African Women(非洲妇女)研究综述African Women 非洲妇女 - HSV-2 incidence was >10% per year, emphasizing the need for development of novel HSV-2 prevention strategies for African women.  Data were collected from one randomly selected woman per household using the African Women Awareness of CANcer breast and cervical cancer tool.  Assessing the knowledge and uptake level of African women through studies like this is crucial in identifying the loopholes in the fight against cancer.  A qualitative approach was adopted using online open-ended questions to seek narratives from African women leaders on their roles and experiences of a STEM career.  Knowing Women is a must-read for scholars of African sexuality, social scientists, researchers, cultural studies scholars, sexuality and gender policy formulators and implementers and all those who have a stake in advancing and protecting the identities of African women.  Although these important efforts have not resulted in a major decrease in violence against women, they clearly demonstrate the long history of African women’s actions in resisting state power and patriarchy.  Reducing the gender gap in Mathematics in Africa, is the major aim of African Women in Mathematics Association (AWMA) through various activities.  The paper shows that Italy’s adoption of partial exclusion or subordinated model of integration, the weak position of the African migrants in Italy’s employment sector, lack of employment opportunities for African women and the second generation, blocked mobility, lack of access to housing due to racial discrimination and hostile attitudes of the Northern League party are the main forces behind the onward migration.  The author of the article indicates the reasons for the considerable increase in the representation of women in legislative and executive bodies in several countries of the continent, as well as the obstacles that impede social and political activity of African women.  The analysis reveals that, with the practs of ordering, Sir Peters compares the attitudes of African men to African women and advocates women empowerment, predicating his advocacy on the fact that women are beautiful and intelligent.  African women with normal cytology have been reported to have the highest prevalence of HPV and also higher tendency of developing invasive cervical cancer due to certain sociocultural and economic factors.  DISCUSSION When X-chromosomal and autosomal differentiation values were compared, a sex-biased admixture between European men and Native American and African women was revealed, as well as between African men and Native American women.  Notwithstanding, most Euro-American and other global frameworks against women victimization tend to accord the contributions of African women in P/CVE an epiphenomenal consideration.  Hence, this systematic review and meta-analysis was planned to generate summarized evidence on the association between maternal serum Zn levels and pre-eclampsia in African women.  In a trial measuring HIV incidence in African women, oral PrEP was incorporated into the standard of prevention in the trial's last year.  In this volume, African women theologians and their female-identifying colleagues, struggle with reading and interpreting religious texts in the context of environmental crisis that are threatening life on Earth.  While South Africa has introduced several policies to address the low enrolment and graduation of women in STEM, African women continue to be under-represented in these disciplines.  Witchcraft and barrenness are two critical issues that African women have had to grapple with since precolonial times.  I explore this initiative through the lenses of African Women’s Theology (AWT) and Oikos Theology and suggest that urban community food gardens represent a cooperation with nature and a resistance to social structures and systems that perpetuate marginalization, inequality, and subjugation of women.  Conclusion: The low prevalence of dense breast pattern in this study is consistent with previous findings of relatively lower prevalence of breast cancer in African women.  Serena Dankwa’s Knowing Women, a fascinating exploration of African women’s same-sex intimacies in Ghana, starts off by reminding us to ‘“free our imaginations” in order to “make new exciting things”’.  African women are considered exemplary cases where women have low access to finance and economic opportunities to progress in the natural resource industry.  