## What is/are Isotropic Liquids?

Isotropic Liquids - In the first part of the review, a general theoretical description of the nuclear quadrupole relaxation process in isotropic liquids is presented at a mathematical level suitable for non-specialists.^{[1]}Introduction Liquid crystals are materials which possess phases, defined as mesophases, characterized by properties between those pertaining to isotropic liquids and to solid crystals.

^{[2]}A myriad of macromolecules, including the protein FUS, form condensates which behave as isotropic liquids.

^{[3]}The Kirkwood-Buff (KB) theory provides a rigorous framework to predict thermodynamic properties of isotropic liquids from the microscopic structure.

^{[4]}Experimental results are explained on the base of the Maier-Meier theory for anisotropic liquids and also participation of fullerenes in ionic conductivity of liquid crystal.

^{[5]}Nematic liquid crystals have complex rheological properties compared to isotropic liquids, and achieving precise flows can be difficult experimentally.

^{[6]}Dilute and semi-dilute NCC suspensions are isotropic liquids, in which NCC particles follow diffusional dynamics.

^{[7]}The equivalent ionic conductivity of these mesogens in their mesophases and as isotropic liquids is in the range of 4.

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