## What is/are Dynamics Modeling?

Dynamics Modeling - In addition, the space environmental perturbation of the thermal effect is considered in the dynamics modeling to improve accuracy.^{[1]}The comparison and analysis of the simulation results of kinematics and dynamics modeling with theoretical results prove the feasibility of this flying mechanism.

^{[2]}The suspension dynamics model was formulated by kinematics analysis and dynamics modeling of double-wishbone suspension.

^{[3]}The research on variation rules of flow and swirl characteristics in different intake/exhaust port circulation cross-sectional area by aerodynamics modeling and simulating approach to optimizing the matching degree between the cylinder and the intake/exhaust port of a marine dual fuel engine was presented.

^{[4]}Dynamics modeling in outdoor and unstructured environments is difficult because different elements in the environment interact with the robot in ways that can be hard to predict.

^{[5]}Therefore, in our research, we developed a parallel robot leg using a brushless direct current motor combined with a harmonic driver, without extra force or torque sensor feedback, which uses virtual model control (VMC) to realize active compliance on the leg, and a whole-leg control system with dynamics modeling and parameter optimization for continuous vertical hopping at a desired height.

^{[6]}In this paper, the recent advances and research challenges on dynamics modeling and response analysis are briefly reviewed.

^{[7]}The obtained numerical results illustrate the influences of FSRJs in dynamics modeling and error analysis of the antenna pointing mechanism.

^{[8]}The proposed hybrid data-driven and physics-based deep learning framework has high potential in transforming high-fidelity near-wall hemodynamics modeling in cardiovascular disease.

^{[9]}A pore pressure predication (PPP) model was built by integrating fully coupled geomechanical with thermodynamics modeling.

^{[10]}First, the dynamics modeling of AMB-rotor system is established.

^{[11]}In this paper, we present two non-local mechanics models of recycled coarse aggregate (RCA) concrete based on peridynamics modeling and simulation, i.

^{[12]}Based on the measurements from a subway vehicle in operation on this line, dynamics modeling and calculations were performed for a single carriage of this vehicle.

^{[13]}Firstly, kinematics and dynamics modeling are carried out for the rover.

^{[14]}Pedestrian behavior and dynamics modeling has greatly benefited from recent advances in our ability to process large amounts of data and to simulate complex scenarios.

^{[15]}Cutter-workpiece engagement (CWE) is fundamental to the process mechanics and dynamics modeling.

^{[16]}Its application to kinematics and dynamics modeling of general POV is presented.

^{[17]}Keywords: COVID-19, Dynamics Modeling, High Leverage Policy, Social Restriction Abstrak Organisasi Kesehatan Dunia (WHO) telah menetapkan Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) sebagai pandemi pada 11 Maret 2020.

^{[18]}Thermodynamics modeling under contact interaction of elements enables to choose a design for effective application and increases the tool efficient life.

^{[19]}In this article, dynamics modeling, parameter identification, and online fan speed monitoring of a cooling fan system are presented.

^{[20]}Instant center is an important kinematic characteristic which can be used for velocity and singularity analysis, configuration synthesis and dynamics modeling of multi-degree of freedom (multi-DOF) planar linkage.

^{[21]}It features an integrated visual analytics design to analyze communication networks through dynamics modeling, semantic pattern retrieval, and a user‐adaptable and problem‐specific machine learning‐based retrieval system.

^{[22]}Consequently, the possible payload deformation will introduce significant challenges in dynamics modeling and controller design.

^{[23]}We present kinematics and dynamics modeling of the AMS based on Craig parameter method and recursive Newton–Euler equation, respectively.

^{[24]}This study provides a theoretical basis for dynamics modeling and stationarity analysis of the spur gear transmission system and other gear transmission systems.

^{[25]}While hemodynamics modeling is extremely time- and resource-consuming, machine learning (ML) typically requires large training data that are often unavailable.

^{[26]}The aim of this paper is to present an overview of the most recent technological advances in modern greenhouses, and highlights their application in hardware design, environmental monitoring, dynamics modeling, microclimate control, energy optimization, green energy integration and storage systems implementation.

^{[27]}We studied the dynamics modeling, joint trajectory tracking control, and vibration suppressing problem of free-floating flexible-link and flexible-joints space manipulator system with external interference and uncertain parameter.

^{[28]}The kinematics and dynamics modeling for numerical calculation are built.

^{[29]}In this paper, dynamics modeling of highway tunnel ventiliaton systems (HTVS) is studied, and a model predictive control (MPC) based adaptive optimal control approach to HTVS regulation is proposed.

^{[30]}NREL is supporting M3 on technology development, focusing on hydrodynamics modeling and assisting design exploration and exploiting the unexpected phenomenon that increased power production by over 25% in their NEXUS system during the Wave Energy Prize wave tank test.

^{[31]}Through the combination of density functional theory calculations and ab initio atomistic thermodynamics modeling, we demonstrate that atomically dispersed platinum species on ceria can adopt a range of local coordination configurations and oxidation states that depend on the surface structure and environmental conditions.

