## What is/are Cs Education?

Cs Education - The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic with its corresponding disease COVID-19 presents such a problem: what is needed to navigate this complex situation that involves, among other things, mathematics? Using the essay genre, we use three narratives from three countries—Italy, the USA (California), and Germany—to reflect on the goals of teaching mathematics during this crisis and examine aspects of each country’s standards for mathematics education.^{[1]}The COVID-19 pandemic has changed the agenda of mathematics education.

^{[2]}A context-based mathematics task, making posters, was developed and implemented in two Realistic Mathematics Education (RME)-based lessons involving 6 students and 28 students.

^{[3]}Conclusions: There can be at least five types of evaluation indicators for the sustainable development of sports in Chinese colleges and universities: science and technology and ethics education, institutional norms, economic and competitive development, external investment, and a coach training system that eliminates inbreeding.

^{[4]}The survey had six sections: a) Demographics and self-assessment of religiosity, b) Sources of ethics education, c) Degree of confidence in dealing with ethical challenges in clinical practice, d) Rating of the quality of ethics education during residency, e) Agreement or disagreement regarding ten ethical scenarios, and f) Confidence level in handling 21 different ethical situations.

^{[5]}Ear to the Ground features voices from various corners of the mathematics education world.

^{[6]}8% of students enrolled in US dietetics education programs identify as racially/ethnically diverse individuals.

^{[7]}This study investigates whether graduate courses for in-service physics teacher professional development that combine the conceptual history of physics, physics content, and physics education research readings will result in the teachers using the history of science for their own classroom instruction.

^{[8]}Including sustainability in the curriculum of mathematics education in higher education can improve the training of professionals who engage in reflective and critical thinking.

^{[9]}In the past two decades, the research on engineering ethics education has made great progress and gone through the stages of “theoretical exploration”, “education system construction” and “reflective evaluation”.

^{[10]}The theme of the conference is “The Challenges of Physics and Physics Education Research in Pandemic Covid-19 Era”.

^{[11]}This design was based on an epistemology of practices framed in principles of cognitive and social constructivism, particularly the socioepistemological theory of mathematics education, based also on the model of guided discovery.

^{[12]}Keywords : History of mathematics, Mathematics education, Maria Gaetana Agnesi, Mathematical analysis, History of sciences.

^{[13]}In this study, conceptual and algebra-based physics students were engaged in scientific inquiry using Physics Education Technology (PhET) interactive simulations via semester-long group projects.

^{[14]}This research article proposes the use of augmented reality (AR) in mathematics education.

^{[15]}In this paper we use pentagonal fuzzy number to find out the failure of digital competencies of 21st century teacher in mathematics education on the basis of the above criteria.

^{[16]}Ear to the Ground features voices from several corners of the mathematics education world.

^{[17]}Seven reasoned multiple-choice questions were given to 159 physics and physics education students at the State University of Malang to archive this goal.

^{[18]}KEYWORDS: Mathematics Education.

^{[19]}This is a design research which aims to describe the learning trajectory of volume and surface area of rectangular prism by considering the involvement of the multiple intelligences-based activities within the realistic mathematics education (RME) learning activity.

^{[20]}Keywords: Dynamic geometry software, DGS, GeoGebra, content analysis, mathematics education.

^{[21]}Setting and Participants : A total of 41 students of the bachelor of mathematics education program were involved in solving a task and then 8 persons were chosen to be deeply interviewed which representing the types of undercoded and overcoded abductive reasoning.

^{[22]}"Clinical supervisor responsibilities” as a theme includes the categories: “Creating motivation in learner”, “Learner's need recognition”, “Performance evaluation”, “Creating learning opportunities”, and “Professional ethics education”.

^{[23]}Unlike the Ancient Greece however, the battle is for the sustained delivery of a comprehensive mathematics education in the midst of the Covid-19 pandemic.

^{[24]}Mathematics education for multilingual classrooms calls for instructional approaches that build upon students’ multilingual resources.

^{[25]}Problem solving and problem posing have long been of interest to the mathematics education community.

