## What is/are Real Geometry?

Real Geometry - Since the real geometry of filament-wound tubes is complicated researchers use simplified models (especially in “zig-zag” area), which are insufficient to reflect real behavior of tubes.^{[1]}A modular approach is adopted for the domain subdivision in order to represent accurately all the geometrical features, while the volume of fluid approach is used to model the multi-phase flow distribution in the real geometry under actual operating conditions.

^{[2]}For this reason, a ray tracing model has been developed that allows characterization of the spectrometer and verification of the analysis methods while fully considering the real geometry of the XICS system and W7-X plasma.

^{[3]}The work of this paper, based on an eccentric compressor with/without inlet swirl distortion, is aimed at strengthening the understanding of stall inception for a real geometry compressor experimentally.

^{[4]}The proposed simulation accurately shows the real geometry and the wheel rail interface.

^{[5]}It is necessary to take into account the real geometry of the surface of the part being repaired, which may have shape errors in the longitudinal and cross section due to wear, and conduct a preliminary analysis of the state of the part.

^{[6]}In this paper, a method combining 3D scanning technology and Clump-Cluster was proposed to generate a real geometry shape model of crushable aggregate.

^{[7]}A model of the discharge of real geometry is developed, the ellipsoidal coordinates as the most appropriate being used.

^{[8]}When utilizing a finite volume method to predict outburst flood evolution in real geometry, the processing of wet-dry front and dry cells is an important step.

^{[9]}The real geometry and operation conditions of AP1000 nuclear system are adopted to reflect the reality leakage process in SG.

^{[10]}Our algorithm depends on the real geometry of V; its practical behavior is more governed by the number of topology changes in the fibers of some well-chosen maps.

^{[11]}A very detailed finite element model of the foot and ankle that simulates the muscles, tendons and plantar aponeurosis with real geometry has been used for the research.

^{[12]}Nevertheless, these models need parameter adjustments to be adapted to the forming process, the formed material, and the real geometry of the void.

^{[13]}The orientation and location errors of the assembly of flat parts were studied using the developed mathematical model, taking into account the real geometry of the parts.

^{[14]}Experimental works for analysing flow behaviour inside human trachea has become continuous problem as the model used to study cannot imitate the real geometry of human trachea structure.

^{[15]}The purpose of this article is the study of the influence of methods and models for constructing the real geometry on the accuracy of its reproduction.

^{[16]}Results have shown that proposed algorithm with the minimum support stabilizer can generate satisfactory model results, from which we can describe real geometry, dimensions and physical properties of interpreted cavities.

^{[17]}Since the in-plane constraint described the influence of geometry on the stress field surrounding the fatigue crack tip in real geometry, the results suggested that it is possible to create precise formulae connecting the level of the in-plane constraint with the effective stress intensity factor range and to incorporate the T-stress or Q-stress level in the Paris law.

^{[18]}Furtherly, the field measured wheel profiles for several running mileages are employed to examine the real geometry nonlinearities and the corresponding Hopf bifurcation behavior.

^{[19]}CONCLUSIONS The signal predicted by an algorithm taking into account the real geometry of the collimating system of the Edge accelerator (equipped with the HD120 MLC) made it possible to obtain greater consistency between the measurements and calculations.

^{[20]}For each one of the solutions, two cases are presented: one represents a space-time with real geometry (R) for all the values of t, and asymptotically in time this case becomes a isotropic space-time of FLRW, of a fluid of dark energy and the other case presents a double singularity, so that since the second singularity the space-time becomes a complex one (C), with the increase of time the complex part of the interval tends to be very small in relation to the real part, and the real part tends to an isotropic space-time of FLRW, of a fluid of dark energy.

^{[21]}SST k-ω turbulence model is used to simulate a real geometry for industrial drying applications.

^{[22]}While the cochlear geometry was simplified as a tapered box shape, the middle ear was based on the real geometry obtained from μCT images.

^{[23]}After calibration, the software is validated by comparison of the predicted deformed shape of a reference part with the real geometry using 3D scanning.

^{[24]}Simulation results demonstrated that the statistical model was more accurate and efficient when compared with the ideal model and real geometry reconstructed model.

