## What is/are Horizontally Layered?

Horizontally Layered - Most models that investigate magma paths assume the crust to be either homogeneous or horizontally layered, often composed of rocks of contrasting mechanical properties.^{[1]}Evolutionary methods can be used for the determination of the parameters of a horizontally layered soil model.

^{[2]}We develop a generalized reflection and transmission coefficient method (GRTM) for generating six-component (6-C) synthetic seismograms in horizontally layered vertically transversely isotropic (VTI) media.

^{[3]}An efficient numerical method is presented to simulate the thin wire structures with multilayered coating in the horizontally layered media.

^{[4]}Since the representation of multistation surface wave dispersion curves (DCs) is uncertain in laterally varying media, average information beneath the receiver array is assumed to be obtained by inverting the dispersion curves with a horizontally layered model.

^{[5]}However, the overall consolidation rates also depend largely on the prescribed scales of fluctuation; in cases where the variation is horizontally layered, stagnation in pore pressure dissipation may occur due to soft parts yielding.

^{[6]}However, a critical problem associated with the SWMs is that using a horizontally layered model assumption in inversion may introduce blurred errors into 2D Vs imaging due to the presence of lateral variations.

^{[7]}The dynamic failure mechanism of horizontally layered dangerous rock during earthquakes is complex and only few studies have addressed the combination of particle flow code (PFC) meso-level failure mechanism and mechanical analysis.

^{[8]}This article deals with the dynamic response of laterally unbounded, horizontally layered plates subjected to dynamic sources applied at arbitrary locations, which is ultimately a classical problem.

^{[9]}A computational scheme based on the finite element method has been developed to simulate the propagation of a time-harmonic electromagnetic field excited by a logging tool coil in a horizontally layered medium.

^{[10]}The results help to understand how horizontally layered geological structures influence borehole performance and when we need a layered model.

^{[11]}Presented is an application of wave potential formulation (WPF) together with domain reduction method (DRM) to modeling earthquake soil structure interaction (ESSI) behavior in horizontally layered ground under inclined incident seismic waves.

^{[12]}Buoyancy-driven instabilities in horizontally layered heterogeneous porous media are investigated using numerical simulations.

^{[13]}In this study, we present a method to numerically calculate the rotational motion and RIMFs excited by a seismic source in a horizontally layered model.

^{[14]}To determine the stress arching effect in horizontally layered jointed rock mass, the stress arching characteristics of surrounding rock mass after excavation is analyzed in this study by using a series of numerical tests.

^{[15]}On the one hand, the global sampling method cannot accurately approximate the integral kernel of Green’s function in complicated horizontally layered soils with many thick layers, which would cause large calculation errors or divergent results.

^{[16]}We characterize the optical response of hollow WS2 pyramids, that exhibit a strongly reduced photoluminescence with respect to horizontally layered WS2.

^{[17]}We interpret the horizontally layered homogeneous medium model of Dabaishe station according to the electric sounding data.

^{[18]}The results show that (1) the dynamically induced stress shadows of hydraulic fractures can cause exclusive and attractive propagation of multiple hydraulic fractures; (2) a preset slot that deviates from the principal stress can direct hydraulic fractures to a certain extent and generate branch fractures; and (3) with a staggered distribution of preset slots, a relatively large volume of the coal seam in both the minimum and maximum horizontal stress directions can be stimulated, creating a complex fracture network including many vertical branch fractures and a large area of horizontally layered directional fractures.

^{[19]}In order to analyze the frequency periodicity characteristics of acoustic field interference and realize acoustic source ranging (ASR), the normal mode model is used to analyze the interference characteristics of the broadband acoustic field under the condition of horizontally layered medium; the broadband received signal field when the broadband pulse signal passes through the acoustic field is also simulated.

^{[20]}We examine the effects of horizontally layered heterogeneities on the spreading of two-phase gravity currents in a porous medium, with application to numerous environmental flows, most notably geological carbon sequestration.

^{[21]}Simulation results show isotropic stress and strain distribution in the horizontally layered, isotropic part of the model that is totally covered by the ice.

