## What is/are Nanofluids Due?

Nanofluids Due - The performance index ratio is decreased with the use of nanofluids due to the increase of viscosity, friction factor, pressure drop, and pumping power.^{[1]}We conclude that Ag-water has higher temperature due to higher thermal conductivity of Ag particles as compare to other nanoparticles Cu, TiO2, Al2O3 and CuO, while Al2O3-water has greater velocity than other nanofluids due to less density of Al2O3.

^{[2]}Graphene derivatives are promising nanomaterials for producing nanofluids due to their excellent intrinsic characteristics.

^{[3]}The inclusion of salt reduced the stability of nanofluids due to the suppression of inter-particle repulsive forces.

^{[4]}In Present communication, the transference of the hybrid nanofluids due to the natural propulsive like shrinkage and relaxation of the flexible walls and the motion has serious applications in several embryonic technologies.

^{[5]}An emergent alternative to solve this issue is the use of nanoparticles/nanofluids due to their physicochemical properties that can favor the trapping capacity of fines.

^{[6]}org/1998/Math/MathML" id="M2"> <mtext>CNTs</mtext> <mo>−</mo> <msub> <mrow> <mtext>Fe</mtext> </mrow> <mrow> <mn>3</mn> </mrow> </msub> <msub> <mrow> <mtext>O</mtext> </mrow> <mrow> <mn>4</mn> </mrow> </msub> </math> </jats:inline-formula>/water hybrid nanofluids due to stretching surface embedded in a porous medium.

^{[7]}Therefore, an analysis was conducted to evaluate the effects on the performance of nanofluids due to variations of thermal conductivity, viscosity, thermal expansion, density, and specific heat, which are functions of nanoparticle concentration and temperature.

^{[8]}This can be prominent for nanofluids due to the interaction between nanoparticles and solid/liquid interface, which is studied under different configurations (including confined, sessile, and freestanding forms) in the present work by calculating a typical thermophysical property (the specific heat capacity) using the molecular dynamics simulation method.

^{[9]}Some studies indicated that aggregation can increase the thermal conductivity of nanofluids due to the formation of an “efficient heat channel,” while the underlying mechanism is still unclear.

^{[10]}Viscosity can be mentioned as one of the most crucial properties of nanofluids due to its ability to describe the fluid resistance to flow, and as the result it affects other phenomena.

^{[11]}Heat transfer in nanofluids due to natural convection and pool boiling (including subcooled boiling and saturated boiling) is analyzed by hot wire method based on the effects of ultrasonic waves in Al2O3 nanofluids.

^{[12]}New applications of nanofluids due to their enhanced thermo-physical properties has spurred new studies into the heat transfer and entropy generation rate in nanofluids in the last decade.

^{[13]}

## Hybrid Nanofluids Due

In Present communication, the transference of the hybrid nanofluids due to the natural propulsive like shrinkage and relaxation of the flexible walls and the motion has serious applications in several embryonic technologies.^{[1]}org/1998/Math/MathML" id="M2"> <mtext>CNTs</mtext> <mo>−</mo> <msub> <mrow> <mtext>Fe</mtext> </mrow> <mrow> <mn>3</mn> </mrow> </msub> <msub> <mrow> <mtext>O</mtext> </mrow> <mrow> <mn>4</mn> </mrow> </msub> </math> </jats:inline-formula>/water hybrid nanofluids due to stretching surface embedded in a porous medium.

^{[2]}