## A large excess of over 60 cations, anions and complexing agents (like, chloride, phosphate, azide, tartrate, oxalate, SCN- etc.

A Highly Sensitive and Selective Spectrofluorimetric Method for the Determination of Vanadium at Pico-Trace Levels in Some Real, Environmental, Biological, Soil and Food Samples Using 2-(α-Pyridyl)-Thioquinaldinamide

## A large excess of over 60 cations, anions and complexing agents (like, chloride, phosphate, azide, tartrate, oxalate, SCN etc.

A Highly Selective and Sensitive Spectrophotometric Method for the Determination of Lead at Ultra-trace Levels in Some Real, Environmental, Biological, Food and Soil Samples Using 5,7-Dibromo-8-Hydroxyquinoline

## Efforts and progress toward eliminating the requisite large excess of LiCl are discussed.

Pseudophedrine-Derived Myers Enolates: Structures and Influence of Lithium Chloride on Reactivity and Mechanism.

## The reactivities and selectivities of the disodium salts largely mirror those of the dilithium salts but without the requisite large excesses of inorganic salts (LiCl) or mandated dilute solutions.

Disodium Salts of Pseudoephedrine-Derived Myers Enolates: Stereoselectivity and Mechanism of Alkylation.

## Metallocene-based olefin polymerization catalysts often require large excesses of co-catalyst for optimal catalyst activation.

Insights into the activation of silica-supported metallocene olefin polymerization catalysts by methylaluminoxane

## Whereas typical syntheses of UiO-66 require large excesses of acid modulators, such as acetic acid or benzoic acid, to achieve controlled particle size and morphology of the resulting MOF particles, the use of polymerized acids allows for narrow particle size distributions at sub-stoichiometric quantities of modulator.

Polyacids as Modulators for the Synthesis of UiO-66

## Precise quantification of intracellular cccDNA is challenging because cccDNA is present in very low levels in hepatocytes, where it also co-exists with a large excess amount of relaxed circular (rc) DNA.

Requirement of cyclin-dependent kinase function for hepatitis B virus cccDNA synthesis as measured by digital PCR.

## Mixed with a large excess amount of PbF2 and compressed into a copper target holder, such sputter targets have adequate electrical and thermal conductivity in the Cs+ sputter ion source used in AMS.

An AMS method for measurement of Radium-226 in drinking water

## More importantly, a column filled with Ca-MOF (1% wt) particles dispersed in silica sand (99% wt) can quantitatively remove traces of Pb2+ (∼100 ppb) from a relatively large volume of a wastewater simulant solution (containing a large excess of competitive ions).

A Ca2+ MOF combining highly efficient sorption and capability for voltammetric determination of heavy metal ions in aqueous media

10.1016/J.FUEL.2019.115831

## An alkoxide-methanol solution was gradually added dropwise to 50 °C refined palm oil (RPO), and the solution was imaged periodically using an LCD digital microscope until the alcohol phase was in large excess.

A novel inspection of mechanisms in conversion of refined palm oil to biodiesel with alkaline catalyst

10.1002/anie.201814640

## The selective remediation of 99 TcO4 - in the presence of a large excess of NO3 - and SO4 2- from natural waste systems represents a significant scientific and technical challenge, since anions with a higher charge density are often preferentially sorbed by traditional anion-exchange materials.

Successful Decontamination of 99 TcO4 - in Groundwater at Legacy Nuclear Sites by a Cationic Metal-Organic Framework with Hydrophobic Pockets.

## Here we find that MI mouse oocytes contain a large excess of securin over separase and reveal the existence of a novel mechanism that functions to promote the destruction of excess securin in prometaphase.

Synchronous chromosome segregation in mouse oocytes is ensured by biphasic securin destruction and cyclin B1-Cdk1

10.1002/anie.201912040

## It displays high selectivity for Eu3+ (simulant of An3+) against a large excess of interfering ions.

Highly Selective Recovery of Lanthanides by a Facilely-Synthesized Layered Vanadate with Acid and Radiation Resistance.

