## What is/are Mechanical Loadings?

Mechanical Loadings - Moreover, in situ optical measurements during mechanical loadings are carried out on transparent PDMS-GF composites to monitor the change of angle between deformed fibers, as the origin of the matrix-fiber interactions.^{[1]}In order to ensure structural integrity in such applications of composites materials, it is important to understand the material behaviour under mechanical loadings and predict correctly its respon.

^{[2]}The load capacity and/or buckling behavior of these thin-walled structures may be different from the ones only under mechanical loadings.

^{[3]}The barrier region of a PN junction has been fully opened in order that the upheaval change of electric field and carrier concentrations near the interface can be clearly exhibited and the evolution laws of potential barrier configuration with mechanical loadings can be thoroughly observed by taking into account the three basic motion modes of charge carriers (drift, diffusion and recombination).

^{[4]}This paper presents a novel framework of modeling crushable granular materials under mechanical loadings based on the discrete element method (DEM).

^{[5]}Nonlinear analysis of a forced geometrically nonlinear Hinged-Clamped beam involving three modes interactions with internal resonance and submitted to thermal and mechanical loadings is investigated.

^{[6]}Meanwhile, X-ray micro-tomography experiments were performed to evaluate the internal microstructural changes due to mechanical loadings.

^{[7]}Here, a knitted graphene sheet (KGS), prepared by knitting graphene nanoribbons, is proposed as a heat or force sensor to locate the spot with nanoscale precision under thermal or mechanical loadings.

^{[8]}The distribution of elastoplastic stresses and strains along the cylinder's thickness is presented in terms of characteristics of material composition and thermo-mechanical loadings such as volume fraction, in-homogeneous index, internal pressure and thermal loadings.

^{[9]}Low-cycle fatigue failure has been widely accepted as the key mechanism causing damages of coke drums during cyclic thermal-mechanical loadings.

^{[10]}This study aims to analyze the effects of material models, grading indices, aspect ratio, and disk geometry on disk performance when subjected to combined thermal and mechanical loadings.

^{[11]}We particularly consider the influence of far field electromechanical loadings, poling direction and different crack-face boundary conditions.

^{[12]}The microscopic stresses of the discontinuous fiber reinforced composites under thermal and mechanical loadings have not been intensively studied as they cannot be directly measured.

^{[13]}The cyclic shape memory effects are analytically characterized and experimentally validated using methacrylate copolymers under iterative thermomechanical loadings.

^{[14]}Under the influence of far-field electromechanical loadings, the cracks situated in an infinite arbitrary polarized piezoelectric media are opened in self-similar manner, forming a strip saturated zone in front of the cracks-tips.

^{[15]}Parametric work is carried out to scrutinize the influence of the non local scaling, magneto-mechanical loadings, foundation parameters, various boundary condition and length on the dimensionless frequency of nanotube.

^{[16]}This work explores the multiobjective design optimization of symmetric and non-symmetric sandwich plates with ceramic-metal-ceramic functionally graded (FG) core, along with ceramic faces (if included), under thermo-mechanical loadings.

^{[17]}Although many studies on the behavior of T-joints under mechanical loadings have been conducted, studies on the behavior of these joints during curing are very limited, and it is not well understood what is actually occurring inside the deltoid.

^{[18]}A bounding surface plasticity model based on the effective stress concept is presented to describe the behaviour of unsaturated structured soils subjected to hydro-mechanical loadings.

^{[19]}This work lays a foundation for quantitatively evaluating thermal conductivity of piled graphene in response to mechanical loadings through an ML model and also offers a rational route for exploring mechanically tunable thermal properties of nanomaterial-based bulk forms, potentially useful in the design of flexible thermal structures and devices with controllable thermal management performance.

^{[20]}Mechanical characterization methods, such as DMA, and tensile and shear testing of the structural bond, are shown to be sensitive toward the combined climatic and mechanical loadings, and are hence suitable for studying degradation mechanisms of structural sealants.

^{[21]}Taking a piezoelectric nanobeam resting on a viscoelastic foundation as the research object, the free vibration of the nanobeam are studied by considering the thermo-electro-mechanical loadings.

^{[22]}The piezoelectric response of bone at the submicron scale is analyzed under mechanical loadings using the finite element (FE) method.

^{[23]}Numerical examples reveal the influences of the foundation coefficients, length-thickness ratio, magneto-electro-mechanical loadings and material distributions on the dynamic characteristics in details.

^{[24]}The application of the proposed modeling scheme is demonstrated through the solution of a number of problems of structural mechanics, namely plates and beams subjected to thermal as well as thermo-mechanical loadings with both uniform and mixed mode of physical conditions.

^{[25]}The balance equilibrium equations are derived, and Fourier functions are utilized to obtain the critical buckling loads of nanobeam under mechanical loadings.

^{[26]}This work studies the bending response of porous functionally graded Euler-Bernoulli nano-beams under hygro-thermo-mechanical loadings.

^{[27]}Pavement materials are prone to damage due to mechanical loadings and rainfall infiltration.

^{[28]}An Arbitrary Lagrangian–Eulerian model of drag finishing is proposed with the purpose of estimating the mechanical loadings (normal stress, shear stress) induced by both abrasive media at the interface.

^{[29]}Thermo-mechanical stresses developed in a disk, inner boundary of which is subject to the nonstationary thermo-mechanical loadings due to variation in temperature and pressure inside the disk is considered in the presented paper.