^{[32]}Therefore, it has improved the reliability and efficiency of rail transport conveyer transmission system, and a reference method is provided for 3D solid modeling of TI worm transmission and the dynamics modeling and analysis of worm and gear transmission mechanism.

^{[33]}This paper reveals and explores the flow dynamics of arrival traffic in a terminal airspace network on both mesoscopic and macroscopic levels in a systematic way from empirical data to dynamics modeling.

^{[34]}Ellipsoidal and cubic contact theories are utilized for dynamics modeling.

^{[35]}Based on analysis of joint dynamic characteristics to obtain dynamic values of combined surface incorporating joint dynamic data, a method for dynamics modeling of machine tool considering joint dynamic characteristics is developed and analyzed.

^{[36]}We present in detail the dynamics modeling based on the Euler-Lagrange formulation.

^{[37]}Magneto-electrohydrodynamics modeling of the polymer-particulate mixture predicts a similar behavior.

^{[38]}We also performed atomistic and hydrodynamics modeling of laser heating and evaporation of metal from electrode surface.

^{[39]}In order to establish the kinematics and dynamics modeling of the quadruped robot, a dynamics modeling approach based on screw theory is demonstrated.

^{[40]}Based on the results of molecular-dynamics modeling, an empirical dependence of the thermal diffusivity on the density of defects is elaborated.

^{[41]}In this paper, the second strategy is extended for the dynamics modeling and simulation of a spatial curved beam undergoing large displacement and small deformation.

^{[42]}In this paper, the discrete time transfer matrix method of multibody system is proposed for dynamics modeling and analysis of a SSS system.

^{[43]}The description of the tri-habitat robot includes the mechanical design part, the establishment of the mathematical model and the dynamics modeling.

^{[44]}CONCLUSIONS Pharmacodynamics modeling of anticancer potential of the synthesized compounds revealed that drug efficacy and response heterogeneity could be modulated by changing the exposure time to optimize therapeutic impact.

^{[45]}This motion intention acquisition method is established through the dynamics modeling of human–machine coordination, which is built on the basis of Lagrangian equations.

^{[46]}Following up on new integral field unit spectroscopic observations and dynamics modeling of the DM-dominated ultra-diffuse galaxy Dragonfly 44 in the outskirts of the Coma Cluster, we present models of fuzzy DM constrained by the stellar dynamics of this galaxy.

^{[47]}Considering that the diving motion of UAAV plays an important role in the performance of UAAV and is under exploration, the dynamics modeling and trajectory optimization problem are studied in this paper.

^{[48]}Dynamics modeling is essential in the design and control of mechanical systems, the focus of the paper being redundantly-actuated systems, which bring about special challenges.

^{[49]}Initially, the passenger elevator’s dynamics modeling is carried out by Linear Graph Method.

^{[50]}

## three dimensional computational

This article reviews the advances made over the last 10–15 years regarding the three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics modeling and simulation of this type of turbines.^{[1]}We combine three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics modeling of our reactor with a kinetic model for GaAs growth, and use the combined model to predict spatial GaAs growth rate over a 50 mm wafer area.

^{[2]}A new three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics modeling of the flat double-P radiant tube was conducted to discuss the heat transfer and combustion phenomenon.

^{[3]}New three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics modeling of the N-WRT was conducted to assess the heat transfer and combustion phenomena.

^{[4]}

## dimensional computational fluid

A multi-dimensional computational fluid dynamics modeling was conducted on a flat plate heat sink equipped with four perforated fins.^{[1]}Mean and fluctuating fields obtained by three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics modeling are compared to experimental data.

^{[2]}

## ultra low altitude

Aiming at the requirements of the weapon system of UAV when it flies over the sea at ultra-low altitude, the research on ultra-low altitude flight dynamics modeling, ultra-low altitude information fusion technology and flight mission profile was carried out for a certain UAV, and the semi-physical simulation and flight verification were carried out.^{[1]}

## System Dynamics Modeling

In the context of disparities in children’s cumulative exposure to neurodevelopmental stressors, we describe potential policy insights about the structure and behavior of the system and the types of system dynamics modeling that would be appropriate, from visual depiction (i.^{[1]}In this paper, we evaluate the United States’ potential to supply Li from geothermal brines using Systems Dynamics modeling.

^{[2]}System dynamics modeling facilitates the integrated and sustainable management of soil and water resources by enhancing the understanding of watershed systems.

^{[3]}Therefore, in this article, while drawing the behavioral patterns of SMEs, using qualitative system dynamics modeling, the structure governing the behavior of SMEs was drawn.

^{[4]}This thesis study is aimed at applying the System Dynamics modeling technique to verify Oorschot’s simulation result to see if it corresponds well with what we can see happening in the real world.

^{[5]}METHODS We used participatory system dynamics modeling to examine the drivers of deforestation in two provinces in Zambia.