## If the esterification reaction occurs at or near the microbubble interface, ethanol is in large excess in the bubble phase, as acetic acid is well below its boiling point in the liquid phase.

“Pushing and pulling” the equilibrium through bubble mediated reactive separation for ethyl acetate production

## The spectral diffusion seen in the 2D spectra was found to have a large polarization dependence, in large excess of what is predicted by standard theory.

Fast dynamics of a hydrogen-bonding glass forming liquid: Chemical exchange-induced spectral diffusion in 2D IR spectroscopy.

10.1016/J.JPHOTOCHEM.2019.111994

## Without molybdate, the formation of AuNPs is significantly hindered because a large excess of Cl− renders the AuCl4− precursor resistant to direct photoreduction with ethanol.

Photoinduced gold recovery mediated by isopolymolybdate in strongly acidic HCl/NaCl solutions

10.1136/bmjopen-2018-024563

## In Glasgow especially, however, a large excess remains: thus, previously articulated policy implications (addressing poverty, vulnerability and inequality) still apply.

Does ethnic diversity explain intra-UK variation in mortality? A longitudinal cohort study

10.2967/jnumed.119.225854

## However, these studies do not identify the optimal dose of the unlabeled mAbs required to block uptake of the radiolabeled mAbs, because they examine only administration of a large excess of the unlabeled mAbs for blocking.

Immuno-PET to Optimize the Dose of Monoclonal Antibodies for Cancer Therapy: How Much Is Enough?

10.1016/j.tetlet.2019.151147

## For synthesizing carboxylic acid derivatives, Heck carbonylation using CO surrogates in slight excess has become a more efficient and practical method than the conventional one using large excess of CO gas.

Recent progress on catalytic Heck carbonylations using carbon monoxide surrogates

## However, this is resolved by using a tBuOK initiator with a large excess of cryptand-222.

Synthesis and photophysical properties of water-soluble fluorinated poly(aryleneethynylene)s

10.21743/PJAEC/2019.06.03

## A large excess of over 40 potentially interfering excipients, commonly present in dosage forms were tested in the determination of paracetamol at 100μgL-1 level, do not intervene in the determination process.

A Highly Selective and Sensitive Spectrofluorimetric Method for the Determination of N-acetyl-4-aminophenol at Nano-trace Levels in Pharmaceuticals and Biological Fluids Using Cerium (IV)

10.1016/J.CHEMPR.2019.03.004

## By exploiting these principles, we showed that the externally applied voltage could be used to selectively bind a specific cage from a mixture containing a large excess of other cages.

Electrostatic Forces in Field-Perturbed Equilibria: Nanopore Analysis of Cage Complexes

## However, the existing chemo-enzymatic deracemization method employing D-amino acid oxidase from Fusarium solani M-0718 (FsDAAO) suffers from the requirement for a large excess of a nonselective chemical reducing agent.

A biocatalytic redox cascade approach for one-pot deracemization of carboxyl-substituted tetrahydroisoquinolines by stereoinversion

10.1021/acs.inorgchem.9b01938

## The material with inherent structural advantages displays excellent sorption for heavy metals such as Pb2+, Cu2+, Cd2+, and Tl+, maintaining its high selectivity with distribution coefficients, Kd, of 104-105 mL/g even in the presence of a large excess of Na+, K+, Mg2+, and Ca2+, which are commonly present in underground water.

One-Pot Synthesis of Layered Disodium Zirconium Phosphate: Crystal Structure and Application in the Remediation of Heavy-Metal-Contaminated Wastewater.

10.1021/acsomega.9b00065

## In particular, dianthryl-TTFV exhibits unique selectivity for C70 fullerene, giving rise to effective fluorescence turn-on sensing of C70 in the presence of a large excess of C60 fullerene.