The theme of motherhood and childbearing is not new in African women’s literature.  Conclusion: African women with a history of HFDP have an increased risk of cardiometabolic conditions within 6 years post-partum in an urban sub-Saharan African setting.  Five themes were generated, revealing gender specific experiences of these African women immigrants during their career journey.  Background: Preeclampsia and eclampsia, are the frequent and global obstetrics and gynaecology emergencies in the care of gravid women particularly in African women.  So, how do African women consent to research when culturally they must surrender their autonomy? We join in solidarity and create our own collective autonomy.  This paper helps to fill in the gap by examining the issues that affect the ability of African women to utilize digital technology for better agricultural productivity and how these are influenced by regional and multilateral intellectual property (IP) regulations.  The role of African women writers in employing the unique style of presenting several generations of women characters in the same historical novel to narrate how the world of women has been transformed across time cannot be naysaid.  The United Nations (UN) conferences have made a significant impact on the development agendas and related projects and programmes on gender equality designed to support women – including African women – starting with Mexico 1975, Copenhagen 1980, Nairobi 1985 and the fourth world conference in Beijing in 1995 with its Platform for Action (BPfA).  To assess risk factors for venous thromboembolism (VTE) in African women in order to guide thromboprophylaxis.  Participants Women who participated in the African Women Awareness of CANcer cross-sectional survey who disclosed potential breast and cervical cancer symptoms were eligible; recruitment was purposive.  Here, we provide insight on how the high levels of estrogen in African women might contribute to the lower cases and fatalities in Africa.  African women and girls represent a majority of those infected, and Africa is home to three-fourths of all HIV-infected women and girls.  This chapter identifies the dichotomy in-country experiences by African immigrant women to South Africa and therefore attempts to examine the African women migration trend into South Africa.  However, little is known about African women’s experiences with vaginal pessary use.  Concurrent HPV/HIV infection is catastrophic, particularly to African women due to the high prevalence of HIV infections.  The crucial question which comes to mind in this study's investigation is whether the circular shapes of the products by the women has any leasing or influence from the round features found on ideal, African women.  Through these women’s voices and lives, Dankwa delivers a rich, excitingly messy, perfectly wayward and full life of African women’s genius.  A qualitative approach was adopted using online open-ended questions to seek narratives from African women leaders on their roles and experiences of a STEM career.  Though the question of linguistic discordance in African literature is not new, it still generates ripples, and currently attracts tremendous interest of the present crop of African women writers who produce texts that conflate both indigenous and exogenous languages to possibly strengthen the conviction that one language is no longer the sole organiser of worldview.  However, clinical studies have reported conflicting evidence on the effect of serum Vitamin D levels on serum Anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH), with little evidence in African women.  INTRODUCTION We present a case series of ten, atopic, African women who developed irritant contact dermatitis after the addition of synthetic hair extensions.  To arrive at this conclusion, the central aim was to elucidate whether the gender-performative representations prioritised in the multimodal discourses of Afrobeats music videos are implicated in post-feminist sensibilities and if so, in what ways and to what effect? Given the continent’s richly diverse, yet largely heteropatriarchal, sociocultural formations, I argue that ideas about empowered, agentic and self-determining (black) African women are–based on the limited purview offered through the multimodal discourses of a small corpus of Afrobeats music videos–no more than sociocultural façades as opposed to gender-relational realities in our context.  