore, the results found that the flow field inside the water tank was affected by the deflector's structure, which affected the heat and mass transfer performance.^{[1]}The flow field inside consists of an advection-dominated region where the jets merge to form a combined flow, and an advection-free near-homogeneous turbulence region.

^{[2]}The S-A model of FLUENT software is used to simulate the flow field inside and outside the nozzle with variable control surface parameters, and the relationship between the area of control surface and the deflection effect of main flow at different altitudes is obtained.

^{[3]}Analyzing the transient flow field inside the impeller under cavitation and non-cavitation states, it is found that when cavitation is started, axial vortices are generated inside the impeller flow path, and the cavitation area is large, vapor blocks the flow path, causing the head of the pump declines.

^{[4]}A commercial CFD code was used to study the thermal and hydraulic flow field inside the shell and tubes.

^{[5]}Since the carrier gas plays an important role in particle formation, the actual flow field inside the SDG chamber might also affect the properties of the generated particles.

^{[6]}Navier-Stokes and energy equations are solved for a 3D, incompressible, and steady flow using CFD methods to investigate the flow field inside and around the tower.

^{[7]}So this article use numerical method to simulate the heat pump drying room air distribution, by changing the internal disturbance conditions, different drying stage and the different initial conditions, characteristics of flow field inside the drying room changes, buoyant jet is analyzed in different initial velocity, initial temperature and the effect of flow field characteristics of Chinese prickly ash drying room; The purpose is to provide theoretical support and design guidance for the design of the hot pump-type pepper drying room.

^{[8]}Increasing demands for high-performance screw pumps require a deep understanding of the flow field inside the machine.

^{[9]}The characteristics of the flow field inside the centrifugal pump are analyzed, the resultant force and vector distribution of the radial force of the guide vane and impeller of the centrifugal pump under different flow rates are obtained, which were verified by experiments.

^{[10]}First, Fluent is uses simulate the shape of the flow field inside the stirred tank.

^{[11]}The flow field inside the droplet fluid is simulated in 3-dimensional space mimicking the conditions of experiments.

^{[12]}The knowledge of the flow field inside road tunnels under normal operation, let alone fire conditions, is only approximate and partial.

^{[13]}By changing the baffle plate parameters, the Distribution Law of the flow field inside the separator was analyzed, and the most reasonable structure parameters of the separator were obtained.

^{[14]}The deformation of the opaque vessel wall and the pulsatile flow field inside the vessel were recorded using ultrasound imaging.

^{[15]}In this study, a three-dimensional numerical investigation is carried out to study the flow field inside a Ranque-Hilsch vortex tube (RHVT) model.

^{[16]}To study such cases, we implement the boundary-element method to solve the governing Stokes equations for the fluid flow field inside and on the surface of a droplet and supplement it by the Cox-Voinov law for the dynamics of the contact line.

^{[17]}The flow field inside the flow channel has been developed about 0.

^{[18]}In order to study the influence of different unadsorbed areas on the adsorption force, the flow field inside the vacuum sucker is simulated and analysed by using computational fluid dynamics software (fluent).

^{[19]}Towards this end, the flow field inside a stirred tank reactor is simulated by means of ANSYS Fluent CFD package.

^{[20]}With 3D-µPIV, the flow field inside the dimple is visualized and the formation of an oscillating vortex inside the dimple is proven experimentally.

^{[21]}The results show that the greater the amplitude of the incoming flow pulsation, the stronger the non-uniformity of the aerodynamic parameters and heat transfer parameters of the flow field inside the turbine.

^{[22]}The research reveals the changing process of the velocity of the flow field inside the material during the surface deformation.

^{[23]}The results of this work provide a major insight into the flow field inside the USP Apparatus 1.

^{[24]}However, the above method cannot obtain the distribution of the fluid flow field inside the vacuum pump.

^{[25]}The scope of this research is to improve the flow field inside the air intake and efficiency of supersonic air intake by implementing AJs on the ramp surface.

^{[26]}The flow field of a microfluidic channel is coupled to the internal flow field of a droplet through viscous traction at the interface, resulting in a rotational flow field inside the droplet.

^{[27]}Particle image velocimetry is extremely practicable for the exploration of the flow field inside fuel cells and channels.

^{[28]}The specific contents include visualization of the flow field inside reducer, lubrication evaluation of bearings and efficiency experiment.

^{[29]}The flow field inside the low specific speed centrifugal pump impeller under different gap widths was studied.

^{[30]}The interaction between air and binder in the pressure-swirl nozzle is analyzed based on VOF method, the modified realizable [Formula: see text] turbulence model is used to simulate the flow field inside and outside the pressure-swirl nozzle, the effects of nozzle inlet parameters including the number of tangential inlets and the deflection angle of tangential inlets on the binder volume fraction, velocity distribution and pressure distribution are analyzed.

^{[31]}To solve the excessive thermal load problem of the crane engine and engine compartment, a combined 1-D and 3-D thermal simulation method is developed to numerically simulate the heat flow field inside and outside the engine compartment, the engine thermal system and the cooling system.

^{[32]}In the daytime, building facades and ground surfaces are heated by solar radiation, and the resulting buoyancy can change the flow field inside street canyons.

^{[33]}A commercial code, ANSYS CFX, is introduced to analyze the flow field inside the pump impeller and the pump performance.

^{[34]}The temperature field and flow field inside the storage tank were calculated by numerical simulation, and the effects of different structural parameters on the mixing number, stratification number, and the Richardson number were analyzed.

^{[35]}The paper focuses on the following subject: (A) Numerical investigation of the unsteady, kinetic energy penetration induced flow field inside the containment.

^{[36]}The local cavitation number is shown to reflect the pressure change during cavity evolution and indicates that the internal wave affects the flow field inside the cavity.

^{[37]}The flow field inside the bipolar plates has a major role in.

^{[38]}The investigation, conducted on a high-solidity turbine, details the behavior of the flow field inside the machine, aiming to provide a detailed description that can guide the aerodynamic optimization of the entire system (chamber and turbine) for a better energy conversion.

^{[39]}The nature of flow field inside the scramjet engine consists of shock-shock interaction and the shock boundary layer interaction.

^{[40]}This paper presents an application of the proper orthogonal decomposition (POD) method to analyze the flow field inside the draft tube cone at PL operation of a high-head model Francis turbine.

^{[41]}A specific device for visualizing the flow field inside the runner has been developed in a scaled model of a medium head pump turbine machine in order to analyze and understand this hysteresis phenomenon.