^{[6]}The article “Participatory System Dynamics Modeling: Increasing Stakeholder Engagement and Precision to Improve Implementation Planning in Systems”, written by “Lindsey Zimmerman, David W.

^{[7]}This paper employs system dynamics modeling to determine hydrologic and economic implications of an irrigation efficiency (IE) policy (increased conveyance efficiency and field efficiency) in a coupled sociohydrologic system with three climate scenarios.

^{[8]}This study integrated system dynamics modeling with life cycle assessment to investigate the peak load reduction, life cycle cost, as well as life cycle climate change, water depletion, and fossil fuel depletion effects of residential grid-connected PV-battery systems under a TOU rate design.

^{[9]}Vensim software has been used for the system dynamics modeling.

^{[10]}The representation of a seaport as a system, the system dynamics modeling and the case study methods were used in the research.

^{[11]}The benefits and limitations of a system dynamics modeling approach in this context are then discussed.

^{[12]}Originality/valueThe contribution of this paper includes the development of SEIR model by adding more policymaking details and considering the constraint of the hospital and public health capacity in the rate of coronavirus infection and death within a system dynamics modeling framework.

^{[13]}The case study highlights the usefulness of system dynamics modeling in revealing counterintuitive system behaviors that could compromise the success of the lean initiative.

^{[14]}The total number of infections (epidemic size), and the time needed for the infection to die out (epidemic duration), represent two of the main indicators for the measuring gravity of infectious disease epidemics in humans A few attempts have been made to address the problem of controlling both the epidemic size and duration simultaneously from a theoretical point of view, by primarily using the Optimal control theory In this study, a multi-objective optimal control problem has been simulated to gauge the success of the lockdowns in India To accomplish this objective, a system dynamics modeling was used to simulate the Susceptible-Infected-Quarantined-Removed epidemic model A set of sensitivity experiments for different scenarios allows illustrating the model's behavior and its value for decision-makers regarding the lockdown intensity The simulation of the model presents various scenarios, wherein the cost-benefit analysis of lockdown was done Notably, the lockdown success intensity was defined, post which, the findings indicate that the states of Uttar Pradesh, Kerala, Panjab, Jammu, Kashmir, Haryana, and Bihar have achieved more than 90% lockdown success intensity Further, it was observed that these states could effectively implement lockdowns by strictly enforcing social distancing measures during the early stages of the virus spread, which in turn resulted in the high success rate of lockdowns © 2020 World Scientific Publishing Company.

^{[15]}The method used in this research was a series of system dynamics modeling.

^{[16]}This study uses the system dynamics modeling framework to forecast ride-hailing platforms' growth on a series of key performance indicators, including profit and the influence of various micro and macro, internal and external factors on growth.

^{[17]}In this chapter, we demonstrate a way to get started with system dynamics modeling of a national economy, using a modular software framework called the MacroLab Template.

^{[18]}This paper establishes the individual adoption system dynamics model of ERP system by using system dynamics modeling method.

^{[19]}In pursuing this goal, this study is structured in three research strands, as follows: (i) the proposition of a cohesive set of indices for assessing global democracy and its historical crisis, stability, and transitioning regimes; (ii) an evaluation of empirical correlations and interdependencies between global sustainability and democracy; and (iii) the proposition of a new concept of Regenerative Democracy and its respective system dynamics modeling archetype for portraying societal transitions and their respective patterns of behavior over time.

^{[20]}This paper uses participatory system dynamics modeling with relevant actors from different public policy and industry sectors to a) to identify structural barriers to the uptake of secondary resource utilization; b) design and test policies administrative (spatial planning, ownership), fiscal (extraction levy, disposal fee) and soft (lighthouse projects) policies and c) discuss the feasibility of implementing these with policies in the political and legislative context of Switzerland.

^{[21]}The use of system dynamics modeling provided a means of accounting for the complex interactions and relationships between system variables.

^{[22]}This paper based on relevant data such as the export volume of cross-border e-commerce in Hangzhou, China from 2015 to 2019, the article uses system dynamics modeling to explore the impact of overseas warehouse services on cross-border e-commerce export transactions.

^{[23]}This paper explores the CO2 footprint of IoT applications by using system dynamics modeling to estimate the CO2 emissions over time from a wireless video analytics application.

^{[24]}The objective of the research work is to perform a system dynamics modeling for effective and efficient solid waste management in Lima Peru, and thus contribute to the scientific community to achieve a future vision for solid waste management.

^{[25]}This examination incorporates system dynamics modeling techniques, which includes using Vensim software to show both Causal Loop and Stock and Flow Diagrams.

^{[26]}For each factor affecting on the ecosystem, related simulations were performed and then by combining system dynamics modeling - agent -based modeling, the behavior of mobile service consumers in the first operator of the country (Hamrahe Aval Company) was examined and finally the income affected by that behavior is analyzed.

