## What is/are Approach Combining?

Approach Combining - NFRHT for the simple one-dimensional nanoparticle chains embedded in a non-absorbing host medium is investigated from the point of view of the continuum by means of an approach combining the many-body radiative heat transfer theory and the Fourier law.^{[1]}In this study, an approach combining a deposition process and a random packing process was developed to generate 3D porous media without and with consideration of the transition zone.

^{[2]}A prime editing (PE) approach combining a reverse transcriptase (RT) with a Cas9 nickase and a “priming” extended guide RNA has shown a high frequency for precise genome modification in mammalian cells and several plant species.

^{[3]}Computational results show that the approach combining the matheuristic for the collection phase with the heuristic for the transportation phase is able to achieve consistent reductions in terms of number of collection vehicles needed.

^{[4]}The present study develops an approach combining a dynamics model and a finite element model (FEM) to characterize stress variations in Asteroid (99942) Apophis, a potentially hazardous asteroid (PHA) that approaches ∼ 6 Earth radii from the geocenter in 2029.

^{[5]}Furthermore, a principal component analysis (PCA) approach combining the artificial neural network is utilized for the body temperature regression.

^{[6]}Accordingly, the research question of the present study was: “Do the didactic proposals developed and implemented contribute to the improvement of students' CCT”? This study followed a mixed-approach combining, on the one hand, an action-research plan for the elaboration and implementation of didactic proposals for science teaching and, on the other hand, a pre and post-test with a non-randomized selection of participants.

^{[7]}An inversion formalism that optimizes emission enhancements rather than scale factors exhibits the best performance for identifying missing sources, while an approach combining a uniform background emission with the prior inventory yields the best performance in terms of overall spatial fidelity—even in the presence of model transport errors.

^{[8]}The aim of this study was to compare the genomic prediction ability for carcass composition indicator traits in Nellore cattle using the Best Linear Unbiased Prediction (BLUP), Genomic BLUP (GBLUP), single-step GBLUP (ssGBLUP), Bayesian methods (BayesA, BayesB, BayesC and BayesianLASSO) and an approach combining the pedigree matrix of genotyped animals with both the genomic matrix and Bayesian methods.

^{[9]}Based on improved LMI-based approach combining with new estimation techniques, we derive sucient conditions for solving nite-time H1 control and guaranteed cost control of the system.

^{[10]}This work presents an approach combining both technologies (robots and OPT), in a hybrid way, with the goal of promoting social interaction with children with ASD.

^{[11]}We propose an approach combining the quantile regression model, which does not require any specified error distributions, with the substitution method for skewed data with repeated measurements and non-detects.

^{[12]}The proposed formation generation algorithm implements an approach combining a virtual structure and artificial potential field (VSAPF), which provides a high accuracy of formation shape keeping and flexibility of formation shape change.

^{[13]}

## convolutional neural network

We contrast three explicit demographic hypotheses by applying a novel approach combining Convolutional Neural Networks with Approximate Bayesian Computation.^{[1]}A machine learning approach combining a convolutional neural network (CNN) with long short-term memory (LSTM) units is utilized to automatically classify the wakes into the three groups.

^{[2]}In this paper, a data driven forecast approach combining moving window and multi-channel convolutional neural networks (MWMC-CNN) was proposed to predict electricity and coal consumption synchronously, in which the moving window was designed to extract the time-varying delay feature of the time series data to overcome its impact on energy consumption prediction, and the multi-channel structure was designed to reduce the impact of the redundant parameters between weakly correlated variables of energy prediction.

^{[3]}Methods We propose an unsupervised approach combining convolutional neural networks (CNNs) and a visualization algorithm to cluster the histological images and calculate the score for patients.

^{[4]}In this article, a novel integrated approach combining a deep convolutional neural network (CNN) and change detection is proposed for landslide recognition from RS images.

^{[5]}We showcase an approach combining code visualization and image analysis via convolutional neural networks capable of statically classifying obfuscation transformations.

