## What is/are Multiphase Fluid?

Multiphase Fluid - The research objects are rocks and natural formations saturated with a multiphase fluid.^{[1]}Volcanoes produce a wide variety of seismic signals originating from a number of mechanisms, ranging from the complex interaction between multiphase fluids and their hosting rock, to brittle failure, all influenced by gravity forces.

^{[2]}The present solution approach has also been applied to reproduce literature results on hydrodynamics of multiphase fluidized bed systems for comparison purpose.

^{[3]}The new technique allows study of lubrication behaviour in complex geometries, multiphase fluids and hard/soft material combinations for example oral processing, contact lens/eyelid and personal care product application.

^{[4]}Our three-dimensional numerical scheme employs a phase-field lattice Boltzmann method together with a lattice Boltzmann advection-diffusion scheme, the former to model the macroscopic hydrodynamic equations for multiphase fluids, and the latter to describe the polymer dynamics modeled by the exponential Phan–Thien–Tanner (ePTT) constitutive model.

^{[5]}Multiphase flow models in embedded fractures and multi-fracture-intersecting network were built to accurately characterize the flow law of multiphase fluid in complex fractures in shale oil reservoirs.

^{[6]}The single-phase modeling with nanofluid properties (SPU), the multiphase fluid with discrete particle (MDP) and the discrete element method with particle (DEMP).

^{[7]}In consideration of transport phenomena that involve a porous medium during drying, the complex morphology of the medium, and its influences on the distribution, flow, displacement of multiphase fluids are encountered.

^{[8]}Our findings provide key insights as to how the chemistry and structure of multiphase fluids can be harnessed to design microswimmers with programmable active and collective behaviors.

^{[9]}This allows, for the first time, a capacitance WMS to be able to provide linear measurements of multiphase fluids with electrical conductivity greater than 100 𝜇S/cm, which is particularly important for tap water, where the conductivity is typically in between 100 S/cm and 500 𝜇S/cm.

^{[10]}Reservoir wettability is an important indicator in the study of multiphase fluids in oil reservoirs.

^{[11]}To achieve this aim, unsteady, multiphase fluid was considered inside the heat pipe.

^{[12]}Quantifying the evolution of dynamic mechanical and petrophysical properties of the shale roof requires a comprehensive understanding of the retention behavior of multiphase fluids in the shale and of the induced alterations associated with air-water-shale/coal interactions.

^{[13]}The workflow applied to the case study allows accurate representation and application of materials in its application limit region, allowing for safe use of carbon steel or less noble stainless steels in those areas of the completion where corrosion is limited by multiphase fluid-dynamics, heat transfer or the both.

^{[14]}The multiphase fluid-solid coupled heat transfer model was established to study the thermal response at the melt filling stage in the IMD/MIM process.

^{[15]}One of the greatest challenges for petrochemical industry is corrosion prevention, mitigation and control, a phenomenon that generates a high negative impact due to materials degradation and that in recent years has increased as a result of multiphase fluids processing.

^{[16]}When analyzing this mechanism in hydrocarbon reservoirs with the pore space saturated by multiphase fluids, it is important to include capillary pressure effects and flow interaction between fluids, which cause additional attenuation and velocity dispersion of P waves.

^{[17]}KEYWORDS: Thin Films; Particle-Laden Flow; Multiphase Fluids; Interfacial Flows; Particle Segregation.

^{[18]}In addition, separator sizing was based on the volume of multiphase fluid at the riser-top.

^{[19]}Porous medium network simulation is to accurately describe the seepage law of multiphase fluids in porous media.

^{[20]}Unlike most published work, the thermocapillary effect and mixture energy resulting from the new research of multiphase fluids are taken into model of phase transfer and interface change which is different from volume of fluid method (VOF) that has been widely used in welding problem.

^{[21]}The vorticity constraint of the fluid is ubiquitous in the fluid, especially in the simulation of multiphase fluids, due to the different properties of the viscosity, density and other properties of the different phase fluids, resulting in more complex vortex generation.

^{[22]}Quantifying how active solutes partition in the microstructure of such multiphase fluids is necessary for designing formulations that can optimally deliver the benefits of functional actives.

^{[23]}Based on these, some important future research topics on the corrosion in multiphase fluids are suggested.

^{[24]}Multiphase fluids and highly non-Newtonian fluids often show wall slip.

^{[25]}(1) As the two-phase flow, the multiphase fluid was found to have stable natural circulation without problems.

^{[26]}A non-stationary mathematical model of the flow of a multiphase fluid in a sample of a porous medium is described.

^{[27]}We have progressively developed an ultrasonic spinning rheometry (USR) that has the potential to visualize complex details of rheology, such as time-dependence, coexistence of gel and sol, effective viscosity of multiphase fluids, and other particulars.