^{[27]}The main goal of this study is to develop a system dynamics modeling framework that integrates economic, social, and environmental dimensions for the decision of water resources allocation.

^{[28]}Through the system dynamics modeling of the structure of the double horsehead pumping unit, this paper decomposes the suspended point load into rod and liquid column static load, inertial load, vibration load and friction load, etc.

^{[29]}We applied system dynamics modeling (SDM) to evaluate the impacts of decentralized technologies on the UWS.

^{[30]}Knowing that the problem lies in the mismanagement of inventories, which are managed by certain companies with little or vast knowledge about inventory management, for which, it is desired to make use of the system dynamics modeling, so that this, achieves a correct analysis of the management, but is focused on the dynamics of system.

^{[31]}This paper is aimed to present a system dynamics modeling analysis to estimate the availability of potential recyclable waste streams from municipal and industrial sectors for RDF production in Brazil and discuss possible policy interventions.

^{[32]}Systems dynamics modeling, coupled with computer experimental design and statistical analysis can provide rapid and quantitative results for decision support.

^{[33]}We use system dynamics modeling to analyze four different scenarios of subsidy policies and conclude that a 35% annual growth of the current subsidy budget can increase the use of electric vehicles by 350%, which is the national electric vehicle propagation goal by 2030.

^{[34]}This study implements system dynamics modeling (SDM) to the Big Karun Basin consisting of 6 dams, 12 drinking and industrial consumers, 7 fish farmers, 31 agricultural consumers, 5 operational inter-basin water transfer projects, and 7 under-study inter-basin water transfer projects.

^{[35]}This study proposes system dynamics modeling as a viable approach to assess food production’s diverse reality in an urban context.

^{[36]}The methodology was developed from System Dynamics modeling, with the objective function to maximize Net Present Value (NPV) and maintain availability exceeding its goal.

^{[37]}In this work, based on the concept of collaborative water–energy development, a multi-scenario system dynamics simulation model of a water–energy coupling system was constructed by using the system dynamics modeling method.

^{[38]}The system dynamics modeling approach captures the relationships, feedbacks, and delays in such a system, revealing meaningful insights on the dynamics of several response strategies.

^{[39]}In this contribution, we aim at describing the problem of debt and currency crisis by means of system dynamics modeling.

^{[40]}In this chapter, we apply accounting system dynamics modeling framework to investigate the process of money creation by building a simple simulation model and then apply theoretical insights obtained to a case study on the flow of funds accounts in Japan between 1980–2017.

^{[41]}This articles proposes a dynamic sustainability assessment method based on system dynamics modeling of behaviors and systemically connects economic, environmental, and social impact assessments in manufacturing system sustainability assessment.

^{[42]}To better understand this role, system dynamics modeling has been adopted.

^{[43]}KeywoRDS Climate Change, Decision Making, Human Migration, Mali, Policy Analysis, System Dynamics Modeling.

^{[44]}A parameterized multibody system dynamics modeling and analysis software for missile launching system are proposed, which gathered modeling, solving, visual simulation as a whole, and realized design parameters seamless transfer between geometric models and dynamics models for missile launching system.

^{[45]}As a result of growing complexities in the construction industry, system dynamics modeling (SDM) has been increasingly used in construction management (CM) research to explore complicated causal relationships at the various levels of construction and management processes.

^{[46]}The potential of system dynamics modeling to advance our understanding of cumulative risk in the service of optimal health is discussed.

^{[47]}Three methods were combined to construct the system dynamics model: the activity-based method to estimate CO2 emissions; the representation of a container seaport as a system with several sub-systems; the system dynamics modeling for strategic decision-making in CO2 mitigation strategies.

^{[48]}System dynamics modeling may provide new approaches for this diagnosis.

^{[49]},This paper uses system dynamics modeling in retail supply chains to derive insight about dynamic behavior and to represent the complex interactions and a new classification scheme for system complexity.

^{[50]}

## Fluid Dynamics Modeling

A static survey and the use of computational fluid dynamics modeling are recommended to further enhance the analysis of the study.^{[1]}A multi-dimensional computational fluid dynamics modeling was conducted on a flat plate heat sink equipped with four perforated fins.

^{[2]}Namely, through computational fluid dynamics modeling, details of the flow structure and heat transfer process of the deposited material from the nozzle head onto the bed have been investigated.

^{[3]}Nasal airflow simulations were performed using computational fluid dynamics modeling at two inspiratory flow rates (15 L/min and 30 L/min) to reflect resting and moderate breathing rates.

^{[4]}We constrain seismic shaking intensities via computational fluid dynamics modeling and invert them for earthquake magnitude.

^{[5]}Appropriate assessment of this risk will require additional research, including higher-order theoretical analysis, computational fluid dynamics modeling, bench tests, and/or human studies.