^{[6]}This paper proposes a hybrid approach combining two emerging convolutional neural networks: Faster R-CNN and YOLOv2 to detect drones in images.

^{[7]}Our novel approach called Chlamy-EnPhosSite (based on ensemble approach combining convolutional neural networks (CNN) and long short-term memory LSTM) produces AUC and MCC of 0.

^{[8]}Here, we propose a novel approach combining a graph convolutional network, a convolutional neural network, fast Fourier transform, and recursive feature elimination to predict the severity of SCD directly from a Percoll image.

^{[9]}

## particle swarm optimization

Computational results are presented as well as a comparison with a hybrid approach combining a particle swarm optimization algorithm to deal with the upper-level problem and an exact solver to tackle the lower-level problem, which we have previously developed to address a similar case study.^{[1]}In order to improve the safety and efficiency of the robot in the process of moving, this paper proposes a new hybrid approach combining two meta-heuristic methods, we used particle swarm optimization (PSO)-based grey wolf optimization (GWO) to solve this problem.

^{[2]}The final results obtained from the application of 〈GA,A*〉 are then compared with those of the approach combining particle swarm optimization and A*, 〈PSO,A*〉.

^{[3]}The proposed algorithm uses a hybrid optimization approach combining particle swarm optimization with Newton’s method.

^{[4]}The authors have explored the hybrid approach combining k-means clustering optimized with particle swarm optimization (PSO) to optimize the cluster formation, thereby improving the efficiency of the prediction of the environmental pollution.

^{[5]}

## density functional theory

An integrated experimental-theoretical approach combining co-located multi-microscopy, centered on scanning electrochemical cell microscopy (SECCM), with Raman microscopy and field emission-scanning electron microscopy, together with rate theory and density functional theory calculations is used to address OS-ET kinetics of hexaamineruthenium (III/II) chloride, [Ru(NH3)6]3+/2+.^{[1]}We address the intrinsic polarization and screening of an external electric field in a broad range of ordered and twisted configurations of multilayer graphene, using an ab initio approach combining density functional theory and the Wannier function formalism.

^{[2]}A systematic microscopic approach combining ab-initio density functional theory with the Dirac-Bloch equations is applied to investigate the intra-excitonic transitions of magneto-excitons in transition metal dichalcogenide monolayers.

^{[3]}A sequential approach combining molecular dynamics and density functional theory calculations has been worked out to unravel the second harmonic generation responses of anion-cation (AC) pairs when they form dimeric aggregates, where the cation is a stilbazolium derivative and the anions range from small inorganic iodide to medium-size organic p-toluenesulfonate.

^{[4]}We employed an approach combining reaction kinetics measurements at steady state conditions, electronic structure calculations employing density functional theory, and microkinetic modeling for acetone hydrogenation to provide insights into the effects of water on metal catalyst surfaces for the hydrogenation of oxygenates over a wide range of reaction conditions.

^{[5]}

## systematic literature review

To fill this void, this study utilized a systematic literature review approach combining bibliographic coupling and content analysis methods.^{[1]}In this context, we integrate the discourse on collaborative relationships in supply chains with stakeholder theory (roles and orientations) and use a multi-method approach combining systematic literature review (SLR) and embedded case studies based on secondary data.

^{[2]}Methods We used a mixed-method approach combining findings from a systematic literature review and a Delphi survey.

^{[3]}Methodology/Principal findings The study used a mixed method approach combining systematic literature review (SLR) and key informant interviews (KII).

^{[4]}

## performance liquid chromatography

To detect alterations of the redox proteome we adapted and refined an approach combining redox-sensitive isobaric mass tags and high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (LC/MS).^{[1]}In this study, we developed a sensitive and efficient analytical approach combining a 96-well plate-based protein precipitation strategy with ultra-performance liquid chromatography electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) in order to assess the pharmacokinetic (PK) properties of sivelestat and its metabolite XW-IMP-A in samples of plasma from ALI/ARDS patients with SIRS.