Conformational Analysis of the Supramolecular Complexation of Diaryl-Substituted Tetrathiafulvalene Vinylogues with Fullerenes

10.1016/j.urolonc.2019.06.010

## CONCLUSION ddPCR appeared to be more sensitive method for detection FGFR3 gene mutation particularly for detecting low levels of tumor DNA amongst a large excess of nontumor DNA.

Usefulness of droplet digital PCR and Sanger sequencing for detection of FGFR3 mutation in bladder cancer.

## However, for the mixture with a large excess volume (containing water), the diffusion coefficients in the molar reference frame differ significantly, even indicating negative main diffusion coefficients.

Do ternary liquid mixtures exhibit negative main Fick diffusion coefficients?

10.1016/J.EURPOLYMJ.2019.02.023

## It was found that the methylation occurs quantitatively up to 50% of the PIP nitrogen atoms and that, even if a large excess of methylating agent is used, in our operating conditions a maximum of 80% of the PIP nitrogen atoms are ionized.

Tunable ionization degree in cationic polyurethanes and effects on phase separation

10.1088/1361-6528/ab0627

## In view of theranostic application of the micelle, the cytotoxicity and stability in a physiological environment was investigated; the mixed micelle exhibited no cytotoxicity, high colloidal stability and high resistance towards reduction by large excess ascorbic acid.

Size-tunable MRI-visible nitroxide-based magnetic mixed micelles: preparation, stability, and theranostic application.

## The contradiction between this pattern of expansion, as determined by criteria of efficiency, with respect to the pattern of steel demand, typically cyclical, explains the formation of a large excess capacityworldwide.

Competencia, rendimientos crecientes y exceso de capacidad: la industria siderúrgica mundial (2000-2014)

10.1016/j.cattod.2020.03.038

## However, unlike the Ni-aluminosilicates, those Ni-MOFs require a large excess of co-catalyst to initiate the dimerization process and some catalysts generate polymers which lead to catalyst deactivation.

Co-catalyst free ethene dimerization over Zr-based metal-organic framework (UiO-67) functionalized with Ni and bipyridine

## CONCLUSION Cooking dry pasta in a large excess of water (ie, 10 L kg-1 ), as commonly suggested by the great majority of pasta manufacturers, might be pointless.

Reducing the cooking water-to-dried pasta ratio and environmental impact of pasta cooking.

## The concentration dependences of the observed pseudo-first-order rate constants were provided for the substitution reactions of the citrato complex, [Ru(Cit)(p-cymene)], with a large excess of the sulfur-containing amino acids at various temperatures at pH 7.

Mechanistic study on substitution reaction of a citrato(p-cymene)Ru(II) complex with sulfur-containing amino acids

10.1109/TWC.2019.2901479

## The clipping noise in ACO-OFDM and SEE-OFDM is found to consume a large excess bandwidth.

Achievable Rates of Multi-Carrier Modulation Schemes for Bandlimited IM/DD Systems

10.1016/J.POLY.2019.06.011

## Room temperature and frozen solution EPR spectra support the existence of MLH-1, MLH-2 and ML2H-1 (a large excess was required for the ML2H-1 species).

Potentiometric and spectroscopic studies of the complex formation between copper(II) and Gly-Leu-Phe or Sar-Leu-Phe tripeptides

10.3390/BEVERAGES5020029

## The ternary interactions of water, ethanol, and butyric acid allow all three to vaporize in the stripping distillation, thus they are concentrated in the low wines and give a large excess of ethanol compared to butyric acid for better reaction completion.

Preliminary Studies on the Use of Reactive Distillation in the Production of Beverage Spirits

10.1021/acs.inorgchem.9b02044

## 9 mM-1 s-1 at 20 MHz, 25 °C), which is retained in the presence of large excess of endogenous anions, excluding ternary complex formation.

Gadolinium Complexes of Highly Rigid, Open-Chain Ligands Containing a Cyclobutane Ring in the Backbone: Decreasing Ligand Denticity Might Enhance Kinetic Inertness.

