## What is/are Partial Splenectomy?

Partial Splenectomy - In total, 11 patients needed percutaneous drainage as a part of treatment and 11 patients needed total splenectomy and 1 needed partial splenectomy.^{[1]}The standard treatment is open total or partial splenectomy.

^{[2]}Partial splenectomy is a safe and feasible technique that offers, according to the literature, the same results of a total approach, either in achieving hematological benefits in congenital hemolytic anemia, or treating the focal splenic lesion such as hemangioma, while preserving the immune function.

^{[3]}Partial splenectomy is the recommended procedure when the size and location of the cyst allow preservation of at least 25% of splenic parenchyma.

^{[4]}Here, we present our institutional experience with partial splenectomy, to determine rate of subsequent TS or cholecystectomy and identify if any factors affected this need.

^{[5]}Advancement in surgical technique and instrumentation have led to the development of partial splenectomy, which is mainly indicated to treat localized lesions of the spleen.

^{[6]}Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of partial splenectomy with vascular occlusion in patients with splenic cysts.

^{[7]}The aim of this study was to measure the cytokine releasing capacity of the whole blood as an expression of the innate immunity after total (TS) and subtotal/partial splenectomy (S/PS) in order to assess the impact of splenectomy on the individual cytokine reactivity.

^{[8]}Subsequently, the patient was re-operated on and partial splenectomy done with good outcome at 6 months follow up.

^{[9]}After endovascular treatment failure, considering the volumetric aneurysm increase and recurrent symptoms, a laparoscopic splenic artery aneurysmectomy with partial splenectomy guided by indocyanine green fluorescence (ICG) was performed.

^{[10]}Furthermore, we describe methods to monitor lymphomagenesis, using ultrasound tomography of the spleen, and the technique of partial splenectomy surgery with recovery.

^{[11]}Spleen is highly vascularized organ and bleeding control during partial splenectomy is a big challenge.

^{[12]}BACKGROUND In order to avoid consequences of total splenectomy, partial splenectomy (PS) is increasingly reported.

^{[13]}Purpose: We performed a retrospective study to determine the effectiveness and feasibility of articulating linear stapler in laparoscopic total splenectomy (LTS) and laparoscopic partial splenectomy (LPS), focusing on technical laparoscopic skills that could help pediatric surgeons to avoid intra- and postoperative complications.

^{[14]}Four patients underwent total splenectomy and four of them underwent different spleen preserving surgical techniques including resection of the protruding dome, partial splenectomy and pericystectomy.

^{[15]}Background: Laparoscopic partial splenectomy (LPS) may allow avoiding total splenectomy (TS) complications and maximizing the advantages of mini-invasive approach.

^{[16]}Simultaneous partial splenectomy was adopted in pediatric liver transplant recipients with severe hypersplenism-related pancytopenia at our institution.

^{[17]}In this case, we discuss the management of an incidentally found splenic hamartoma that was treated with laparoscopic partial splenectomy.

^{[18]}Three patients had cystic resection and two had partial splenectomy.

^{[19]}At the age of 3, our patient underwent partial splenectomy; however, there was no reduction in his transfusion requirement.

^{[20]}This study compared outcomes following total (TS) or partial splenectomy (PS) among patients with hereditary spherocytosis.

^{[21]}3%) underwent laparoscopic partial splenectomy, of which two were converted to open.

^{[22]}Recognizing the risks of fulminant infections and discoveries in the field of surgical techniques, in anesthesia but also in hematology and oncology, have reduced morbidity and mortality rate after total or partial splenectomy, regardless of the disease for which it was indicated.

^{[23]}Objective To investigate the safety and effectiveness of anatomical partial splenectomy during liver transplantation in pediatric patients to prevent postoperative refractory hypersplenism.

^{[24]}Aim: Partial splenectomy remains a difficult procedure even with the assistance of a sealing system.

^{[25]}Partial splenectomy has emerged as a surgical option for children with hereditary spherocytosis.

^{[26]}Although a number of techniques for partial splenectomy have been described, the ideal approach remains elusive.

^{[27]}Primarily, partial splenectomy was introduced as an alternative to total splenectomy to avoid post-splenectomy sepsis in children <5 years of age [1, 2].

^{[28]}8% had an intact spleen (including partial splenectomy).

^{[29]}BackgroundLaparoscopic partial splenectomy (LPS) is a challenging procedure.

^{[30]}Liver transplantation combined with partial splenectomy was established in April 2018.

^{[31]}A partial splenectomy was performed.

^{[32]}Currently, the therapeutic options for severe hypersplenism mainly include total splenectomy, partial splenic embolization, local thermal ablation, splenic artery ligation, surgical shunt, and partial splenectomy.

^{[33]}Owing to poor results with our experience with total splenectomy on two postoperative cases of ca ovary, we decided to perform partial splenectomy.

^{[34]}BackgroundSpontaneously ruptured large splenic cyst is a rare in children, and traditionally total or partial splenectomy has been performed for treating an emergent case.

^{[35]}A partial splenectomy was performed by laparoscopy.

^{[36]}Introduction: Laparoscopic partial splenectomy (LPS) theoretically preserves long-term immune functions of the spleen.

^{[37]}However, as the spleen is an organ with multiple immunological functions, the laparoscopic partial splenectomy is an alternative, which is technically difficult but effective.

^{[38]}This case report discusses a successful partial splenectomy for treatment of a splenic abscess in a horse.

^{[39]}Laparoscopic partial splenectomy is a procedure for the treatment of splenic cysts, because it cures the disease preserving the splenic tissue.

^{[40]}Given the close proximity of the cyst to the splenic hilum and the concern for nonviability of any residual splenic tissue, a total splenectomy was performed rather than a partial splenectomy.

^{[41]}RESULTS In all surgeries, one pig died from intraperitoneal hemorrhage after doing partial splenectomy, while the other pigs were alive after successfully operating other surgeries.

^{[42]}

## Laparoscopic Partial Splenectomy

Purpose: We performed a retrospective study to determine the effectiveness and feasibility of articulating linear stapler in laparoscopic total splenectomy (LTS) and laparoscopic partial splenectomy (LPS), focusing on technical laparoscopic skills that could help pediatric surgeons to avoid intra- and postoperative complications.^{[1]}Background: Laparoscopic partial splenectomy (LPS) may allow avoiding total splenectomy (TS) complications and maximizing the advantages of mini-invasive approach.

^{[2]}In this case, we discuss the management of an incidentally found splenic hamartoma that was treated with laparoscopic partial splenectomy.

^{[3]}3%) underwent laparoscopic partial splenectomy, of which two were converted to open.

^{[4]}Introduction: Laparoscopic partial splenectomy (LPS) theoretically preserves long-term immune functions of the spleen.

^{[5]}However, as the spleen is an organ with multiple immunological functions, the laparoscopic partial splenectomy is an alternative, which is technically difficult but effective.

^{[6]}Laparoscopic partial splenectomy is a procedure for the treatment of splenic cysts, because it cures the disease preserving the splenic tissue.

^{[7]}