## What is/are Dynamics Inside?

Dynamics Inside - In a bubble column, droplets are released at the surface of the pool by bursting (in bubbly flow regime) or by detachment (in churn turbulent flow regime) depending of the hydrodynamics inside the pool.^{[1]}The focus of this study is to apply Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) to study and to improve the disinfection efficiency through the optimization of the hydrodynamics inside the disinfection tank.

^{[2]}The hydrodynamics inside the fluidized bed reactor have been compared with and without HDO of 2-HB.

^{[3]}The characterization and study of hydrodynamics inside these reactors can provide an insight into the mechanisms controlling the performance of these reactors.

^{[4]}Magnetodynamics Inside and Outside Magnetars Xinyu Li The ultra-strong magnetic fields of magnetars have profound implications for their radiative phenomena.

^{[5]}2 software, the CFD results of the trailing edge modification effect on flow using the shear stress transport (SST) k-ω turbulence model revealed aerodynamics inside the problematic stages both before and after blade modifications.

^{[6]}Here we show that TPF signal decays over time due to photobleaching, but this signal is useful to know whether a particle is dragged toward the trap while backscattered signal provides detailed information about the particle’s dynamics inside the trap.

^{[7]}While the goal of an FD stent is to direct the most of the blood flow into the main artery, not much is known regarding the effects of wire number an FD possesses on the hemodynamics inside the aneurysm.

^{[8]}The dynamics inside the attractor becomes much richer and, if one asks for stronger recurrence assumptions, e.

^{[9]}In the process, we investigate Chinese influence on rest of the world (RoW) supply chain and dynamics inside the Chinese supply chain as there are two different layers of supply chain one for China and another one for rest of the world.

^{[10]}Although these stents promise to decrease blood flow into the aneurysm sac, little is known about hemodynamics inside the aneurysm once the stent is planted into the aneurysm neck.

^{[11]}Comprehensive knowledge of hydrodynamics inside a reactor is crucial for the design and scale-up of bubble columns.

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## Flow Dynamics Inside

Further evaluations of the melt flow dynamics inside laser cutting kerfs regarding characteristic temporal and spatial variables of the cutting process and their dependences are still necessary.^{[1]}This paper uses a nonlinear model of the pressure and flow dynamics inside a gas header to obtain the optimal pressure measurement location for buffering control.

^{[2]}The flow dynamics inside the traditional and new pumps were investigated by experiments and numerical simulations.

^{[3]}The results show that the injected nitrogen with a higher pressure than the coal seam gas can effectively increase the pressure gradient between the fracture and the gas-producing boundary, improving the mixed flow dynamics inside the coal seam.

^{[4]}In this context, the detailed representation of the urban areas is important not only to set an accurate out-of-bank river model, essential for reliable simulations of flow dynamics inside the urban districts, but could be also a key element for the generation of realistic 3D views able to enhance risk perception and communication.

^{[5]}The objective of this work was to build and validate a 3D CFD numerical model to understand the spatial distribution of temperatures because of the air flow dynamics inside a typical greenhouse in the Bogotá savanna.

^{[6]}The possibility to reach a grid-convergent solution for the Reynolds number Re = 2500 is investigated and an analysis of shock wave / boundary layer interaction details and flow dynamics inside the viscous shock tube is presented.

^{[7]}Moreover, in larger aneurysms, blood flow dynamics inside the aneurysm were also observed using CDI.

^{[8]}A thorough understanding of the internal flow dynamics inside a poppet valve makes sense for an improved control performance.

^{[9]}Further evaluations of the melt flow dynamics inside laser cutting kerfs regarding characteristic temporal and spatial variables of the cutting process and their dependences are still necessary.

^{[10]}This study analyses the variations in flow dynamics inside the rotor of a three-straight-bladed cross-flow turbine for different blade pitches.

^{[11]}The goal of this work is to perform detailed 3D CFD analysis of heat transfer and flow dynamics inside a commercial gamma-type Stirling engine, including its structural details and variability of the working spaces.

^{[12]}Cavity floor is subjected to the desired amount of heat flux and the consequent effects in the flow dynamics inside the cavity and its neighborhood are systematically assessed.

^{[13]}The solids flow dynamics inside the reactor were discussed.

^{[14]}In this study, the 0D tumble model has been improved based on the physical phenomena, as an attempt to develop a comprehensive model that predicts flow dynamics inside the cylinder.

^{[15]}To evaluate the experimental results, a computational model was developed to simulate flow dynamics inside the SCC and measure the sensor output due to the SCC movement.

