## Complex Materials(복합 재료)란 무엇입니까?

Complex Materials 복합 재료 - The characterization and identification of uncertainties in the physical properties of complex materials have been the subjects of longstanding interest in both research and engineering.^{[1]}Securing a coin means adding to a mixture of visible and invisible elements in order to preserve the currency from counterfeiting operations, which include the following elements such as the use of alternative materials and attractive designs with many and varied details with the use of complex materials to thwart the counterfeiters in order to add advantages with new techniques during the production process, in this study will be Shed light on the latest security methods used to protect the coin from counterfeiting worldwide, including but not limited to coin specification, edge, shape, micro-engraved, latent image, pad printing, illuminating ink, nanotech coloring and hologram Electro-Magnetic Signature, Multi-Clad Coins Strip (MCCS) and Micro-glyph Code The research follows the analytical approach in presenting these means with a simple explanation of each technique and found after the study that it needs a high cost to apply it to the Egyptian coin.

^{[2]}The recent finding of fingerprints of ferromagnetism in two-dimensional electron gases at oxide interfaces involving rare-earth titanates has produced a surge of the interest in these complex materials.

^{[3]}By capitalizing on the adaptability of morpheeins to create patterned structures and exploiting their inborn affinity toward inorganic and living matter, “bottom-up” creation of nanostructures could be achieved using a single protein building block, which may be useful as such or as scaffolds for more complex materials.

^{[4]}Controlled patterning of nanoparticles on bioassemblies enables synthesis of complex materials for applications in optics, nanoelectronics, and sensing.

^{[5]}Complex materials such as polymers, structured material systems, or biological materials provide a particular challenge to many of the traditional synthesizing methods.

^{[6]}The aims of this study were to develop an efficient and integrated strategy for preparative separation of triterpenoids from Inonotus obliquus and to provide ideas for the preparation of bioactive ingredients in other complex materials.

^{[7]}Yet, in emerging processes (recent studies), the number of intermediates involved increase, configurational effects and lateral interactions become significant, and complex materials with low symmetry are employed, thus the simple rules encapsulated in linear scaling relationships lose their predictive power due to error accumulation.

^{[8]}Low energy excitations can shed light on the interplay between different degrees of freedom in complex materials.

^{[9]}In complex materials with strain- and time-dependent material properties, the perceived mechanical parameters depend both on the strain and timescales at which the material is mechanically probed14.

^{[10]}Despite their ubiquity in metal alloys, self-assembled micellar quasicrystals have only serendipitously emerged from intricate molecular building blocks or complex materials-processing protocols.

^{[11]}These results demonstrate that hierarchical self-assembly of complex materials can be solely driven by entropy and shape polydispersity of the constituting particles.

^{[12]}Hydration can thereby be used as a switch to control the location and action of TMP or similar compounds in complex materials like SC.

^{[13]}The formation pathways and functionality of these complex materials is dependent on the physical properties that are built into polymer structure and the resulting physical conformation in the dilute and dense phase.

^{[14]}There are some beneficial impacts for the students if their teachers have self-efficacy highly and promising approach in classroom management, namely: (1) Students meet a figure who can be trusted and help to solve their problems; (2) Students enjoy in the teaching-learning process because the teachers bring them the simplicity from complex materials and concept; (3) Students are more confident and actively to participate in their classroom; (4) Students will have critical thinking and can quickly answer the questions; (5) Students have high motivation and try their best in the study for their success in the future.

^{[15]}Our work is relevant to the broad range of problems where mechanical deformations and solidification are concomitant and paves the way for the use of multistep moldless approaches for the assembly of complex materials.

^{[16]}Additive manufacturing is a one of the most promising technology nowadays that offers the advantages not only in building products of complex shapes but also of complex materials.

^{[17]}Milk lipids are one of the most complex materials in nature and are associated with many physiological functions, hence it is important to comprehensively characterize lipids profiles to evaluate the nutritional value of milk.

^{[18]}However, this degree of separation is very difficult or even impossible due to composition or contamination of the plastic waste, such is the case for example of complex materials like composites, made of more than one material that in most cases cannot be separated, and of highly contaminated plastic residues (e.