The population-attributable risk of male gender on spontaneous preterm birth is lower in African women (3.  African women’s theology has a commitment to the emancipation of women covering the several themes such as ecclesiology, hospitality, community, spirituality, sacrifice, ecology and missiology.  This article explores Palmer’s approaches to African women’s writing in the volume, focusing on his presentation of So Long a Letter by the Senegalese author Mariama Bâ and relating his criticism of Bâ’s narrative to other interpretations of her work.  There is limited research on Arab, Muslim and African women’s experiences of advanced breast cancer.  Background Access to modern family planning methods is essential for African women to avoid repeated pregnancies, and the subsequent risk of maternal mortality, particularly in rural contexts.  Drawing on research with African retail traders, university students, and corporate executives in China, I show that the bridge theory illuminates how African women and men rationalize their decisions to migrate to China within the context of the rise of Asia. 
HSV-2 发病率每年 >10%，强调需要为非洲妇女制定新的 HSV-2 预防策略。  使用非洲妇女对癌症乳腺癌和宫颈癌的认识工具从每个家庭随机选择一名妇女收集数据。  通过此类研究评估非洲女性的知识和吸收水平对于找出抗击癌症的漏洞至关重要。  采用了一种定性方法，使用在线开放式问题来寻求非洲女性领导人关于她们在 STEM 职业中的角色和经历的叙述。  《了解女性》是非洲性行为学者、社会科学家、研究人员、文化研究学者、性行为和性别政策制定者和实施者以及所有与促进和保护非洲女性身份相关的人的必读书籍。  尽管这些重要的努力并没有导致对妇女的暴力行为大幅减少，但它们清楚地表明了非洲妇女反抗国家权力和父权制的悠久历史。  减少非洲数学领域的性别差距是非洲女性数学协会 (AWMA) 通过各种活动的主要目标。  论文显示，意大利采取部分排斥或从属的融合模式，非洲移民在意大利就业领域的弱势地位，非洲妇女和第二代缺乏就业机会，流动性受阻，因种族原因无法获得住房北盟党派的歧视和敌对态度是后移的主要力量。  这篇文章的作者指出了在非洲大陆几个国家的立法和行政机构中妇女代表人数大幅增加的原因，以及阻碍非洲妇女社会和政治活动的障碍。  分析表明，彼得斯爵士通过命令的做法，将非洲男性与非洲女性的态度进行了比较，并主张赋予女性权力，这表明他的主张是基于女性美丽和聪明的事实。  据报道，细胞学正常的非洲女性 HPV 患病率最高，并且由于某些社会文化和经济因素，患浸润性宫颈癌的趋势也较高。  讨论 当比较 X 染色体和常染色体分化值时，揭示了欧洲男性与美洲原住民和非洲女性之间以及非洲男性和美洲原住民女性之间的性别偏见混合物。  尽管如此，大多数欧美和其他反对女性受害的全球框架倾向于将非洲女性在 P/CVE 中的贡献作为附带考虑。  因此，本次系统回顾和荟萃分析计划生成关于母体血清锌水平与非洲妇女先兆子痫之间关联的总结性证据。  在一项测量非洲女性 HIV 发病率的试验中，口服 PrEP 在该试验的去年被纳入预防标准。  在这本书中，非洲女性神学家和她们认同女性的同事，在威胁地球生命的环境危机的背景下，努力阅读和解释宗教文本。  虽然南非已经出台了几项政策来解决 STEM 女性入学率和毕业率低的问题，但非洲女性在这些学科中的代表性仍然不足。  巫术和不孕是非洲妇女自前殖民时代以来不得不解决的两个关键问题。  我通过非洲妇女神学 (AWT) 和 Oikos 神学的视角探讨了这一倡议，并建议城市社区菜园代表与自然的合作以及对使妇女长期处于边缘化、不平等和征服的社会结构和制度的抵抗。  结论：本研究中致密乳房模式的低患病率与之前的非洲女性乳腺癌患病率相对较低的发现一致。  Serena Dankwa 的 Knowing Women 是对加纳非洲女性同性亲密关系的一次迷人探索，首先提醒我们“释放我们的想象力”以“创造令人兴奋的新事物”。  非洲妇女被认为是妇女在自然资源行业取得进展的金融和经济机会较少的典型案例。  母性和生育的主题在非洲女性文学中并不新鲜。  结论：在撒哈拉以南非洲城市地区，有 HFDP 病史的非洲妇女在产后 6 年内患心脏代谢疾病的风险增加。  产生了五个主题，揭示了这些非洲女性移民在职业生涯中的性别特定经历。  背景：先兆子痫和子痫是妊娠妇女特别是非洲妇女护理中常见的全球妇产科紧急情况。  那么，当非洲女性在文化上必须放弃自主权时，她们如何同意研究呢？我们团结一致，创造我们自己的集体自治。  本文通过研究影响非洲妇女利用数字技术提高农业生产力的能力以及这些问题如何受到区域和多边知识产权 (IP) 法规的影响，有助于填补这一空白。  非洲女作家以独特的风格在同一部历史小说中呈现几代女性角色，讲述女性世界如何随着时间的推移而发生变化，这一角色不容置疑。  从 1975 年墨西哥、1980 年哥本哈根、1985 年内罗毕和在北京举行的第四次世界会议开始，联合国 (UN) 会议对旨在支持妇女（包括非洲妇女）的发展议程和有关性别平等的相关项目和计划产生了重大影响1995 年，其行动纲领 (BPfA)。  评估非洲女性静脉血栓栓塞 (VTE) 的危险因素，以指导血栓预防。  参加非洲女性癌症意识横断面调查并披露潜在乳腺癌和宫颈癌症状的女性符合条件；招聘是有目的的。  在这里，我们提供了有关非洲女性高水平雌激素如何有助于非洲降低病例和死亡人数的见解。  非洲妇女和女孩占感染者的大多数，非洲是四分之三的艾滋病毒感染妇女和女孩的家园。  本章确定了非洲女性移民到南非的二分法国内经历，因此试图研究非洲女性移民到南非的趋势。  然而，关于非洲女性使用阴道栓的经历知之甚少。  并发 HPV/HIV 感染是灾难性的，尤其是对非洲妇女而言，因为 HIV 感染率很高。  在这项研究的调查中想到的关键问题是女性产品的圆形形状是否对理想的非洲女性的圆形特征有任何租赁或影响。  通过这些女性的声音和生活，Dankwa 展现了非洲女性天才的丰富、令人兴奋的混乱、完美的任性和充实的生活。  采用了一种定性方法，使用在线开放式问题来寻求非洲女性领导人关于她们在 STEM 职业中的角色和经历的叙述。  尽管非洲文学中语言不一致的问题并不新鲜，但它仍然会产生涟漪，目前吸引了当代非洲女性作家的极大兴趣，她们创作的文本将本土语言和外来语言混为一谈，以可能加强一种语言是不再是世界观的唯一组织者。  然而，临床研究报告了关于血清维生素 D 水平对血清抗苗勒管激素 (AMH) 影响的相互矛盾的证据，在非洲女性中几乎没有证据。  介绍 我们提出了一个案例系列，其中有 10 名特应性非洲女性在添加合成接发后出现刺激性接触性皮炎。  为了得出这个结论，中心目标是阐明在 Afrobeats 音乐视频的多模态话语中优先考虑的性别表演表征是否与后女权主义情感有关，如果是，以什么方式和效果？鉴于非洲大陆丰富多样但主要是异父权制的社会文化形态，我认为关于赋权、代理和自决（黑人）非洲女性的想法是基于通过 Afrobeats 音乐视频的小型语料库提供的多模态话语所提供的有限范围——只不过是社会文化的表象，而不是我们背景下的性别关系现实。  在非洲女性中，男性自发早产的人群归因风险较低（3.  非洲妇女神学致力于妇女解放，涵盖教会学、热情好客、社区、灵性、牺牲、生态学和宣教学等几个主题。  本文探讨了帕尔默在该卷中对非洲女性写作的态度，重点介绍了他对塞内加尔作家 Mariama Bâ 的 So Long a Letter 的介绍，并将他对 Bâ 叙事的批评与对她作品的其他解释联系起来。  关于阿拉伯、穆斯林和非洲妇女晚期乳腺癌经历的研究有限。  背景 获得现代计划生育方法对于非洲妇女避免重复怀孕和随后的孕产妇死亡风险至关重要，尤其是在农村地区。  通过对在中国的非洲零售贸易商、大学生和企业高管的研究，我表明，桥梁理论阐明了在亚洲崛起的背景下，非洲女性和男性如何合理化他们移居中国的决定。  Available evidences in this regard are controversial and non-conclusive on this potential issue and therefore, we estimated the pooled effect of the proportion of knowledge, attitude and practice of HIV infected African women towards cervical cancer screening to generate evidence for improved prevention strategies.  Conclusion South African women have high rates of HIV, Pap smear abnormalities and HR-HPV, with low cervical cancer screening coverage.  Objectives We investigated the role of molecular markers in cervical cancer screening for South African women living with HIV (WLHIV). 
