## What is/are Quantitative Approach?

Quantitative Approach - This research is a field research using descriptive analytic research with a quantitative approach.^{[1]}In this study, descriptive – quantitative approach was utilized using the researcher made instrument - Solid Waste Management Awareness and Practices Questionnaire (SWMAPQ).

^{[2]}The study used a quantitative approach of the regression panel data with stata13 statistical tools.

^{[3]}The method used in this study is causality with a quantitative approach.

^{[4]}Thus, 22 scientific articles on the orientation of healthy habits from the multidisciplinary team of health units were analyzed and 19 articles with the qualitative and quantitative approach were used.

^{[5]}The study used quantitative approach and developed a research model based on several technological acceptance models.

^{[6]}This type of research is verification with quantitative approach.

^{[7]}This study used quantitative approach.

^{[8]}This research was conducted using a quantitative approach.

^{[9]}The quantitative approach, taking into consideration various stakeholders' needs and priorities, revealed itself to be a useful tool in allowing evidence-based decision making for future tuberculosis surveillance in Belgium, which is in line with the international standards.

^{[10]}For in-depth study of the kinetics of lead bioaccumulation and of the organism reactions to chronic intoxication, a quantitative approach is also of great importance.

^{[11]}The present research aims to design a model for the creation and development of knowledge-based cooperative companies in Semnan province by a mixed qualitative-quantitative approach.

^{[12]}Method: This is a survey research, quantitative approach is cross sectional.

^{[13]}Method: This type of research is analytic with a quantitative approach.

^{[14]}A mixed research design with both qualitative and quantitative approaches will be used in applied research action.

^{[15]}Design/methodology/approachThis study proposes a mixed qualitative-quantitative approach to deal with both qualitative and quantitative factors.

^{[16]}This research is a descriptive study with a quantitative approach.

^{[17]}The research objective was to determine the effect of learning creativity, independent learning and e-learning on student learning outcomes using a quantitative approach with 100 respondents in the sample.

^{[18]}The research design used in this study was quantitative approach with an experimental.

^{[19]}To achieve this aim, the researcher conducted a descriptive research with a quantitative approach to test the hypotheses.

^{[20]}This research uses a quantitative approach by collecting data through survey methods.

^{[21]}A quantitative approach was followed using a questionnaire to get data to test the model.

^{[22]}In this article we take a historical approach to how risk was interpreted at different times from the qualitative beginner until the current quantitative approach, this evolution contributes to the modern analysis of the financial economy and is incorporated into the rationality of economic agents, we also show how this incorporation occurred in the different economic models and more recently as it revolutionizes quantitative finance with the theory of asset pricing.

^{[23]}The type of research used is descriptive causal research with a quantitative approach.

^{[24]}This is a descriptive, exploratory and correlational study, with a quantitative approach with professionals in the municipality of Conceição-PB / Brazil.

^{[25]}The research method used is descriptive analysis with a quantitative approach.

^{[26]}This research is quantitative or research by using quantitative approach.

^{[27]}The study was designed under a quantitative approach using a survey.

^{[28]}This research is designed with a quantitative approach and qualitative data to identify social behaviors and symptoms in the community.

^{[29]}The study is a survey design that is based on both qualitative and quantitative approaches.

^{[30]}The method used is comparative research with a quantitative approach.

^{[31]}This study uses a quantitative approach with quantitative descriptive analysis techniques and descriptive statistical analysis techniques using cross tabulation and chi square.

^{[32]}This study used a quantitative approach.

^{[33]}Automating EEG data review would save time and resources, thus enabling more people to receive reference standard monitoring and also potentially heralding a more quantitative approach to therapeutic outcomes.

^{[34]}A quantitative approach was used in this investigation, using Logit and Probit models.

^{[35]}This research used quantitative approach by using time series data regression analysis.