10.12911/22998993/109800

## In turn, the real similarity profile (SIMPROF) moves markedly away from the obtained low permutation with a large excess of Euclidean similarity with a Pi value of 0.

Variability of the Water Quality Characterizing High Andean Lagoons for Tourist Use Evaluated Through Multivariate Statistical Methods, Junín, Peru

## In biophysical experiments in vitro, AS69 highly sub-stoichiometrically inhibited auto-catalytic secondary nucleation processes, even in the presence of a large excess of monomer.

An engineered monomer binding-protein for α-synuclein efficiently inhibits the proliferation of amyloid fibrils

10.3390/molecules24234332

## Kinetic studies were realized with the pseudo-first-order principle, meaning that hydroxyls are in large excess when compared to the isocyanate groups.

New Insight on the Study of the Kinetic of Biobased Polyurethanes Synthesis Based on Oleo-Chemistry

10.1007/s10854-019-01278-0

## The output performance of ZnO piezoelectric nanogenerators (NGs) has been limited because of the potential screening of large excess intrinsic electron carriers in ZnO.

Electrochemical synthesis of p-Cu2O/n-ZnO heterojuncion for enhanced piezoelectric nanogenerators

10.1177/0003319719833520

## In that cohort where mortality data are used, a large excess of CAD events is seen while strokes are less frequent than expected in FH with only 5% of deaths being due to stroke with a standardized mortality ratio of 0.

Noncoronary Artery Disease in Familial Hypercholesterolemia: Underdiagnosis of Peripheral Arterial Disease?

10.1021/acs.jpclett.9b01490

## In spite of a large excess of energy provided, only about 30% of the micrometric crystal liquefies in the first 20-25 ns because of the long persistence of the superheated metastable phase that extends for more than 100 ns.

Superheating and Homogeneous Melting Dynamics of Bulk Ice.

10.1016/j.ymben.2019.04.013

## This strain is able to resist deliberate contamination in large excess and should be a useful chassis for metabolic engineering and biotechnological applications using cyanobacteria.

Growth and selection of the cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002 using alternative nitrogen and phosphorus sources.

## The main advantages of the solid-support synthesis are as follows: first, each reaction step can be driven to completion using a large excess of reagents resulting in high yields; next, the use of commercially available starting materials and reagents keep the costs low; finally, the reaction steps are easy to purify via simple filtration.

Solid-phase Synthesis of [4.4] Spirocyclic Oximes.

10.1016/J.JALLCOM.2019.07.243

## 03 and 923 K, indicating highly non-ideal solution behavior with a large excess partial molar Gibbs energy (−164 kJ mol−1).

Thermochemical properties and phase transitions of Ba–Sn alloys from thermal characterization and emf measurements

10.1016/J.JELECHEM.2019.03.079

## In the presence of a large excess of 1,1,1,3,3,3-hexafluoro-2-propanol (a proton donor), bulk electrolyses of 1a or 1b at a potential on the first peak give phenylacetamide exclusively.

Electrochemical reduction of 2-halo-N-phenylacetamides at glassy carbon cathodes in dimethylformamide

## In contrast to other reported cluster transformations, which proceed at elevated temperature and large excess of incoming ligands, the transformation reported here occurs under mild conditions (room temperature, very low thiol excess) with a chiral ligand.

Transformation from [Au25(SCH2CH2CH2CH3)18]0 to Au28(SCH2CH(CH3)Ph)21 gold nanoclusters: gentle conditions is enough.

10.1002/chem.201903188

## The rapid and quantitative reaction without using a large excess of BNN3 metal-free and polar-solvent-free nature, and broad polymer scope are attractive feature of this azidation.

Metal-Free Fast Azidation Using Tetrabutylammonium Azide: Effective Synthesis of Alkyl Azides and Well-defined Azido-end Polymethacrylates.

10.1021/acsomega.9b02147

## Moreover, the selective and simultaneous detection of MO and CO was achieved in large excess of AA and UA, as well as, for the first time, in unprocessed human plasma.