^{[42]}However, only a few researches related to the flow field inside the hydraulic cylinder have been reported.

^{[43]}Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes equations are solved together with the eddy-break up combustion model in conjunction with a modified k − ϵ model to predict the temperature and the flow field inside the gasifier.

^{[44]}Finally, the flow field inside the pipe are analyzed by numerical simulation.

^{[45]}Simulations have been carried out to study the flow field inside the can combustor.

^{[46]}In this study, three-dimensional flow field simulation of an inlet ball valve on PSPS was carried out, and the Realizable k-ε turbulence model was selected to simulate the pressure and velocity changes of the flow field inside the ball valve under load rejection conditions.

^{[47]}However, the flow field inside the impeller becomes more and more complex as the operation condition is far away from the design condition, which needs to be combined with other methods to better analyze the flow field.

^{[48]}In order to study the internal flow characteristics of the biomass particle cyclone venturi dryer, the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) software was used to simulate the gas-solid two-phase flow field inside the cyclone venturi dryer.

^{[49]}By using the numerical method of fluid mechanics, the three-dimensional flow field inside the pump chamber was analyzed, and the internal working mechanistic and influencing factors were discussed.

^{[50]}

此外，结果发现水箱内的流场受导流板结构的影响，从而影响传热传质性能。

^{[1]}内部的流场包括一个以平流为主的区域，在该区域中射流合并形成合流，以及一个无平流的近均匀湍流区域。

^{[2]}nan

^{[3]}nan

^{[4]}nan

^{[5]}nan

^{[6]}nan

^{[7]}nan

^{[8]}nan

^{[9]}nan

^{[10]}nan

^{[11]}nan

^{[12]}nan

^{[13]}nan

^{[14]}nan

^{[15]}nan

^{[16]}nan

^{[17]}nan

^{[18]}nan

^{[19]}nan

^{[20]}nan

^{[21]}nan

^{[22]}nan

^{[23]}nan

^{[24]}nan

^{[25]}nan

^{[26]}nan

^{[27]}nan

^{[28]}nan

^{[29]}nan

^{[30]}nan

^{[31]}nan

^{[32]}nan

^{[33]}nan

^{[34]}nan

^{[35]}nan

^{[36]}nan

^{[37]}nan

^{[38]}nan

^{[39]}nan

^{[40]}nan

^{[41]}nan

^{[42]}nan

^{[43]}nan

^{[44]}nan

^{[45]}nan

^{[46]}nan

^{[47]}nan

^{[48]}nan

^{[49]}nan

^{[50]}

## Magnetic Field Inside 内部磁场

An optimized variant of the yoke and superconducting winding structures has been obtained, providing for the assigned value of a homogeneous magnetic field inside the aperture at the minimized contributions of higher-order harmonics, average-integral along the length.^{[1]}The main idea is to replace the DC/DC inductor with a coupled inductor where the DC/DC inductor value is adjusted through an additional winding in the magnetic core that modulates the magnetic field inside it.

^{[2]}This paper aims to study viscous heating, Joule heating and their simultaneous impacts on Al2O3-water nanofluid laminar flow and thermal characteristics in the presence of a magnetic field inside microchannels.

^{[3]}CONCLUSION The magnetic field inside our state-of-the art magnetically shielded room can be well described by low-order spherical harmonic functions.

^{[4]}However, the exact magnetic configuration supporting a filament material is not easy to ascertain because of the absence of routine observations of the magnetic field inside filaments.

^{[5]}But for phase-wise correlation analysis, the correlation coefficient shows varying behavior during declining and rising phase of each solar cycle due to hysteresis of magnetic field inside the Sun.

^{[6]}A glass tube containing positively charged polyethyleneimine-coated MNCs (PEI-MNCs) was placed at the center of a Halbach ring, generating a strong and uniform magnetic field inside the ring.

^{[7]}As a demonstration we use one of the sensors to map the vector magnetic field inside the bore of a ≥100 mT Halbach array.

^{[8]}Then, by using the boundary conditions of the medium, the interaction mechanism between the radiated magnetic field of the antenna and the magnetic field inside human tissue is studied.

^{[9]}The distribution of current density and magnetic field inside the SC-SFM metastructure is shown in great detail, revealing a remarkable agreement with the intriguing magneto optical imaging observations that were originally questioning the validness of the critical state theory.

^{[10]}Active shielding of the magnetic field inside a single-storey and multi-storey building is considered.

^{[11]}Conclusion The magnetic field inside our state-of-the art magnetically shielded room can be well described by low-order spherical harmonic functions.

^{[12]}We found a correlation between the magnetic field inside the emission region and the ratio of emission region distance to disk luminosity, which implies that the magnetic field decreases with an increase in emission region distance and decrease in disk luminosity, suggesting a disk-jet connection.

^{[13]}Stratified discharge was video recorded in longitudinal magnetic field inside magnetic coil at values of magnetic induction from 0 to 2700 G.

^{[14]}There is no external magnetic field inside the current layer in the equilibrium state, but it can penetrate inside when the current layer is disturbed.

^{[15]}The robots with hybrid powers carry built-in photocatalytic (BiVO4) and magnetic (Fe3O4) materials allowing a self-propelled motion under sunlight with the possibility of precise actuation under a magnetic field inside the macrochannels.

^{[16]}It’s the key to control the magnetic field inside the magnetic island.

^{[17]}As they expand, the strengths of the magnetic field inside them decrease, and such lower-strength magnetic fields cause geomagnetic storms that are less geoeffective, even when their solar/interplanetary progenitors are strong and healthy.

^{[18]}For this, the field sweeping coil was driven with sinusoidal signals of different frequencies and the actual magnetic field inside the magnet was recorded.

^{[19]}Therefore, it is important to analyze the phenomenon of the inrush current and the magnetic field inside the transformer.

^{[20]}In this case, the magnetic field inside of the Weyl semimetal can be magnified significantly, providing a testable signature for experiments.

^{[21]}This paper deals with the mitigation of 110 kV double-circuit overhead line magnetic field inside five-story Khrushchev buildings.

^{[22]}The magnetic field inside a machine is responsible for the mechanical excitation of the stator structure, generating vibrations and thus, audible noise.

^{[23]}Taking advantage of the magnetic field inside transmission electron microscope (TEM), a unique Lorentz-force-actuated method for quantitative friction tests was developed via a commercial electromechanical holder.

^{[24]}Using the proposed schemes, two magnetic systems are successfully designed and fabricated, respectively, for maximizing the magnetic field inside a rectangular cavity, and maximizing the magnetic force generated with a C-core electromagnet.