^{[6]}Aiming at the problem of non-equilibrium chemical reaction flows in a threedimensional muzzle with moving boundaries, this paper proposed a three-dimensional least squares mesh-less (3D-LSM) algorithm, and the ALE (Arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian) form multi-component Euler governing equations were adopted for fluid dynamics modeling; then, a finite-rate reaction model was used to deal with the chemical reactions in the flow field, a time-division method was applied to solve the stiff problem of chemical reactions, and multi-component AUFS (artificially upstream flux vector splitting) format was introduced to calculate the convective flux term of the governing equation.

^{[7]}Computational fluid dynamics modeling was performed with physiologic boundary conditions using an open source software (SimVascular; simtk.

^{[8]}Conclusions: Conducting computational fluid dynamics modeling of the abdominal aortic aneurysm using computer-aided software SolidWorks (Dassault Systems SolidWorksCorp.

^{[9]}This paper addresses the above limitations using computational fluid dynamics modeling and simulations to investigate the optimal local design of a DAP in an indoor space.

^{[10]}This study demonstrated that computational fluid dynamics modeling was a powerful tool that facilitated researchers to address animal welfare issues in animal housing designs.

^{[11]}Mean and fluctuating fields obtained by three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics modeling are compared to experimental data.

^{[12]}Numerical computational fluid dynamics modeling using the finite volume discretization method is used to predict the flow pattern around tubes.

^{[13]}Herein, we report the development of an atomizer via fluid dynamics modeling and evaluating the patient experience.

^{[14]}Computational fluid dynamics modeling is conducted using Scale Adaptive Simulation for the unsteady flow field.

^{[15]}In addition, computational fluid dynamics modeling of AAA typically lacks the patient-specific inflow and outflow boundary conditions that should be obtained by non-standard of care clinical imaging.

^{[16]}Afterward, the machine temperature distribution is obtained based on computational fluid dynamics modeling.

^{[17]}Based on the computer fluid dynamics modeling, an “elastic turbulence” phenomenon, as a plug flow of nanocomposite melt is observed, which cause clogging in the nozzle.

^{[18]}Optimization objectives were the percentage of vessel area exposed to adversely low time averaged WSS (TAWSS) and adversely high Wall Shear Stress (WSS) assessed using computational fluid dynamics modeling, as well as radial stiffness of the stent using FEA simulation.

^{[19]}These studies have relied on 4D-flow imaging or computational fluid dynamics modeling, which are able to measure, or compute, all 3 components (3C) of the blood flow velocity in 3 dimensional (3D) space.

^{[20]}In this study, an experimentally validated two-phase flow computational fluid dynamics modeling tool based on ANSYS CFX has been developed to analyze the microfluidic domain of fluid channels inside the nozzle.

^{[21]}Particle image velocimetry and computational fluid dynamics modeling show close agreement in quantifying flow velocity and wall shear stress within the bioprinted arteries.

^{[22]}Computational fluid dynamics modeling has the ability to identify specific anatomical defects, allowing for a targeted surgical approach.

^{[23]}A computational fluid dynamics modeling study was conducted for the HCP device design revealing the presence of air volume fraction in the chamber and methods for optimizing experimental handling of the device.

^{[24]}So far computational fluid dynamics modeling of the PVL has not yet been well studied.

^{[25]}The effect of the CGP geometry on aerodynamic performance was investigated using computational fluid dynamics modeling (ANSYS Fluent 19.

^{[26]}The analysis of detailed profiles of mass, momentum, and heat was conducted by applying the developed kinetic model to the computational fluid dynamics modeling approach.

^{[27]}Here we show a novel approach using computational fluid dynamics modeling to effectively scale‐up cell therapy manufacturing processes in 3D bioreactors.

^{[28]}This paper aims to numerically predict the performance of a 5 kW VAWT under steady wind conditions through computational fluid dynamics modeling by varying turbine configuration parameters.

^{[29]}This article reviews the advances made over the last 10–15 years regarding the three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics modeling and simulation of this type of turbines.

^{[30]}This paper presents the computational fluid dynamics modeling of an additive manufacturing process that is candidate for the production of Gen IV nuclear reactor fuels.

^{[31]}This paper proposes an alternative approach for estimating the Global Velocity Gradient parameter ( G ) through hydrodynamic characteristics using Computational Fluid Dynamics Modeling (CFD).

^{[32]}Computational fluid dynamics modeling was prepared to estimate the optimal conditions for the ballast recovery and the sludge removal ratio.

^{[33]}We combine three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics modeling of our reactor with a kinetic model for GaAs growth, and use the combined model to predict spatial GaAs growth rate over a 50 mm wafer area.

^{[34]}For this purpose, computational fluid dynamics modeling approach, considering Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes equations and detailed reaction mechanism, is used in the openfoam package.

^{[35]}A new three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics modeling of the flat double-P radiant tube was conducted to discuss the heat transfer and combustion phenomenon.

^{[36]}The phosphine flow during fumigation of wheat in a Chinese horizontal warehouse is studied by computational fluid dynamics modeling.