Simultaneous Detection of Morphine and Codeine in the Presence of Ascorbic Acid and Uric Acid and in Human Plasma at Nafion Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Thin-Film Electrode

## Herein, we report a cationic metal-organic framework (TJNU-216, TJNU = Tianjin Normal University), with ultra-high selectivity in trapping perrhenate/pertechnetate in the presence of a large excess of SO42- (20 000 times) or NO3- (300 times), and the highest exchange capacity of 417 mg g-1 (1 mol mol-1).

Ultra-highly selective trapping of perrhenate/pertechnetate by a flexible cationic coordination framework.

## A large excess in the yield of $\mathrm{J/\psi}$ at very low transverse momentum (${p}_\mathrm{T}<\mathrm{300 MeV/}c$) and forward rapidity (2.

$J/\psi$ yield enhancement at very low transverse momentum in Pb-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}} = \mathrm{5.02 \,TeV}$ with ALICE

10.1016/j.aohep.2019.12.005

## Precise quantification of intracellular cccDNA is challenging because cccDNA is present in very low levels in hepatocytes, where it also co-exists with a large excess amount of relaxed circular (rc) DNA.

Requirement of cyclin-dependent kinase function for hepatitis B virus cccDNA synthesis as measured by digital PCR.

10.1016/j.canlet.2019.11.037

## The elevated ROS levels are in part responsible for further progression of cancer, but when produced in a large excess, they endanger the viability of the cancer cells.

Harnessing altered oxidative metabolism in cancer by augmented prooxidant therapy.

10.1016/j.antiviral.2019.02.009

## HBV subviral particles are produced in large excess over virions in infected patients and are the primary source of HBsAg, which is postulated to be important in allowing HBV to chronically persist by interfering with immune function.

Inhibition of HBsAg secretion by nucleic acid polymers in HepG2.2.15 cells

10.1002/chem.201902049

## In addition, the catalysis can be prevented by a large excess of nucleophile, where substrate inhibition dominates, and the use of tritylated anilines as substrates causes a negative feedback loop, whereby the liberated product destroys the catalyst and stops the reaction.

A Self-Assembled Cage with Endohedral Acid Groups both Catalyzes Substitution Reactions and Controls their Molecularity.

10.1016/J.JNGGS.2019.04.003

## 15 K and 8 MPa), the methane molecules are affected by van der Waals and electrostatic forces that leads to a large excess in the adsorption capacity of methane.

Molecular simulation of methane adsorption within illite minerals in the Longmaxi Formation shale based on a grand canonical Monte Carlo method and the pore size distribution in southeastern Chongqing, China

## This strain is able to resist deliberate contamination in large excess and should be a useful chassis for metabolic engineering and biotechnological applications using cyanobacteria.

Growth and selection of the cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002 using alternative nitrogen and phosphorus sources

10.1038/s41598-019-42542-x

## 1% mutDNA can be detected in the presence of a large excess of wild-type KRAS DNA (wtDNA), indicating the high sensitivity and specificity of the method.

Detection of KRAS mutation via ligation-initiated LAMP reaction

10.1016/j.electacta.2019.134772

## The current response due to DA oxidation was enhanced by the follow-up chemical reaction between dopamine-o-quinone (the oxidation product of DA) and AA present in large excess, converting a potential interferant into a partner.

Nanoporous gold-based dopamine sensor with sensitivity boosted by interferant ascorbic acid

10.1021/acsomega.9b01678

## For the first time, the NMR methodology is applied on a formulation (licensed vaccine) containing a large excess of excipient (i.

NMR Assays for Estimating the O-Acetyl Content of Meningococcal Polysaccharide Serogroup A in Quadrivalent Conjugate Vaccine Formulation

10.1038/s41598-019-49108-x

## The pectin methylesterase action is usually studied in a homogeneous aqueous medium in the presence of a large excess of soluble substrate and water.

