## What is/are Force Modeling?

Force Modeling - Force control is achieved through force modeling.^{[1]}To address these problems, a nonlinear condensed subsystem equation (NCSE) suitable for wind-induced aerodynamic force modeling is established in the time domain.

^{[2]}The problems of cutting force modeling are also determined.

^{[3]}With better gravitational models and the advances in satellite surface force modeling, uncertainties in the satellite dynamics are significantly reduced.

^{[4]}Among the model, an accurate dynamic force modeling method is first presented, into which the tool nose radius, the size effect, and the effect of vibrations in chip thickness and width directions are incorporated simultaneously.

^{[5]}Traditional cutting force modeling via theoretical cutting mechanism hampers accurate prediction for actual machining process due to its highly suppressed modeling flexibility.

^{[6]}To achieve high performance gripping of tiny and fragile objects, the switched position/force modeling approach has been well explored for such systems.

^{[7]}One phenomenon arising is that the lack of description about circumferential motion leads to the need for the blade force modeling in compressor simulation.

^{[8]}This work presents an analytical cutting force modeling for micro-slot grinding.

^{[9]}Experimental results are in good agreement with theoretical predictions, which demonstrates the validity of proposed cutting force modeling.

^{[10]}Then, the axial force modeling method of shock absorber considering the cavitation effect is proposed.

^{[11]}We believe that workforce modeling to inform policy is important, but it is difficult to assess the validity of the models and the impact of the subsequent work to address workforce needs identified by these models.

^{[12]}Besides, the non-Newtonian rheological behavior in filtration and its consideration in resistive force modeling is still lacking in the literature.

^{[13]}We review the history of quantum theory and Casimir force modeling and, using the homomorphism between electromagnetic oscillations and a linear pendulum with simple harmonic oscillation, we explore various concepts needed for Casimir force calculations.

^{[14]}In this paper, a novel approach is proposed to investigate the force modeling for hot-rolled wire rod in laying pipe.

^{[15]}The relationship between milling force against tool flank wear is studied and identified, which provides a technical foundation for online force modeling and wear monitoring.

^{[16]}Period dummies force modeling into estimation of the latent level of technology through choice of dummy structure.

^{[17]}The present paper examines the relevance of a reduced-order modeling approach—the body force modeling (BFM) method—for a low-speed cooling fan with inflow distortion.

^{[18]}In this study we demonstrate an accelerometer calibration approach, solely based on high precision non-gravitational force modeling without any use of empirically or stochastically estimated parameters, using our in-house developed satellite simulation tool XHPS.

^{[19]}Niu has presented an innovative cutting force modeling concept by taking account of micro-cutting dynamics.

^{[20]}To achieve this, however, force modeling to understand the forces that will be required to move the tip inside viscoelastic material should be known and understood.

^{[21]}In addition, shape and force modeling are also provided to predict the corresponding outputs upon different pressures.

^{[22]}In future, this approach may become challenged by further refinements in force modeling (e.

^{[23]}This paper presents the cutting force modeling and the experimental verification for the model with the accurate measurement of the milling forces through the dynamic compensation of the workpiece-dynamometer assembly dynamics in the milling of the flexible workpieces.

^{[24]}Obtaining live individuals for in vivo bite‐force measurements or freshly deceased specimens for bite force modeling is challenging for many species.

^{[25]}We compared the electromagnetic-thermo-force modeling with the experiments and the previous model without considering the thermal effect.

^{[26]}The basis for this type of force modeling lies in uncut chip thickness modeling combined with cutting force coefficients and edge force coefficients.

^{[27]}org/projects/openarm) to enable future exploration of muscle force modeling, improved musculoskeletal graphics, and assistive device control.

^{[28]}In this paper, a dynamic biomechanics experimental framework is designed to achieve a highly immersive haptic sensation during the biopsy therapy with human respiratory motion; it is the first time to introduce the idea of periodic extension idea into the dynamic percutaneous force modeling.

^{[29]}Hence, two-phase-flow friction force modeling has been extensively attempted, based on pressure-loss measurement data.

^{[30]}These properties are varied for each element across the area of the metasurface, and we use optical force modeling tools to explore the behavior of several metasurfaces with different scattering properties as they interact with beams that have different intensity profiles.

^{[31]}This article introduces the cutting force modeling, which uses a variety of methods to divide the uncut chip cross section into segments that correspond to a straight and curvilinear cutting edge.

^{[32]}Graphical abstractForce modeling for needle insertion in transverse isotropic soft tissue.

^{[33]}The follow-up adsorption measurements and force modeling indicated that minor adsorption of nanoparticles is expected at volume fractions of 10−5 to 10-3, but the amount of nanoparticle adsorption dramatically increases with increasing the nanoparticle volume fraction beyond 10-3.

^{[34]}Then, based on the structural parameters obtained by lateral force modeling and finite element analysis, we fabricated a prototype of the actuator and determined the lateral force control method through calibration tests.

^{[35]}Vehicular social force modeling (SFM) aims at capturing social driving behavior of human drivers in traffic by drawing analogies to models of psychological forces that govern the navigation behavior of humans walking in crowds.

^{[36]}

## Cutting Force Modeling

The problems of cutting force modeling are also determined.^{[1]}Traditional cutting force modeling via theoretical cutting mechanism hampers accurate prediction for actual machining process due to its highly suppressed modeling flexibility.

^{[2]}This work presents an analytical cutting force modeling for micro-slot grinding.

^{[3]}Experimental results are in good agreement with theoretical predictions, which demonstrates the validity of proposed cutting force modeling.

^{[4]}Niu has presented an innovative cutting force modeling concept by taking account of micro-cutting dynamics.

^{[5]}This paper presents the cutting force modeling and the experimental verification for the model with the accurate measurement of the milling forces through the dynamic compensation of the workpiece-dynamometer assembly dynamics in the milling of the flexible workpieces.

^{[6]}This article introduces the cutting force modeling, which uses a variety of methods to divide the uncut chip cross section into segments that correspond to a straight and curvilinear cutting edge.

^{[7]}

## force modeling method

Among the model, an accurate dynamic force modeling method is first presented, into which the tool nose radius, the size effect, and the effect of vibrations in chip thickness and width directions are incorporated simultaneously.^{[1]}Then, the axial force modeling method of shock absorber considering the cavitation effect is proposed.

^{[2]}