^{[19]}The mathematical separation of a glow curve into contributions from energetically unique trap states, or glow curve analysis, may be used to remove undesired effects of signal fading for complex materials.

^{[20]}Determining this behaviour is extremely difficult in complex materials, such as fibre–matrix composites, where unique phenomena such as continuous mode conversion takes place.

^{[21]}Mixed nanostructured transition metal-based complex materials with hierarchical and porous architectures, fabricated using interconnected nano-building blocks, are considered as high-performance positive electrode materials in supercapacitors (SCs).

^{[22]}This successful identification of a fingerprint is a crucial first step in the development of algorithms which can extract more nuanced information, such as chemical ordering, from existing datasets of complex materials.

^{[23]}However, these tools are very limited for complex materials with non-negligible peak overlaps in their respective mass-to-charge ratio spectra.

^{[24]}Structural anisotropy exists prevalently in complex materials.

^{[25]}This makes it suitable for use in large, multi-dimensional simulations that feature many complex materials and physical processes interacting over multiple levels of adaptive mesh refinement.

^{[26]}One of the critical aspects towards a multiscale control of these complex materials is the understanding of the actual framework structure and the interplay of the framework ions and the organic functions, and how these features are related to the sol-gel preparation conditions.

^{[27]}He has developed new methods of electron band structure engineering and microstructure engineering of thermal and electrical properties of complex materials.

^{[28]}To effectively extract information on complex materials, it is important to use appropriate methods to treat the data with adequate physicomathematical models that accurately describe the dependences of these data on pressure, concentration, temperature, and other parameters, and effective computational programs.

^{[29]}Sawatzky Stewart Blusson Quantum Matter Institute, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada V6T 1Z1 Department of Physics & Engineering Physics, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada S7N 5E2 Experimentelle Physik IV and Röntgen Research Center for Complex Materials (RCCM), Fakultät für Physik und Astronomie, Universität Würzburg, Am Hubland, D-97074 Würzburg, Germany Institute for Structure Physics, Dresden Technical University, 01062 Dresden, Germany Faculty of Science and Technology and MESA+ Institute for Nanotechnology, University of Twente, 7500 AE Enschede, The Netherlands National Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, Anhui, China Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research, Heisenbergstraße 1, 70569 Stuttgart, Germany Canadian Light Source, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK S7N 2V3, Canada (Dated: June 24, 2021).

^{[30]}The findings presented here will improve modeling cell-material flow during bioprinting through accurate estimation of flow conditions, in particular for complex materials.

^{[31]}With our experiment, we were able to take a first step in supporting students in their self-regulated use of retrieval practice in a classroom environment with complex materials.

^{[32]}These measurements of TaTe2 underscore moreover the applicability of the HiRES UED beamline at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) to probe ultrafast structural dynamics of complex materials.

^{[33]}This situation demands a tensorial rheology of colloidal suspensions, where the multidimensional response of these complex materials to arbitrary superposed stress states needs to be characterized and constitutive models developed.

^{[34]}Over the last decade, scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) has emerged as a powerful tool for probing atomic structures of complex materials with picometer precision, opening the pathway toward exploring ferroelectric, ferroelastic, and chemical phenomena on the atomic scale.

^{[35]}Our approach enables robust and high-resolution reconstruction of complex materials and illumination in captured indoor scenes.

^{[36]}First-principles calculations are critical for understanding these complex materials at an atomic level and establishing relationships between atomic and electronic structures, particularly for probing quantities difficult or inaccessible to experiment.

^{[37]}Fractional viscoelasticity has encountered some successes in the dynamics of complex materials.

^{[38]}We examine how the material properties and combinations lead to highly specific catalytic activity and cross-relate the subtle differences to the typical active behaviors of these complex materials.

^{[39]}Additionally, antimicrobial activities of complex materials based on graphene are reviewed, as well as devices or products for removing bacterial cells from wastewater.

^{[40]}Good design was more important for more complex materials, and in system-paced environments (e.

^{[41]}) are determined by measuring the relative position of zonal images on complex materials of panchromatic and multispectral survey (pansharpening) taking into account the location of optoelectronic converters of spectral channels relative to each other in the target survey equipment.