^{[2]}MAIN METHODS In this study, an integrated approach combining ultra performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF/MS)-based metabonomics and network pharmacology was adopted to elucidate the cooperation mechanism of RR and CF on the amelioration of CKD.

^{[3]}

## achieves considerably better

We show that such approach combining adult BMI and PRS achieves considerably better prediction than each of the measures on unrelated Caucasians in the UK Biobank (UKB, n = 290,584).^{[1]}We show that an integrated approach combining adult BMI and PRS achieves considerably better prediction than each of the measures on unrelated Caucasians in the UK Biobank (UKB, n=290,584).

^{[2]}We show that an integrated approach combining adult BMI and PRS achieves considerably better prediction than each of the measures on unrelated Caucasians in the UK Biobank (UKB, n=290,584).

^{[3]}

## chromatography mass spectrometry

Thus, the current work employed an untargeted gas chromatography-mass spectrometry-based metabolomic approach combining with multivariate models to analyze the effect of mild HHP stress (30 MPa/5 min) on the overall metabolome shifts of wholegrain brown rice (WBR) during germination.^{[1]}Analysis of both the extractable fractions and the residues was carried out by a multi-technique approach combining evolved gas analysis-mass spectrometry (EGA-MS) and pyrolysis-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (PyGC-MS).

^{[2]}A proteomic approach combining one-dimensional electrophoresis (1DE) was operationalized, followed by western blot analysis using human sera from healthy people living in an endemic area (Kendal, East Java - Indonesia); liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) and bioinformatics analysis were conducted to gain direct insight into An.

^{[3]}

## long short term

We propose a multistep-forward voltage-prediction approach combining a long short-term memory time-distributed model and the Kalman filter algorithm to improve prediction efficiency and reduce the demand for computing capability.^{[1]}

## & # 160

Here, we present an approach combining thermodynamic modeling (relying on Rhyolite-MELTS, Gualda et al.^{[1]}

## short term memory

We apply the PGML framework as a novel model fusion approach combining the physics-based Galerkin projection model and long- to short-term memory (LSTM) network for parametric model order reduction of fluid flows.^{[1]}

## Hybrid Approach Combining

In this article, we consider indoor positioning of a shopping cart in a store with a hybrid approach combining ultra wideband (UWB) and a people dead reckoning (PDR) system.^{[1]}Computational results are presented as well as a comparison with a hybrid approach combining a particle swarm optimization algorithm to deal with the upper-level problem and an exact solver to tackle the lower-level problem, which we have previously developed to address a similar case study.

^{[2]}To effectively predict job cycle time in semiconductor fabrication factories, we propose an effective hybrid approach combining the fuzzy c-means (FCM)-based genetic algorithm (GA) and a backpropagation network (BPN) to predict job cycle time.

^{[3]}This letter proposes a hybrid approach combining Self-Adaptive Mathematical Morphology (SAMM) and Time-Frequency (TF) techniques to authenticate the source information of Distribution Synchrophasors (DS) within near-range locations.

^{[4]}A hybrid approach combining the spherical wavefront and plane wavefront is proposed for a large DOF with high image quality.

^{[5]}This novel single-step hybrid approach combining cardiac surgical and gastroenterological techniques provides a less aggressive strategy with potentially a more favourable prognosis.

^{[6]}The novelty of this research involves a new hybrid approach combining stratified sampling and k-means clustering to establish building geometry prototypes.

^{[7]}The best approach is a hybrid approach combining a rule set and a supervised machine learning model.

^{[8]}corylina A7 was obtained by a hybrid approach combining Pacbio and Illumina HiSeq sequencing data.

^{[9]}Specifically, we investigate randomization via 1) random per symbol time dithering and 2) random selection of spreading sequences, as well as a hybrid approach combining time dithering and code randomization.

^{[10]}The design formulation is implemented in gPROMS and applied to the crystallization of lovastatin and ibuprofen, where a hybrid approach combining cooling and antisolvent crystallization is compared to each method alone.

