## What is/are Non Hydrostatic Model?

Non Hydrostatic Model - The role of differential advection in creating tropopause folds and strong constituent gradients near midlatitude westerly jets is investigated using the University of Wisconsin Non-hydrostatic Modeling System (UWNMS).^{[1]}In this paper, we investigate a suitable weir design which yields in an undular jump phenomenon using both hydrostatic and non-hydrostatic models.

^{[2]}The Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model and a combination of the Regional Spectral Model (RSM) and the Japanese Meteorological Agency Non-Hydrostatic Model (NHM) were used to dynamically downscale selected CMIP5 global climate models to provide 2-km projections with hourly model output for Puerto Rico and the U.

^{[3]}A non-hydrostatic model is developed to predict internal wave generations and propagations.

^{[4]}Subsequently, the effects of planting new types of trees are assessed using ENVI-met, a 3D prognostic non-hydrostatic model for the simulation of surface-plant-air interactions.

^{[5]}The experimental data were used to validate a one-layer finite-element non-hydrostatic model and a multi-layer finite-difference non-hydrostatic σ model for various submerged step configurations and wave conditions—combinations of step height ratios d/h, width ratios B/h and solitary wave height ratios H/h, where d denotes the step height, B the step width, H the solitary wave height, and h the still water depth.

^{[6]}Two numerical codes, at different levels of approximation, have been compared in this study: the NHWAVE three-dimensional non-hydrostatic model in sigma-coordinates and the Multilayer-HySEA model.

^{[7]}A three-dimensional (3D) non-hydrostatic model for simulating nonlinear and dispersive waves is extended to compute submarine-landslide-generated waves.

^{[8]}We show that non-hydrostatic models are less sensitive to the choice of the coordinate system.

^{[9]}A 2-layer non-hydrostatic model with improved dispersive behaviour is presented.

^{[10]}This study used a non-hydrostatic model with a vertical layer configuration to reproduce upwelling present in field data.

^{[11]}The XBeach non-hydrostatic model was set up in 1D mode to investigate barrier volume change and overwash under a wide range of unimodal and bimodal storm conditions and barrier cross sections.

^{[12]}It is important to evaluate and improve the cloud properties in global non-hydrostatic models like a Nonhydrostatic ICosahedral Atmospheric Model (NICAM, Satoh et al.

^{[13]}In a non-hydrostatic model utilizing a Godunov-type finite volume method, the numerical dissipation introduced by slope limiters can be a main source of total dissipation.

^{[14]}Several mitigation solutions were modeled and simulated though a holistic threedimensional non hydrostatic model with the aim of assessing their effectiveness.

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