^{[36]}This study aims to find out how the application of the RFMEA (Risk Failure Mode Effect Analysis) method for the analysis of the root causes of fires in the Pacitan Coal Fired Power Plant case study uses a quantitative approach to find the root causes of prevention by respondents.

^{[37]}Effectiveness training can encourage teacher performance and knowledge management, and soft-skill competence to strengthen the relationship—this study conducted with a quantitative approach.

^{[38]}This study applies a quantitative approach because the data collected are numbers.

^{[39]}This research model uses a quantitative approach with experimental methods, with a random research design on the subject.

^{[40]}A quantitative approach was applied to survey data collected from 170 respondents living in and originating from Mie Prefecture, through which this research attempts to identify the factors motivating young entrepreneurs to contribute to the industrial revitalisation of their local communities.

^{[41]}The study uses a quantitative approach.

^{[42]}This research uses a quantitative approach with independent t-test samples.

^{[43]}This study uses a qualitative and quantitative approach with a descriptive model.

^{[44]}This type of research is comparative causal with a quantitative approach.

^{[45]}Data analysis was conducted descriptively with a quantitative approach i.

^{[46]}This study uses a quantitative approach with multiple regression analysis methods.

^{[47]}This research type is causal research that uses a quantitative approach.

^{[48]}This research is causality research with a quantitative approach.

^{[49]}This research is a type with a quantitative approach with a population of 185 permanent employees, and the sampling technique uses slovin sampling with a sample of 128permanentemployees.

^{[50]}

## cross sectional study

METHODS cross-sectional study, with a quantitative approach, with 135 undergraduate nursing students from a public university in the interior of the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.^{[1]}A cross-sectional study, with a quantitative approach, was carried out in a maternity hospital with Human Milk Bank.

^{[2]}Method: this is a descriptive and cross-sectional study with a quali-quantitative approach, with the use of secondary databases.

^{[3]}Settings and Design: This explanatory research used a quantitative approach and a cross sectional study design.

^{[4]}MethodsThis study used a quantitative approach with a cross sectional study design.

^{[5]}Methods This was a cross-sectional study employing quantitative approaches for data collection and analyses.

^{[6]}Method an exploratory, descriptive and cross-sectional study, with a quantitative approach, conducted with 305 patients with breast and prostate cancer, in a state oncology hospital in Paraiba, Brazil, between June and November 2019.

^{[7]}It was a cross-sectional study using a quantitative approach.

^{[8]}A cross-sectional study design and quantitative approach were followed to carry out the study.

^{[9]}Methodology: A cross-sectional study using quantitative approach was used targeting 119 health care providers.

^{[10]}METHOD This is a cross-sectional study of exploratory descriptive quantitative approach.

^{[11]}Method: Cross-sectional study, with a quantitative approach, carried out with 87 workers of the FHS, from Palmas - TO, through non-probabilistic sampling between December 2020 and February 2021.

^{[12]}Methods: it is a descriptive, exploratory, cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach.

^{[13]}Methods A cross-sectional study design using a quantitative approach was adopted to explore the knowledge, attitudes and perceptions regarding organ donation among 179 nursing students at the University of Rwanda.

^{[14]}This descriptive and cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach aims to characterize the service of cosmetics companies in Ecuador, it was systematized through analytical-synthetic research methods, content analysis and statistics; the information was obtained by means of the survey technique.

^{[15]}Methods: this is a cross-sectional study, with a quantitative approach, which included twelve public schools from seven cities in Rio Grande do Norte, with a sample of 623 individuals.

^{[16]}In order to achieve the proposed objective and having the cross-sectional study as a methodological approach, of a descriptive nature and quantitative approach.

^{[17]}Methods: This type of research used a quantitative approach with a cross sectional study design.

^{[18]}Material and Methods A retrospective and cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach, in which the radiographic observation and analysis of 2000 panoramic radiographs, provided by different radiological centers in Peru, Colombia and Bolivia were performed.