这方面的现有证据对这一潜在问题存在争议且非结论性，因此，我们估计了艾滋病毒感染的非洲妇女对宫颈癌筛查的知识、态度和实践比例的综合影响，以产生改进预防策略的证据。  结论 南非女性 HIV、巴氏涂片异常和 HR-HPV 感染率高，宫颈癌筛查覆盖率低。  nan  Objectives The aim of this study was to determine the association between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) and body composition in postmenopausal South African women living with HIV and on ART.  OBJECTIVE To describe changes in maternal viral control over time in South African women living with HIV (WLHIV) using surveillance data from the National Health Laboratory Service's Corporate Data Warehouse (NHLS CDW).  This study assesses correlates of specific safety strategy use among 166 Black South African women recently experiencing IPV and testing positive for HIV.  Results We profiled the bacterial composition of 316 cervicovaginal swabs collected at 3-month intervals from 88 healthy young Black South African women with a median follow-up of 9 months per participant and developed a Markov-based model of transition dynamics that accurately predicted bacterial composition within a broader cross-sectional cohort.  The health implication of body weight burden needs rapid and effective interventions, focusing on factors such as rural, education, population group, older age 45–49 years, and Provinces (Northern Cape, Eastern Cape, and KwaZulu-Natal) – the high-risk groups identified herein are of most importance to curb the growing burden among South African women of reproductive age.  Results: We profiled the bacterial composition of 316 cervicovaginal swabs collected at 3-month intervals from 88 healthy young Black South African women with a median follow-up of 9 months per participant and developed a Markov-based model of transition dynamics that accurately predicted bacterial composition within a broader crosssectional cohort.  We used SARS-CoV-2 peptide pools and whole virus antigen to stimulate peripheral blood mononuclear cells collected pre-2020 from South African women and measured interferon gamma (IFNγ) and interleukin 2 (IL2) production.  In this paper, we describe rural South African women’s perceptions of lobola, their experiences related to marriage and lobola, and how they reconfigure lobola to fit within modern life course aspirations and trajectories.  This cross-sectional study examined trauma, physical, and mental health among black South African women living with HIV (WLH).  This study investigated the effect of HIV infection on DNA methylation patterns in the peripheral blood of South African women with (n = 95) or without (n = 191) gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM).  Despite the high prevalence of HIV in pregnant South African women, little is known about the effects of ART on the cardiovascular health of the mother and offspring.  Our findings provided a compelling evidence for single/non-cohabiting South African women to be the most vulnerable population who consistently and substantially contributed to increasing STI rates during the 15 years of study duration (PAR%: 44%-47%).  Conclusion South African women have high rates of HIV, Pap smear abnormalities and HR-HPV, with low cervical cancer screening coverage.  RESULTS A decreased Glow/Radiance appears clearly associated with an increased perceived age in all studied subjects, especially among Chinese, Japanese, and South African women.  We therefore aimed to compare PWV measured by the Mobil-O-Graph and the SphygmoCor XCEL device in a sample of South African women and children.  Purpose Breast cancer (BC) is increasing in black South African women, but few studies have investigated its risk factors.  We investigated the cumulative impact of recurrent STIs on subsequent HIV seroconversion among a cohort of South African women.  I focus on three vignettes within the performance that connect histories of racialized violence against Black South African women to Booysen’s case and that of other women in the contemporary period.  Aims: Despite a higher prevalence of overweight and obesity in black South African women compared to men, the prevalence of type 2 diabetes does not differ.  South African women have a high rate of cervical cancer cases, but there are limited data on human papillomavirus (HPV) genotypes in cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) in the Eastern Cape province, South Africa.  