## Anisotropy Induced(引起各向异性)研究综述

Anisotropy Induced 引起各向异性 - The results show that the degree of anisotropy induced by the corrugated shells is different from that of a fiber-reinforced composite material, significantly sensitive to their configurations, and can be extraordinarily higher than the perfect round shell made of the same parent material.^{[1]}Working with fully anisotropic effective media prevents the leakage of anisotropy induced by the fine scales into isotropic macroparameters estimates.

^{[2]}Based on the sparseness of research on the multi-droplet impact coupled with the anisotropy induced by cylindrical surface, in this paper, the hydrodynamics and heat transfer of multiple droplets successively impacting on cylindrical surface are deeply studied with three dimensional numerical simulation method.

^{[3]}An attenuation-amplification transition of ED force in this diagram suggests that anisotropy induced by the orientation angle of the cell pair relative to the applied electric field direction has a significant influence on ED and CC.

^{[4]}Such models are commonly limited to hydrostatic or uniaxial strain scenarios, not capable of capturing the anisotropy induced by a general triaxial stress state.

^{[5]}We furthermore show that frequency has a significant impact on the attenuation-amplification transition of MST, suggesting that shape anisotropy has a much weaker influence on ED of the cell membrane compared to the anisotropy induced by the orientation angle itself.

^{[6]}This semi-empirical model, however, does not specifically account for the anisotropy induced by the maize rows.

^{[7]}Thus, the anisotropy induced at higher loads can be mathematically modeled by incorporating the strains experienced by the fibers.

^{[8]}With increasing thickness of the silica shell, the dipole interaction and therefore the anisotropy induced by the dipole interactions decrease.

^{[9]}The computations of these thermoelectric transport coefficients are also extended to a medium with momentum-anisotropy induced by initial spatial expansion as well as strong magnetic field.

^{[10]}Furthermore, we simulate the effect of permeability contrast and anisotropy induced by layering, fractures, and a fault.

^{[11]}This paper gives a theoretical analysis for the fundamental problem of anisotropy induced by shear forces on an adhesive contact, discussing the experimental data of the companion Letter.

^{[12]}A constitutive law was developed based on the evolutionary yield function to account for the evolution of anisotropy induced by the plastic deformation.

^{[13]}The numerical modelling of the stress field and discerning of surface contact and crack opening caused by the indentation was subsequently possible, even if in this study the influence of the anisotropy induced by the presence of features at a smaller scale was neglected.

^{[14]}Anisotropy induced in the cyclic loading process was due to normal contact force anisotropy, which was more prominent in the specimens with higher initial confining pressures.

^{[15]}However, the structures of the plasma crystals in ground-based experiments are two-dimensional (2D) because of the anisotropy induced by gravity.

^{[16]}Motivated by the ~7 % dipole anisotropy in the distribution of ultra-high energy cosmic-rays (UHECRs) above 8 EeV, we explore the anisotropy induced by the large scale structure, using constrained simulations of the local Universe and taking into account the effect of magnetic fields.

^{[17]}The traditional Wenzel and Cassie-Baxter models of drop contact angles were developed for isotropic random 2D roughness and do not account for the anisotropy induced by the 1D line patterns.

^{[18]}One of most peculiar issues related to soft viscoelastic contacts is the anisotropy induced on the contact solution: when sliding a perfectly isotropic surface over a viscoelastic half-space, the solution in terms of contact areas and displacement distribution is anisotropic.

^{[19]}The primary objective is to experimentally characterize and model the direction-dependent tensile modulus of elasticity of unidirectionally printed composite material to assess the degree of anisotropy induced during printing and to determine how well the measured properties can be predicted by multiscale mechanics-based models.