^{[37]}This paper examines air flow path and airborne pollutant distribution by computational fluid dynamics modeling and field measurement.

^{[38]}The computational fluid dynamics modeling approach is used for theoretical simulation in this work.

^{[39]}Computational fluid dynamics modeling was employed to analyze the characteristics of liquid flow.

^{[40]}The concept is investigated via interactive combination of computational fluid dynamics modeling and experimental validation for two membranes, namely Nafion® 212 and Nafion® 115.

^{[41]}Fuel cell flow channel geometry was analyzed by a computational fluid dynamics modeling approach.

^{[42]}Further, computational fluid dynamics modeling was used to analyze flow in the recanalized model.

^{[43]}The obtained results of present study are in good agreement with available experimental and analytical data, confirming that the presented computational fluid dynamics modeling using the selected turbulence model can accurately predict the flow field parameters in the cooling channels of PEM fuel cells.

^{[44]}Quantitative analysis using computational fluid dynamics modeling indicates that the flow profile in the well can be tuned by modulating the applied magnetic field and the geometries of the well and the pillar.

^{[45]}Fluxes were also measured to four separate sections of the disk; results suggest that deposition varies somewhat across the disk in a way that is consistent with boundary layer thickness predicted by Computational Fluid Dynamics modeling.

^{[46]}Here, we present computational fluid dynamics modeling of equipment capability and compare it with experimental data for minimum controllable pressure ice slab sublimation tests in a 23 m2 shelf area freeze dryer.

^{[47]}These results were verified using two additional tools; a high-speed camera was used to monitor the contaminant transient progression through the DWN under different pressures; and computational fluid dynamics modeling was used to calculate the corresponding contaminant concentration.

^{[48]}We then evaluated the thermal equilibrium of the air flow through the cast using both experimental measurements and computational fluid dynamics modeling.

^{[49]}A supersonic oxygen jet impinging onto the slag–metal interface is studied using computational fluid dynamics modeling with the aim of obtaining a better understanding of the multiphase interaction behavior in a converter.

^{[50]}

## Molecular Dynamics Modeling

The glass transition of supercooled Z r − N b melt was studied by molecular dynamics modeling.^{[1]}Structural analysis, topology, and stability of PTMs associated with sex-specific cancers were analyzed using molecular dynamics modeling.

^{[2]}Using reactive force field molecular dynamics modeling and direct experimental comparisons of an imine-linked carboxylated COF (C-COF), we demonstrate that unprecedented organic solvent nanofiltration separation performance can be accomplished by the well-aligned, highly crystalline pores.

^{[3]}In this study, the structure of the molecular system 18-crown-6 ether – methanol-acetonitrile has been investigated by using molecular dynamics modeling.

^{[4]}As a result of quantum molecular dynamics modeling, it is found that thin tubes of subnanometer diameter are enveloped in graphene sheets, which makes them energetically stable and stable.

^{[5]}Accordingly, research in diamond turning remains an active area encompassing the following seven domains: (a) fundamental materials science for understanding of the process–structure–property interactions and insights for advancement of new tool and coolant materials; (b) process simulations at three scales, namely atomistic-scale molecular dynamics modeling for predicting tool wear, thermomechanical models to explain the dynamics at the tool–chip interface and computational models to estimate part-level aspects, such as residual stresses and surface finish; (c) design of machine elements such as precision air bearing spindles, machine structures to mitigate vibration, workpiece holding and clamping mechanisms, coolant delivery and ultrafast tool servos; (d) empirical process optimization and post-process metrology and characterization; (e) in-process sensing and measurement; (f) real-time monitoring, data analytics and closed-loop control; and (g) novel applications.

^{[6]}The multi-scale mechanisms behind these approaches are illustrated through macroscale characterizations and molecular dynamics modeling.

^{[7]}Molecular dynamics modeling shows that the out-of-plane dipoles form polar vortex structures next to the domain walls.

^{[8]}Based on the analysis of molecular dynamics modeling data, a possible mechanism responsible for the opening of the band gap in graphene is proposed.

^{[9]}Molecular dynamics modeling is a useful tool to study the interface physics of the clay-water system at the nanoscale.

^{[10]}Molecular dynamics modeling of diffusion of xenon nanobubbles in UO 2 is carried out in this work in a wide range of gas concentrations.

^{[11]}In this work, molecular dynamics modeling of the preparation of liquid salt melt KF–KCl–KI and a detailed study of its structure based on the method of statistical geometry have been performed.

^{[12]}Molecular dynamics modeling is used to simulate, model, and analyze mechanical deformation behavior and predictive properties of three different synthetic collagen proteins obtained from RSC-PDB, 1BKV, 3A08 & 2CUO, with varying concentrations of Hydroxyproline (HYP).

^{[13]}Molecular dynamics modeling was implemented to investigate the effect of different mold profiles (cylindrical, rectangular, and spherical) on the von Mises stress, lattice dislocations, and material deformation.