^{[30]}This modelling approach consists of replacing tooling and chipping by equivalent thermal and mechanical loadings.

^{[31]}The obtained results using present semi-analytical approach demonstrated the influence of various dispersion profiles of CNTs, CNT volume fraction and heating profiles on the buckling and post-buckling characteristics of CNTRC cylindrical shell panel subjected to thermomechanical loadings.

^{[32]}The dispersion matching in this work is achieved by micro-machining the lithium niobate thin film to balance the electrical and mechanical loadings of electrodes.

^{[33]}A relaxation oscillator model based on proprioceptive thresholds that switch the active muscle moment was developed and is shown to quantitatively agree with data from free movement, phase responses, and previous results for gait adaptation to mechanical loadings.

^{[34]}A coupled galvanic corrosion-fracture problem accounting for the combined electro-chemical attack and strains induced by mechanical loadings is solved.

^{[35]}Alloys used for turbine blades have to safely sustain severe thermomechanical loadings during service such as, for example, centrifugal loadings, creep and high temperature gradients.

^{[36]}Thus, development of a flexible gas insulated transmission line (FGIL) necessitates its strength degradation analysis, regarding the synergistic effect of aging and mechanical loadings.

^{[37]}The performance of the suggested model has been demonstrated through numerical simulations of the behavior of sand under various degrees of saturation and a wide range of mechanical loadings.

^{[38]}This study presents a constitutive material model for describing nonlinear and hysteretic responses of plant tissues subjected to mechanical loadings.

^{[39]}Because of the complex nature of how the upper limb moves, as well as due to its complex musculoskeletal arrangement, the biomechanics, in particular the mechanical loadings, of the clavicle are not fully understood.

^{[40]}An equivalent strain/stress approach is proposed for modeling permeability change in ferromagnetic materials due to mechanical loadings.

^{[41]}They could also only detect a limited range of mechanical loadings.

^{[42]}This paper presents the study of creep-fatigue interaction damage and creep rupture limit for 9–12% Cr steam turbine rotor under coupled cyclic thermal-mechanical loadings that alter in phase and out of phase.

^{[43]}mechanical loadings, electric fields, and magnetic fields) shows potential applications in adaptive acoustic devices.

^{[44]}Dynamic behaviour of the proposed SMA wires actuated bistable beam under varying external excitation is investigated to show the influence of the thermomechanical loadings.

^{[45]}Our model provides a reference for the prediction and regulation of neuronal function under simplified conditions of mechanical loadings.

^{[46]}Recent advances in human-robotic cooperation, across the spectrum of passive assistance to powered augmentation, have shown strong potential to reduce MSD risks by reducing or transferring biomechanical loadings from targeted joints.

^{[47]}However, one of the main limitations that hampers its use in these applications is the occurrence of corrosion-assisted cracking phenomena, such as stress corrosion cracking (SCC) and corrosion fatigue (CF), in presence of the simultaneous action of corrosive human-body-fluid and mechanical loadings.

^{[48]}In electronic applications, the materials are subjected to both thermal and mechanical loadings.

^{[49]}Most of the available works are limited to just mechanical loadings and/or simple geometries, but the current model is able to simulate both shape memory effect and pseudoelasticity.

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## Variou Mechanical Loadings

Their elastic property and mechanical robustness become the key factors for device applications under realistic service conditions with various mechanical loadings.^{[1]}A new mathematical model is developed for the analytical study of two cracks in the upper plane of dissimilar materials under various mechanical loadings, i.

^{[2]}Considering the plethora of applications of composite laminates in hygrothermal conditions, a new temperature/moisture-dependent model is presented by taking into consideration various mechanical loadings.

^{[3]}The bending response of the sandwich cylindrical shell is obtained under the impact of various mechanical loadings.

^{[4]}Characterization of the early-age mechanical behaviour is of particular importance, because during the well construction, the cement sheath is submitted to various mechanical loadings when the cement paste is not completely hydrated, as for example during a casing test.

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## Different Mechanical Loadings

In this way, they may be exposed to different mechanical loadings.^{[1]}Note that a similar behavior of various blends with hydrophobic and hydrophilic nanostructured materials was observed after hydro-compaction under different mechanical loadings.

^{[2]}Besides, electrochemical performance of this device can be maintained under different mechanical loadings such as bending and twisting, which makes it a promising power supply candidate for future wearable electronics and on-chip integrated circuit.

^{[3]}

## Cyclic Mechanical Loadings

In the cardiovascular system, heart valves and vessels are subjected to continuous cyclic mechanical loadings due to the pulsatile nature of blood flow.^{[1]}In current work, by considering the effects of large deformations, a rate-dependent energy-based model is developed to predict behavior of SMA helical springs under cyclic mechanical loadings.

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## mechanical loadings applied

This model is inspired by the hybrid approach consisting in modeling the thermomechanical loadings applied on machined surfaces.^{[1]}The aim of this work is to evaluate the thermal and mechanical loadings applied to the tools during steel thixoforming process in order to determine appropriate tool materials and solutions.

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## mechanical loadings withstood

A multi-scale numerical procedure is then developed by combining an Arbitrary-Lagrangian-Eulerian (ALE) thermomechanical model to a pure thermal sub-model in order to predict the thermomechanical loadings withstood by the tool.^{[1]}The extreme thermomechanical loadings withstood by the tooling during such interaction directly govern their lifetime but also the functional properties of the component surface.

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