^{[28]}Applications of nanoparticles (NPs) in the Enhanced oil recovery (EOR) method has become a major research field as nanoparticles are found to be able to interfere with the interfacial tension and wettability of multiphase fluids within the reservoir formation with or without the irradiance of the electromagnetic (EM) waves.

^{[29]}ABSTRACT In this study, based on Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH) and Discrete Element Method (DEM), a multiphase fluid-solid coupling algorithm of SPH-DEM is provided, and a high performance coupling module is developed based on two open-source software platforms, namely: DualSphysics for SPH and Blaze-DEM for DEM.

^{[30]}Thermal conductivity enhancement in a multiphase fluid such as water-in-oil emulsion can substantially improve efficacies in a broad range of applications.

^{[31]}Solute partition in multiphase fluids is an important thermodynamic phenomenon and performance attribute for a wide range of product formulations of foods, pharmaceuticals and cosmetics.

^{[32]}In this paper, considering the characteristic of geometrical nonlinear and rheology property of multiphase fluid, the pump performance parameters are studied.

^{[33]}Quantifying how active solutes partition in the microstructure of such multiphase fluids is necessary for designing formulations that can optimally deliver the benefits of functional actives.

^{[34]}

## Complex Multiphase Fluid

Numerical modeling is challenging due to the complex multiphase fluid and the interaction of flow and electrochemistry.^{[1]}Water is mixed with the crude oil to form complex multiphase fluid during oil extraction process.

^{[2]}As such, a complete understanding of the complex multiphase fluid dynamics in these units is still required to provide insight for future performance improvement.

^{[3]}

## Computational Multiphase Fluid

Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and computational multiphase fluid dynamics (CMFD) methods have attracted great attentions in predicting single-phase and multiphase flows under steady-state or transient conditions in the field of nuclear reactor engineering.^{[1]}Nature of problem: Paris is a free code, or software, for computational fluid dynamics (CFD) of multiphase flows (or computational multiphase fluid dynamics (CMFD)), specialized in the numerical simulation of interfacial fluid flows, involving droplets, bubbles and waves, as described in the book by Tryggvason, Scardovelli and Zaleski [1].

^{[2]}The multi-field two-fluid modeling concept has been successfully used in the past to perform Computational Multiphase Fluid Dynamics (CMFD) simulations of forced-convection boiling.

^{[3]}

## Source Multiphase Fluid

The flow in the fluidized bed is simulated with National Energy Technology Laboratory's open source multiphase fluid dynamics suite MFiX.^{[1]}The flow in the fluidized bed is simulated with National Energy Technology Laboratory’s open-source multiphase fluid dynamics suite MFiX.

^{[2]}

## Immiscible Multiphase Fluid

Based on the phase-field theory, a multiple-relaxation-time (MRT) lattice Boltzmann model is proposed for the immiscible multiphase fluids.^{[1]}Immiscible multiphase fluids flowing through this type of microporous systems exhibit complicated flow mechanisms that are involved in the interactions between multiphase fluids and different types of pore spaces.

^{[2]}

## multiphase fluid flow

B-Sr isotopes and selected trace elements were used to assess the multiphase fluid flow path in the Changbaishan volcanic two-phase geothermal system (Jilin, Northeast China).^{[1]}Capillary pressure and relative permeability are essential measurements that affect multiphase fluid flow in porous media directly.

^{[2]}Forward problem corresponds to a 3D multiphase fluid flow model in porous media.

^{[3]}This project is based on studies carried out on multiphase fluid flow in pipes of any inclination using the Beggs and Brill flow model as the focus.

^{[4]}Multiphase fluid flow in porous media is important to a wide variety of processes of fundamental scientific and practical importance.

^{[5]}This research examines heat transfer and multiphase fluid flow analysis as relating to specific number of air to clinker in a clinker cooling system.

^{[6]}We present an overview of the lattice Boltzmann method (LBM), a parallel and efficient algorithm for simulating single-phase and multiphase fluid flows and for incorporating additional physical complexities.

^{[7]}With recent advances in microfluidics, customized multiphase fluid flows can be created in channels for the manipulation and observation of microscale droplets in an enclosed setting without the need for large and expensive control systems.

^{[8]}Multiphase fluid flow in porous media has been extensively studied for its applications in carbon capture and storage, hydrocarbon recovery, aquifer contamination, soil hydrology and subsurface ene.

^{[9]}The authors describe the factors determining the interphase interaction during multiphase fluid flow in a porous medium.

^{[10]}Multiphase fluid flow is a common process in geological systems and has important applications such as aquifer remediation and Carbon Capture and Storage (CSS).

^{[11]}Numerical implementation of the nonlinear coupled model was developed based on TOUGHREACT, which is a well-established simulator for multiphase fluid flow and reactive transport analysis.