^{[25]}It is shown that small currents in ring conductors create a magnetic field inside the solenoid, which does not significantly affect the main stream, while simultaneously isolating it from the current coils as a result of the formation of a rarefied plasma layer separating the high-speed flow of dense plasma.

^{[26]}The spin-orbit coupling field, an atomic magnetic field inside a Kramers’ system, or discrete symmetries can create a topological torus in the Brillouin Zone and provide protected edge or surface states, which can contain relativistic fermions, namely, Dirac and Weyl Fermions.

^{[27]}Highest formation of βγ sunspot illustrated the complexity of the βγ sunspot due instability of magnetic field inside AR and has tendency to produce flares and CMEs compared to other types of magnetic classifications.

^{[28]}We also find a significant temperature anisotropy parallel to the magnetic field inside the vortex region and strong agyrotropies near the edges.

^{[29]}In conclusion, the optimization of the design parameters of a MSR is discussed, using the Vector Immune System algorithm to minimize the magnetic field inside the room and the cost of the structure.

^{[30]}If the magnetic field inside an Earth-directed CME or its associated sheath region has a southward directed component (Bz), then it interacts stronger with the Earth’s magnetosphere, leading to severe geomagnetic storms.

^{[31]}It is proposed to use the known mathematical model of the motor that has the form of the system of non-linear equations for calculating the magnetic field inside the motor volume.

^{[32]}Unsteady natural convection flow and heat transfer utilizing magnetic nanoparticles in the presence of a periodic magnetic field inside a square cavity are simulated numerically.

^{[33]}The report analyses the effects that could be used (some are already used) for controlling the electro-magnetic field inside the optical fibre.

^{[34]}A method is presented to measure the radio-frequency (RF) vector magnetic field inside an object using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

^{[35]}For the first time, the magnetic field inside and in the immediate vicinity of a CoFe2O4 nanoparticle has been measured experimentally using the μSR method: the value was 1.

^{[36]}These tabulated functions are derived from the estimation of the magnetic field inside a working chamber with millstones, in two-dimensional quasi-stationary approximation, using FEM analysis.

^{[37]}The method consists of scanning the magnetic field inside a dipole magnet by using an NMR teslameter to measure the perturbation of a test specimen on the externally applied field.

^{[38]}It is shown that the cosmic ray variations are closely related to the maximal parameters of the solar wind and the interplanetary magnetic field inside the magnetic clouds.

^{[39]}This study aims to minimize the HET energy consumed under one constraint of generating a specific magnetic field inside its ceramic canal.

^{[40]}In this paper, the method of studying the magnetic field of the solenoid provides a reference for the detailed analysis of the magnetic field inside and outside the solenoid under different signal driving.

^{[41]}Our conclusions are as follows: (1) the eruption of the filament was unusually slow and occurred in the regions with relatively low critical heights of the coronal field decay index; (2) the axis of the CME flux rope rotated in the corona as well as in interplanetary space, which tended to be aligned with the local heliospheric current sheet; (3) the CME was bracketed between slow and fast solar winds, which enhanced the magnetic field inside the CME at 1 AU; (4) the geomagnetic storm was caused by the enhanced magnetic field and a southward orientation of the flux rope at 1 AU from the rotation of the flux rope.

^{[42]}In this paper, pumping of water-based magnetic nanofluid of Fe3O4 by the Kelvin force due to the non-uniform magnetic field inside the microchannel with hydrophobic walls is numerically studied.

^{[43]}The calculated value of the working magnetic field inside the screen was equal to 3 µT.

^{[44]}A numerical investigation is carried out to analyze forced convection heat transfer in magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) flow past a circular cylinder by considering the penetration of magnetic field inside it.

^{[45]}The usage of a large primary coil is here proposed in order to obtain a nearly uniform magnetic field inside the human body at intermediate frequencies (IFs).

^{[46]}The main objective of the present numerical investigation is to understand the effect of partially active thermal zones and density inversion on the buoyancy-driven convection of cold water near its maximum density under the influence of uniform magnetic field inside a square cavity.

^{[47]}The goal of the design is to generate a relatively intense and highly homogenous magnetic field inside the target sensing area using a compact and light weight magnets array.

^{[48]}To reduce the magnetic field inside the compartment, some car manufacturers choose to integrate the inverter into electric motor and the power management system into the battery system.

^{[49]}

已经获得了磁轭和超导绕组结构的优化变体，提供了孔径内均匀磁场的分配值，高次谐波的贡献最小，沿长度的平均积分。

^{[1]}主要思想是用耦合电感器代替 DC/DC 电感器，其中 DC/DC 电感器的值通过磁芯中的一个附加绕组来调节，该绕组调节其内部的磁场。

^{[2]}nan

^{[3]}nan

^{[4]}nan

^{[5]}nan

^{[6]}nan

^{[7]}nan

^{[8]}然后，利用介质的边界条件，研究了天线辐射磁场与人体组织内部磁场的相互作用机制。

^{[9]}nan

^{[10]}nan

^{[11]}nan

^{[12]}nan

^{[13]}nan

^{[14]}nan

^{[15]}nan

^{[16]}nan

^{[17]}nan

^{[18]}nan

^{[19]}nan

^{[20]}nan

^{[21]}nan

^{[22]}nan

^{[23]}nan

^{[24]}nan

^{[25]}nan

^{[26]}nan

^{[27]}nan

^{[28]}nan

^{[29]}nan

^{[30]}nan

^{[31]}nan

^{[32]}nan

^{[33]}nan

^{[34]}nan

^{[35]}nan

^{[36]}nan

^{[37]}nan

^{[38]}nan

^{[39]}nan

^{[40]}nan

^{[41]}nan

^{[42]}nan

^{[43]}nan

^{[44]}nan

^{[45]}nan

^{[46]}nan

^{[47]}nan

^{[48]}nan

^{[49]}

## Electric Field Inside 内部电场

By the employment of a 3D numerical model in COMSOL, implemented by the finite element method associated with a cube, the distribution of the electric field inside a cube can be determined, which yields the values of the equivalent permittivity of the nanocomposites.^{[1]}However, the first order focus ID-mode of 90°CEA with GR is characterized by heterogeneity of the image for the initially uniform beam, determined by modification of electric field inside analyzer.

^{[2]}The periodic dielectric structure provides an accelerating electric field inside the structure.

^{[3]}The change of mineral oil conductivity affects the design of the electric field inside the converter transformer and seriously threatens the safe operation of the DC transmission system.