^{[25]}Thirdly, an auxiliary reconstruction loss is employed on the point branch to explicitly guide the point backbone to be aware of real geometry structures.

^{[26]}As the bodies can be meshed with any arbitrary mesh, this new algorithm can be applied to any real geometry.

^{[27]}Gradual improvements of computing hardware and simulation software also allow using physically-based models on real geometry for SA application.

^{[28]}Based on real geometry and taking into account the properties of material the stiffness of shafts of mechanical transmissions were calculated.

^{[29]}A 2D real geometry was used as the micromechanical Representative Volume Element.

^{[30]}The real geometry of the pores was reproduced virtually and analyzed by means of multiphase CFD analyses in the presence of centrifugal effects.

^{[31]}It is found that previous setups do not perfectly replicate the real geometry of industrial drawbeads.

^{[32]}Original scientific paper This study aims to investigate the magnitude of polarization of characteristic wave (Dz=0), for all seasons by using the real geometry of the Earth’s magnetic field for the selected altitudes (390, 410, 450, 500, 550 and 600 Km) in the equatorial anomaly region at low latitudes (-300S and 300N).

^{[33]}In this study, blood flow is investigated in a Medtronic DLP 16F clinical cannula by using computational fluid dynamics through three-dimensional modeling of the left ventricle and cannula based on real geometry.

^{[34]}So far, an effective method for simulating the multi-substrate CVD reactor used in the glass coating process is unavailable excluding costly direct numerical simulation in real geometry.

^{[35]}Models of every scaffolding were created in the Finite Element system, based on their real geometry taken from geodetic measurements.

^{[36]}SST k-ω turbulence model is used to simulate a real geometry for industrial drying applications.

^{[37]}The quantification of the fluid-mechanic efficiency of porous electrodes based on their real geometry is a useful measure, as it primarily affects the mass transport losses and the overall battery performances.

^{[38]}In the framework of an algorithmic architecture for pose determination of an uncooperative spacecraft, this functionality is required to update the existing model of the target geometry (reference model), if a non-negligible inconsistency with respect to its real geometry is detected.

^{[39]}A full software chain is integrated in the proposed numerical process, so as to use the most important data contained in the real geometry and accurately transposed in the point clouds.

^{[40]}Propagation of short and ultra-intense laser pulses in a semi-infinite space of overdense hydrogen plasma is analyzed via fully-relativistic, real geometry particle-in-cell (PIC) simulations including radiation friction.

^{[41]}The flow field and the concentrations are computed on 2D cuts with a real geometry of Bilina coal mine.

^{[42]}A quantitative relationship between the as-designed geometry and the real geometry is a very useful design tool because it makes possible to predict the final morphology of the lattice by considering the manufacturing errors: a more predictable geometry of the lattice structure means more predictable mechanical properties of the implant.

^{[43]}This meth-od can simulate the real geometry of satellite and earth; ship moving, as well as the rotate (yaw, pitch, roll) in dif-ferent state of the sea.

^{[44]}The power law rheological model was combined with eld equations such as continuity, momentum, and energy equations to determine the complex ow behavior in an extrusion die of real geometry.

^{[45]}A novelty of this paper lies in the use of a new T-A formulation, which, for the first time, is employed for three-dimensional modelling of a CORC cable with real geometry.

^{[46]}The position of plasma boundary in considered high voltage glow discharge electrodes’ systems is firstly calculated on the basis of one-dimensional model of discharge gap, and after that recalculated with taking into account the real geometry of electrodes’ system.

^{[47]}However, the produced geometric digital twins are too ideal to depict the real geometry of bridges.

^{[48]}A detailed study of the fluid flow and thermodynamic processes in positive displacement machines requires 3D CFD modeling in order to capture their real geometry, including leakage gaps.

^{[49]}Such approach does not allow for the measurement of the real geometry of the hole inner walls.

^{[50]}

## real geometry feature

Due to real geometry features and asymmetric needle motion with eccentric components, it is found that the three holes exhibit swirling flows of increasing intensity as the lift decreases, causing the near cone angle to open and spread, in a quasi-hollow cone structure.^{[1]}This paper details an experimental investigation, using a linear cascade, into the effects of real geometry features on the aerodynamic performance of stator blade rows within axial flow compressors.

^{[2]}