^{[42]}Dyachenko on the dynamics of breather interactions in approximate models was supported by the state assignment “Dynamics of the complex materials”.

^{[43]}The ability to tailor the structure of two-dimensional soft bio/nano interfaces via external stimuli shows the potential for the bottom-up fabrication of complex materials with nanotechnological importance, such as biosensors, bioelectronics, and biomolecular fuel cells.

^{[44]}Such lightweight steels are complex materials with multiphase microstructure.

^{[45]}The power of the SOS approach lies in providing simple and physically transparent views of otherwise unintuitive phenomena in complex materials.

^{[46]}INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Human kidney stones are complex materials which contain a mineral component dispersed in an organic/protein matrix.

^{[47]}Spectral imaging is of visualization, high precision, and high sensitivity, and suitable for analyzing the spatial distribution of complex materials.

^{[48]}Geotechnical engineers, who are accustomed to deal with complex materials such as soils and rocks, are well prepared to understand the properties of geomembranes.

^{[49]}Nanoemulsions are a versatile means to create a variety of consumer products and complex materials.

^{[50]}

nan

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^{[42]}근사 모델에서 브리더 상호 작용의 역학에 대한 Dyachenko는 상태 할당 "복잡한 재료의 역학"에 의해 지원되었습니다.

^{[43]}외부 자극을 통해 2차원 소프트 바이오/나노 인터페이스의 구조를 조정할 수 있는 능력은 바이오센서, 바이오일렉트로닉스 및 바이오분자 연료 전지와 같은 나노기술적으로 중요한 복합 재료의 상향식 제조 가능성을 보여줍니다.

^{[44]}이러한 경량 강은 다상 미세 구조를 갖는 복합 재료입니다.

^{[45]}SOS 접근 방식의 힘은 복잡한 재료의 직관적이지 않은 현상에 대한 간단하고 물리적으로 투명한 보기를 제공하는 데 있습니다.

^{[46]}소개 및 목적: 인간의 신장 결석은 유기/단백질 매트릭스에 분산된 미네랄 성분을 포함하는 복잡한 물질입니다.

^{[47]}스펙트럼 이미징은 시각화, 고정밀 및 고감도이며 복잡한 재료의 공간 분포를 분석하는 데 적합합니다.

^{[48]}토양 및 암석과 같은 복잡한 재료를 다루는 데 익숙한 지반 공학 엔지니어는 지오멤브레인의 특성을 이해할 준비가 되어 있습니다.

^{[49]}나노에멀젼은 다양한 소비재와 복잡한 재료를 만드는 다용도 수단입니다.

^{[50]}

## theme issue ‘ 테마 문제 '

This article is part of the theme issue ‘Topics in mathematical design of complex materials’.^{[1]}This article is part of the theme issue ‘Topics in mathematical design of complex materials’.

^{[2]}This article is part of the theme issue ‘Topics in mathematical design of complex materials’.

^{[3]}This article is part of the theme issue ‘Topics in mathematical design of complex materials’.

^{[4]}This article is part of the theme issue ‘Topics in mathematical design of complex materials’.

^{[5]}This article is part of the theme issue ‘Topics in mathematical design of complex materials’.

^{[6]}This article is part of the theme issue ‘Topics in mathematical design of complex materials’.

^{[7]}This article is part of the theme issue ‘Topics in mathematical design of complex materials’.

^{[8]}This article is part of the theme issue ‘Topics in mathematical design of complex materials’.

^{[9]}This article is part of the theme issue ‘Topics in mathematical design of complex materials’.

^{[10]}

## finite element time

In this paper, a mixed finite-element time-domain (FETD) method is presented for the simulation of electrically complex materials, including general combinations of linear dispersion, instantaneous nonlinearity, and dispersive nonlinearity.^{[1]}In this article, a finite-element time-domain method is presented for the solution of the second-order vector wave equation (VWE) subject to electrically complex materials, including general combinations of linear dispersion, instantaneous nonlinearity, and dispersive nonlinearity.