^{[11]}Accordingly, a hybrid approach combining data envelopment analysis (DEA) and artificial neural network (ANN) is developed to measure and predict the operational efficiency scores of banks.

^{[12]}Neighborhood based Decision Theoretic Rough Set under Dynamic Granulation (NDTRS under DG) is hybrid approach combining two algorithms Neighborhood Rough Set and Decision Theoretic Rough Set under Dynamic Granulation ((DTRS under DG).

^{[13]}In order to improve the safety and efficiency of the robot in the process of moving, this paper proposes a new hybrid approach combining two meta-heuristic methods, we used particle swarm optimization (PSO)-based grey wolf optimization (GWO) to solve this problem.

^{[14]}In order to overcome these deficiencies, this study made some enhancements to the POA and proposed a hybrid approach combining the Enhanced POA and DP (EPOA-DP) for long-term operation of cascade reservoir systems.

^{[15]}This paper introduces a hybrid approach combining a statistically post-processed physical PV power model with a D-vine copula model to generate probabilistic forecasts on a network node level.

^{[16]}The variability in LOP was induced by changes in leaf pigment content, and defined for each pixel based on a hybrid approach combining radiative transfer modeling and spectral indices.

^{[17]}They use a hybrid approach combining molecular and Brownian dynamics to show that HKII first inserts into the outer membrane of mitochondria (OMM) and then interacts with VDAC1 on the cytosolic surface of OMM to form a binary complex.

^{[18]}CONCLUSIONS A hybrid approach combining use of EMR and FTRD maintains safety and efficacy while permitting resection of significantly larger lesions than FTRD alone.

^{[19]}Therfore, herein the Al 2 O 3 /water nanofluid flow in a porous pipe is simulated by a sophisticated hybrid approach combining mechnsitic model (CFD) and AI.

^{[20]}We argue that a hybrid approach combining machine and human-centered elements can have higher effectiveness, efficiency, and societal relevance than either approach can achieve alone.

^{[21]}This study investigates to which extent discrete optimized systems can be built using a hybrid approach combining 3D printing and analogue fabrication techniques.

^{[22]}This radiation damage study uses a hybrid approach combining molecular dynamics with non-thermal plasma simulations to follow the femtosecond dynamics and X-ray scattering from a protic ionic liquid as it is investigated by an intense XFEL pulse.

^{[23]}Targeting pathways included targeting by HRU-level phosphorus losses, conservation identity of model operators, a hybrid approach combining HRU-level phosphorus losses and conservation identity of the model primary operator managing the HRU, and a proxy measure for random placement throughout the watershed.

^{[24]}Therefore, to solve these shortcomings, two new BN models for predicting gravelly soil liquefaction are constructed using a new hybrid approach combining the maximal information coefficient and domain knowledge based on the dynamic penetration test and shear wave velocity test databases.

^{[25]}In this paper, a novel hybrid approach combining deep neural network (DNN) and extreme gradient boosting classifier (XGB) is employed for predicting PPI.

^{[26]}The three operative approaches include open, endoscopic and a hybrid approach combining open and endoscopic.

^{[27]}The objective of this work is to build a real-time nonlinear hybrid approach combining Backstepping control and sliding mode control strategies for DFIG used in wind energy conversion systems (WECS).

^{[28]}Design/methodology/approach The problem is solved using a hybrid approach combining genetic algorithm and sequential quadratic programming.

^{[29]}In this paper, we propose a new Bayesian-based hybrid approach combining machine learning and multi-objective linear programming (MOLP), called multi-objective Bayesian with dynamic optimization (MOBADO).

^{[30]}We recommend a hybrid approach combining TDF with broader frameworks, for future researchers conducting evidence syntheses.

^{[31]}This paper develops a hybrid approach combining the neural network and the nonlinear filtering to model and predict terrain profiles for both air and ground vehicles.