^{[26]}Phase 2: We enrolled LCS-eligible patients with SMI (n = 15) and assessed the feasibility (>50% enrollment; >75% completion) and acceptability (>75% overall satisfaction) of an LCS educational intervention delivered by a radiologist and a mental health clinician at a community mental health clinic.

^{[27]}The growing trend of shifting from classroom to distance learning in ethics education programs raises the need to examine ways for adapting best instructional practices to online modes.

^{[28]}This scenario begs big questions to professionals in the field of mathematics education.

^{[29]}This article described the implementation of TPACK and augmented reality in the kinematics practicum module to forming HOTS for physics education students.

^{[30]}The subjects in this study were 16 students in the 3rd semester of Mathematics Education Study Program, the Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Riau.

^{[31]}The research subjects were 11 students of the Mathematics Education Study Program, Teacher Training and Education Faculty, Universitas Veteran Bangun Nusantara Sukoharjo.

^{[32]}Researchers have documented the viability of using primary sources in undergraduate mathematics education for scaffolding students’ recognition of those rules.

^{[33]}: At this moment when we can employ software, mathematics education has to be reviewed.

^{[34]}Eighty Mathematics students who were selected randomly from the Department of Mathematics Education, TU, Kathmandu, were the participants.

^{[35]}In this context, mathematics education begins early as well, even before children start school, wherein different approaches are used.

^{[36]}Retrieval of research data using validation sheets which were assessed by 3 expert validators consisting of 3 physics education lecturers.

^{[37]}The subject of this research was students of Mathematics Education who took trigonometry class in the first semester of the academic year 2017/2018.

^{[38]}The results showed that there was an increase in the mathematical communication skills of mathematics education students by using a project-based learning model through vlogs based on science unity.

^{[39]}The participants were 50 students of mathematics education study program in a state university in Bali, Indonesia.

^{[40]}The purpose of this study was to identify Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) in mathematics education study program students in the Mathematical statistics course.

^{[41]}This study aims to explore the metacognitive skills of students with high mathematical abilities in the mathematics education study program at the Faculty of Teacher Training and Education in the University of Tadulako in solving contextual problems.

^{[42]}The informants in this study were students of Mathematics Education at IAIN Kerinci and lecturers of Mathematics at IAIN Kerinci.

^{[43]}Anchored methodologically in the History of Mathematics Education, traces were sought for the construction of the sources through: interviews with some eyewitnesses; official documents and photographic images, among others.

^{[44]}The population in this study were students of the Mathematics Education Study Program of Unika Santu Paulus Ruteng.

^{[45]}However, the extant mathematics education literature on validation of instruments designed to measure learners’ beliefs about the functions of proof is scant.

^{[46]}Taken together with case-study evidence of teachers’ ICT integration from research on technology in education, these findings challenge assumptions about relationships between mathematics pedagogy and ICT integration prevalent in the mathematics education literature.

^{[47]}However, there is a growing concern about the decreasing enrollment and interest of students in home economics education in Nigeria.

^{[48]}Gender issues in mathematics education received fairly attention several decades ago, mainly because women and men performed differently, with men usually outperforming women.

^{[49]}✓ Total number of reviewers involved: MISEIC involved twenty reviewers from six different disciplines, including Pure and Applied Mathematics, Mathematics Education, Science and Technology, Computer Science and Science Education.

^{[50]}

## ini bertujuan untuk

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan literatur tentang model pembelajaran kemampuan pemecahan masalah Matematika dengan menggunakan model pembelajaran realistic mathematics education di sekolah dasar.^{[1]}AbstrakPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk melakukan analisis terkait penerapan pendekatan Realistic Mathematics Education (RME) terhadap hasil belajar matematika siswa di Sekolah Dasar (SD).

^{[2]}Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengembangkan bahan ajar menggunakan live worksheet berbasis realistic mathematics education (RME) berbantuan geogebra yang validitasnya baik dan juga praktis, kemudian menelaah pencapaian kemampuan abstraksi dengan menggunakan bahan ajar tersebut.