^{[2]}A novel implementation of a perfectly matched layer (PML) is presented for the truncation of finite-element time-domain (FETD) meshes containing electrically complex materials, exhibiting any combination of linear dispersion, instantaneous nonlinearity, and dispersive nonlinearity.

^{[3]}

이 논문에서는 선형 분산, 순시 비선형성 및 분산 비선형성의 일반적인 조합을 포함하여 전기적으로 복잡한 재료의 시뮬레이션을 위한 혼합 유한 요소 시간 영역(FETD) 방법을 제시합니다.

^{[1]}이 기사에서는 선형 분산, 순시 비선형성 및 분산 비선형성의 일반적인 조합을 포함하여 전기적으로 복잡한 재료에 대한 2차 벡터 파동 방정식(VWE)의 솔루션에 대한 유한 요소 시간 영역 방법을 제시합니다.

^{[2]}nan

^{[3]}

## Rheologically Complex Materials

Shape memory polymers (SMPs) are thermo-rheologically complex materials showing significant temperature and time dependences.^{[1]}Compounds used for Ceramic Injection Molding (CIM) are rheologically complex materials.

^{[2]}Proposed generalised time–temperature superposition models for rheologically complex materials are presented.

^{[3]}This novel tool enables the direct imaging of rheologically complex materials under conditions relevant to processing, to elucidate the physical phenomena underlying nonlinear rheology and thixotropy.

^{[4]}

형상기억고분자(SMP)는 열변형학적으로 복잡한 물질로 상당한 온도와 시간 의존성을 보입니다.

^{[1]}세라믹 사출 성형(CIM)에 사용되는 화합물은 유변학적으로 복잡한 재료입니다.

^{[2]}nan

^{[3]}nan

^{[4]}

## Structurally Complex Materials 구조적으로 복잡한 재료

Assembling peptides allow the creation of structurally complex materials, where amino acid selection influences resulting properties.^{[1]}We present ‘joined-up’ thinking for several families of porous silicas; the mechanistic insights gained can help design structurally complex materials.

^{[2]}Significance Programmable self-assembly of smart, digital, and structurally complex materials from simple components remains a long-standing goal of material science.

^{[3]}This approach for assembling commercial small molecules into structurally complex materials paves the way for low-cost functional supramolecular materials based on synthetically simple procedures.

^{[4]}

nan

^{[1]}nan

^{[2]}의미 간단한 구성 요소에서 스마트, 디지털 및 구조적으로 복잡한 재료의 프로그래밍 가능한 자체 조립은 재료 과학의 오랜 목표로 남아 있습니다.

^{[3]}상업용 저분자를 구조적으로 복잡한 재료로 조립하기 위한 이러한 접근 방식은 합성적으로 간단한 절차를 기반으로 하는 저비용 기능성 초분자 재료의 길을 열어줍니다.

^{[4]}

## Chemically Complex Materials 화학적으로 복잡한 재료

While serial bulk experimental methods can accurately measure STCH performance, screening chemically complex materials systems for new promising candidates is more challenging.^{[1]}Indeed, chemically complex materials such as minerals can have an almost limitless variety of morphologies, particle sizes, shapes, and compositions, and the optical properties of such species can be predicted if the optical constants are known.

^{[2]}This method was evaluated on the new and chemically complex materials group of multi-principal element alloys (MPEAs), also known as high-entropy alloys (HEAs).

^{[3]}Finally, we demonstrate that for a given system size, the trained ANN model offers 104 to 105 faster time consumption per energy evaluation relative to ab initio calculations using Vienna Ab initio Simulation Package, demonstrating the potential of the ANN model for exhaustively sampling the configuration spaces of chemically complex materials for predictions of thermodynamic properties and phase stabilities.

^{[4]}

nan

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^{[2]}이 방법은 HEA(고엔트로피 합금)라고도 하는 MPEA(다중 원소 합금)의 새롭고 화학적으로 복잡한 재료 그룹에 대해 평가되었습니다.

