## What is/are System Considering?

System Considering - We carry out a detailed comparative performance analysis of the UOWC Rx system considering various optical components, such as a colored glass optical bandpass filter, optical thin-film interference filter, and optical wide-field birefringent filter (OWFBF), which are mounted in front of the UOWC Rx to suppress solar light noise interference for different orientations.^{[1]}Therefore, this study develops a practical decision support system considering disaster victims financial criteria and MCDM is used to rank the victim which help with the relief distribution in the humanitarian supply chain.

^{[2]}Detailed cost and time analysis is performed for each system considering all construction resources.

^{[3]}The temperature response of the transmission system considering the dynamic characteristics is quite different from that under normal working conditions.

^{[4]}In “Economic Feasibility of the Investment in Residential Photovoltaics System Considering the Effects of Subsidy Policies: A Korean Case,” we publish a case study by Jingu Jang, Moonkyu Seo, Giwon Nam, and Deok-Joo Lee.

^{[5]}A number of simulation case studies are carried out for a small radial-type distribution system considering different PV penetration or irradiance levels, fault locations and PV sites.

^{[6]}Because it is more flexible and capable of incorporating operational conditions not supported by the Markov model, the chronological MCS method is chosen to perform a series of numerical applications with a real system considering factors such as: load transfer, increase in the number of transformers in operation, inclusion of reinforcements to the stock of spare transformers and mobile units.

^{[7]}In this article, a state-constraints adaptive backstepping control (ABC) strategy is proposed and presented to accomplish precise rotor displacement control for a kind of nonlinear active magnetic bearing (AMB) system considering the presence of parameters nonstationarities and uncertainties.

^{[8]}These relationships can be considered in the development of a smart fracture diagnosis system considering the posture and boundary condition.

^{[9]}We employed a two-tier grading system considering both the proportion of cells positively stained and the intensity of staining.

^{[10]}This activity is carried out for 30 working days starting from February 2021 to March 2021 with a rotating system considering the training period during the Covid 19 pandemic.

^{[11]}Therefore, this paper proposes an economic dispatch model for wind-hydro-thermal power system considering the reservoir flexibility.

^{[12]}Here, we theoretically study the properties of slow light in a simple optomechanical system considering an effect of non-rotating wave approximation (NRWA) that was ignored in previous related works.

^{[13]}This paper proposed an IoT-based real-time non-intrusive load classification (RT-NILC) system considering the variability of supply voltage using low-frequency data.

^{[14]}Firstly, by combining all possible attacks in the prediction horizon, a combined system considering all scenarios can be obtained.

^{[15]}Firstly, the test and evaluation index system considering eight big indexes and thirty-five small indexes is established.

^{[16]}While efforts have been made to study the vulnerability features of power systems under the occurrence of a single, discrete disturbance or failure at a specific time instant, this paper focuses on identifying the critical components of the cyber-physical system considering time-varying operational states.

^{[17]}In this paper, we introduce a complete navigation system considering the omnidirectional abilities of quadruped robots.

^{[18]}In this work, an analytical expression for bit-error rate (BER) is derived for a single LED indoor VLC system considering the radial user-mobility, random receiver orientation, and imperfect CSI altogether.

^{[19]}The results show that the integrated energy system considering wind power for hydrogen production can better absorb wind energy, reduce the phenomenon of wind abandonment, and convert wind abandonment into hydrogen resources, which can improve economic benefits and make full use of energy.

^{[20]}In this paper, a nine degree-of-freedom dynamic model of the ball screw feed system considering the contact nonlinearity between balls and raceways is established to analyze the vibration characteristics.

^{[21]}As a result, our work proposes a consensus algorithm suitable for D2D communication and a SBC(Selective Blockchain) system considering environmental characteristics.

^{[22]}BACKGROUND A universally acknowledged cancer staging system considering all aspects of the T-, N-, and M-classifications for middle ear squamous cell carcinoma (MESCC) remains absent, limiting the clinical management of MESCC patients.

^{[23]}This paper originally proposes a novel imperfect opportunistic maintenance model for a two-unit series system considering random repair time and two types of failures, where unit 1 and unit 2 are respectively subject to soft failure and hard failure.

^{[24]}For the analysis a comparison between the conventional ground wires set and a system considering the presence of an OPGW are studied.

^{[25]}Implementation of the position estiomation system considering its weight effect to electric rocket center of gravity and size of payload room.

^{[26]}Conclusion Health personnel had lower perceptions on the stability, flexibility and data quality of the surveillance system considering PC-NTDs.

