## What is/are Continuously Stratified?

Continuously Stratified - A numerical model, ISWFoam, for simulating internal solitary waves (ISWs) in continuously stratified, incompressible, viscous fluids is developed based on a fully three-dimensional (3D) Navier-Stokes equation using the open source code OpenFOAM.^{[1]}The flow is continuously stratified, and the water layer is bounded from below by an impermeable horizontal bed.

^{[2]}We have investigated interannual variations of the spring (February–April average) East India Coastal Current (EICC) magnitude between 2000 and 2018 using OSCAR (Ocean Surface Current Analysis Real-time) current and a linear, continuously stratified (LCS) model.

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## continuously stratified fluid

We present several (arrays of) structures supporting trapped waves and discuss the possibility of approximating the continuously stratified fluid by a multi-layer model.^{[1]}In this work we studied the structure and dynamics of a two-dimensional flow of a continuously stratified fluid near a horizontal wedge using numerical methods.

^{[2]}The dynamics of fully nonlinear internal waves in continuously stratified fluids is investigated using a new simple-wave (or Riemann-wave) theory with 2nd-order topographic effects.

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## continuously stratified sverdrup

A model of an advective thermocline is proposed for the case of continuously stratified Sverdrup circulation with a ventilated layer caused by the divergence of flows in the Ekman layer: an immiscible layer with homogenized vorticity and a layer of abyssal liquid, which applies to anticyclonic gyre waters.^{[1]}A model of an advective thermocline is proposed for the case of continuously stratified Sverdrup circulation with a ventilated layer caused by the divergence of flows in the Ekman layer: an immiscible layer with homogenized vorticity and a layer of abyssal liquid, which applies to anticyclonic gyre waters.

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## continuously stratified ocean

We formulate a theory that is relevant for a continuously stratified ocean and compare the theoretical results with the numerical-model results and satellite observations.^{[1]}A recently developed energy flux diagnosis scheme, which incorporates a smooth connection between the tropical and subtropical zones, is used in the present study to investigate vertically propagating waves in the tropical Indian Ocean (IO) based on the result of a linear, continuously stratified ocean model driven by climatological wind forcing.

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