^{[3]}마지막으로, 우리는 주어진 시스템 크기에 대해 훈련된 ANN 모델이 Vienna Ab initio Simulation Package를 사용한 ab initio 계산에 비해 에너지 평가당 104 ~ 105 더 빠른 시간 소비를 제공하여 구성 공간을 철저하게 샘플링하기 위한 ANN 모델의 잠재력을 보여줍니다. 열역학적 특성 및 위상 안정성 예측을 위한 화학적으로 복잡한 재료

^{[4]}

## Highly Complex Materials 고도로 복잡한 재료

This review indicates that bio-oils are highly complex materials that contain various compounds.^{[1]}Although this realization reinforces the notion that MOFs are highly complex materials, it should also stimulate a broader reexamination of the literature to identify corollaries to existing design rules and reveal new structure-property relationships.

^{[2]}Modelling interaction forces as bodies intrude into granular media is a longstanding challenge in the design and control of machines that navigate and manipulate these highly complex materials.

^{[3]}Such catalysts are highly complex materials that are optimized to work for plenty of turnovers at high reaction rates and with high selectivity.

^{[4]}

## Variou Complex Materials 다양한 복합재료

Medical products are considered to have great remanufacturing potential because they are often designated as single-use products and consist of various complex materials that cannot be reused and are not significant in municipal recycling infrastructure.^{[1]}The research method in this paper is used to design multi-principal element alloys or other various complex materials that meet the target performance.

^{[2]}99Ru and 158Gd SR-based Mössbauer absorption spectra of various complex materials including somewhat complex structures will be available with the improvements to the measurement system; More detector elements for larger solid angle subtended to the scatterer sample will yields more counting rates and improvement higher recoilless fraction by arranging more appropriate chemical specimen as the scatterer yields deeper absorption profile.

^{[3]}

## Electrically Complex Materials

In this paper, a mixed finite-element time-domain (FETD) method is presented for the simulation of electrically complex materials, including general combinations of linear dispersion, instantaneous nonlinearity, and dispersive nonlinearity.^{[1]}In this article, a finite-element time-domain method is presented for the solution of the second-order vector wave equation (VWE) subject to electrically complex materials, including general combinations of linear dispersion, instantaneous nonlinearity, and dispersive nonlinearity.

^{[2]}A novel implementation of a perfectly matched layer (PML) is presented for the truncation of finite-element time-domain (FETD) meshes containing electrically complex materials, exhibiting any combination of linear dispersion, instantaneous nonlinearity, and dispersive nonlinearity.

^{[3]}

이 논문에서는 선형 분산, 순시 비선형성 및 분산 비선형성의 일반적인 조합을 포함하여 전기적으로 복잡한 재료의 시뮬레이션을 위한 혼합 유한 요소 시간 영역(FETD) 방법을 제시합니다.

^{[1]}이 기사에서는 선형 분산, 순시 비선형성 및 분산 비선형성의 일반적인 조합을 포함하여 전기적으로 복잡한 재료에 대한 2차 벡터 파동 방정식(VWE)의 솔루션에 대한 유한 요소 시간 영역 방법을 제시합니다.

^{[2]}nan

^{[3]}

## Require Complex Materials

However, many of the recently developed strategies either require complex materials and instruments or suffer from low efficiency and high failure rates in the selection of desired aptamers.^{[1]}Most current methods for the preparation of tissue spheroids require complex materials, involve tedious physical steps and are generally not scalable.

^{[2]}

그러나 최근 개발된 많은 전략은 복잡한 재료와 도구를 필요로 하거나 원하는 앱타머를 선택하는 데 있어 효율성이 낮고 실패율이 높습니다.

^{[1]}조직 스페로이드를 준비하기 위한 대부분의 현재 방법은 복잡한 재료를 필요로 하고 지루한 물리적 단계를 포함하며 일반적으로 확장할 수 없습니다.

^{[2]}

## Functional Complex Materials

Gel-mediated crystallization is a common system to produce self-organized materials, which is fundamental to the development of bottom-up approaches to functional complex materials.^{[1]}The design and synthesis of specific functional complex materials as desired catalysts for improved energy conversion and storage are of great importance and with grand challenges.