^{[27]}To enhance the capability of anti-disturbance and control precision, this article proposes a novel composite hierarchical anti-disturbance (CHAD) dynamic surface control (DSC) for the fast subsystem considering highly dynamic disturbance, and CHAD proportion-integration (PI) control for the slow subsystem with slow-varying harmonic disturbance.

^{[28]}The optimal flow accounts for minimizing the operational cost of the generation units in the shipboard power system considering the constraints of network, load balance, voltage profile, and power/energy limits.

^{[29]}The data were extracted from the company's information system considering the calls made by health managers.

^{[30]}The microparticles are designed to work in a high-temperature thermal energy storage system considering economic and technical points of view.

^{[31]}This paper proposes an adaptive fuzzy observer based fault tolerant controller for a pneumatic active suspension system considering unknown parameters, actuator failures, and displacement constraints.

^{[32]}This paper deals with the modelling and designing of a controller for load frequency control in an interconnected two area non-reheat deregulated power system considering the effect of time delay.

^{[33]}The proposed FRC approach has been solved by using the evolutionary algorithm based Ant Lion Optimization (ALO), and it has been implemented on 17 bus test system considering the balanced and unbalanced distribution systems with and without RESs.

^{[34]}Finally, APC system considering EA load is deployed on a provincial dispatching platform in Northwest China, and simulation is carried out based on Northwest power grid model.

^{[35]}This paper first contributes to introducing an integrated supply chain management (ISCM) system considering the whole life cycle of EoL tires from a different stakeholders’ perspective.

^{[36]}A stop condition without prior information, applied to compressed sensing recovery in millimeter-wave detection system considering the deceptive jamming signal, is proposed in this brief.

^{[37]}This paper proposes a comprehensive framework to assess the reliability of a power system considering the effect from various power converter uncertainties.

^{[38]}In addition, existing studies have not proposed an actual application system considering the manufacturing site environment but only presented a model that predicts the status or failure of the facility.

^{[39]}Firstly, a spiking neural P system considering a meteorological living environment and its matrix reasoning algorithm are designed.

^{[40]}In this paper, a novel stochastic version of the open-source multi-sectoral Global Energy System Model in conjunction with a power system dispatch model is used to analyze the impacts of both availability and price of hydrogen imports on the transformation of the Japanese energy system considering a net-zero emission target.

^{[41]}, suspension travel displacement, body acceleration, dynamic tire force, and damper dissipation energy, are calculated in terms of RMS to show up the dynamic behaviour of suspension system considering four configurations in various control styles.

^{[42]}A meta-heuristic intelligent water drops algorithm (IWDA) is proposed to optimize the solar water pumping system considering NPC and CWNSP with high accuracy and speed of optimization in achieving the global solution.

^{[43]}The nonlinear dynamic characteristics of a rod fastening rotor-bearing system considering internal damping are investigated in this paper.

^{[44]}The purpose is to evaluate the maximum loadability of an electrical power system considering voltage magnitudes, active/reactive powers, total and individual harmonic distortion limits as inequality constraints.

^{[45]}This paper examines the experience of organizing the pension system in developing and developed countries and develops recommendations for further improving the national pension system considering the specifics of the global economy.

^{[46]}Based on a demonstration pilot project of an autonomous vehicle called “Slocal Automated Driving”, we investigated the performance of an SAV system considering several scenarios in Kozoji Newtown, a suburban commuter town in Japan.

^{[47]}In order to solve this problem, a day-ahead and intra-day optimal scheduling model of integrated energy system considering forecasting uncertainty is proposed in this paper, which takes the minimum operation cost of the system as the target, and different processing strategies are adopted for the model.

^{[48]}In this study, a 42-degree-of-freedom (42-DOF) translation-torsion coupling dynamics model of the wind turbine’s compound gear transmission system considering time-varying meshing friction, timevarying meshing stiffness, meshing damping, meshing error and backlash is proposed.

^{[49]}The feasibility and efficacy of operation of the hybrid algorithm are verified for small, medium power systems and large system considering renewable energy sources in summer and winter, and the percentage of cost saving for power generation is found.

^{[50]}

## Power System Considering

Therefore, this paper proposes an economic dispatch model for wind-hydro-thermal power system considering the reservoir flexibility.^{[1]}The optimal flow accounts for minimizing the operational cost of the generation units in the shipboard power system considering the constraints of network, load balance, voltage profile, and power/energy limits.

^{[2]}This paper deals with the modelling and designing of a controller for load frequency control in an interconnected two area non-reheat deregulated power system considering the effect of time delay.