^{[3]}Abstrak Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh pembelajaran model Realistic Mathematics Education (RME) terhadap hasil belajar matematika siswa kelas VII di SMP Ba’it Al-Quran Kayuagung tahun ajaran 2019/2020.

^{[4]}Penelitian ini bertujuan Untuk mengetahui peningkatan kemampuan pemecahan masalah matematika siswa melalui model pembelajaran Realistic Mathematics Education (RME) pada materi lingkaran.

^{[5]}Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui (1) Hasil belajar siswa pada pembelajaran matematika materi kecepatan sebelum menggunakan model RME (Realistik Mathematics Education) di kelas V UPT.

^{[6]}Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis hasil belajar siswa menggunakan model pembelajaran inquiry training berbantuan Laboratorium Virtual Physics Education Technology (PhET) terhadap hasil belajar siswa pada materi pokok Gelombang Bunyi di kelas XI semester II SMA Negeri 7 Medan T.

^{[7]}Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengembangkan media pembelajaran matematika berbasis Realistic Mathematics Education (RME) dengan bantuan Adobe Flash yang memenuhi kriteria valid, praktis, dan efektif.

^{[8]}Artikel ini bertujuan untuk menguji kembali apakah pembelajaran matematika realistik (Realistic Mathematics Education) memiliki pengaruh terhadap prestasi belajar siswa.

^{[9]}Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengungkap: (1) Untuk mendeskripsikan penerapan pendekatan Realistic Mathematics Education dan meningkatkan keaktifan belajar siswa pada materi pecahan Kelas IV SD Negeri Kalijering, dan (2) Untuk mendeskripsikan peningkatan keaktifan belajar siswa Kelas IV SD Negeri Kalijering dengan menerapkan pendekatan Realistic Mathematics Education Jenis penelitian ini adalah penelitian tindakan kelas (PTK).

^{[10]}

## 2019 2020 academic

To achieve these goals, the researcher applied pra-experimental research design in the type of one-shot case study with the subject of this study is students from mathematics education study program in semester six 2019-2020 academic year.^{[1]}This research involved 43 students of the 6th semester of the 2019-2020 academic year of the Physics Education study program of the Universitas PGRI Kanjuruhan Malang who took solid state physics course.

^{[2]}The subjects of this research were students of the FKIP UIR mathematics education study program for the 2019/2020 academic year which consisted of 60 people.

^{[3]}The research subjects were students of semester VI of the 2019/2020 academic year of the IAIN Takengon Mathematics Education Study Program.

^{[4]}Research subjects at the analysis stage of student characteristics are all students taking Algebra courses in Mathematics Education Department Universitas Sarjanawiyata Tamansiswa for the 2019/2020 academic year.

^{[5]}The purpose of this study was to compare whether there were differences in the learning outcomes of students in the Mathematics Education Study Program of the University of PGRI Adi Buana University Surabaya in the even semester of the 2019/2020 academic year in Calculus I when applying the online learning model using the WhatsApp group and using Google Class and to know which online learning model is better between the two.

^{[6]}The subjects of this research were first-semester students of the 2019/2020 academic year in the Physics Education Department, Faculty of Education and Teacher Training of UIN Antasari Banjarmasin who learned Fundamental of Physics 1.

^{[7]}The subjects of this research were 19 students in Class IV / A who took the Physics Learning Strategy course at the Physics Education Study Program, FKIP University of Mataram, even semester of the 2019/2020 academic year.

^{[8]}The research subjects were 31 sixth semester students who are taking environmental physics lectures in the physics education study program at one of the teachers' university in West Nusa Tenggara Province for the 2019/2020 academic year.

^{[9]}

## science technology engineering

Project-based learning interventions nurture productive scientific literacy by applying science, technology, engineering, and mathematics education trends (PjBL-STEM) that trigger students to identify problems with interdisciplinary solutions, team performance, and project development.^{[1]}From these problems, one of the innovations that can be done is by implementing Realistic Mathematics Education integrated Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics assisted by Google Classroom (R-STEM-GC).

