## What is/are Settlement Response?

Settlement Response - This paper explores the applicability of variability response functions to nonlinear soil–structure interaction problems, focusing on the impacts of spatially variable soil properties on foundation reliability regarding the settlement response.^{[1]}A hand-calculation method for estimation of nonlinear load–settlement response of piled raft foundations (PRFs) embedded in sandy soils is developed using three-dimensional finite-element.

^{[2]}This paper examines the impact of different pile configurations and geometric parameters on the bearing capacity and the settlement response of a combined pile–raft foundation system utilizing FLAC3D software.

^{[3]}06 mm/min to simulate the field conditions, and the load settlement responses were recorded up to a settlement of 12 mm.

^{[4]}Numerical results suggest that such DEM models can be employed to reproduce key aspects of the behavior of rock-socketed piles, such as their load and global stiffness-settlement response, their side shear resistance, and the damage at the rock-pile interface.

^{[5]}The coupled numerical model is validated by comparing the load–settlement response of the numerical model and the reported experimental results.

^{[6]}This research aims to examine the effect of the diameter of the floating stone column on stress-settlement response.

^{[7]}The absence of a strong larval settlement response to a sound cue lies in contrast to results from other studies.

^{[8]}The ability of three methods to predict the load-settlement response of rock socketed piles was examined in a recent paper.

^{[9]}Afterwards, three experiments were carried out on a small-scale shallow footing resting on sand reinforced with geocells, indicating improvement in bearing capacity as well as load-settlement response of footings supported by the diagonally enhanced geocells as compared to conventional geocells.

^{[10]}This potential method to improve the load–settlement response of the poor soil strata lacks the proper design recommendations.

^{[11]}The settlement response of the irregular pentagonal footings is unchanged by increasing the number of elements beyond 7700.

^{[12]}The slenderness ratios of pile and thickness of sand layer on the proportion of loads are shared by CFG piles and its settlement response of composite foundation on different levels of vertical load by highway embankment.

^{[13]}The load–settlement responses of surface spread footings are obtained by investigating the relative density, footing size and gravity effects.

^{[14]}Effects of area replacement ratio, slenderness ratio and material properties of stone column, slenderness ratio of pile and thickness of raft have been examined on the proportion of load shared by piles and stone columns and settlement response of piled raft under different levels of vertical load.

^{[15]}Finite element method (FEM) was used to evaluate the underpinning performance of waveform micropile in terms of load-settlement response of underpinned foundation and load sharing behavior.

^{[16]}The settlement response of the dam was similar for MCM and HSM for three material zones (clay core, sandy gravel and random fill), each having a modulus of elasticity (MOE) in the range of 25000 to 50000kPa.

^{[17]}There were two settlement responses to buffering:- clustering of sites with enhanced inter-site exchange networks and the creation of megasites.

^{[18]}Non-parametric statistical analysis was carried out on the load-settlement response data of static load test of piles from five locations in Lagos metropolis, Nigeria.

^{[19]}The ultimate bearing capacity of a foundation can be determined from the load–settlement response obtained from plate load tests.

^{[20]}Available case histories on observations on full-scale piled rafts show that the settlement response to applied load can be modeled as that for an equivalent pier due to compression of the piles and the soil matrix plus that of an equivalent raft for compression of soil layers below the pile toe level.

^{[21]}ABSTRACT The current article presents a case study of the settlement response of the historic Hoca Pasha Mosque that involves uncertainties arising from the complex excavation activities, soil properties, building materials, and geometry and the presence of pre-existing cracks in the mosque’s walls.

^{[22]}Stone columns and geosynthetics have been widely used as effective stabilisation techniques to improve the load–settlement response of foundations.

^{[23]}In addition, breakage of the column fill material was found to affect the load-settlement response of gravel and RCDW columns.

^{[24]}In certain cases, zeolite and cement blends have been used; however, even though this is a fundamental issue that affects the settlement response of a soil, very few attempts have been made to assess the stress-strain behaviour of the improved soil.

^{[25]}An increase in grain size of the infill material considerably improved the load-settlement response of the geocell.

^{[26]}The analysis is also performed for the differential undrained settlement response of a pair of shallow foundations.

^{[27]}Further study was conducted to discuss the effect of the parameters related to the load transfer model considering crushing characteristics on the load-settlement response of a single pile.

^{[28]}The effects of the soil setup on the pile behaviour were evaluated by comparing the load-settlement response of a pile tested immediately after the pile installation to equivalent piles tested many days after the installation.

^{[29]}In this paper, a simple mathematical model is used to study the effect of aspect ratio of footings on settlement response of unreinforced or geosynthetic-reinforced granular fill-soft soil system.

^{[30]}In the present analysis, a new method is proposed incorporating rock mechanics principles to study the load-settlement response of rock-socketed piles of Mumbai region using load transfer technique.

^{[31]}This study was implemented to examine pile load-settlement response and to develop a rapid, highly efficient predictive intelligent model, using a new computational intelligence (CI) algorithm.

^{[32]}We then conduct larval settlement assays under three different light regimes (natural day-night, constant dark or constant light), and use transcriptomics on individual larvae to identify candidate molecular pathways underlying the different settlement responses that we observe.

^{[33]}Strain-controlled, undrained, cyclic triaxial tests were conducted to evaluate the excess pore water pressure and associated settlement response of soil to seismic loading.

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