^{[16]}

## Fluid Dynamics Inside

In this study, CFD–DEM was applied to simulate the fluid dynamics inside a conical spouted bed operating with sorghum grains.^{[1]}The second part of the study is aimed at analyzing the multiphase fluid dynamics inside a six generation bronchial tree for the case of an active smoker.

^{[2]}The model predicts the O3 concentration needed to meet disinfection criteria and the fluid dynamics inside the public transport coach.

^{[3]}However, because of the absence of explanatory arrangement of the issue, direct numerical simulations are performed in order to give a novel knowledge into the fluid dynamics inside permeable media of variable porousness.

^{[4]}A k-ϵ Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) model is adopted to describe the turbulent flow out of the cells, while the fluid dynamics inside the cells is described by Darcy-Forchheimer's equation.

^{[5]}Fluid dynamics inside channel was modeled as a discrete phase based on the Euler-Lagrange approach.

^{[6]}The fluid dynamics inside the left ventricle of the human heart is considered a potential indicator of long term cardiovascular outcome.

^{[7]}Because of the small scale and difficulty of experimental access, fluid dynamics inside the hinge cavity has not yet been characterised in detail.

^{[8]}Finally, absolute and relative flow path lines were computed in order to determine fluid dynamics inside the channel and to analyse the fundamental flow phenomena.

^{[9]}Three-dimensional finite element models were developed and they considered the thermo-mechanical behaviour of GFRP material (temperature-dependent mechanical properties) and the temperature distributions previously obtained through heat transfer analyses and fluid dynamics inside the tube cavity.

^{[10]}Objectives: In order to adequately characterize the potential adsorbing properties for an effective blood purification therapy, an in vitro study assessing the fluid dynamics inside 3 new cartridges, HA130, HA230 and HA330 (Jafron, Zhuhai City, China) was conducted through CT imaging technique.

^{[11]}Fundamental understanding of the fluid dynamics inside this machine is crucial to optimize and stabilize the EUV light used in this machine.

^{[12]}

## Ga Dynamics Inside

Potential applications of optical fiber technologies in the well control area are to detect the presence of gas and to unfold the gas dynamics inside marine risers (gas-in-riser).^{[1]}A potential application of optical fiber technologies in the well control domain is to detect the presence of gas and to unfold the gas dynamics inside marine risers (gas-in-riser).

^{[2]}We use HCO+ to investigate the gas dynamics inside the cavity.

^{[3]}The particle and gas dynamics inside the apparatus were simulated with 1.

^{[4]}

## Carrier Dynamics Inside

Furthermore, the results allow us to get insights into the charge carrier dynamics inside the semiconductor and independently characterize the impact of surface recombination and reaction driving photocurrent density kinetics.^{[1]}The carrier dynamics inside the device is described by time-dependent bipolar continuity equations (BCE) derived from the carrier continuity equations.

^{[2]}Here, we report the direct visualization of the space charge potential profile across the cross-section of perovskite solar cells before and after plasmonic treatment and the nanoscale photoresponses of perovskite thin films to gain key insights into the fundamental mechanism of the charge carrier dynamics inside the cells during operation.

^{[3]}This thesis is devoted to understanding the role of poly(3-hexylthiophene) polymer regioregularity and molecular weight on the device performance, morphology and charge carrier dynamics inside the device.

^{[4]}

## Electron Dynamics Inside

We demonstrate phase-resolved detection of femtosecond voltage transients in a scanning tunneling microscope induced by ultrabroadband THz pulses from a spintronic emitter, and probe hot electron dynamics inside the photoexcited junction on the nano-femtoscale.^{[1]}Two dimensional materials such as graphene offer exceptional optical and electronic properties and are therefore predestined for light-field controlled electron dynamics inside of matter.

^{[2]}In particular, we model the system using a hydrodynamic theory for the electron dynamics inside the metal.

^{[3]}

## Bubble Dynamics Inside

The unsteady characteristics of bubble dynamics inside the air reactor within the first 0–40 s of reforming has always been studied for defining the design criteria of the reactor.^{[1]}, “Cavitation bubble dynamics inside liquid drops in microgravity,” Phys.

^{[2]}Infrared recordings of entrained bubbles are presented, showing rich phenomena of acoustically driven bubble dynamics inside the printhead.

^{[3]}

## Ion Dynamics Inside

We report observations of the ion dynamics inside an Alfven branch wave that propagates near the reconnecting dayside magnetopause.^{[1]}We report observations of the ion dynamics inside an Alfven branch wave that propagates near the reconnecting dayside magnetopause.

^{[2]}In addition to its use for highly sensitive collinear laser spectroscopy, this fluorescence detection is introduced as a diagnostics tool for the study of the ion dynamics inside an EIBT.