Mobility of pectin methylesterase in pectin/cellulose gels is enhanced by the presence of cellulose and by its catalytic capacity

## Competing reaction pathways were blocked by addition of a large excess of a monomeric capping agent.

Cap control: cyclic versus linear oligomerisation in covalent template-directed synthesis

10.1007/s11164-019-03967-1

## In spite of the importance of the application of allylic C–H bond oxidation of olefins in organic synthesis and existence of the numerous reports, lots of limitations such as large excess of the olefin respect to the oxidant, low chemical yield, long time of reaction and a large amount of the catalyst were reminded.

2-Aminopyrazine-functionalized MCM-41 nanoporous silica as a new efficient heterogeneous ligand for Cu-catalyzed allylic C–H bonds oxidation of olefins

## In biophysical experiments in vitro, AS69 highly sub-stoichiometrically inhibited both primary and autocatalytic secondary nucleation processes, even in the presence of a large excess of monomer.

An engineered monomer binding-protein for α-synuclein efficiently inhibits the proliferation of amyloid fibrils

10.19185/MATTERS.201902000007

## However, in most cells analyzed, β4-integrin is expressed in large excess over α6-integrin and in some tumor cells, β4-integrin appears to promote tumorigenic signaling despite loss of HDs formation.

Cell surface expression of integrin β4-subunit in the absence of α6-subunit

## This presents a problem when working at biologically relevant protein concentrations, where protein may be present at large excess in solution; much of the biophysically relevant information can therefore be occluded by non-specific protein binding to the underlying substrate.

PEGylated surfaces for the study of DNA-protein interactions by atomic force microscopy

## The quantitative easing (QE) policies implemented in recent years by central banks have had a profound impact on the working of money markets, giving rise to large excess reserves and pushing down key interbank rates against their floor – the interest rate on reserves.

A Large Central Bank Balance Sheet? Floor vs Corridor Systems in a New Keynesian Environment

10.1166/jnn.2019.16603

## Electrodes were assembled in a zero gap configuration using a commercial negative plate as counter-electrode with a large excess of active mass in comparison to the nanostructured one.

Behavior Modification of Nanostructured PbO₂ Electrodes in Lead Acid Batteries Changing Electrolyte Concentration and Separator.

10.1016/J.MATCHEMPHYS.2019.01.009

## Reaction of a large excess of 1 with UiO-67 was highly exothermic and evolved gas, likely from reaction with the μ3-OH groups in the UiO-67 structure.

10.1016/J.EURPOLYMJ.2019.01.045

## butylamine, BA) amines can be added to a large excess of the epoxy monomer.

Epoxy vitrimers with a covalently bonded tertiary amine as catalyst of the transesterification reaction

## The large excess of 7Be in precipitation during April-June (2nd quarter) was an indication of injections of 7Be rich stratospheric air into troposphere.

Deposition of naturally occurring 7Be and 210Pb in Northern Finland.

10.1016/j.bmc.2019.02.015

## In the present study, oxime libraries generated by reaction of a large excess of a rac-nipecotic acid derivative displaying a hydroxylamine functionality in which various aldehydes under suitable conditions, were examined for new potent inhibitors of mGAT1.

Screening oxime libraries by means of mass spectrometry (MS) binding assays: Identification of new highly potent inhibitors to optimized inhibitors γ-aminobutyric acid transporter 1.

## Challenges with such materials include long deposition times, extensive purging cycles, and requirements for large excesses of precursors and expensive low-pressure equipment.

Atomic Layer Deposition on Dispersed Materials in Liquid Phase by Stoichiometrically Limited Injections.

10.1021/acsomega.9b02568

## Room-temperature reactions between [Cp*CoCl]2 (Cp* = η5-C5Me5) and large excess of [BH2E3]Li (E = S or Se) led to the formation of homocubane derivatives, 1–7.