^{[3]}This paper proposes a comprehensive framework to assess the reliability of a power system considering the effect from various power converter uncertainties.

^{[4]}The purpose is to evaluate the maximum loadability of an electrical power system considering voltage magnitudes, active/reactive powers, total and individual harmonic distortion limits as inequality constraints.

^{[5]}This paper, therefore suggests an alternative approach of Network Structural-Based Technique (NSBT) for the analysis and enhancement of transient stability of a power system considering Flexible Alternating Current Transmission Systems (FACTS) devices integration.

^{[6]}Therefore, for the first time, this study proposes a novel data-driven method to realize the fast and accurate prediction of the system off-design performance, thereby making it possible for the lifetime design of the hybrid geothermal-solar power system considering its real-time operation.

^{[7]}The aim of the paper is to solve the energy management of a micro-grid (MG) connected to the main power system considering the variations of load demand, photovoltaic (PV), and wind turbine (WT) under deterministic and probabilistic conditions.

^{[8]}As a result, planning of electrical power system considering load uncertainties became inevitable.

^{[9]}In this article, reliability enhancement of power system considering the impact of wind and solar energy sources integration into grid with advanced intelligent strategies is focused.

^{[10]}A sequential Monte Carlo simulations (MCS) framework is developed to evaluate the interruptions of the power system considering both the physical failures of the components and malicious cyberattacks.

^{[11]}Through the simulation results implemented in Matlab/Simulink software, this study demonstrates the effectiveness and feasibility of the proposed fuzzy logic controller over several counterparts in dealing with the load-frequency control of a practical interconnected power system considering the aforesaid conditions.

^{[12]}This work models a 100% renewable power system considering 473 climate projections based on IPCC RCP4.

^{[13]}In this paper, we develop a model to simulate cascading failure in a cyber-coupled power system considering the system-level control provided by the cyber network.

^{[14]}Different case studies are performed on 10-unit with three-area system, 40-unit with four-area system and 140-unit real Korean power system considering valve point effects and multi-fuel options which testify the supremacy of the suggested approach.

^{[15]}To overcome the possible uncertainty caused by the discontinuous time scale assumption, a new method is introduced to analyze power fluctuations for the hybrid power system considering the hydroelectric power station (HPS) and PV-wind complementarity.

^{[16]}A framework for integrated modeling and evaluation of a composite power system considering the power system state estimation in cloud-based environment is proposed.

^{[17]}This article proposes to use a artificial neural network, a supervised machine learning technique, to predict the load margin range of the power system considering the requirements of voltage stability and small-signal stability and using data of electrical quantities of certain buses that have a phasor measurement unit.

^{[18]}Aiming at the security and economic problems caused by wind power connected to the grid, a short-term optimal dispatch model for power system considering the uncertain wind power output is proposed.

^{[19]}In this paper, structured H-infinity controller has been designed for a deregulated power system considering the effect of nonlinearities like generation rate constraint, governor deadband, and time delay associated with communication network in the system from practical point of view.

^{[20]}In this paper, a novel method is proposed to evaluate REIC of power system considering heat and power coupling.

^{[21]}This study proposes a method to evaluate the penetration limit of RES in the Korean power system considering the existing plans for the long-term electricity supply and demand, as well as its operational requirements.

^{[22]}In this paper, probabilistic adequacy of power system considering variations in generation, load demand and topologies of wind and solar generation modules is evaluated.

^{[23]}

## Energy System Considering

The results show that the integrated energy system considering wind power for hydrogen production can better absorb wind energy, reduce the phenomenon of wind abandonment, and convert wind abandonment into hydrogen resources, which can improve economic benefits and make full use of energy.^{[1]}In this paper, a novel stochastic version of the open-source multi-sectoral Global Energy System Model in conjunction with a power system dispatch model is used to analyze the impacts of both availability and price of hydrogen imports on the transformation of the Japanese energy system considering a net-zero emission target.

^{[2]}In order to solve this problem, a day-ahead and intra-day optimal scheduling model of integrated energy system considering forecasting uncertainty is proposed in this paper, which takes the minimum operation cost of the system as the target, and different processing strategies are adopted for the model.

^{[3]}A bi-level planning method for energy storage system of integrated community energy system considering the demand response is proposed in this paper.

^{[4]}A model has been proposed in this study for planning of a multi-hub energy system considering the competition between the hubs.

^{[5]}The paper presents the optimal design of a hybrid renewable energy system considering the technical i.

^{[6]}A model has been proposed in this paper for planning multi-hub energy system considering the competition between the hubs.