^{[3]}

## Particle Dynamics Inside

Designing and analyzing new and more advanced LOCs require accurate modeling and simulation of sample/particle dynamics inside such devices.^{[1]}An ongoing rapid development in single particle tracking techniques has opened new possibilities for analysis of particles dynamics inside living cells.

^{[2]}With a focus on the olfactory region, the detailed analysis of sectional deposition concentrations, considering a wide range of particle diameters, provide new physical insight to the particle dynamics inside human nasal cavities.

^{[3]}

## Complex Dynamics Inside

These findings enrich our understanding of the complex dynamics inside mode-locked lasers.^{[1]}The predicted lateral (in-plane) self-diffusion coefficient values of methane, ethane, carbon dioxide and water indicate complex dynamics inside the pore.

^{[2]}

## Charge Dynamics Inside

A theoretical mechanism of the charge dynamics inside the samples under different test conditions is proposed to support the experimental results.^{[1]}To simulate charge dynamics inside the insulation, different models have been developed.

^{[2]}

## Water Dynamics Inside

A discrete-time state-space model based on Richards equation is used to describe the agro-hydrological system that considers water dynamics inside soil-plant and atmosphere systems.^{[1]}Surprisingly, water dynamics inside the brain is still largely unknown.

^{[2]}

## Blood Dynamics Inside

The vascular function of a vessel can be qualitatively and intraoperatively checked by recording the blood dynamics inside the vessel via fluorescence angiography (FA).^{[1]}Today the vascular function after interventions as Bypass surgeries are checked qualitatively by observing the blood dynamics inside the vessel via Indocyanine Green (ICG) Fluorescence Angiography.

^{[2]}

## dynamics inside cell

Single-molecule microscopy techniques have emerged as useful tools to image individual molecules and analyze their dynamics inside cells, but their application has mostly been restricted to cell cultures.^{[1]}High resolution in situ imaging of lipid metabolic dynamics inside cell and tissue proposes a novel and.

^{[2]}Performance of flotation cells heavily relies on their hydrodynamics inside cells and interactions among the solid, liquid and gas phases.

^{[3]}Among magnetic resonance approaches, site‐directed spin labeling (SDSL) coupled to electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy provides competitive and advantageous features to capture protein structure and dynamics inside cells.

^{[4]}

## dynamics inside droplet

Simulation study has also been carried out to supplement the understanding of internal hydrodynamics inside droplets.^{[1]}In this work we applied lattice Boltzmann (LB) method to investigate the mixing performance and hydrodynamics inside droplet passing through baffled channels periodically.

^{[2]}

## dynamics inside living

An ongoing rapid development in single particle tracking techniques has opened new possibilities for analysis of particles dynamics inside living cells.^{[1]}Reversibly switchable fluorescent proteins (RSFPs) are crucial tags for super-resolution observation of protein localization and dynamics inside living cells.

^{[2]}

## dynamics inside psc

From the behaviors of the fitting parameters in the (V, P) space, we conclude that the dynamics inside PSCs consist of two parts, 1) the migration of mobile ions/vacancies and their capturing the free carriers at the boundary and 2) a classical diode involving the migration and recombination of free carriers.^{[1]}From the behaviors of the fitting parameters in the (V, P) space, we conclude that the dynamics inside PSCs consists of two parts: (1) the migration of mobile ions/vacancies and their capturing of the free carriers at the perovskite layer boundary and (2) a classical diode involving the migration and recombination of free carriers.

^{[2]}

## dynamics inside laser

Further evaluations of the melt flow dynamics inside laser cutting kerfs regarding characteristic temporal and spatial variables of the cutting process and their dependences are still necessary.^{[1]}Further evaluations of the melt flow dynamics inside laser cutting kerfs regarding characteristic temporal and spatial variables of the cutting process and their dependences are still necessary.

^{[2]}

## dynamics inside condensate

Here, we develop quantitative time-resolved crosslinking mass spectrometry to monitor protein interactions and dynamics inside condensates formed by the protein fused in sarcoma (FUS).^{[1]}Here, we develop quantitative time-resolved crosslinking mass spectrometry to monitor protein interactions and dynamics inside condensates formed by the protein fused in sarcoma (FUS).

^{[2]}

## dynamics inside marine

Potential applications of optical fiber technologies in the well control area are to detect the presence of gas and to unfold the gas dynamics inside marine risers (gas-in-riser).^{[1]}A potential application of optical fiber technologies in the well control domain is to detect the presence of gas and to unfold the gas dynamics inside marine risers (gas-in-riser).

^{[2]}