^{[12]}The programs were designed to increase students’ interest in learning about the selected petroleum engineering concepts, namely polymer flooding to enhance oil recovery and multiphase fluid flow in porous media, while simultaneously providing an understanding of the current global challenges faced by the oil and gas industry.

^{[13]}The Cahn-Hilliard-Navier-Stokes (CHNS) equations represent the fundamental building blocks of hydrodynamic phase-field models for multiphase fluid flow dynamics.

^{[14]}Real-time monitoring of multiphase fluid flows with distributed fibre optic sensing has the potential to play a major role in industrial flow measurement applications.

^{[15]}This work develops an approach to reservoir simulation modeling that allows simultaneous resolution of transient (inertial) poromechanics and multiphase fluid flow in the presence of fracture.

^{[16]}We use coupled conserved mass equations for each phase and study the dynamics of a multiphase fluid flow as a function of saturation, capillary pressure, permeability, and porosity of the different phases, initial and boundary conditions.

^{[17]}A coupled multiphase fluid flow and discrete fracturing model is applied to simulate bench-scale gas migration experiments on compacted bentonite.

^{[18]}The separation technique formultiphase fluid flow in themicrofluidic system is different from the macro-system, as the gravitational force is overtaken by surface force.

^{[19]}Mesallati, Bizanti and Mansouri (2000) Journal of Petroleum Research & Studies E 58 make evaluation to determine a generalized correlation which best fits and describes the multiphase fluid flow through well head chokes for offshore Bouri oil field in north of the Libyan coast in the Mediterranean Sea, based on actual production tests from vertical wells and horizontal wells in the same field.

^{[20]}The paper is devoted to numerical techniques for an analysis of single and multiphase fluid flows in the pore space of core samples with direct resolution of the pore space structure.

^{[21]}We present a novel technique for assessing the dynamics of multiphase fluid flow in the oil reservoir.

^{[22]}Here, we extend this model to the description of multiphase fluid flow.

^{[23]}Multiphase fluid flows commonly occur in petrochemical, biotech, food, and process industries.

^{[24]}Numerical models of geologic carbon sequestration (GCS) in saline aquifers use multiphase fluid flow-characteristic curves (relative permeability and capillary pressure) to represent the interactions of the non-wetting CO2 and the wetting brine.

^{[25]}Multiphase fluid flow with complex compositions is an increasingly attractive research topic with more and more attentions paid on related engineering problems, including global warming and green house effect, oil recovery enhancement and subsurface water pollution treatment.

^{[26]}For an accurately assessment of porosity and pore size distribution of such complex pore-network, which affect directly the macroscopic characteristics of multiphase fluid flow, X-ray computed microtomography (micro-CT) emerges as a powerful tool.

^{[27]}Thus, multiphase fluid flow and desalination are expected during methane production, which causes the fine migration and clogging in pores.

^{[28]}Carbon dioxide injection into deep saline aquifers is governed by a number of physico-chemical processes including mineral dissolution and precipitation, multiphase fluid flow, and capillary trapping.

^{[29]}This approach allows us to identify co-localization of mineral phases with chemically distinct hydrogen-containing molecules, providing a solid foundation for the understanding of the interfacial phenomena involved in multiphase fluid flow in permeable media.

^{[30]}The multiphase fluid flow in the tight rocks can be affected by the existences of the dynamic effect, boundary slip and boundary layer.

^{[31]}However, no matter what type or geometry of the packs inside the scrubbers, the CFD simulation of porous media and its interaction with multiphase fluid flow in large industrial scale constitutes almost always highly complex problems.

^{[32]}In this paper, a phase-field method under the framework of discrete unified gas-kinetic scheme (DUGKS) for incompressible multiphase fluid flows is proposed.

^{[33]}The multiphase fluid flow through natural and geo-architected nanopore structures is fundamentally controlled by the geometry of such nanopore structures, pore wettability and interfacial tension.

^{[34]}Relative permeability and capillary pressure are the governing parameters that characterize multiphase fluid flow in porous media for diverse natural and industrial applications, including surface water infiltration into the ground, CO2 sequestration, and hydrocarbon enhanced recovery.

^{[35]}Two existing well-established codes, TOUGH2 and UDEC, are coupled to model multiphase fluid flows, heat transfers, and discontinuous deformations in fractured porous media by means of discrete fracture representation.

^{[36]}The clogging behavior of fine particles is affected by fine particle-pore throat size ratio, fine particle concentration, ionic concentration of fluids, and single/multiphase fluid flow.

