## What is/are Fractions Induced?

Fractions Induced - Both fractions induced cytotoxicity (15.^{[1]}Interestingly, both fractions induced vasodilation in isolated rat aortic rings.

^{[2]}The hydrolysis of casein (CN) fractions induced by milk-clotting enzymes processed using high pressure processing (HPP) at previously optimized conditions (recombinant chymosin (212 MPa/5 min/10 °C), calf rennet (280 MPa/20 min/25 °C), bovine rennet (222 MPa/5 min/23 °C) and porcine pepsin (50 MPa/5 min/20 °C)) were studied.

^{[3]}With regard to the underlying physiological mechanism, melatonin suppressed movement of citrate synthase, isocitrate dehydrogenase, oxoglutarate dehydrogenase complex, and F0F1-ATP synthase permeability from mitochondrial to cytosolic fractions induced by MPTP opening; furthermore, it increased mRNA expressions of respiratory chain complex components and activities of complexes I, II, III, and IV and thereby improved oxygen consumption capacity in frozen-thawed sperm.

^{[4]}ROS generation assay, flow cytometry, and western blot analysis provided supporting evidence that the hexane and chloroform fractions induced cell death in HCT116 and B16-F10 cell lines.

^{[5]}The results of flow cytometry showed that MEDS fractions induced obvious apoptosis of H1975 cells in a concentration-dependent manner (P < 0.

^{[6]}RESULTS Fractions induced an increase of IL-6 and IL-10 which leads to the control of pro-inflammatory cytokines levels.

^{[7]}In addition, atomic force microscopy further confirmed the various morphologies of these SHSP fractions induced by metal ions.

^{[8]}All tested DHS fractions induced the upregulation of nitrate reductase (NR), and in particular the OF2 DHS stimulated the expression of both tested transcripts encoding for two NR isoforms.

^{[9]}The results showed that none of the fractions induced contraction of the isolated guinea pig vas deferens at the dose used.

^{[10]}The same two fractions induced a dose dependent release of nitrite oxide from macrophages.

^{[11]}Results: The 78 KDa and glycoprotein fractions induced more than 40% apoptosis.

^{[12]}This study reported the transformation rate of P and solubility of Pi fractions induced by organic acids.

^{[13]}Similarly, extract/fractions induced dose-dependent decrease in paw volume/diameter in the formaldehyde model.

^{[14]}rotundifolia fractions induced apoptosis by both pathways; extrinsic pathways via activation of caspase-8 and intrinsic pathways through enhanced bax/bcl-2 ratio and activation of caspase-3/7 and caspase-9 proapoptotic proteins.

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