^{[19]}This is a cross-sectional study with exploratory-descriptive character and quantitative approach carried out with 35 nursing professionals in the MSC.

^{[20]}METHODS Cross-sectional study, with a quantitative approach.

^{[21]}Settings and Design:This was a cross-sectional study using quantitative approach conducted in Central Java Province, Indonesia.

^{[22]}Methods: It is a cross-sectional study, of documentary nature and quantitative approach, which counted on the analysis, after authorization by the research ethics committee, of 46 medical records, 23 men and 23 women, from 35 family health teams, totaling 1610 patients.

^{[23]}A cross sectional study design and quantitative approach was followed to conduct the study.

^{[24]}Methods: Cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach that included 222 people with type 2 diabetes.

^{[25]}This research is a quantitative descriptive study using a cross-sectional study design with a quantitative approach.

^{[26]}METHODS This is an exploratory, cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach; census population.

^{[27]}A cross-sectional study was conducted among 361 respondents, followed by a quantitative approach.

^{[28]}Methods: The study was a cross-sectional study employing a quantitative approach.

^{[29]}Methods The study was a cross-sectional study employing a quantitative approach.

^{[30]}Method: This is a cross-sectional study, with a quantitative approach, developed in the intensive care unit of a university hospital in the Northeast of Brazil.

^{[31]}We conducted a community-based cross-sectional study using a quantitative approach to identify ANC utilization rate and barriers among mothers having a child less than one year of age in Bosaso from October – November 2019.

^{[32]}A cross-sectional study was conducted among 361 respondents, followed by a quantitative approach.

^{[33]}This is a descriptive and cross-sectional study, with a quantitative approach, carried out in eight LTCF in the Metropolitan Region of Natal, Rio Grande do Norte, with a population of 267 elderly people, between the months of February and December 2018.

^{[34]}A quantitative approach with a cross-sectional study design was carried out involving 58 elementary school children in urban and rural areas of Banyumas Regency.

^{[35]}The main results show that quantitative approaches are the most common (n = 49), doctoral theses using descriptive studies based on systematic observation represent the majority (73%), the predominant type of data collection was the use of cross-sectional studies (70.

^{[36]}Methods: The study adopted a quantitative approach using a cross-sectional study design.

^{[37]}Method: His is a cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach, carried out with 29 nursing professionals working in the Emergency Room of a Regional Hospital Public in the Federal District.

^{[38]}Method: a cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach, conducted between June and September 2019, by applying the E-questionnaire of Hospital Safety Culture.

^{[39]}Method: this is a cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach, in which 50 nursing assistants participated, whose stress level was assessed according to the Bianchi Stress Scale and WHOQOL-BREF quality of life questionnaire.

^{[40]}An observational, descriptive, and cross-sectional study was developed with a quantitative approach.

^{[41]}Materials and Methods: Cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach, carried out using secondary data referring to Hospitalizations for Conditions Sensitive to Primary Care extracted from the System of Hospital Information and application of the PCATool Brazil instrument for patients hospitalized in public beds.

^{[42]}Cross-sectional study of quantitative approach, conducted with residents of the child and adolescent health area.

^{[43]}METHOD Descriptive and cross-sectional study, with quantitative approach, conducted with 267 nursing professionals from urgency and emergency units between 2015 and 2017.

^{[44]}Design/methodology/approach The study took a quantitative approach to conduct a cross-sectional study.

^{[45]}In the quantitative approach, a cross-sectional study was conducted with 1,062 participants.

^{[46]}Methods: This is a cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach.

^{[47]}Materials and Methods: This is a cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach conducted in Aracaju, state of Sergipe, Brazil, from July 2019 to April 2020.

^{[48]}Methods: This is a cross-sectional study, with a quantitative approach, developed with 120 women shoemakers in the city of Franca, state of São Paulo.

^{[49]}A cross-sectional study design was applied using a quantitative approach.