^{[4]}Although previous studies showed that salt rejection is influenced significantly by the profile of the electric field inside a nanopore, we find that the electric field at nanopore openings also plays a role.

^{[5]}High-Intensity Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields (HI-PEMF) treatment is an emerging noninvasive and contactless alternative to conventional electroporation, since the electric field inside the tissue is induced remotely by external pulsed magnetic field.

^{[6]}Buried Oxide layer (BOX) between channel and substrate in FDSOI improves the electric field inside the device.

^{[7]}The space charges effect affects the distortion of the electric field inside the insulating medium.

^{[8]}Despite the fact that the electric field inside the satellite is smaller than the electrical breakdown threshold of the solid dielectric, it can be assumed that the dielectric micro-breakdown can occur in the surface layer of the dielectric and near inhomogeneities.

^{[9]}The influence of nearby earthing objects on the electric field inside the bushing is studied.

^{[10]}Using of double gate structures and silicide type source results in higher electric field inside channel and intrinsic region which enhances the impact ionization rate in the intrinsic region.

^{[11]}However, directly mapping the electric field inside an active device region remains challenging.

^{[12]}Three parallel planar electrodes are utilized to generate an artificially reorderable electric field inside droplets by tuning the gate voltage through field-effect control, which results in a reshapable ACET-based microvortices pattern for in-droplet concentration.

^{[13]}The distribution of the electric field inside the tumor was approximated using a finite element method simulation in a COMSOL Multiphysics environment.

^{[14]}When illuminated with UV light, the nanopillars enable an enhanced and localized electric field inside GaN, resulting in an ∼20% UV light absorption enhancement and a several-fold increased photocurrent.

^{[15]}We point out that, due to the difference of the electric field inside and outside the nanopore and the influence from the existence of the particle itself, the zeta potential of the particle, however, needs to be at least 30% higher than that of the nanopore to allow the particle to enter into the nanopore when its velocity is close to zero.

^{[16]}The studied nanotubes can be used in membranes for nanofiltration in water treatment plants due to the evanescent field potential caused by the action of the electric field inside.

^{[17]}The collective dynamics of a collision-less nonneutral plasma is analyzed in the presence of stray electric field inside a Paul trap.

^{[18]}Although the breakdown voltage rating of the two devices in the module can together support dc input voltages up to 20 kV, the electric field inside the module needs further consideration to reduce package electric field stress.

^{[19]}This paper has the purpose to investigate the variation of electric field inside a HVDC cable insulation, and consequent potentiality of partial discharge inception in a defect upon load current variation.

^{[20]}A composite ground-wall insulation optimization structure is acquired based on this model and material parameter, reducing the maximum electric field inside the ground-wall insulation and increasing the overall electrical performance of the stator bars with composite ground-wall insulation.

^{[21]}The acoustic and electric field inside the resonator is calculated, and it is shown that this location of electrodes makes it possible to excite radial, flexural, and thickness extensional modes of disk oscillations.

^{[22]}Estimations on the basis of the electrostatic model explain ΔpH dependent gating, but quantitative modeling requires calculations of electric field inside the protein which, in turn, requires knowledge of its structure.

^{[23]}During the growth phase of the EPB depletions, a westward polarization electric field inside the LSWS is likely to have compressed plasma downward, inducing the two airglow‐type blobs observed in the bottomside ionosphere, by a mechanism of LSWS‐blob connection that we propose.

^{[24]}Because of cracks on the surface, the electric field inside the batteries becomes inhomogeneous.

^{[25]}, 2021 [ 1 ]) on the n-octadecane's melting with electric field inside a cavity.

^{[26]}15 THz excitation in terms of the normalized electric field inside the channel.

^{[27]}This step requires the computation of the electric field inside the sensing domain, which is done via a typical field solver, such as the finite-element method.

^{[28]}Unlike in HVAC cables, under HVDC stress, the distribution of the electric field inside the insulation layer depends not only on the applied voltage but also on the temperature distribution and on other factors related to manufacturing such as the presence of impurities.

^{[29]}A new method to calculate the electric field inside a spherical shell with surface charge σ = σ o cos θ in terms of solid angle is presented.

^{[30]}The results show that the outer shape of the cell has a strong effect on the magnitude and the spatiotemporal patterns of the electric field inside the cell, which affects the rate of the supra-electroporation of the nucleus.

^{[31]}Particularly, the PMMA/poly(vinylidene fluoride-hexafluoropropylene) (P(VDF-HFP)) blend composite is used as the middle layer to homogenize the electric field inside the trilayer composites, turning out an obviously boosted breakdown strength and elevated energy density.

^{[32]}It was shown that the use of such nanocavities with the sizes larger than 500 nm enables to efficiently analyze the structure of macromolecules by using surface- enhanced Raman light scattering spectroscopy, since these macromolecules completely overlap with the regions of enhanced electric field inside the nanocavities.

^{[33]}Experiments on the melting characteristics of n-octadecane with electric field inside a cavity are carried out.

^{[34]}To reduce the computation time, weakly coupled simulations are performed to compute the temperature and the electric field inside the cable insulation, neglecting insulation losses.

^{[35]}More intensity of the electric field inside the perovskite layer and the quantum dots causes to increase the energy conversion efficiency compared to the case without quantum dots.

^{[36]}For now, there is no any established idea about how space stems form in conditions when the background electric field inside the negative corona volume is about three times less than the dielectric strength of air.

^{[37]}It has been shown that this was because the radial component of the electric field inside the pinch was increased and the axial component of the electric field was decreased by increasing the initial pressure of the working gas.

^{[38]}These findings may provide a better and microscopic insight of the water–gas flow behavior and the electric field inside clay nanopores.

^{[39]}The axial electric field inside the pn junction was controlled using split gates that are capacitively coupled to the suspended CNT.

^{[40]}An emerging noninvasive, contactless alternative to PEFs are High Intensity Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields (HI-PEMF), whereby the electric field inside the tissue is induced remotely by external pulsed magnetic field.

^{[41]}Furthermore, owing to the existence of an electric field inside the battery during the charge-discharge process, the external electric field effects on the adsorption are investigated.

^{[42]}The cylindrical antennas exhibit resonances at the fundamental excitation wavelength, enabling strong localization of light and redistribution of the electric field inside the structures.

^{[43]}The resistive glass plate has good stability and is less affected by the environments, which ensures the uniformity of the electric field inside the detector and makes the detector have lower dark current and noise.

^{[44]}This method provides further insights into electrical reliability during optimization by evaluating current density and electric field inside each conductor.

