African Women(非洲婦女)到底是什麼？African Women 非洲婦女 - HSV-2 incidence was >10% per year, emphasizing the need for development of novel HSV-2 prevention strategies for African women.  Data were collected from one randomly selected woman per household using the African Women Awareness of CANcer breast and cervical cancer tool.  Assessing the knowledge and uptake level of African women through studies like this is crucial in identifying the loopholes in the fight against cancer.  A qualitative approach was adopted using online open-ended questions to seek narratives from African women leaders on their roles and experiences of a STEM career.  Knowing Women is a must-read for scholars of African sexuality, social scientists, researchers, cultural studies scholars, sexuality and gender policy formulators and implementers and all those who have a stake in advancing and protecting the identities of African women.  Although these important efforts have not resulted in a major decrease in violence against women, they clearly demonstrate the long history of African women’s actions in resisting state power and patriarchy.  Reducing the gender gap in Mathematics in Africa, is the major aim of African Women in Mathematics Association (AWMA) through various activities.  The paper shows that Italy’s adoption of partial exclusion or subordinated model of integration, the weak position of the African migrants in Italy’s employment sector, lack of employment opportunities for African women and the second generation, blocked mobility, lack of access to housing due to racial discrimination and hostile attitudes of the Northern League party are the main forces behind the onward migration.  The author of the article indicates the reasons for the considerable increase in the representation of women in legislative and executive bodies in several countries of the continent, as well as the obstacles that impede social and political activity of African women.  The analysis reveals that, with the practs of ordering, Sir Peters compares the attitudes of African men to African women and advocates women empowerment, predicating his advocacy on the fact that women are beautiful and intelligent.  African women with normal cytology have been reported to have the highest prevalence of HPV and also higher tendency of developing invasive cervical cancer due to certain sociocultural and economic factors.  DISCUSSION When X-chromosomal and autosomal differentiation values were compared, a sex-biased admixture between European men and Native American and African women was revealed, as well as between African men and Native American women.  Notwithstanding, most Euro-American and other global frameworks against women victimization tend to accord the contributions of African women in P/CVE an epiphenomenal consideration.  Hence, this systematic review and meta-analysis was planned to generate summarized evidence on the association between maternal serum Zn levels and pre-eclampsia in African women.  In a trial measuring HIV incidence in African women, oral PrEP was incorporated into the standard of prevention in the trial's last year.  In this volume, African women theologians and their female-identifying colleagues, struggle with reading and interpreting religious texts in the context of environmental crisis that are threatening life on Earth.  While South Africa has introduced several policies to address the low enrolment and graduation of women in STEM, African women continue to be under-represented in these disciplines.  Witchcraft and barrenness are two critical issues that African women have had to grapple with since precolonial times.  I explore this initiative through the lenses of African Women’s Theology (AWT) and Oikos Theology and suggest that urban community food gardens represent a cooperation with nature and a resistance to social structures and systems that perpetuate marginalization, inequality, and subjugation of women.  Conclusion: The low prevalence of dense breast pattern in this study is consistent with previous findings of relatively lower prevalence of breast cancer in African women.  Serena Dankwa’s Knowing Women, a fascinating exploration of African women’s same-sex intimacies in Ghana, starts off by reminding us to ‘“free our imaginations” in order to “make new exciting things”’.  African women are considered exemplary cases where women have low access to finance and economic opportunities to progress in the natural resource industry.  The theme of motherhood and childbearing is not new in African women’s literature.  Conclusion: African women with a history of HFDP have an increased risk of cardiometabolic conditions within 6 years post-partum in an urban sub-Saharan African setting.  Five themes were generated, revealing gender specific experiences of these African women immigrants during their career journey.  Background: Preeclampsia and eclampsia, are the frequent and global obstetrics and gynaecology emergencies in the care of gravid women particularly in African women.  So, how do African women consent to research when culturally they must surrender their autonomy? We join in solidarity and create our own collective autonomy.  This paper helps to fill in the gap by examining the issues that affect the ability of African women to utilize digital technology for better agricultural productivity and how these are influenced by regional and multilateral intellectual property (IP) regulations.  