^{[32]}Moreover, a hybrid approach combining the two approaches provides a considerable improvement in classification accuracy and transparency of Nefclass on skewed data.

^{[33]}Finally, we propose a novel hybrid approach combining the social potential field and geometric method, wherein the preferred gap for navigation adds a new social force to the robot.

^{[34]}Because of using hybrid approach combining neural network and classical thermodynamic equations, the major purpose was finding the way to correctly calculate backpropagation gradient of error function, because model trains and is being validated on the same temperature data, while model output is heat equation parameter, which is typically not known.

^{[35]}The study addressed the particular case of concentrated solar power (CSP) and proposed a hybrid approach combining multi-criteria decision-making and Geographical Information System.

^{[36]}Furthermore, we propose a hybrid approach combining a local search and an exact approach (LS-EA) to solve large-scale SR-DRLPs.

^{[37]}The variability in LOP was induced by changes in leaf pigment content, and defined for each pixel based on a hybrid approach combining radiative transfer modeling and spectral indices.

^{[38]}This problem is formulated as a MCDM problem and solved using a hybrid approach combining fuzzy AHP and fuzzy VIKOR.

^{[39]}A hybrid approach combining Nonequilibrium Green’s Fuctions with solutions of the Boltzman equation, delivers voltage and intrinsic asymmetry control of nonlinearities in semiconductor superlattices.

^{[40]}This paper proposes a hybrid approach combining two emerging convolutional neural networks: Faster R-CNN and YOLOv2 to detect drones in images.

^{[41]}We introduce the concept of a Graph-Informed Neural Network (GINN), a hybrid approach combining deep learning with probabilistic graphical models (PGMs) that acts as a surrogate for physics-based representations of multiscale and multiphysics systems.

^{[42]}Another significant contribution was a hybrid approach combining the LP-metric method and Genetic Algorithm (GA) as the LP–GA approach for optimizing large-scale instances.

^{[43]}The article aims to present a hybrid approach combining information entropy and an evolutionary algorithm to optimize a geodetic network's measurement structure to determine an engineering object's horizontal displacements.

^{[44]}The authors have explored the hybrid approach combining k-means clustering optimized with particle swarm optimization (PSO) to optimize the cluster formation, thereby improving the efficiency of the prediction of the environmental pollution.

^{[45]}To solve the these problems, a hybrid approach combining principal component analysis (PCA) and online sequential extreme learning machine (OSELM) is proposed in this paper (PCA-OSELM) and is applied in the transient electromagnetic inversion.

^{[46]}We describe a hybrid approach combining endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) and FTRD in a cohort of 17 patients to reduce tumor size and enable full-thickness resection.

^{[47]}Numerical computations were performed using a hybrid approach combining unsteady Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes equations and Curle's acoustic analogy, allowing the noise from the blades and the tower to be computed separately.

^{[48]}The system’s core contribution is the design of a hybrid approach combining Natural Language Processing with Machine Learning on corpus-related features to extract emerging knowledge.

^{[49]}We present Prognostics-as-aService, a hybrid approach combining on-board computation with server-based prognostics on the ground.

^{[50]}

## Integrated Approach Combining

An integrated approach combining the author-topic (AT) model with communities using through the directed affiliations (CoDA) method is explored to identify the research interest of the communities in a scientific collaboration network.^{[1]}This study focuses on an integrated approach combining pragmatic and cognitive approaches in the framework of discourse analysis.

^{[2]}There is no specific solution to solving phosphorus pollution of water resources; however, sustainable management of phosphorus requires an integrated approach combining at least a reduction in consumption levels, source management, more specific regime-based nutrient criteria, routine soil fertility evaluation and recommendations, transport management, as well as the development of extensive phosphorus recovery and recycling programs.

^{[3]}In this study, an integrated approach combining chemical ecological risk assessment and multi-integrated biomarker indexes approach was used to assess the marine environment.

^{[4]}An integrated approach combining the hard power of a limited military presence with the arsenal of American soft power will enable the United States to balance and compete with growing Chinese and Russian influence, and will be cost effective.