Homocubane Chemistry: Synthesis and Structures of Mono- and Dicobaltaheteroborane Analogues of Tris- and Tetrahomocubanes

10.3389/fgene.2019.00516

## These tandem measurements provide absolute microbial count data albeit with a large excess of zeros due to limited sequencing depth.

Microbial Networks in SPRING - Semi-parametric Rank-Based Correlation and Partial Correlation Estimation for Quantitative Microbiome Data

## In the presence of a large excess of sulfite a further slower reaction is observed which further shifts the emission maximum to 544 nm.

An unprecedented oxidised julolidine-BODIPY conjugate and its application in real-time ratiometric fluorescence sensing of sulfite.

10.1016/J.CATCOM.2018.09.015

## The use of ZrO2 as support required a large excess of P to obtain Ni2P as active phase.

Effect of P/Ni ratio on the performance of nickel phosphide phases supported on zirconia for the hydrodeoxygenation of m-cresol

10.1016/J.MOLLIQ.2019.03.039

## In case of presence of a large excess of [Ag+] over that of [IrCl6]2−, Ir(0) nanoparticles was formed as confirmed by the XRD-spectra and TEM morphology.

Kinetics and mechanistics of reaction between silver (I) and hexachloroiridate(IV) in aqueous acidic media: Evidences of formation of binuclear intermediate complex and Ir(0) nanoparticles with orientation on electron-transfer process

## In the course of the reaction, a large excess of energy retained in the POZs* lead to the prompt unimolecular processes in POZs*, CIs*, and Ps*, and only ∼4% of CIs* could be stabilized by collision at 298 K and 760 Torr.

Ozonolysis of 3-carene in the atmosphere. Formation mechanism of hydroxyl radical and secondary ozonides.

10.1021/acssensors.9b01420

## High assay performance at different dsDNA sequence lengths and high target specificity even in the presence of a large excess of non-specific cell-free DNA from human plasma samples demonstrated the applicability to clinical samples.

Discrimination of the V600E mutation in BRAF by rolling-circle-amplification Förster resonance energy transfer (RCA-FRET).

10.1016/J.NIMB.2019.01.054

## Mixed with a large excess amount of PbF2 and compressed into a copper target holder, such sputter targets have adequate electrical and thermal conductivity in the Cs+ sputter ion source used in AMS.

An AMS method for measurement of Radium-226 in drinking water

10.1007/s10544-019-0377-x

## This approach harnesses the body fluid that diffuses into the cell as an element of the electrolyte; however, the large excess of sodium chloride suspended in the polycaprolactone holds intracell ionic conditions constant.

Biodegradable batteries with immobilized electrolyte for transient MEMS

10.1051/0004-6361/201935222

## The densest gas only constitutes the tail of the density distribution of some clouds, but exists in large excess in others.

A diversity of starburst-triggering mechanisms in interacting galaxies and their signatures in CO emission

## This convenient and metal-free glycosylation method works well with a wide range of alcohol nucleophiles as acceptors and tolerates a range of functional groups without the formation of the Ferrier byproduct and without the need for a large excess of nucleophiles or additives.

Perfluorophenylboronic acid-catalyzed direct α-stereoselective synthesis of 2-deoxygalactosides from deactivated peracetylated d-galactal.

10.3390/pharmaceutics11010042

## It was also confirmed that the mixed micelles exhibited no toxicity in vivo and in vitro and high stability in the presence of a large excess of ascorbic acid.

Magnetic Mixed Micelles Composed of a Non-Ionic Surfactant and Nitroxide Radicals Containing a d-Glucosamine Unit: Preparation, Stability, and Biomedical Application

10.1021/ACSSUSCHEMENG.8B05778

## Our study shows that H0-DBT can be readily and fully hydrogenated even in the presence of a large excess of water, i.

Charging a Liquid Organic Hydrogen Carrier with Wet Hydrogen from Electrolysis

10.1016/J.SEPPUR.2018.07.034

## The extraction of rhenium(VII) from nitric acid solution by DCH solutions in the presence of large excess of uranium(VI) was then investigated.