^{[22]}The work is devoted to the development of an experimental test stand for determining the forearm tissues resistivity in-vivo based on a horizontally layered model of electrical impedance signal formation.

^{[23]}At this stage, the interpretation was performed using computer systems within the framework of a horizontally layered model.

^{[24]}VSH>VSV across most of the study region suggests the crust is inherently horizontally layered, with the largest anisotropy in the upper 5-15 km.

^{[25]}The vast majority of models that investigate magma paths assume the crust to be either homogeneous or horizontally layered, often composed of rocks of contrasting mechanical properties.

^{[26]}We use the software POEL (POroELastic diffusion and deformation) which computes the poroelastic response to fluid injection/extraction in a horizontally layered poroelastic structure.

^{[27]}Horizontally layered column, vertically inserted tubing column and horizontally layered column packed with active carbon.

^{[28]}In particular, the inversion facilitates separation of 1D scattering versus inelastic absorption in the horizontally layered subsurface.

^{[29]}Scattering superficial anomalies influence was estimated by means of 2D ray tracing and synthetic shot records generation on horizontally layered model sectionconsisting near surface ancient karst spot.

^{[30]}The first application consist in the identification of the optimal equivalent horizontally layered earth structure by means of a Genetic Algorithm according in site soil resistivity measurements.

^{[31]}The square-shaped cracks in horizontally layered halfspaces and the penny-shaped and elliptical cracks in graded halfspaces are analyzed.

^{[32]}The task of finding the foundation base response dependence on the frequency in the cases of porous liquid-saturated non-cohesive soils (when using the Biot's soil model of the two-phase media) with horizontally layered inhomogeneity is set.

^{[33]}The Rayleigh wave phase velocity dispersion data are inverted into a horizontally layered isotropic S-wave velocity model of the Earth's crust and uppermost mantle by a modified method of the single-parameter variation.

^{[34]}The proposed technique is suitable when the soil can be considered as horizontally layered.

^{[35]}A faster computational scheme is proposed to determine multimodal dispersion plots using the stiffness matrix method (SMM) for Rayleigh wave propagation in horizontally layered ground media.

^{[36]}The response of the underlying soil is represented through a dynamic stiffness matrix, obtained via the Green’s function for a horizontally layered visco-elastic strata in a moving frame of reference in the frequency– wavenumber domain.

^{[37]}, horizontally layered, the notches are always well-defined and deep, but in a complex earth, they become blurry in some of the gather types.

^{[38]}Additionally, the dynamic uplifting behavior and the seismic damage of the underground structure are different from those in a horizontally layered liquefied foundation.

^{[39]}The feasibility of our algorithm is verified by a horizontally layered model.

^{[40]}Unit III is represented with inclined or sub-horizontally layered gravel-pebble-boulder deposits with up to 10 m of visible thickness.

^{[41]}The conceptions and formulations were validated in horizontally layered cliffs in the northern coastline of Gulf of Oman.

^{[42]}The response of the underlying soil is represented through a dynamic stiffness matrix, obtained via the Green’s function for a horizontally layered visco-elastic half-space in a moving frame of reference in the frequency–wavenumber domain.

^{[43]}The resulting structures display good lithification of horizontally layered sands and relatively poorer lithification of the cross-bedded sediment between them, showing triangular-shaped overhangs and shelters, which mimic those on the Akopan Tepui.

^{[44]}A horizontally layered reservoir is considered where oil is displaced by water and gas alternately injected towards a producer.

^{[45]}The proposed method is illustrated at the hand of the numerically modeled reflection response of a horizontally layered medium.

^{[46]}The results of mathematical modeling of electrical soundings with the AMNB (Schlumberger, Wenner) arrays and the proposed combined AMN + NMA array above horizontally layered medium and including a ball medium are presented.

^{[47]}We present two deep neural networks which are able to simulate the seismic response at multiple locations in horizontally layered and faulted 2-D acoustic media an order of magnitude faster than traditional finite difference modelling.

^{[48]}The authors present a method that accounts for the thickness and electrical conductivity of individual beds in a vertically-inhomogeneous, horizontally layered medium (the most practically appropriate case).