^{[5]}In this study, using an innovative integrated approach combining culture-dependent method with a shotgun sequencing, we were able to show how strain-level biodiversity could influence the quality characteristics of the final product.

^{[6]}In the article we have attempted to expand the list of methods for identification of livestock dung produced by cattle kept in corrals at archaeological sites on the basis of an integrated approach combining soil microbiology and chemistry methods.

^{[7]}HLA eplet mismatch analysis represents the evolution from antigen-level match assessments and cell-based donor-specific antibody (DSA) identification to an integrated approach combining sophisticated molecular histocompatibility genotyping with solid phase antibody detection techniques.

^{[8]}To achieve the goal, the integrated approach combining is fuzzy decision-making trial and evaluation laboratory (FDEMATEL) and fuzzy analysis network Process (FANP) developed.

^{[9]}Herein, an integrated approach combining multiplatform-based metabonomics and network analysis was adopted to elucidate the ameliorative mechanism of HZ on hyperlipidemia.

^{[10]}METHODS Rhizobium-inoculated and non-inoculated alfalfa plants were treated with 200 mmol/L NaHCO3 to investigate physiological, metabolic, and proteomic responses of root-nodule symbiosis under alkaline-induced stress, using an integrated approach combining metabolome and proteome analysis with measurements of physiological parameters.

^{[11]}Then, an integrated approach combining “Interpretive Structural Modelling (ISM)” and “Decision Making Trial and Evaluation Laboratory (DEMATEL)” methodology was employed to establish a mutual relationship between the challenges and simultaneously obtaining the intensity of this interrelationship to identify the most significant ones.

^{[12]}This integrated approach combining the in vitro selection and propagation offers potential applications in the development of safe, effective, and novel natural health products of Tulsi, and many other medicinal plant species.

^{[13]}This work develops an integrated approach combining thermodynamic and deposition modules with a multiphase flow simulator to simultaneously model asphaltenes precipitation and deposition in wellbores.

^{[14]}This research presents an integrated approach combining Coloured Petri Nets and Interpretive Structural Modelling, called hybrid ISM-CPN model, to risk assessment of wind farms development.

^{[15]}The aim of study was to adapt an integrated approach combining several in silico (IS) studies and in vitro (IV) assays to screen the multifunctionality of CMP-derived peptides.

^{[16]}This paper presents a new integrated approach combining image processing and fractal theory to infer the capillary pressure curve from 2D rock images in low-permeability sandstone.

^{[17]}Methods: This study used an integrated approach combining qualitative and quantitative analysis.

^{[18]}Herein, the functional properties of YhcB (DUF1043) were investigated using an integrated approach combining X-ray crystallography with genetics and molecular biology.

^{[19]}This illustrates how an integrated approach combining core measurements, logs, and formation testing provide an accurate evaluation of low resistivity pay reservoirs, reducing the uncertainty in the technical economical evaluation.

^{[20]}Using an integrated approach combining both NGS gene panels and WES analysis, we identified two novel compound heterozygous missense variants in MTMR5/ SBF1 gene, p.

^{[21]}An integrated approach combining small and wide angle X-ray scattering with molecular dynamics simulations has been employed and the simulation protocol has been validated against the experimental data.

^{[22]}In this article, a novel integrated approach combining a deep convolutional neural network (CNN) and change detection is proposed for landslide recognition from RS images.

^{[23]}MAIN METHODS In this study, an integrated approach combining ultra performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF/MS)-based metabonomics and network pharmacology was adopted to elucidate the cooperation mechanism of RR and CF on the amelioration of CKD.

^{[24]}An analysis of historical landslides was performed through an integrated approach combining literature data and landslide inventory analysis, relationships between landslide types and lithological units, detailed photogeological analysis, and geomorphological field mapping.

^{[25]}Therefore, an integrated approach combining traditional and molecular plant breeding should be carried out to strengthen future breeding programs.

^{[26]}