^{[45]}Based on this theory, we choose the closed TRC/TRM as excitation transmitters to construct arbitrarily shaped electric field inside TRC/TRM, whose excitation can be synthesized after all the TRC/TRM elements capture their responses to the known probing signals emitted from probe antennas situated at all grids.

^{[46]}The surface potential and the electric field inside the device are modeled by solving the 2-D Poisson’s equation.

^{[47]}

通过使用 COMSOL 中的 3D 数值模型，通过与立方体相关的有限元方法实现，可以确定立方体内的电场分布，从而得出纳米复合材料的等效介电常数值。

^{[1]}然而，具有 GR 的 90°CEA 的一阶焦点 ID 模式的特征在于初始均匀光束的图像的不均匀性，由分析仪内部电场的修改确定。

^{[2]}nan

^{[3]}nan

^{[4]}nan

^{[5]}nan

^{[6]}nan

^{[7]}nan

^{[8]}nan

^{[9]}nan

^{[10]}nan

^{[11]}nan

^{[12]}三个平行的平面电极用于通过场效应控制调整栅极电压，从而在液滴内产生人工可重新排序的电场，从而形成可重塑的基于 ACET 的微涡流图案，用于液滴内浓度。

^{[13]}nan

^{[14]}nan

^{[15]}nan

^{[16]}nan

^{[17]}nan

^{[18]}nan

^{[19]}nan

^{[20]}基于该模型和材料参数，获得了复合地壁绝缘优化结构，降低了地壁绝缘内部的最大电场，提高了复合地壁绝缘定子线棒的整体电气性能。

^{[21]}nan

^{[22]}nan

^{[23]}nan

^{[24]}nan

^{[25]}nan

^{[26]}nan

^{[27]}nan

^{[28]}nan

^{[29]}nan

^{[30]}nan

^{[31]}nan

^{[32]}nan

^{[33]}nan

^{[34]}nan

^{[35]}nan

^{[36]}nan

^{[37]}nan

^{[38]}nan

^{[39]}nan

^{[40]}nan

^{[41]}nan

^{[42]}nan

^{[43]}nan

^{[44]}nan

^{[45]}nan

^{[46]}nan

^{[47]}

## Electromagnetic Field Inside 内部电磁场

Experimental data on transmission and reflection of millimeter-wavelength electromagnetic radiation for an artificial crystal are used to estimate nonuniformity of electromagnetic field inside the crystal and dependence of nonuniformity on magnetic field.^{[1]}The electromagnetic field inside the tapered chambers has been calculated by the method of integral equations using the FEKO software.

^{[2]}The structure of a monochromatic electromagnetic field inside a spherical object that does not distort the wave field of external sources outside its surface has been studied using transformation optics methods.

^{[3]}This paper presents a method to measure the electromagnetic field inside a plasma by using a probe and Poynting vector conversion, which is a new and completely different method from the traditional method of measuring the electromagnetic field inside plasma.

^{[4]}The calculation of the winding's series resistance is complicated, especially when high frequency and geometrical effects like the skin-, the proximity, or the current-loop effect can affect the electromagnetic field inside the wire.

^{[5]}The electromagnetic field inside the cavity can modulate the ground state properties of weakly bound complexes.

^{[6]}The existence of the deterministic cause-and-effect relationship between anomalous electromagnetic field inside the formed earthquake source and a change in atmospheric pressure determines the possibilities of conducting short-term prediction of time, place, and force of the earthquake.

^{[7]}A fast engineering method for estimating iron losses in the spindle motor is presented based on equivalent magnetic circuit (EMC) where the problem of solving a complex electromagnetic field inside the spindle motor is simplified into a simple magnetic circuit calculation by the assumption that the magnetic flux density distribution of any cross section along the magnetic flux direction in the spindle motor is uniform.

^{[8]}This article first investigates the equivalent parallel capacitance (EPC) and equivalent parallel resistance (EPR) due to the electromagnetic field inside the Mn-Zn ferrite toroidal cores of the inductors with a single-layer winding based on electromagnetic theory.

^{[9]}Within the matrix product state framework, we study the non-Markovian feedback dynamics of a two-level system interacting with the electromagnetic field inside a semi-infinite waveguide where the excitation of an atom-photon bound state is possible.

^{[10]}The effects of all parameters on the electromagnetic field inside mitochondria are discussed.

^{[11]}However, the distribution of the induced electromagnetic field inside the high-signal operator induced by high-current contact wires is unknown.

^{[12]}Due to its unique symmetry, the amplitude of the electromagnetic field inside is uniform along the resonator, which in principle leads to a location independent coupling between qubits and the resonator.

^{[13]}The geometry of nanovoids facilitated excitation of the volumetric electromagnetic field inside them that provided a collection of reproducible SERS-patterns for each swab liquid sample.

^{[14]}Moreover, the presence of an axial heterojunction in the NW is shown to locally hinder this enhancement through the full confinement of the incident electromagnetic field inside the NW body around the heterojunction.

^{[15]}We consider the case of electromagnetic field inside a rectangular cavity with conducting walls as a form of a system described by classical mechanics equations.

^{[16]}We show that, upon generating the necessary electric and magnetic currents, we can create any desired electromagnetic field inside Huygens’ box.

^{[17]}Modelling of the microwave plasma system particularly on its application of system electromagnetic field inside waveguide of plasma reactor to produce microwave plasma and how it was calculated are presented in this paper.

^{[18]}The enhancement is a consequence of high localization of the electromagnetic field inside the metamaterial given by excitation of the lowest order-bulk plasmon polariton mode.

^{[19]}From this, the distribution of the electromagnetic field inside the tunnel IGS is obtained.

^{[20]}The phenomenon of split of electromagnetic field inside a rotating cavity is analyzed.

^{[21]}The optical response of epsilon-near-zero (ENZ) materials has been a topic of significant interest in the last few years as the electromagnetic field inside media with near-zero permittivity has been shown to exhibit unique optical properties, including strong electromagnetic wave confinement, non-reciprocal magneto-optical effects, and abnormal nonlinearity.

^{[22]}This paper proposes a probe to monitor the electromagnetic field inside the microwave oven.

^{[23]}The computation of the electromagnetic field inside this region is performed using the FDTD (Finite Difference Time-Domain) method.