^{[20]}

结果表明，波纹壳引起的各向异性程度与纤维增强复合材料不同，对它们的构型非常敏感，并且可以比由相同母材制成的完美圆形壳高得多。

^{[1]}使用完全各向异性的有效介质可防止由精细尺度引起的各向异性泄漏到各向同性宏观参数估计中。

^{[2]}基于多液滴冲击耦合圆柱表面各向异性研究的稀疏性，本文采用三维数值模拟方法深入研究了多液滴连续冲击圆柱表面的流体动力学和传热过程。

^{[3]}该图中 ED 力的衰减 - 放大转变表明，由细胞对相对于施加电场方向的取向角引起的各向异性对 ED 和 CC 具有显着影响。

^{[4]}此类模型通常仅限于静水或单轴应变方案，无法捕捉由一般三轴应力状态引起的各向异性。

^{[5]}我们进一步表明，频率对 MST 的衰减 - 放大转变有显着影响，这表明与取向角本身引起的各向异性相比，形状各向异性对细胞膜 ED 的影响要弱得多。

^{[6]}然而，这种半经验模型并没有具体解释玉米行引起的各向异性。

^{[7]}因此，在较高负载下引起的各向异性可以通过结合纤维所经历的应变来进行数学建模。

^{[8]}随着二氧化硅壳厚度的增加，偶极相互作用和因此由偶极相互作用引起的各向异性降低。

^{[9]}这些热电输运系数的计算也扩展到具有由初始空间膨胀和强磁场引起的动量各向异性的介质。

^{[10]}此外，我们模拟 分层引起的渗透率对比和各向异性的影响， 断裂，和故障。

^{[11]}本文对粘着接触剪切力引起的各向异性的基本问题进行了理论分析，讨论了伴随信函的实验数据。

^{[12]}基于演化屈服函数开发了本构定律，以解释由塑性变形引起的各向异性的演化。

^{[13]}尽管在本研究中忽略了由较小尺度特征的存在引起的各向异性的影响，但随后可以对应力场进行数值建模并识别由压痕引起的表面接触和裂纹开口。

^{[14]}在循环加载过程中引起的各向异性是由于法向接触力的各向异性，这在初始围压较高的试件中更为突出。

^{[15]}然而，由于重力引起的各向异性，地面实验中等离子晶体的结构是二维的（2D）。

^{[16]}受 8 EeV 以上超高能宇宙射线 (UHECR) 分布中约 7% 的偶极子各向异性的启发，我们使用局部宇宙的受限模拟并考虑到影响，探索由大尺度结构引起的各向异性的磁场。

^{[17]}传统的 Wenzel 和 Cassie-Baxter 液滴接触角模型是针对各向同性随机 2D 粗糙度开发的，并未考虑由 1D 线图案引起的各向异性。

^{[18]}与软粘弹性接触相关的最特殊问题之一是接触解引起的各向异性：当在粘弹性半空间上滑动完全各向同性的表面时，接触面积和位移分布方面的解是各向异性的。

^{[19]}主要目标是通过实验表征和模拟单向打印复合材料的方向相关拉伸弹性模量，以评估打印过程中引起的各向异性程度，并确定多尺度力学模型对测量性能的预测程度。

^{[20]}

## Magnetic Anisotropy Induced 引起磁各向异性

The effect is explained by a distribution of transverse magnetic anisotropy induced into the cylindrical wire during its production.^{[1]}Our results shed light on the origin of the uniaxial magnetic anisotropy induced from the heterojunction.

^{[2]}In-plane magnetic anisotropy induced by the biaxial tensile strain is also investigated.

^{[3]}Observed magnetic softening and GMI ratio improvement have been discussed considering magnetic anisotropy induced by Oersted magnetic field during Joule heating and internal stresses relaxation.

^{[4]}The variation in the magnetic properties can be well understood from the evolution of the microstructure and magnetic anisotropy induced by P microalloying.

^{[5]}Our findings show that additional magnetic anisotropy induced by the strains allocates cycloids with the definite directions of spin rotation and electric polarization and change the properties of space modulated structures.

^{[6]}The room temperature ferromagnetic resonance (FMR) spectra in both IP and OP configurations indicated the increase of FMR linewidth upon nitrogenation, revealing the increased distribution of magnetic anisotropy induced by nitrogen in the lattice.

^{[7]}Additional magnetic anisotropy induced by strain effects in the films allocates cycloids with the definite directions of spin rotation.

^{[8]}Room temperature magnetic hysteresis and ferromagnetic resonance measurement studies indicate the presence of uniaxial magnetic anisotropy induced by substrate-induced strain in the film.

^{[9]}The presented results demonstrate an ultrafast change in the magnetic anisotropy induced during the fabrication of the heterostructure under study, which may be of interest for optical control of the orientation of the magnetization.

^{[10]}The magnetization and magnetoresistance hysteresis loops clearly reflect interlayer exchange coupling and the occurrence of uniaxial magnetic anisotropy induced by the strained Co sublayers.

^{[11]}Ferromagnetic resonance (FMR) measurements have additionally proven a well-defined fourfold magnetic anisotropy induced during growth with confirmed easy axis directions along 100 for T > TV and 110 for T < TV.

^{[12]}Finally, we discuss the experimental feasibility of observing the magnetic anisotropy induced by the superconducting transition when other magnetic anisotropies, such as the shape anisotropy for a ferromagnetic film, are taken into account.

^{[13]}Our study reveals the stripe-domain structure, which is originated by the competition between the shape magnetic anisotropy and additional magnetic anisotropy induced by the heterojunction, allows us to provide a pinning necessary to control the domain-wall displacement.

^{[14]}Observed magnetic softening and GMI ratio improvement have been discussed considering magnetic anisotropy induced by Oersted magnetic field during current annealing, internal stresses relaxation and radial distribution of magnetic anisotropy.