^{[7]}From the user's perspective, this paper firstly establishes the reliability modeling of electricity-gas-heat integrated energy system considering various energy forms of electricity, natural gas and heat, complex coupling relations and multi-energy storage.

^{[8]}In this paper, a day-ahead economic dispatch model is proposed for electricity-gas integrated energy system considering P2G.

^{[9]}Aiming at the problem that the current integrated energy load forecasting method does not consider the actual production process and the coupling characteristics between multiple energy carriers, this paper proposes a load forecasting method for park integrated energy system considering process industrial production process.

^{[10]}This paper evaluates the techno-economic and environmental characteristics of a hybrid renewable energy system considering three different scheduling approaches, four different solar tracking systems, two different PV modules and eight scheduling scenarios to supply sustainable electricity to a rural community in Sierra Leone.

^{[11]}The framework is applied to the Finnish energy system considering the generation mix.

^{[12]}In view of the difficulty of battery to fully improve the energy utilization efficiency and solve the problems of clean energy power large-scale consumption, and the difficulty of single demand response to significantly improve the operational reliability and economy of the integrated energy system, a rolling optimization planning framework and model of an integrated energy system considering compressed air energy storage and sliding time window-based electric and heating integrated response demand is proposed, which can obtain both optimal resource configuration and energy management strategy.

^{[13]}The motive of this study is to develop a new methodology to design and optimise an energy system considering these constraints.

^{[14]}We propose an optimization model of the generation expansion planning for an integrated energy system considering the feasible operation region and efficiency of a combined heat and power (CHP) resource.

^{[15]}

## Distribution System Considering

A number of simulation case studies are carried out for a small radial-type distribution system considering different PV penetration or irradiance levels, fault locations and PV sites.^{[1]}This article is proposing a fast and robust fault section location method for distribution system considering the outage reports from smart meters in low-voltage network and notifications from remote fault indicators (RFIs) in medium-voltage network.

^{[2]}Therefore, A method for reliability evaluation of distribution system considering the differentiated reliability requirements of end users is proposed.

^{[3]}The main idea and key contribution of this article is the provision of a mathematically provable game theory-based method for the cooperation of distributed generation units and smart customers in a near-real distribution system considering the existing issues related to the operational limitations of the real power grids.

^{[4]}The method is tested on the IEEE 37 node distribution system considering integrated distributed solar energy sources.

^{[5]}The objective of this study is to develop a demand forecasting model for emergency maintenance orders in an electricity distribution system considering climatic factors that may affect this demand.

^{[6]}The work is tested and verified on IEEE 38 bus distribution system considering the integration of SPCPL in the industrial node using particle swarm optimization (PSO).

^{[7]}For this paper, a computer program was designed and developed to calculate which turbines could be placed in a water distribution system considering the hydraulic constraints.

^{[8]}In this paper, the issue of competitive pricing is investigated in a distribution system considering customers’ behavior.

^{[9]}This paper proposes a maximum hosting capacity model of grid-connected PV in distribution system considering the constraints of nodal voltage, line capacity, total harmonic voltage distortion and short-circuit current.

^{[10]}

## Transmission System Considering

The temperature response of the transmission system considering the dynamic characteristics is quite different from that under normal working conditions.^{[1]}In this study, a 42-degree-of-freedom (42-DOF) translation-torsion coupling dynamics model of the wind turbine’s compound gear transmission system considering time-varying meshing friction, timevarying meshing stiffness, meshing damping, meshing error and backlash is proposed.

^{[2]}Therefore, the current study proposes an innovative method for precise prediction of the reliability of the transmission system considering dynamic characteristic and performance degradation.

^{[3]}The proposed scheme is found to meet the target reliability requirements in a low-latency single-shot transmission system considering realistic system assumptions, while requiring only ~25% more resources than the optimum case with perfect interference knowledge.

^{[4]}In order to study the influence of friction on the nonlinear dynamic characteristics of a planetary gear system, the dynamic model of a planet gear transmission system considering mixed elastohydrodynamic lubrication (EHL) friction, time-varying meshing stiffness, backlash and comprehensive meshing error is established.

^{[5]}Then the lump parameter method was used to establish the dynamic model of the NW planetary transmission system considering the time-varying mesh stiffness, transmission error and bearing stiffness.

^{[6]}

## Test System Considering

The proposed FRC approach has been solved by using the evolutionary algorithm based Ant Lion Optimization (ALO), and it has been implemented on 17 bus test system considering the balanced and unbalanced distribution systems with and without RESs.^{[1]}Several tests were carried out on the IEEE 39-bus test system considering BESS as well as wind and solar generation.