^{[14]}The analysis of the adsorption energy values showed an exothermic chemisorption process, which could be governed by steric parameters according to the results obtained with the molecular dynamics modeling.

^{[15]}We discovered that mozenavir increases the complex's stability and validates the molecular docking findings using molecular dynamics modeling.

^{[16]}Physicochemical properties of κ–carrageenan (KC) molecules and their aqueous solutions were determined using molecular dynamics modeling and experimental techniques.

^{[17]}This work combines multidimensional solid-state 13C magic-angle-spinning (MAS) nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) with molecular dynamics modeling to decipher the role of water in the molecular architecture of softwood secondary cell walls.

^{[18]}The propagation of nonlinear localized soliton-like super-acoustic longitudinal waves in a carbon nanotube was explored by the molecular dynamics modeling.

^{[19]}Moreover, molecular dynamics modeling was firstly used to simulate the preparation process of microspheres, which clearly indicated the molecular image of microspheres and provided in-depth insights for understanding several key preparation parameters.

^{[20]}The synthesized compound was characterized by various physicochemical methods and molecular dynamics modeling, revealing a unique structure in the form of a multilayered wafer of several sheets thick, where each sheet is highly corrugated.

^{[21]}Structural analysis, topology, and stability of PTMs associated with sex-specific cancers were analyzed using molecular dynamics modeling.

^{[22]}Results are presented from molecular dynamics modeling of the crystallization of a supercooled Lennard-Jones liquid.

^{[23]}Herein, an experimental characterization and molecular dynamics modeling are conducted for the thermal stability, mechanical properties and liquid oxygen compatibility of multiple epoxy systems.

^{[24]}Nanostructure characterization along with steady-state and time-resolved spectroscopic data were combined with molecular dynamics modeling and detailed numerical simulations to compare the energy transfer efficiencies observed in the experimental DNA block assemblies to theoretical expectations.

^{[25]}Molecular dynamics modeling is used to predict the flCNT/polymer interface properties for a thermoplastic resin (polyether ether ketone - PEEK), and two thermosetting resins (fluorinated and non-fluorinated cyanate esters).

^{[26]}Molecular dynamics modeling reveals that the OCP arises from the alignment of the individual ion dipoles to the external electric field pulse, with the magnitude of the resulting OCP correlating with the product of the projected dipole moment of the cation and the ratio between the cation diffusion coefficient and its volume.

^{[27]}Molecular dynamics modeling and experimental investigations reveal that the side reactions could be significantly restrained through the suppressed water activity and formation of a protective inorganic solid electrolyte interphase.

^{[28]}In silico molecular dynamics modeling, in vitro high‐resolution microscopy analyses, and in vivo imaging data are systematically reviewed to distill out the regulating mechanisms underlying the endosomal escape of RNA.

^{[29]}A liquid – vapor coexistence curve was obtained for copper by the method of molecular dynamics modeling (MDM), and the corresponding critical parameters were determined: temperature, density, and pressure.

^{[30]}Our findings based on a scanning probe energetic analysis, supplemented by molecular dynamics modeling, show that peptide-graphite and peptide-peptide intermolecular interactions strongly depend on the thermally selected molecular conformation and that the extent of the conformational change is directly related to the observed assembled structure.

^{[31]}Molecular dynamics modeling of epitaxial growth provides insights relating growth processes to the spectral absorption and charge carrier lifetimes of Ga-free Type-II superlattices.

^{[32]}It is confirmed that the experimental data obtained by AFM imaging, QCM, OWLS, XPS and electrokinetic techniques (streaming potential) are prone to a quantitative interpretation in terms of the coarse-grained and molecular dynamics modeling.

^{[33]}The present work aims at performing a molecular dynamics modeling of suspensions composed of flexible linear molecules.

^{[34]}The article describes the results of molecular dynamics modeling of scratch induced plastic deformation in a nanosized titanium polycrystalline.

^{[35]}Computational analysis and molecular dynamics modeling of NHERF1 PDZ2 binding to the RGS14 C-terminal PDZ ligands refined the structural determinants of this interaction.

^{[36]}(3) bring key insight to the characterization of reaction intermediates during CO2 electroreduction via first-principles molecular dynamics modeling.

^{[37]}We use Molecular Dynamics modeling to understand the mechanism of binding between lithium (or sodium) and combinations of 14-crown-4 ethers and cation exchangers.

^{[38]}In addition, the differences in binding specificities between human ERα and rat ERα were identified in the process of molecular dynamics modeling with the term of helix position and the ability of coregulator recruitment.

^{[39]}Molecular dynamics modeling is used to study the mechanism of brittle fracture in multi-layer two-dimensional molybdenum disulfide ( MoS 2 ) with a center crack subjected to mode-I loading.

^{[40]}The soot precursors were generated in macroscopic detailed gas-phase kinetic calculations and according to certain criteria introduced in simulation boxes to model bond formation between soot precursor molecules with reactive force field molecular dynamics modeling.