Among 286 Black, South African women, the association between childhood maltreatment and neurocognitive health, defined here as neurocognitive performance (NP), was first estimated assuming constant variance.  The active participation of Black South African women in the corporate sector is essential for the achievement of equity and diversity.  Background South African women of reproductive age have a high burden of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including human papillomavirus (HPV) infection.  This study explored the subjective experiences of 12 South African women diagnosed with recurrent breast cancer.  A wealth disparity exists among South African women in terms of hemoglobin levels.  While the views of South African women range from progressive to conservative, individual viewpoints are much more nuanced and complex.  We adapted an SVI score, previously used by the US Centre for Disease Control (CDC), and calculated SVI for young urban South African women (n = 1584; median age 21.  Ilitha Labantu, a South African women’s rights organisation, organised a South African consultative forum in 2020 to celebrate the 25th anniversary of the Beijing conference and reflect on what progress has still to be made, particularly foregrounding the younger generation of feminist leadership in 2020.  Conclusions Greater emphasis needs to be placed on meeting the sexual and reproductive health (SRH) needs of South African women, if maternal mortality rates are to be reduced.  We assessed the impact of point-of-care (POC) STI testing, immediate treatment and expedited partner therapy (EPT) on genital tract cytokines among a cohort of young South African women.  ABSTRACT As part of a larger Master's study, this paper focuses on the individual experiences of agency and autonomy communicated by a group of South African women who have overcome traditional notions of gender through their role as primary financial provider for their families.  South African women who were financially affected were more likely than men to seek preventive care initially (6% vs 2%, respectively), and had a significant decline in seeking preventive care since March 2020 (0·23, p=0·04).  Despite many studies on how women experience and cope with induced abortion, the review revealed the need for research related to specific challenges and experiences of South African women.  This paper argues that the two notions have depressing effects on South African women.  By analyzing qualitative narratives from semistructured interviews with Black married South African women between the ages of forty and sixty-two from rural and township areas, we examine how these women interpret experiences of rape and sexual coercion in their intimate relationships with their husbands.  Methods: Eight age- (16–18 and 19–24 years) and gender-stratified focus group discussions (FGDs) were conducted using semi-structured interview guides to explore young South African women and men's willingness, perceived barriers, and facilitators to participating in biomedical HIV prevention research.  We described pregnancy-related healthcare utilisation among rural South African women from 1993 to 2018, a period of social, political and economic transition.  We explore how a group of South African women academics and ‘eLearning champions’ engaged in a mobile community of practice under COVID-19 conditions.  In this study, we examined the transcriptional landscape of cervical cell populations in a cohort of South African women with differing vaginal microbial community types.  This study provided valuable insight into maternal deaths due to COVID among South African women.  Our informants were four South African women who experienced separation abuse by a partner.  See the anthology Our Words, Our Worlds: Writing on Black South African Women Poets, 2000– 2018 (2019).  However, in paying homage to Meer’s legacy, Hassim not only disrupts the persistent shrouding of South African women’s political profiles, but deftly sutures South African history to a critical appraisal of a politics of visibility within the academy – and within feminism – which is particularly relevant today.  Keeping this in mind may help understand specific societal issues that South African women face.  Conclusion: Overall, this review found that a variety of coping responses are used by South African women experiencing IPV.