What is/are Short Term Climate?Short Term Climate - The yield difference between short-term climate related bonds and mid-term climate related bonds is significantly higher than the yield difference between short-term non-climate related bonds and mid-term non-related bonds.  However, they may be achieving a short-term climate benefit while making climate stabilization more difficult.  This study demonstrated the stability of AM fungi community under short-term climate changes.  From 2014 to 2019, Fiji’s vegetation and coral reef areas recovered from the former stage; affected by short-term climate oscillations such as El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO), the sea surface temperature showed a significant abnormal drop and the water transparency decreased.  Thus, the inclusion of methane emission reduction strategies in their nationally determined contributions (NDCs), which have to be updated every 5 years by the Paris Agreement member countries, could be a powerful lever for developing nations to reach their short-term climate mitigation goals.  Here, we assessed the effects of observed climate variability on different organismal groups (amphibians, insects, mammals, herbaceous plants and reptiles) by estimating the extent to which interannual variation in the annual population growth rates (CVλ) and the absolute value of the long-term population growth rate (|log λ|) were associated with short-term climate variability.  These data can be helpful in predicting seasonal influenza outbreaks and minimizing the impacts, based on integrated forecast systems coupled with short-term climate models.  The abnormal cold climate index proposed in this paper provides a new way for the extreme climate event occurrence trend, mechanism research, and short-term climate prediction (i.  Wood anatomical variability among tree rings and the corresponding short-term climate response of populations differed from the adaptive responses of the trees to the ecological characteristics of the habitat.  This study addressed this gap by identifying the coping practices for short-term climate variations and the adaptation measures used by smallholder farmers to address future climate change in northeast Ghana.  Accurate prediction over the North Pacific, especially for the key parameter of sea
surface temperature (SST), remains a challenge for short-term climate prediction.  Limiting emissions of climate-warming methane from oil and gas (O&G) is a major opportunity for short-term climate benefits.  We studied the temporal sequences and correlations between the apical and radial growth of Picea meyeri and the responses of the two growth types to the short-term climate of Luya Mountain, North-central China.  In this regard, during the early-middle Holocene, the Seymareh area, as well as the entire Middle East, was affected by short-term climate changes at the millennial-scale, as testified by both paleoecological and archaeological evidence.  Whilst these variations are recorded in speleothems and ice-cores, these archives are often spatially restricted leaving gaps in our knowledge about short-term climate variability in a range of regions.  Therefore, it covers the different long- and short-term climate perturbations of the Paleogene greenhouse.  In either scenario, short-term climate changes are required to explain local changes in facies and mineralogy.  As North America confronts a warming climate with more fires the short-term climate and pollution impacts of increased fire activity should be assessed within policy aimed to minimize impacts of climate change on society.  Recent attempts to assess vegetation stability to short-term climate variability often account solely for vegetation sensitivity or resilience but ignore the composite effects of these two indicators.  However, the short-term climate judgment is greatly affected by different sea surface temperatures, and the understanding of the otherness is still lacking.  Heavier and more persistent sea ice provided a buffer against the influence of short-term climate fluctuations.  Due to their maritime location, Icelandic glaciers are sensitive to short-term climate fluctuations and have shown rapid rates of retreat and mass loss over the last decade.  The condition of ocean underlying surface is an important factor to determine the predictability of short-term climate.  Surprisingly, the effect of short-term climate fluctuations on genetic composition have rarely been addressed in the literature, and to our knowledge the effect of annual climatic fluctuations have not been considered meaningful.  5 days average observation interval, our time-series allows for a comparison with climate data of daily resolution, enabling a better understanding of short-term climate-glacier.  By combining the vegetation sensitivity index (VSI) and a 15 year moving window, we analyzed interannual variability in spatiotemporal patterns of vegetation sensitivity to short-term climate variability and its correlations with climatic factors in China over the past three decades (1982-2015).  Given that short-term climate projections identify an increase in the frequency, duration and intensity of heatwaves, this public health advisory will be of increasing urgency in coming years.  Short-term climate and resource fluctuations associated with El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) events may select for behavioral plasticity in marine organisms, allowing long-lived individuals such as marine birds to switch between alternative life history tactics.  However, these near river stores are vulnerable to short-term climate variability, and changes to flow regimes resulting from climate change may significantly impact water supplies and ecosystem health.  Paradoxically, our data suggest that permafrost initiation triggered by the late Holocene cooling climate generated a positive radiative forcing and a short-term climate warming feedback, mitigating the general insolation-driven late Holocene summer cooling trend.  This paper aims to characterize and quantify the suspended sediment flux (SF) over the basin under the influences of short-term climate variability and dam constructions.  Without explicit integration, such long-term temperature trends and their interactions with short-term climate change may be so dominant that they blur or even reverse the apparent direct relationship between climate change and extinction.  Concerning the ecological and economical importance of the Pearl River basin, short-term climate changes have been widely studied by using the instrumental records in the basin, but there is still a lack of long-term climatic reconstructions that can be used to evaluate the centennial scale climate anomalies.  Instead, the fire regime of the last two millennia at Lake Khamra seems to be controlled mainly by a combination of short-term climate variability and anthropogenic fire ignition and suppression.  In addition, species traits related to water use and photosynthesis partly explained differences in growth sensitivity to both long-term and short-term climate variations.  New data include the study of the development of continental and island geosystems of the South Far East and the response of their components to short-term climate changes in the Late Pleistocene-Holocene.  Accurate and temporally consistent measurements of light absorbing aerosol (LAA) heating rate (HR) and of its source apportionment (fossil-fuel, FF; biomass-burning, BB) and speciation (black and brown Carbon; BC, BrC) are needed to evaluate LAA short-term climate forcing.  The objective of this work is to quantify the effects of the short-term climate change with a multiyear (MY) approach on the results of the heat and moisture transfer simulations of an historic building located in Udine (Italy) and to evaluate if a single year simulation could be representative of the results obtained with the MY.