The role of African women writers in employing the unique style of presenting several generations of women characters in the same historical novel to narrate how the world of women has been transformed across time cannot be naysaid.  The United Nations (UN) conferences have made a significant impact on the development agendas and related projects and programmes on gender equality designed to support women – including African women – starting with Mexico 1975, Copenhagen 1980, Nairobi 1985 and the fourth world conference in Beijing in 1995 with its Platform for Action (BPfA).  To assess risk factors for venous thromboembolism (VTE) in African women in order to guide thromboprophylaxis.  Participants Women who participated in the African Women Awareness of CANcer cross-sectional survey who disclosed potential breast and cervical cancer symptoms were eligible; recruitment was purposive.  Here, we provide insight on how the high levels of estrogen in African women might contribute to the lower cases and fatalities in Africa.  African women and girls represent a majority of those infected, and Africa is home to three-fourths of all HIV-infected women and girls.  This chapter identifies the dichotomy in-country experiences by African immigrant women to South Africa and therefore attempts to examine the African women migration trend into South Africa.  However, little is known about African women’s experiences with vaginal pessary use.  Concurrent HPV/HIV infection is catastrophic, particularly to African women due to the high prevalence of HIV infections.  The crucial question which comes to mind in this study's investigation is whether the circular shapes of the products by the women has any leasing or influence from the round features found on ideal, African women.  Through these women’s voices and lives, Dankwa delivers a rich, excitingly messy, perfectly wayward and full life of African women’s genius.  A qualitative approach was adopted using online open-ended questions to seek narratives from African women leaders on their roles and experiences of a STEM career.  Though the question of linguistic discordance in African literature is not new, it still generates ripples, and currently attracts tremendous interest of the present crop of African women writers who produce texts that conflate both indigenous and exogenous languages to possibly strengthen the conviction that one language is no longer the sole organiser of worldview.  However, clinical studies have reported conflicting evidence on the effect of serum Vitamin D levels on serum Anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH), with little evidence in African women.  INTRODUCTION We present a case series of ten, atopic, African women who developed irritant contact dermatitis after the addition of synthetic hair extensions.  To arrive at this conclusion, the central aim was to elucidate whether the gender-performative representations prioritised in the multimodal discourses of Afrobeats music videos are implicated in post-feminist sensibilities and if so, in what ways and to what effect? Given the continent’s richly diverse, yet largely heteropatriarchal, sociocultural formations, I argue that ideas about empowered, agentic and self-determining (black) African women are–based on the limited purview offered through the multimodal discourses of a small corpus of Afrobeats music videos–no more than sociocultural façades as opposed to gender-relational realities in our context.  The population-attributable risk of male gender on spontaneous preterm birth is lower in African women (3.  African women’s theology has a commitment to the emancipation of women covering the several themes such as ecclesiology, hospitality, community, spirituality, sacrifice, ecology and missiology.  This article explores Palmer’s approaches to African women’s writing in the volume, focusing on his presentation of So Long a Letter by the Senegalese author Mariama Bâ and relating his criticism of Bâ’s narrative to other interpretations of her work.  There is limited research on Arab, Muslim and African women’s experiences of advanced breast cancer.  Background Access to modern family planning methods is essential for African women to avoid repeated pregnancies, and the subsequent risk of maternal mortality, particularly in rural contexts.  Drawing on research with African retail traders, university students, and corporate executives in China, I show that the bridge theory illuminates how African women and men rationalize their decisions to migrate to China within the context of the rise of Asia. 
                                                  Available evidences in this regard are controversial and non-conclusive on this potential issue and therefore, we estimated the pooled effect of the proportion of knowledge, attitude and practice of HIV infected African women towards cervical cancer screening to generate evidence for improved prevention strategies.  Conclusion South African women have high rates of HIV, Pap smear abnormalities and HR-HPV, with low cervical cancer screening coverage.  Objectives We investigated the role of molecular markers in cervical cancer screening for South African women living with HIV (WLHIV). 