^{[24]}

人造晶体毫米波电磁辐射的透射和反射实验数据用于估计晶体内部电磁场的不均匀性和不均匀性对磁场的依赖性。

^{[1]}锥形室内的电磁场已使用 FEKO 软件通过积分方程的方法进行计算。

^{[2]}nan

^{[3]}nan

^{[4]}nan

^{[5]}nan

^{[6]}nan

^{[7]}nan

^{[8]}nan

^{[9]}nan

^{[10]}nan

^{[11]}nan

^{[12]}nan

^{[13]}nan

^{[14]}nan

^{[15]}nan

^{[16]}nan

^{[17]}nan

^{[18]}nan

^{[19]}nan

^{[20]}nan

^{[21]}nan

^{[22]}nan

^{[23]}nan

^{[24]}

## Temperature Field Inside 内部温度场

The size of the cells is chosen to be sufficiently large in comparison with the individual particles of the layer, which makes it possible to consider the temperature field inside the cell volume as monotonic.^{[1]}In addition, the distribution of temperature field inside the composites has been investigated by a finite element method.

^{[2]}Additionally, the characteristics of the aerodynamic and temperature field inside the tower with different fan positions were discussed based on the above results, subsequently, the change rules of water temperature drop, evaporation loss, and heat transfer coefficient are analyzed.

^{[3]}Moreover, distributed regime enabled uniformly temperature field inside the combustor together with the ultra-low NOX values with introducing the diluent.

^{[4]}However, the dynamic temperature field inside the asphalt pavement will affect the performance and dielectric properties of each layer mixture and therefore affect the detection accuracy of nondestructive testing equipment.

^{[5]}In the steady state, though the temperature field inside the rod is inhomogeneous, it does not change with time.

^{[6]}This study simulated the flow and temperature field inside hollow bricks using well-known geometries to investigate the transient thermal behavior in both solid and fluid regions.

^{[7]}The model developed in this study can accurately reflect the temperature field inside the slab track and the vertical displacement of the slab track at the macro level.

^{[8]}In this paper, a simulation model for angular contact ball bearing was established with CFD software Fluent, the heat-fluid-solid coupling method was used to analyze the distribution and flow of grease, heat transfer, and temperature field inside the bearing chamber.

^{[9]}The metal foam does a good favor to improve the uniformity of the temperature field inside the TES tube, but the fins weakened the uniformity.

^{[10]}With embedded discrete elements (EDE), DEFEM solves heat conduction between particles and temperature field inside particles.

^{[11]}The following items of work have been performed: ● analysis of statistical data on hazardous cargo transportation accidents, ● development of fire hazard emergency scenarios; ● improvement of “Railroad car analysis and design regulations”, ● development of mathematical models designated for the analysis of tanks, ● identification of an unstable temperature field inside a tank barrel, if in the seat of fire, using non-linear heat conduction equations and the finite element method (FEM), ● identification of the stress-strain state of a tank barrel during a fire.

^{[12]}The results show that the predictions of the model coincide with the experimental data and that the model can predict the temperature field inside the workpiece in the process of orbital drilling.

^{[13]}The results show the irregularity in the distribution of the temperature field inside the catalyst.

^{[14]}As is typical of high-temperature, high-pressure systems, the temperature field inside the reactor is not perfectly constant and causes natural convection, which interferes with the gas flow in the test rig.

^{[15]}During thermal regeneration, the temperature field inside a DPF is affected by the particle load, exhaust temperature and exhaust flow.

^{[16]}The objective of the project is design of shell and tube heat exchanger with various baffle structure and study the flow and temperature field inside the shell using ANSYS software tools.

^{[17]}It can be concluded from above: that the BP neural network used in this paper can effectively obtain the continuous and complete temperature field inside the testing cavity of the wood floor, which provides a new theoretical support for the analysis and calculation of the thermal storage efficiency of the wood floor.

^{[18]}In this study, distributed optical fiber temperature sensing (DTS) system is used as the method of monitoring the temperature field inside the thermal storage tank.

^{[19]}

与层的单个粒子相比，单元的尺寸被选择为足够大，这使得可以将单元体积内的温度场视为单调的。

^{[1]}此外，还通过有限元方法研究了复合材料内部的温度场分布。

^{[2]}nan

^{[3]}nan

^{[4]}nan

^{[5]}nan

^{[6]}nan

^{[7]}nan

^{[8]}nan

^{[9]}nan

^{[10]}nan

^{[11]}nan

^{[12]}nan

^{[13]}nan

^{[14]}nan

^{[15]}nan

^{[16]}nan

^{[17]}nan

^{[18]}nan

^{[19]}

## Velocity Field Inside 内部速度场

The fundamental phenomena such as the motion of phase interfaces, slag–metal emulsion and mixing, and shape and magnitude of the velocity field inside the slag–metal bath are predicted reasonably well, and effects of lance designs including the lance twist angle and rotation speed on the blowing characteristics are evaluated.^{[1]}The measured mean velocity field inside the PWR replica comprised of 2.

^{[2]}Through numerical simulation, the velocity field inside and outside the bubble and the deformation of the bubble at different time under different voltage conditions were studied.

^{[3]}The phantom was imaged with a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanner to acquire time-resolved images of the moving wall and the velocity field inside the sac.

^{[4]}Our goal was to compute the flow characteristics, temperature distribution, and velocity field inside the CAHP.

^{[5]}Furthermore, the velocity field inside the source region is adjusted at each time step to eliminate the undesirable downward velocity which could contaminate the result via inducing strong and persistent vortical activities near source regions.

^{[6]}Measurements were performed with Particle Image Velociometry (PIV) to be able to analyse the velocity field inside the droplet during the freezing process.

^{[7]}In many situations, the velocity field inside microdroplets is often subject to either thermal or solutal Marangoni convection.

^{[8]}The analysis of the velocity field inside and around the droplet revealed that the stagnation point at the tip of the aqueous phase also played an important role.

^{[9]}In this 'spin from primordial inner motions' (SPIM) concept, implicit in TTT derivations but not previously emphasized, the angular momentum from the gravity-sourced velocity field inside a protohalo largely cancels out, but has some excess from the aspherical outskirts.

^{[10]}We use a full three-dimensional parallel front-tracking code to calculate the interface motion of the parametrically forced oscillating viscous drop, as well as the velocity field inside and outside the drop.

^{[11]}The complex structure of the vertical velocity field inside an anticyclonic eddy located just south of the Canary Islands is analyzed through a high-resolution ocean model.