^{[37]}

## multiphase fluid dynamic

Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and computational multiphase fluid dynamics (CMFD) methods have attracted great attentions in predicting single-phase and multiphase flows under steady-state or transient conditions in the field of nuclear reactor engineering.^{[1]}The second part of the study is aimed at analyzing the multiphase fluid dynamics inside a six generation bronchial tree for the case of an active smoker.

^{[2]}In the present study, multiphase fluid dynamics simulations are introduced to investigate product crossover in a membrane-less, solar-driven water-splitting device.

^{[3]}The Organizing Committee hope that the event results constituted significant contribution to the knowledge in the following fields: computational fluid dynamic and heat transfer; conduction, radiation and thermophysical properties; heat and mass transfer in energy systems and nuclear plants; heat transfer in porous media; measurement techniques for heat and mass transfer, micro and nano scale thermo-fluid dynamics; natural, forced and mixed convection; and two-phase/multiphase fluid dynamics, heat transfer and interface phenomena.

^{[4]}Nature of problem: Paris is a free code, or software, for computational fluid dynamics (CFD) of multiphase flows (or computational multiphase fluid dynamics (CMFD)), specialized in the numerical simulation of interfacial fluid flows, involving droplets, bubbles and waves, as described in the book by Tryggvason, Scardovelli and Zaleski [1].

^{[5]}To simulate the heavy liquid metal-gas (HLM-gas) two phase flow phenomena that may occur during postulated accidents of Lead-based fast reactors (LFRs), a 2D multiphase fluid dynamics code, ACENA, is preliminarily developed and validated in this study.

^{[6]}A two-fluid Eulerian-Eulerian model was used to represent multiphase fluid dynamic, including heat transfer and phase change effects.

^{[7]}As such, a complete understanding of the complex multiphase fluid dynamics in these units is still required to provide insight for future performance improvement.

^{[8]}The flow in the fluidized bed is simulated with National Energy Technology Laboratory's open source multiphase fluid dynamics suite MFiX.

^{[9]}The flow in the fluidized bed is simulated with National Energy Technology Laboratory’s open-source multiphase fluid dynamics suite MFiX.

^{[10]}The multi-field two-fluid modeling concept has been successfully used in the past to perform Computational Multiphase Fluid Dynamics (CMFD) simulations of forced-convection boiling.

^{[11]}

## multiphase fluid system

The transport velocity of the multiphase fluid system is related to the pressure through Darcy’s law and it is coupled to a conservation law for the saturation variable of one of the phases.^{[1]}The LBM has reached a mature state over the last three decades and become a strong alternative to the conventional Navier–Stokes equations for simulating complex, rarefied, thermal, multiphase fluid systems.

^{[2]}In this review, we address the fundamental aspects of compound drop impact and discuss the current challenges related to experimental testing and numerical simulation of multiphase fluid systems.

^{[3]}We first reproduce some well known results in a single-phase liquid metal column and then we characterize the electrovortex flow in layered multiphase fluid systems.

^{[4]}The Cahn-Hilliard equation is often used to model the temporospatial evolution of multiphase fluid systems including droplets, bubbles, aerosols, and liquid films.

^{[5]}

## multiphase fluid inclusion

57) in the melt-rich domains contain clusters of primary glassy inclusions (GI) and crystallized melt inclusions (nanogranitoids; NI) together with multiphase fluid inclusions (MFI) and accessory phases (mainly rutile and apatite).^{[1]}In addition, garnets from iron ores of the Huoshenmiao deposit contain abundant daughter mineral-bearing, multiphase fluid inclusions, further confirming their hydrothermal origin.

^{[2]}Quartz segregations in paragneisses from the Paleozoic basement of the North Patagonian Andes contain highly saline multiphase fluid inclusions with the rare daughter mineral ferropyrosmalite detected by Raman analysis, besides halite, sylvite, hematite, and/ or magnetite.

^{[3]}A detailed petrographic study shows four types of fluid inclusions in quartz, including the aqueous fluid inclusions (L+V/V+L), the aqueous-carbonic fluid inclusions (L+V+CO2), the pure carbon dioxide fluid inclusions (pure CO2), and the daughter mineral-bearing multiphase fluid inclusions (S).

^{[4]}

## multiphase fluid transport

This fundamental study provides new insights into the physics of multiphase fluid transport, CO2 storage capacity, and recovery of subsurface resources incorporating the impact of poromechanics.^{[1]}The exorbitant economic and environmental cost associated with fouling propels the need to develop advanced numerical methods to accurately decipher the underlying phenomena of fouling and multiphase fluid transport in jet-engine fuel systems.

^{[2]}

## multiphase fluid simulation

Quasi-1D multiphase fluid simulations predicted minimal effects on the bonding conditions of particles with 5% to 14% increase in powder-to-gas mass flow ratio.^{[1]}The key to a better multiphase fluid simulation result is surface extraction.

^{[2]}