Insights in uranium extraction from spent nuclear fuels using dicyclohexano-18-crown-6 – Fate of rhenium as technetium homolog

10.3390/PROCEEDINGS2019010032

## PHENIX has observed a large excess of direct photon yield as well as large azimuthal anisotropy at low p T in Au+Au collisions at the c.

Direct Photons at the PHENIX Experiment: From Large to Small Systems

10.2298/JSC190125031S

## Consi­dering the crystal structures from CSD and experimental conditions during the formation of metal complexes, the most frequent mononuclear complexes are those with the tetradentate teta ligand, while binuclear complexes are formed when the metal ion is in large excess.

Design of amino-functionalized chelated macroporous copolymer [poly(GMA-EDGMA)] for the sorption of Cu (II) ions

10.1016/J.SOILDYN.2019.105715

## Granular columns (with an area replacement ratio of 20%) were successful in reducing the extent and duration of large excess pore pressures, void redistribution, and shear strain localization in such layered deposits.

How do granular columns affect the seismic performance of non-uniform liquefiable sites and their overlying structures?

## This has allowed for the use of large excess biases, resulting in a single-photon detection efficiency of 38% when operated at 125 K using 1310 nm wavelength illumination.

Planar geometry Ge-on-Si SPAD detectors for the short-wave infrared (Conference Presentation)

## Complex 4 was independently synthesized from the hydrido-chloro compound (tBuPNN)RuH(CO)Cl (1) with a large excess of NaBH4 at solvent reflux and it was characterized both in solution and in the solid state.

Ammonia borane and hydrazine bis(borane) dehydrogenation mediated by an unsymmetrical (PNN) ruthenium pincer hydride: metal–ligand cooperation for hydrogen production

10.1016/J.GEXPLO.2018.12.007

## From molecular modeling, we propose that the large excess of water systematically observed for these Ni-rich minerals can be explained by nanometer sized crystals, which potentially require many additional hydrogen bonds (i.

Weathering processes and crystal chemistry of Ni-bearing minerals in saprock horizons of New Caledonia ophiolite

10.1016/j.chemphyslip.2019.02.007

## The large excess of lipids from model membranes, or from membrane fractions derived from in vivo samples, presents challenges with mass spectrometry.

Hydrogen-deuterium exchange mass spectrometry of membrane proteins in lipid nanodiscs.

10.1016/J.SEPPUR.2018.11.092

## The reaction kinetics and several adsorption parameters, including anion concentration, adsorbent mass, stripping and reusability of the adsorbent were investigated, using synthetic binary iron-indium solutions containing iron in large excess in comparison with indium, as is typically the case in low-grade ores or industrial process residues.

Selective recovery of indium from iron-rich solutions using an Aliquat 336 iodide supported ionic liquid phase (SILP)

10.1021/acsami.9b06295

## Furthermore, the polymer was found to be highly selective toward the target ions over large excesses of naturally occurring competing metal ions Na, K, Mg, and Ca.

Selective Environmental Remediation of Strontium and Cesium Using Sulfonated Hyper-Cross-Linked Polymers (SHCPs)

## The main aim of this work is to substantiate the mechanism of 1-propanol oxidation by ozone in aqueous solution when the substrate is present in large excess.

Reaction of 1-propanol with Ozone in Aqueous Media

10.1021/ACSMATERIALSLETT.9B00200

## Differences between the properties of PbS nanocrystals prepared using a large excess of PbCl2 and those prepared using other Pb sources have led to speculation that a thin PbClx shell may be present on the surface of PbCl2-derived PbS nanocrystals.

Quantification of a PbCl x Shell on the Surface of PbS Nanocrystals

## This finding, in conjunction with the large excess of Na+ in physiological environments, minimizes interference from related cations, such as Mg2+ and K+.

Selective Binding and Quantitation of Calcium with a Cobalt-Based Magnetic Resonance Probe.