   Objectives The aim of this study was to determine the association between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) and body composition in postmenopausal South African women living with HIV and on ART.  OBJECTIVE To describe changes in maternal viral control over time in South African women living with HIV (WLHIV) using surveillance data from the National Health Laboratory Service's Corporate Data Warehouse (NHLS CDW).  This study assesses correlates of specific safety strategy use among 166 Black South African women recently experiencing IPV and testing positive for HIV.  Results We profiled the bacterial composition of 316 cervicovaginal swabs collected at 3-month intervals from 88 healthy young Black South African women with a median follow-up of 9 months per participant and developed a Markov-based model of transition dynamics that accurately predicted bacterial composition within a broader cross-sectional cohort.  The health implication of body weight burden needs rapid and effective interventions, focusing on factors such as rural, education, population group, older age 45–49 years, and Provinces (Northern Cape, Eastern Cape, and KwaZulu-Natal) – the high-risk groups identified herein are of most importance to curb the growing burden among South African women of reproductive age.  Results: We profiled the bacterial composition of 316 cervicovaginal swabs collected at 3-month intervals from 88 healthy young Black South African women with a median follow-up of 9 months per participant and developed a Markov-based model of transition dynamics that accurately predicted bacterial composition within a broader crosssectional cohort.  We used SARS-CoV-2 peptide pools and whole virus antigen to stimulate peripheral blood mononuclear cells collected pre-2020 from South African women and measured interferon gamma (IFNγ) and interleukin 2 (IL2) production.  In this paper, we describe rural South African women’s perceptions of lobola, their experiences related to marriage and lobola, and how they reconfigure lobola to fit within modern life course aspirations and trajectories.  This cross-sectional study examined trauma, physical, and mental health among black South African women living with HIV (WLH).  This study investigated the effect of HIV infection on DNA methylation patterns in the peripheral blood of South African women with (n = 95) or without (n = 191) gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM).  Despite the high prevalence of HIV in pregnant South African women, little is known about the effects of ART on the cardiovascular health of the mother and offspring.  Our findings provided a compelling evidence for single/non-cohabiting South African women to be the most vulnerable population who consistently and substantially contributed to increasing STI rates during the 15 years of study duration (PAR%: 44%-47%).  Conclusion South African women have high rates of HIV, Pap smear abnormalities and HR-HPV, with low cervical cancer screening coverage.  RESULTS A decreased Glow/Radiance appears clearly associated with an increased perceived age in all studied subjects, especially among Chinese, Japanese, and South African women.  We therefore aimed to compare PWV measured by the Mobil-O-Graph and the SphygmoCor XCEL device in a sample of South African women and children.  Purpose Breast cancer (BC) is increasing in black South African women, but few studies have investigated its risk factors.  We investigated the cumulative impact of recurrent STIs on subsequent HIV seroconversion among a cohort of South African women.  I focus on three vignettes within the performance that connect histories of racialized violence against Black South African women to Booysen’s case and that of other women in the contemporary period.  Aims: Despite a higher prevalence of overweight and obesity in black South African women compared to men, the prevalence of type 2 diabetes does not differ.  South African women have a high rate of cervical cancer cases, but there are limited data on human papillomavirus (HPV) genotypes in cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) in the Eastern Cape province, South Africa.  Among 286 Black, South African women, the association between childhood maltreatment and neurocognitive health, defined here as neurocognitive performance (NP), was first estimated assuming constant variance.  The active participation of Black South African women in the corporate sector is essential for the achievement of equity and diversity.  Background South African women of reproductive age have a high burden of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including human papillomavirus (HPV) infection.  This study explored the subjective experiences of 12 South African women diagnosed with recurrent breast cancer.  A wealth disparity exists among South African women in terms of hemoglobin levels.  While the views of South African women range from progressive to conservative, individual viewpoints are much more nuanced and complex.  We adapted an SVI score, previously used by the US Centre for Disease Control (CDC), and calculated SVI for young urban South African women (n = 1584; median age 21.  Ilitha Labantu, a South African women’s rights organisation, organised a South African consultative forum in 2020 to celebrate the 25th anniversary of the Beijing conference and reflect on what progress has still to be made, particularly foregrounding the younger generation of feminist leadership in 2020.  Conclusions Greater emphasis needs to be placed on meeting the sexual and reproductive health (SRH) needs of South African women, if maternal mortality rates are to be reduced.  We assessed the impact of point-of-care (POC) STI testing, immediate treatment and expedited partner therapy (EPT) on genital tract cytokines among a cohort of young South African women.  