^{[2]}The proposed framework is applied to the 33-node test system considering three different test cases.

^{[3]}Simulations are held in the IEEE 34-bus test system considering modifications to represent a microgrid environment.

^{[4]}

## Hybrid System Considering

For this purpose, this paper proposes a new metaheuristic technique called modified grey wolf optimizer (M-GWO) for minimize the TCS of the hybrid system considering power balanced between the components.^{[1]}For varying wind speeds, Tip Speed Ratio (TSR) and Optimal Torque (OT) MPPT algorithms are implemented and their performances and efficiencies are compared for the hybrid system considering and integrating solar PV system.

^{[2]}Even though it has been introduced different sizing and optimization techniques, due to the lack of system function, it had posed issues in calculating the optimized cost of a hybrid system considering the solar, wind resources and load demand as the optimization of the system cannot be predicted accurately.

^{[3]}This study proposes a steady-state model of multi-port electric energy router (EER) and a power flow analysis method for AC/DC hybrid system considering control strategies.

^{[4]}

## Index System Considering

Firstly, the test and evaluation index system considering eight big indexes and thirty-five small indexes is established.^{[1]}As a result, this study proposed a comprehensive green urbanization assessment index system considering energy use and environment protection together.

^{[2]}Specifically, the complicated UAV is firstly abstracted as a multi-level evaluating index system considering its qualitative logic compositions.

^{[3]}Based on the background of power reform, this paper constructs the power grid evaluation index system considering the economic, technical and social aspects, and uses the variable weight theory to determine the weight of each index.

^{[4]}

## Pv System Considering

The evaluation is carried out through a case study on a 160-kW PV system considering the impact of voltage stress, switching frequency, and mission profile.^{[1]}The paper discusses about various MPPT strategies in stand-alone and grid-connected PV system considering some features.

^{[2]}The end users can evaluate both the technical and economic benefits of a rooftop solar PV system considering solar generation and electricity demand variability, as well the battery performance degradation over the course of its usage.

^{[3]}8-MW PV system considering different system voltage ratings and installation sites (mission profiles in Denmark and Sacramento, California).

^{[4]}

## Scoring System Considering

This study aimed to develop and validate a risk scoring system considering the effects of glycemic and blood pressure (BP) variabilities to predict HTN incidence in patients with type 2 diabetes.^{[1]}Reversed-phase liquid chromatography columns were compared based on a quality scoring system considering the signal-to-noise ratio, peak shape, and retention factor.

^{[2]}The standard semi-quantitive scoring system considering staining intensity and area extent according to Allred was used for expression assessment.

^{[3]}

## Whole System Considering

As a result, the mathematical model of the whole system considering the force ripple is established.^{[1]}In this method, power modules are deemed as a whole system considering only external factors associated with them, all important electrical and thermal parameters are classified as the inputs, and power loss is considered as the output.

^{[2]}ABSTRACT For this kind of complex system equipment, parts fault detection of single large difficulty and low efficiency from the whole system considering many factors can lead to failure, and these factors affect each other, and the fault also exists between some logical relations, because of the condition monitoring and fault diagnosis accurately and effectively is very difficult.

^{[3]}

## Heating System Considering

Case study results show that the proposed optimal operation strategy of the combined wind-thermal heating system considering IDR is more effective in promoting wind power utilization and reducing the total operation cost.^{[1]}For the regenerative electric heating system, on the premise of ensuring reliable heat supply to users, a day-ahead optimization scheduling method for the regenerative electric heating system considering the load imbalance is proposed.

^{[2]}In order to analyze the economic impact of the indoor temperature set-point on the air-source heat pump heating system considering the thermal comfort, this paper proposed an optimal dispatching method that aims at the lowest daily operating cost.

^{[3]}

## Support System Considering

Therefore, this study develops a practical decision support system considering disaster victims financial criteria and MCDM is used to rank the victim which help with the relief distribution in the humanitarian supply chain.^{[1]}In this research, we focus on the influence of personal driving characteristics for the EV power consumption, and we constructed the EV driving support system considering the personal driving characteristics.

^{[2]}In this regard, this study aims to develop a multi-criteria decision support system considering the sustainability, feasibility, and success rate of possible approaches.

^{[3]}

## Storage System Considering

The microparticles are designed to work in a high-temperature thermal energy storage system considering economic and technical points of view.^{[1]}The cost optimization of the energy storage system considering both cycling and calendar aging expenses is made based on its usage of depth of discharge.

^{[2]}Meanwhile, due to ramping of thermal units, the available surplus power will be stored in the backup energy storage