^{[15]}

这种效应可以通过在生产过程中引入到圆柱形线材中的横向磁各向异性分布来解释。

^{[1]}我们的结果揭示了异质结引起的单轴磁各向异性的起源。

^{[2]}还研究了由双轴拉伸应变引起的面内磁各向异性。

^{[3]}考虑到在焦耳加热和内应力松弛过程中由奥斯特磁场引起的磁各向异性，已经讨论了观察到的磁软化和 GMI 比的提高。

^{[4]}从 P 微合金化引起的微观结构和磁各向异性的演变可以很好地理解磁性的变化。

^{[5]}我们的研究结果表明，由应变引起的额外磁各向异性为摆线分配了确定的自旋和电极化方向，并改变了空间调制结构的性质。

^{[6]}IP 和 OP 配置中的室温铁磁共振 (FMR) 光谱表明，氮化后 FMR 线宽增加，表明晶格中氮引起的磁各向异性分布增加。

^{[7]}由薄膜中的应变效应引起的附加磁各向异性为摆线分配了确定的自旋方向。

^{[8]}室温磁滞和铁磁共振测量研究表明，薄膜中存在由衬底引起的应变引起的单轴磁各向异性。

^{[9]}所呈现的结果证明了在研究中的异质结构制造过程中引起的磁各向异性的超快变化，这对于磁化方向的光学控制可能是有意义的。

^{[10]}磁化强度和磁阻磁滞回线清楚地反映了层间交换耦合和由应变 Co 子层引起的单轴磁各向异性的发生。

^{[11]}铁磁共振 (FMR) 测量还证明了在生长过程中诱导的明确定义的四倍磁各向异性，确认了 T > TV 沿 100 和 T < TV 沿 110 的易轴方向。

^{[12]}最后，我们讨论了在考虑其他磁各向异性（例如铁磁薄膜的形状各向异性）时观察由超导转变引起的磁各向异性的实验可行性。

^{[13]}我们的研究揭示了由异质结引起的形状磁各向异性和附加磁各向异性之间的竞争产生的条状畴结构，使我们能够提供控制畴壁位移所必需的钉扎。

^{[14]}考虑到电流退火过程中奥斯特磁场引起的磁各向异性、内应力松弛和磁各向异性的径向分布，讨论了观察到的磁软化和 GMI 比的提高。

^{[15]}

## Mechanical Anisotropy Induced

It was found that there was no evidence of any mechanical anisotropy induced by the slot die process.^{[1]}The model couples the Fokker–Planck equation for Brownian suspensions with the narrow channel flow equations, the latter modified to incorporate mechanical anisotropy induced by the particles.

^{[2]}

发现没有证据表明槽模工艺会引起任何机械各向异性。

^{[1]}该模型将布朗悬浮液的 Fokker-Planck 方程与窄通道流动方程相结合，后者经过修改以结合颗粒引起的机械各向异性。

^{[2]}

## Temperature Anisotropy Induced 引起温度各向异性

We focus on the Alfvén-ion-cyclotron (AIC), mirror, and Weibel instabilities, which are all driven unstable by the effective temperature anisotropy induced by the shockreflected ions within the transition layer of a strictly perpendicular shock.^{[1]}Recent studies have suggested that in the transition region of quasi-perpendicular (Q ⊥) shocks in the high-beta (β = P gas/P B) intracluster medium (ICM), the ion temperature anisotropy due to the reflected-gyrating ions could trigger the Alfvén ion cyclotron (AIC) instability and the ion-mirror instability, while the electron temperature anisotropy induced by magnetic field compression could excite the whistler instability and the electron-mirror instability.

^{[2]}

我们专注于阿尔文离子回旋加速器 (AIC)、镜像和 Weibel 不稳定性，这些不稳定性都是由严格垂直激波的过渡层内的激波反射离子引起的有效温度各向异性驱动的。

^{[1]}最近的研究表明，在高β（β = P gas/P B）簇内介质（ICM）中准垂直（Q⊥）激波的过渡区域，由于反射回旋离子引起的离子温度各向异性可能触发阿尔文离子回旋加速器（AIC）不稳定性和离子镜不稳定性，而磁场压缩引起的电子温度各向异性可以激发哨声不稳定性和电子镜不稳定性。

^{[2]}

## Unidirectional Anisotropy Induced 引起单向各向异性

In this thin film layer system cap, the magnetic shape anisotropy of the topographically non-flat hemispheres competes with the unidirectional anisotropy induced by the exchange bias.^{[1]}Exchange biasing in ferromagnet/antiferromagnet bilayers is known to enhance the material’s ferromagnetic resonance frequency and make it strongly angle dependent due to the unidirectional anisotropy induced at the interface.

^{[2]}

在该薄膜层系统帽中，地形非平坦半球的磁性形状各向异性与由交换偏置引起的单向各向异性竞争。

^{[1]}众所周知，铁磁体/反铁磁体双层中的交换偏置会增强材料的铁磁共振频率，并由于在界面处引起的单向各向异性而使其具有强烈的角度依赖性。

^{[2]}