ABSTRACT As part of a larger Master's study, this paper focuses on the individual experiences of agency and autonomy communicated by a group of South African women who have overcome traditional notions of gender through their role as primary financial provider for their families.  South African women who were financially affected were more likely than men to seek preventive care initially (6% vs 2%, respectively), and had a significant decline in seeking preventive care since March 2020 (0·23, p=0·04).  Despite many studies on how women experience and cope with induced abortion, the review revealed the need for research related to specific challenges and experiences of South African women.  This paper argues that the two notions have depressing effects on South African women.  By analyzing qualitative narratives from semistructured interviews with Black married South African women between the ages of forty and sixty-two from rural and township areas, we examine how these women interpret experiences of rape and sexual coercion in their intimate relationships with their husbands.  Methods: Eight age- (16–18 and 19–24 years) and gender-stratified focus group discussions (FGDs) were conducted using semi-structured interview guides to explore young South African women and men's willingness, perceived barriers, and facilitators to participating in biomedical HIV prevention research.  We described pregnancy-related healthcare utilisation among rural South African women from 1993 to 2018, a period of social, political and economic transition.  We explore how a group of South African women academics and ‘eLearning champions’ engaged in a mobile community of practice under COVID-19 conditions.  In this study, we examined the transcriptional landscape of cervical cell populations in a cohort of South African women with differing vaginal microbial community types.  This study provided valuable insight into maternal deaths due to COVID among South African women.  Our informants were four South African women who experienced separation abuse by a partner.  See the anthology Our Words, Our Worlds: Writing on Black South African Women Poets, 2000– 2018 (2019).  However, in paying homage to Meer’s legacy, Hassim not only disrupts the persistent shrouding of South African women’s political profiles, but deftly sutures South African history to a critical appraisal of a politics of visibility within the academy – and within feminism – which is particularly relevant today.  Keeping this in mind may help understand specific societal issues that South African women face.  Conclusion: Overall, this review found that a variety of coping responses are used by South African women experiencing IPV.  The implant greatly expands LARC options for South African women as it is available free of charge at public health facilities, but little is known about factors associated with its uptake.  The prevalence of perinatal depression and anxiety disorders, common mental disorders, is three times higher for South African women relative to women in high-income countries.  Background Notwithstanding the benefits of physical activity (PA) during pregnancy, anecdotal evidence suggests ignorance, unscientific beliefs, and lack of awareness about PA among pregnant South African women.  The aim of this study was to investigate the association between the ADIPOQ −11377C>G and −11391G>A, and methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) 677C>T polymorphisms and GDM in a population of black South African women.  Objectives The aim of this study was to evaluate established risk factors for the formation of cholesterol gallstones in black South African women living with HIV (WLHIV). 
                                                  Rates of STIs are rising worldwide, with notably high incidences among PrEP-using men who have sex with men in high-income countries; in low-income and middle-income countries, data are sparse, but results from a limited number of studies among African women initiating and taking PrEP have shown high STI prevalence and incidence.  We investigate the health belief and its impact on maternal health behaviors among African women with a view to offering guidelines for designing personalized persuasive technologies to encourage appropriate maternal health and lifestyles amongst women in the Global South.  The standard treatment for bacterial vaginosis (BV) with oral metronidazole is often ineffective, and recurrence rates are high among African women.  Populations of African ancestry have a higher prevalence of obesity and higher T2D risk than populations of European ancestry, mainly driven by higher rates among African women.  Purpose: There is conflicting evidence on the role of lipid biomarkers in breast cancer (BC), and no study to our knowledge has examined this association among African women.  BACKGROUND Geophagy is an ancestral practice particularly found among African women who describe beneficial effects on the sympathetic signs of pregnancy.  Short median interval for resumption to sex after birth among African women has been associated with adverse maternal and child health wellbeing.  Breast cancer (BC) is the most common cancer among African women and is the second most common cause of cancer deaths in Africa as estimated by GLOBOCAN 2018.  Few sub-Saharan African studies have ascertained utilization for postmastectomy radiation (PMRT) for breast cancer, the second most common cancer among African women.  However, the pooled prevalence of multiple HPV infections and non-vaccine high-risk HPV infections were higher among African women diagnosed with cancer (30.  However, despite the increasing prevalence of obesity and associated conditions in Africa, the continent with the highest age-standardized BC mortality rate globally, few studies have evaluated this association, and none has examined in relation to molecular subtypes among African women.  Background: Cervical cancer remains one of the top causes of cancer mortality among African women.  This paper investigates gender-based segregation in education, jobs and earnings among African women in South Africa.