^{[49]}In the software TeploDialog the paleotemperature modeling method is implemented based on the numerical solution of heat transfer equation of a horizontally layered solid with a movable upper boundary.

^{[50]}

## horizontally layered model

Since the representation of multistation surface wave dispersion curves (DCs) is uncertain in laterally varying media, average information beneath the receiver array is assumed to be obtained by inverting the dispersion curves with a horizontally layered model.^{[1]}However, a critical problem associated with the SWMs is that using a horizontally layered model assumption in inversion may introduce blurred errors into 2D Vs imaging due to the presence of lateral variations.

^{[2]}In this study, we present a method to numerically calculate the rotational motion and RIMFs excited by a seismic source in a horizontally layered model.

^{[3]}The work is devoted to the development of an experimental test stand for determining the forearm tissues resistivity in-vivo based on a horizontally layered model of electrical impedance signal formation.

^{[4]}At this stage, the interpretation was performed using computer systems within the framework of a horizontally layered model.

^{[5]}Scattering superficial anomalies influence was estimated by means of 2D ray tracing and synthetic shot records generation on horizontally layered model sectionconsisting near surface ancient karst spot.

^{[6]}The feasibility of our algorithm is verified by a horizontally layered model.

^{[7]}An inverse problem soultion program code is developed, capable of recovering the Biot modulus and Biot coefficient, as well as the permeability coefficient in a horizontally layered model.

^{[8]}

## horizontally layered medium

An efficient numerical method is presented to simulate the thin wire structures with multilayered coating in the horizontally layered media.^{[1]}A computational scheme based on the finite element method has been developed to simulate the propagation of a time-harmonic electromagnetic field excited by a logging tool coil in a horizontally layered medium.

^{[2]}In order to analyze the frequency periodicity characteristics of acoustic field interference and realize acoustic source ranging (ASR), the normal mode model is used to analyze the interference characteristics of the broadband acoustic field under the condition of horizontally layered medium; the broadband received signal field when the broadband pulse signal passes through the acoustic field is also simulated.

^{[3]}The proposed method is illustrated at the hand of the numerically modeled reflection response of a horizontally layered medium.

^{[4]}The results of mathematical modeling of electrical soundings with the AMNB (Schlumberger, Wenner) arrays and the proposed combined AMN + NMA array above horizontally layered medium and including a ball medium are presented.

^{[5]}The authors present a method that accounts for the thickness and electrical conductivity of individual beds in a vertically-inhomogeneous, horizontally layered medium (the most practically appropriate case).

^{[6]}Three-dimensional objects have differences by some electrodynamic parameters with a horizontally layered medium.

^{[7]}Previously derived reflection coefficient equations are limited to the assumption of a horizontally layered medium, which may be not suitable for orthorhombic media.

^{[8]}

## horizontally layered ground

Presented is an application of wave potential formulation (WPF) together with domain reduction method (DRM) to modeling earthquake soil structure interaction (ESSI) behavior in horizontally layered ground under inclined incident seismic waves.^{[1]}A faster computational scheme is proposed to determine multimodal dispersion plots using the stiffness matrix method (SMM) for Rayleigh wave propagation in horizontally layered ground media.

^{[2]}

## horizontally layered visco

The response of the underlying soil is represented through a dynamic stiffness matrix, obtained via the Green’s function for a horizontally layered visco-elastic strata in a moving frame of reference in the frequency– wavenumber domain.^{[1]}The response of the underlying soil is represented through a dynamic stiffness matrix, obtained via the Green’s function for a horizontally layered visco-elastic half-space in a moving frame of reference in the frequency–wavenumber domain.

^{[2]}

## horizontally layered subsurface

In particular, the inversion facilitates separation of 1D scattering versus inelastic absorption in the horizontally layered subsurface.^{[1]}In particular, the inversion facilitates separation of 1D scattering versus inelastic absorption in the horizontally layered subsurface.

^{[2]}

## horizontally layered soil

Evolutionary methods can be used for the determination of the parameters of a horizontally layered soil model.^{[1]}On the one hand, the global sampling method cannot accurately approximate the integral kernel of Green’s function in complicated horizontally layered soils with many thick layers, which would cause large calculation errors or divergent results.

^{[2]}