^{[2]}

## Thermorheologically Complex Materials

The overall time-dependent and nonlinear responses of two-phase magnetostrictive polymer composites are obtained by coupling micromechanical analysis for magnetoelastic coupled composites with a time-integration algorithm for thermorheologically complex materials.^{[1]}Stress relaxation and strain recovery phenomena during curing and changed thermal conditions are analyzed using a viscoelastic model developed for thermorheologically complex materials (VisCoR).

^{[2]}

## Increasingly Complex Materials

This has been driven by the increasing computational power of these machines as well as more efficient computational approaches, which has enabled the analysis of the increasingly complex materials that are investigated for widely differing needs such as energy, information, or applications at extreme conditions.^{[1]}Structure prediction was considered to be a formidable problem, but the development of new computational tools has allowed the structures of many new and increasingly complex materials to be anticipated.

^{[2]}

## Characterizing Complex Materials

These include challenges in viral vector-manufacturing capacity but also in process variability, difficulty characterizing complex materials, and lack of knowledge of critical process parameters and their effect on critical quality attributes of the viral vector products.^{[1]}Together they provide a focused Special Section of PDJ that demonstrates the importance of not only powder diffraction but also combining powder diffraction with other characterization methods in characterizing complex materials such as MOFs.

^{[2]}

## Create Complex Materials

Objective: Bioprinting has strengthened the ability to create complex materials to replace dysfunctional tissue and has been used to replicate the geometry of heart valves.^{[1]}Hierarchical self-assembly of soft matter provides a powerful route to create complex materials with enhanced physical properties.

^{[2]}

## Different Complex Materials 다양한 복합 재료

These probes have a range of molecular sizes and geometries that can make them useful for placement into different complex materials due to steric reasons, and some of them have functionalities that enable their synthetic incorporation into larger molecules, such as industrial polymers.^{[1]}The last part of research is on statistical techniques that can use all relevant information in LIBS data to make the best decision when it comes to identifying different complex materials.

^{[2]}

## complex materials system 복합재료 시스템

Moreover, the interconnection of individual sense-and-respond materials to complex materials systems has enabled the processing of, for example, multiple inputs or the amplification of signals using feedback topologies.^{[1]}While serial bulk experimental methods can accurately measure STCH performance, screening chemically complex materials systems for new promising candidates is more challenging.

^{[2]}Nature presents delicate and complex materials systems beyond those fathomable by humans, and therefore, extensive effort has been made to utilize or mimic bio-materials and bio-systems in various fields.

^{[3]}This approach, which, in principle, can be used to map PBE charge densities to band gaps or other properties computed with any higher accuracy method, has the potential to decrease computational costs, increase prediction accuracy, and enable accurate high-throughput screening for a wide variety of complex materials systems.

^{[4]}, the electron beam) can be disentangled from the spatial/temporal resolution of the observation in all in situ experiments, providing a pathway to identify and quantify the importance of individual kinetic factors behind nucleation and growth in a wide variety of complex materials systems and architectures.

^{[5]}For many complex materials systems, low-energy electron microscopy (LEEM) offers detailed insights into morphology and crystallography by naturally combining real-space and reciprocal-space information.

^{[6]}For manufacturers, elastic strain engineering of complex materials systems throughout processing and utilization is crucial.

^{[7]}Originality/value ANN is being used extensively in the complex materials systems like steel.

^{[8]}Imaging ordered materials with coherent x rays holds great potential to improve our understanding of phenomena in complex materials systems where emergent behavior can arise due to coupling of spin, lattice, and orbital degrees of freedom.

^{[9]}

nan

^{[1]}nan

^{[2]}자연은 인간이 상상할 수 없는 섬세하고 복잡한 물질계를 제시하고 있기 때문에 다양한 분야에서 바이오 물질과 바이오 시스템을 활용하거나 모방하려는 노력이 많이 이루어지고 있다.

^{[3]}원칙적으로 PBE 전하 밀도를 밴드 갭 또는 더 높은 정확도의 방법으로 계산된 기타 속성에 매핑하는 데 사용할 수 있는 이 접근 방식은 계산 비용을 줄이고 예측 정확도를 높이며 다양한 복합 재료 시스템.

^{[4]}nan

^{[5]}nan

^{[6]}nan

^{[7]}nan

^{[8]}nan

^{[9]}