^{[50]}

## multiple linear regression

The research method used a quantitative approach and data analysis using multiple linear regression analysis, classical assumption test, descriptive statistical analysis, determination analysis and hypothesis testing.^{[1]}Data analysis on the quantitative approach was carried out using multiple linear regression models.

^{[2]}This study uses descriptive analysis with a quantitative approach and the data is processed by multiple linear regression analysis.

^{[3]}This study uses a quantitative approach with multiple linear regression methods to test the hypothesis between the independent and dependent variables of the study.

^{[4]}This study uses a quantitative approach with analysis tests using multiple linear regression tests, where there are three independent variables and one dependent variable.

^{[5]}The research method used is a quantitative approach with descriptive data analysis and multiple linear regression.

^{[6]}The method used is descriptive and verification methods with a quantitative approach, the sample used in this research is 4 telecommunication service companies listed on Indonesia Stock Exchange and last 5 years annual financial reports, so that data amount in this study is 20 data and analysis tools used are Multiple Linear Regression, Correlation Coefficient, Coefficient of Determination, and T-Test.

^{[7]}Methods: This study employed a quantitative approach with multiple linear regression analysis.

^{[8]}The method in this research uses a quantitative approach to multiple linear regression models.

^{[9]}This study used a quantitative approach with a survey method and multiple linear regression used for technique data analysis.

^{[10]}The methodology in this study uses a quantitative approach to multiple linear regression.

^{[11]}This study used a quantitative approach and analyzed using multiple linear regression analysis with the help of SPSS 21 data processing to prove three hypotheses.

^{[12]}Design/methodology/approach: The design of this research takes a descriptive quantitative approach; a sample of 202 participants answered an online questionnaire, the collected data were analysed by Standardized Multiple Linear Regression and Stepwise Multiple Linear Regression.

^{[13]}It used a quantitative approach with multiple linear regression analysis.

^{[14]}This research uses quantitative approach with multiple linear regression analysis.

^{[15]}A quantitative approach with 3 multiple linear regression (MLR) methods that employ robust standard errors is used for this study.

^{[16]}The method used is the descriptive and derivative method with a quantitative approach, with multiple linear regression analysis to find the relationship between the variables.

^{[17]}The approach taken is a quantitative approach with multiple linear regression methods.

^{[18]}Multiple Linear Regression Analysis Method with a quantitative approach.

^{[19]}This study uses a quantitative approach and multiple linear regression analysis.

^{[20]}The quantitative approach used in this research is descriptive and verificative data analysis using classical assumptions including normality, autocorrelation, multicollinearity, heteroscedasticity, and hypothesis testing with multiple linear regression analysis.

^{[21]}This research uses a quantitative approach with multiple linear regression analysis methods.

^{[22]}Analysis tools that the authors use is Multiple Linear Regression Analysis with a quantitative approach with the help of SPSS Software Version 21.

^{[23]}The research method used is a quantitative approach with multiple linear regression analysis.

^{[24]}These research methods used a quantitative approach by multiple linear regression analysis to examine the hypothesis.

^{[25]}This study's methodology is a quantitative approach with multiple linear regression models and panel data.

^{[26]}This study uses a quantitative approach with Multiple Linear Regression analysis using Eviews version 8 software.

^{[27]}This research approach used a quantitative approach as well as descriptive research techniques and multiple linear regressions.

^{[28]}This type of study is a descriptive study with a quantitative approach with multiple linear regression models.

^{[29]}This test method uses a quantitative approach, with quantitative descriptive type of testing and uses multiple linear regression methods.

^{[30]}This research method uses a quantitative approach using multiple linear regression.

^{[31]}This study uses a quantitative approach involving multiple linear regression analysis.

^{[32]}The research method is carried out with a quantitative approach and data collection through a questionnaire with 69 respondents; data analysis is carried out through multiple linear regression.

^{[33]}This study employs an explanatory approach with a quantitative approach, analyzing data using descriptive sta