^{[12]}

相界面运动、渣-金属乳化和混合、渣-金属浴内速度场的形状和大小等基本现象得到了合理的预测，喷枪设计的影响包括喷枪扭转角和旋转速度对发泡特性进行评价。

^{[1]}在 PWR 复制品内测得的平均速度场由 2 个组成。

^{[2]}nan

^{[3]}nan

^{[4]}nan

^{[5]}nan

^{[6]}nan

^{[7]}nan

^{[8]}nan

^{[9]}nan

^{[10]}nan

^{[11]}nan

^{[12]}

## Pressure Field Inside 内部压力场

The pressure field and the sound pressure level spectra of the pressure field inside the resonators showed that the maximum transmission loss is achieved when the resonators are spaced half wavelength of the associated resonance frequency wavelength and resonate in-phase.^{[1]}In a gas vortex driven RGA, the pressure field inside the reactor increases radially from rotational axis towards the wall [4].

^{[2]}It is shown that the sum of stress-energy tensors of the electromagnetic and gravitational fields, the acceleration field and the pressure field inside a stationary uniform spherical body within the framework of relativistic uniform model vanishes.

^{[3]}The paper presents the results of experimental studies of the space-time characteristics of the velocity and pressure field inside a hemispherical dimple on a flat surface.

^{[4]}The Reynolds-averaged model based simulation is proved accurate in capturing the complex velocity and pressure field inside clearance.

^{[5]}On the other side, the microscopic analysis shows the influence of particle or fiber arrangement and size on the fluid velocity and the pressure field inside the porous structure.

^{[6]}

谐振器内部压力场的压力场和声压级谱表明，当谐振器间隔为相关谐振频率波长的半波长并且同相谐振时，实现了最大传输损耗。

^{[1]}在气体涡旋驱动的 RGA 中，反应器内的压力场从旋转轴向壁径向增加 [4]。

^{[2]}nan

^{[3]}nan

^{[4]}nan

^{[5]}nan

^{[6]}

## Acoustic Field Inside 内部声场

The shadow waveguide creates a tightly confined, spatially complex acoustic field inside the chamber without requiring any interior structure that would interfere with net flow or transport.^{[1]}A numerical example of the iterative method is given for active control of the acoustic field inside a room in which a disturbance dependent weighting function is applied to the cost function.

^{[2]}The acoustic field inside the casing is, in turn, produced by the noise originating from the device itself, and the secondary sound generated by all vibrating walls panels.

^{[3]}The goal of our research was to develop reliable ultrasonic equipment to ensure the transmission of enough power into the molten metal and an optimal distribution of the acoustic field inside the casting during the solidification.

^{[4]}A new method for reconstructing the acoustic field inside the chamber from dynamic pressure sensor data is used to describe the evolution of the acoustic mode and the local disturbance in the flame zone.

^{[5]}

阴影波导在腔室内创建了一个紧密受限、空间复杂的声场，而不需要任何会干扰净流动或传输的内部结构。

^{[1]}给出了迭代方法的数值示例，用于主动控制房间内的声场，其中将干扰相关的加权函数应用于成本函数。

^{[2]}nan

^{[3]}nan

^{[4]}nan

^{[5]}

## Stres Field Inside 应力场内

The system introduces a novel approach for internal rock mass temperature measurement, which is crucial for the assessment of the changes in the stress field inside the rock slope influencing its stability.^{[1]}Since the pioneering work of Eshelby on a single ellipsoidal inclusion embedded in an infinite space, much attention has been devoted in the literature to the question of the uniformity of the stress field inside inclusions surrounded by an elastic matrix.

^{[2]}By superimposing this stress field upon the surrounding rock stress caused by in situ stress, the total stress field inside the surrounding rock can be obtained.

^{[3]}The heat-treated SMA exhibited a three-stage phase transformation owing to the larger aspect ratio and smaller size of the Ni4Ti3 nanoprecipitate; furthermore, it exhibited a larger strain/stress field inside the grain interior region relative to the grain boundary region.

^{[4]}We apply conformal mapping techniques with analytic continuation to study the existence of a uniform hydrostatic stress field inside a non-elliptical inclusion bonded to an infinite matrix via a finite thickness interphase layer when the matrix is simultaneously subjected to a concentrated couple as well as uniform remote in-plane stresses.

^{[5]}

该系统引入了一种用于内部岩体温度测量的新方法，这对于评估影响其稳定性的岩坡内部应力场的变化至关重要。

^{[1]}自从 Eshelby 开创性地研究嵌入无限空间中的单个椭圆形夹杂物以来，文献中一直关注弹性基质包围的夹杂物内部应力场的均匀性问题。

^{[2]}nan

^{[3]}nan

^{[4]}nan

^{[5]}

## Radiation Field Inside 内部辐射场

Recent experiments have demonstrated remarkable mode-selective reactivities by coupling molecular vibrations with a quantized radiation field inside an optical cavity.^{[1]}We use the ring polymer (RP) representation to quantize the radiation field inside an optical cavity to investigate polariton quantum dynamics.

^{[2]}The results of simulation of the internal radiation field inside the habitable module of a spacecraft with a shell of 15 g/cm2 Al, generated by particles of galactic cosmic rays in the solar activity range from 0 to 190 Wolf numbers, are presented.

^{[3]}Three kinetic parameters were estimated considering the solution of the material balance for the existing chemical species and the evaluation of the radiation field inside the reactor by solving the Radiative Transfer Equation.

^{[4]}The spatial and temporal characterization of the radiation field inside each void geometry is also performed.

^{[5]}

最近的实验通过将分子振动与光学腔内的量子化辐射场耦合，证明了显着的模式选择反应性。

^{[1]}我们使用环状聚合物 (RP) 表示来量化光学腔内的辐射场，以研究极化子量子动力学。

^{[2]}nan

^{[3]}nan

^{[4]}nan

^{[5]}

## Seepage Field Inside 内部渗流场

Until the slope begins to drain outwards, the seepage field inside the slope is basically stable.^{[1]}Until the slope begins to drain outwards, the seepage field inside the slope is basically stable.

^{[2]}The water curtain system can decrease seawater intrusion and reduce the influence of tidal fluctuation on the seepage field inside the island.

^{[3]}

直到边坡开始向外排水，边坡内部的渗流场基本稳定。

^{[1]}直到边坡开始向外排水，边坡内部的渗流场基本稳定。

^{[2]}nan

^{[3]}

## Optical Field Inside 内部光场

In our approach the energy constraint directs the optimization process to solutions that best contain the optical field inside the waveguide core medium, leading to more robust designs with relatively larger minimum feature size.^{[1]}The results show that not only the suggested waveguide is more suitable for sensing applications as compared with other dielectric loaded plasmonic waveguides, but also it can be an appropriate candidate for ultra-compact optical interconnects in the integrated photonics owing to the strong confinement of the optical field inside the ridge.

