## What is/are Three Dimensional Liquid?

Three Dimensional Liquid - Furthermore, when the vesicles are composed of phase-separating mixtures of common lipids, the three-dimensional liquid-liquid phase separation within the vesicular interior becomes coupled to the membrane’s compositional degrees of freedom producing microphase-separated membrane textures.^{[1]}Targeting Uncaria sessilifructus, a reputable medicinal herb containing alkaloids and triterpenic acids (TAs) as the main pharmacologically bioactive ingredients, a three-dimensional liquid chromatography (3D-LC) system was established by integrating ion exchange chromatography, hydrophilic interaction chromatography, and reversed-phase chromatography (IEC-HILIC-RPC).

^{[2]}A three-dimensional liquid-metal (LM) magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) flows in a U-turn duct with large aspect ratio of the duct cross-section of the connecting channel and in a U-turn conduit with manifold in the connecting region is studied, respectively.

^{[3]}Based on the measured groundwater head and building settlement during the pumping test, a three-dimensional liquid–solid coupling model is established by using the finite element method (FEM).

^{[4]}Proteins and nucleic acids can phase separate into three-dimensional liquid droplets in the cytoplasm and nucleus and the plasma membrane of animal cells appears tuned close to a two-dimensional liquid-liquid critical point.

^{[5]}Hence, the mathematical model incorporating only static forces to capture the three-dimensional liquid shape at the two-sphere contacts, developed in a previous work of our group, is used in this work, and it is shown that the maximum volume of liquid before the liquid dripping can be very well captured for various inclinations.

^{[6]}Here, we perform microscopic optical characterization of (211) twins in the three-dimensional liquid crystalline phase known as the blue phase (BP), with I4132 space group symmetry.

^{[7]}Online comprehensive two-dimensional liquid chromatography provides detailed information on complex samples and the need for higher peak capacities is pushing researchers toward online three-dimensional liquid chromatography.

^{[8]}In this work, we realize liquid microlasers with tunable emission by exploiting the self-formation of three-dimensional liquid droplets into a polymeric matrix driven by viscoelastic dewetting.

^{[9]}We propose a novel model for a glass-forming liquid, which allows us to switch in a continuous manner from a standard three-dimensional liquid to a fully connected mean-field model.

^{[10]}To examine the validity of this superposition, we evaluate the effects of bidispersity by comparing three-dimensional liquid-solid monodispersed and segregated bidipsersed fluidized beds.

^{[11]}Significance Proteins capable of separating into three-dimensional liquid droplets in the cytoplasm and nuclei of cells sometimes assemble in a two-dimensional form at membranes.

^{[12]}We develop a three dimensional liquidity measure to study the interaction between liquidity and order flow in the E-mini S&P 500 index future market.

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