^{[41]}In this work, we studied the structural, dynamical, and mechanical properties of the interfacial region of a ternary montmorillonite-MT2EtOH-polyamide-6 nanocomposite using molecular dynamics modeling.

^{[42]}Atomistic-based multiscale and molecular dynamics modeling are powerful tools to simulate the localized strain problems, offering tremendous opportunities to bridge the knowledge gaps in quantifying and understanding the linkage of plasticity mechanisms and nanomechanical/tribological response of materials at finite temperatures.

^{[43]}We gained further insight into the solvation-directed self-assembly (SDSA) by investigating residue-specific peptide solvation using molecular dynamics modeling.

^{[44]}The role of intermolecular hydrogen bonds was elucidated by quantum-chemical and molecular dynamics modeling: several types of H-bonded complexes were examined systematically aiming to outline their accelerating or retarding effects on ESIPT reaction rate.

^{[45]}The statistical analysis of the molecular dynamics modeling for the nucleation of copper (Cu) vapors under argon (Ar) atmosphere in the evaporation-condensation technology was carried out.

^{[46]}We present the results of the atomistic molecular dynamics modeling of different protonation states of Nafion at varying hydration levels.

^{[47]}In the paper we use direct molecular dynamics modeling to validate the criterion for formation of wear debris proposed by E.

^{[48]}This experimental phenomenology has been reproduced with molecular dynamics modeling the molecules of the projectile as large pseudo atoms.

^{[49]}Molecular Dynamics modeling was used to locate the dye molecule and, in particular, its ionizing group OH→O– within the micelles of the studied surfactants.

^{[50]}

## Body Dynamics Modeling

For the attitude control problem of dual-body satellite with non-solid connection between payload module and platform module, this paper proposes a dual-body dynamics modeling and control method based on the concept of disturbance-free payload(DFP).^{[1]}A flexible multi-body dynamics modeling and simulation with viscoelastic characteristics and heavy weight of power cable were carried out to evaluate the effects of such cable of the tethered flight system on the dynamic characteristics of the multicopter.

^{[2]}FINDINGS Twenty-two models met our selection criteria and revealed several trends: 1) The multi-body dynamics modeling approach, equipped for simulating impact situations were the most common technique; 2) Straight muscle lines of action, inverse dynamic/optimization muscle force calculation, Hill-type muscle model with only active component were typically used in the majority of neck models; and 3) Several models have attempted to validate their results by comparing their approach with previous studies, but mostly were unable to provide task-specific validation.

^{[3]}This study serves as a theoretical reference for multi-body dynamics modeling and optimization of machine tools, and also outlines technical solutions for high-speed stable cutting with sawing machines.

^{[4]}

## Particle Dynamics Modeling

0 package for the study of particle dynamics modeling in the atmospheric boundary layer and in the model wind farm.^{[1]}MethodComputational fluid-particle dynamics modeling of inhaled nanoparticles (1 to 100 nm) under low to moderate breathing conditions (5 to 14 L/min – human; and 0.

^{[2]}In this work, an efficient numerical approach for detailed soot particle dynamics modeling in three-dimensional engine simulation is proposed.

^{[3]}

## Inverse Dynamics Modeling

In this paper, we propose a different inverse dynamics modeling method—sparse spectral Gaussian process regression (SSGPR).^{[1]}Inverse dynamics modeling is a critical problem for the computed-torque control of robotic manipulator.

^{[2]}In this chapter, a novel procedure for inverse dynamics modeling of flexible multibody systems using a driving constraints approach in the form of a forward dynamics analysis is presented.

^{[3]}

## Flight Dynamics Modeling

An online system identification method for tiltrotor aircraft flight dynamics modeling is developed in this paper.^{[1]}Aiming at the requirements of the weapon system of UAV when it flies over the sea at ultra-low altitude, the research on ultra-low altitude flight dynamics modeling, ultra-low altitude information fusion technology and flight mission profile was carried out for a certain UAV, and the semi-physical simulation and flight verification were carried out.

^{[2]}This paper studies the flight dynamics modeling of six-rotor unmanned aerial vehicles and designs an adaptive fault-tolerant controller via state feedback referring to the model.

^{[3]}

## Temporal Dynamics Modeling

CNFGNN operates by disentangling the temporal dynamics modeling on devices and spatial dynamics on the server, utilizing alternating optimization to reduce the communication cost, facilitating computations on the edge devices.^{[1]}In this paper, we propose to use deformable TDNNs for adaptive temporal dynamics modeling in end-to-end speech recognition.

^{[2]}, Convolutional Neural Networks such as ResNet are used for modeling spatial dependencies among different regions, whereas recurrent neural networks are increasingly implemented for temporal dynamics modeling.

^{[3]}

## Vehicle Dynamics Modeling

In order to provide accurate rollover warning for heavy vehicles, a heavy-duty vehicle dynamics modeling and rollover warning method under complex working conditions is proposed.^{[1]}As a basis for