^{[2]}Because the optical field inside the tubular resonant microcavity is enhanced and the light-graphene interaction area is increased, the photoresponsivity of the resulting 3D GFETs is significantly improved.

^{[3]}

在我们的方法中，能量约束将优化过程引导至最能包含波导核心介质内的光场的解决方案，从而产生具有相对较大最小特征尺寸的更稳健的设计。

^{[1]}结果表明，与其他介电负载等离子体波导相比，建议的波导不仅更适合传感应用，而且由于光学的强限制，它可以成为集成光子学中超紧凑光学互连的合适候选者。山脊内的田野。

^{[2]}nan

^{[3]}

## Force Field Inside

These behaviors could be interpreted as a result of the existence of a heterogeneous distribution of force field inside the die, which was caused by the die geometry and inclination of the drawing force.^{[1]}While CPM forces are specified directly from the Hamiltonian on the cell perimeter, we approximate the force field inside the cell domain using interpolation, and refine the results with smoothing.

^{[2]}

## Sound Field Inside 内部声场

By establishing the acoustic simulation analysis model of the 220kV outdoor substation, the noise level at the boundary of the substation before and after the layout optimization is compared and analysed, and the distribution rule of the sound field inside and outside the substation is obtained.^{[1]}A numerical simulation of a scaled car cabin model is investigated and the results demonstrate that the proposed method is an available approach for identifying panel acoustic contribution on the vibrating surface of interest to the interior sound field inside a cavity.

^{[2]}

通过建立220kV室外变电站声学仿真分析模型，对布局优化前后变电站边界噪声水平进行对比分析，得出变电站内外声场分布规律。

^{[1]}研究了按比例缩放的车厢模型的数值模拟，结果表明，所提出的方法是识别感兴趣的振动表面上的面板声学对空腔内的内部声场的贡献的可用方法。

^{[2]}

## Electrostatic Field Inside 内部静电场

IECF is basically a fusion concept wherein the lighter fuel ions (deuterium, tritium) are trapped in a converging electrostatic field inside a cylindrical or spherical geometry.^{[1]}The electrostatic field inside the protein is generally inferred from the shift in the vibrational stretching frequencies of nitrile and thionitrile probes at the active sites through several painstaking and time-consuming experiments like vibrational Stark effect spectroscopy (VSS).

^{[2]}

IECF 基本上是一种聚变概念，其中较轻的燃料离子（氘、氚）被捕获在圆柱形或球形几何结构内的会聚静电场中。

^{[1]}蛋白质内部的静电场通常是通过振动斯塔克效应光谱 (VSS) 等几个艰苦且耗时的实验从活性位点的腈和硫腈探针的振动拉伸频率的变化推断出来的。

^{[2]}

## Em Field Inside Em 场内

Mechanical equilibrium among the helical distributed or, tension and the circular polarized EM field inside construct a steady structure to keep the quantized EM beam integrity, shape and size.^{[1]}The proposed extension is based on an alternative scheme for the expansion of the EM field inside a gyrotropic medium, namely, a discrete eigenfunction (DE) expansion in terms of spherical vector wave functions (SVWFs).

^{[2]}

螺旋分布或张力和内部圆极化电磁场之间的机械平衡构造了一个稳定的结构，以保持量化的电磁光束的完整性、形状和尺寸。

^{[1]}所提出的扩展基于在回旋介质内扩展电磁场的替代方案，即根据球面矢量波函数 (SVWF) 的离散特征函数 (DE) 扩展。

^{[2]}

## Gravity Field Inside 内部重力场

We calculate the HME by two approaches: first approach, the HME is directly calculated by combining the geoid undulation (N) and geodetic height (h); second approach, we calculate the HME by the segment summation approach (SSA) using the gravity field inside the shallow layer determined by the SLM.^{[1]}Topographic reduction is one of the most imperative steps in geoid modeling, where the gravity field inside the masses needs to be modeled.

^{[2]}

我们通过两种方法计算HME：第一种方法，直接通过结合大地水准面起伏（N）和大地高（h）来计算HME；第二种方法，我们使用由 SLM 确定的浅层内的重力场，通过分段求和方法 (SSA) 计算 HME。

^{[1]}地形减少是大地水准面建模中最重要的步骤之一，其中需要对质量内部的重力场进行建模。

^{[2]}

## Scalar Field Inside 内部标量场

In this letter, we investigate the changes in the quantum vacuum energy of the massless scalar field inside a Casimir cavity that orbits a wormhole.^{[1]}Complete set of modes and the Hadamard function are constructed for a scalar field inside and outside a sphere in (D+1)-dimensional de Sitter spacetime foliated by negative constant curvature spaces.

^{[2]}

在这封信中，我们研究了围绕虫洞运行的卡西米尔空腔内无质量标量场的量子真空能量变化。

^{[1]}完整的模态集和 Hadamard 函数是为在 (D+1) 维德西特时空中由负常数曲率空间叶状的球体内部和外部的标量场构建的。

^{[2]}

## field inside human 人体内的场

Then, by using the boundary conditions of the medium, the interaction mechanism between the radiated magnetic field of the antenna and the magnetic field inside human tissue is studied.^{[1]}Optimal current distribution is built on BPSP-Tx surface following spiral structure to generate a focused field inside human tissue and adapt the implantable receiver (Rx) misalignments.

^{[2]}

然后，利用介质的边界条件，研究了天线辐射磁场与人体组织内部磁场的相互作用机制。

^{[1]}最佳电流分布建立在 BPSP-Tx 表面上，遵循螺旋结构，以在人体组织内产生聚焦场并适应可植入接收器 (Rx) 的错位。

^{[2]}

## field inside droplet 液滴内的场

Three parallel planar electrodes are utilized to generate an artificially reorderable electric field inside droplets by tuning the gate voltage through field-effect control, which results in a reshapable ACET-based microvortices pattern for in-droplet concentration.^{[1]}Concerning the droplet velocity model, the flow field inside droplet and the dynamic contact angle model are considered to evaluate the viscous force and surface tension force respectively acting on fast moving droplet.

^{[2]}

三个平行的平面电极用于通过场效应控制调整栅极电压，从而在液滴内产生人工可重新排序的电场，从而形成可重塑的基于 ACET 的微涡流图案，用于液滴内浓度。

^{[1]}在液滴速度模型方面，考虑液滴内部流场和动态接触角模型，分别评估作用在快速运动液滴上的粘性力和表面张力。

^{[2]}