^{[2]}The emergence of STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) in research and the practice of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics education is today an unquestionable fact at international level.

^{[3]}This study could provide administrators, educators and instructors with insights and new approaches in science, technology, engineering and mathematics education and improvements in their course policies.

^{[4]}The research aims to know the impact of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics education on both creative thinking and mathematical achievement.

^{[5]}Recently, design thinking has become recognized as a necessity for every student, especially when they engage in design-based learning, as a pedagogical approach to science, technology, engineering, and mathematics education.

^{[6]}Design/methodology/approachRobotics education has been regarded as a potential approach to enhance students' Science, technology, engineering, and mathematics learning competencies.

^{[7]}

## academic year 2019

The sample of the study is 65 students that consist of 20 biology education students, 30 chemistry education students, and 15 physics education students at UNDIKMA in the academic year 2019-2020.^{[1]}The subjects of this study were the fourth semester students in Mathematics Education Program of State Islamic Institute of Curup Academic year 2019/2020 selected by purposive sampling based on school origins.

^{[2]}The subjects of this study were students of Mathematics Education at Universitas Mataram Semester VI Academic Year 2019/2020.

^{[3]}The subjects tested in this study were students of the physics education study program, at one of the universities in Lampung in academic year 2019/2020.

^{[4]}Where a sample of 30 students in the even academic year 2019/2020 in the physics education study program, Indraprasta PGRI University.

^{[5]}The subject was Mathematics Education students on State Institute of Islamic Religion (IAIN) Takengon who studied field and space analytic geometry in the academic year 2019/2020.

^{[6]}

## self regulated learning

: The research aims to describe the students’ self-regulated learning levels in the mathematics education program at STKIP Singkawang.^{[1]}This study examines the problem of how the criteria for self-regulated learning of first-year students at the Physics Education Department and aims to determine the self-regulated learning of freshman year students in the department.

^{[2]}The purpose of this study was to design a flipped classroom model learning device based on problem based learning to improve critical thinking ability and self-regulated learning for pre-service mathematics teachers in the mathematics education study program in the Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Suryakancana University.

^{[3]}The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of the national mathematics exam scores on grade point average (GPA), mathematics anxiety, and self-regulated learning of the second-year students of Mathematics Education study program, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education at Nusa Cendana University in a multivariate manner.

^{[4]}This study aims to describe the influence of Elitas’ model on self-regulated learning Students and student learning outcomes at Semester January –June 2020 of Mathematics Education Study.

^{[5]}This study's results indicate that self-regulated learning of prospective mathematics education teachers in the development of student eworksheet can encourage motivation to learn, self-confidence, experience, and determination to become professional teachers in the 21st century.

^{[6]}

## penelitian ini adalah

Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menghasilkan perangkat pembelajaran matematika dengan pendekatan realistic mathematics education untuk memfasilitasi kemampuan pemecahan masalah matematis peserta didik kelas VII.^{[1]}Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui kemampuan berpikir kreatif matematis dengan model Cycle Learning dan Reciprocal Learning berbasis Realistic Mathematics Education (RME).

^{[2]}Rumusan masalah dalam penelitian ini adalah: Apakah model pembelajaran Realistic Mathematics Education efekif terhadap hasil belajar matematika siswa kelas VII SMP Negeri 1 Pahae Jae Tahun Pelajaran 2020/2021.

^{[3]}Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui peranan Realistic Mathematics Education berbasis matematisasi progresif (RME-MP) terhadap kemampuan self regulated learning (SLR) siswa ditinjau dari: (1) pengetahuan awal matematis (PAM), (2) peringkat sekolah (PS), dan (3) keseluruhan siswa (KS).

^{[4]}Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah menghasilkan soal open-ended materi geometri (luas permukaan dan volume balok) dengan pendekatan berbasis Realistic Mathematics Education (RME) yang memiliki efek potensial.

^{[5]}

## junior high school

Therefore, this paper aims to describe the innovative learning activities of social arithmetic among junior high school students using the Realistic Mathematics Education (RME) approach.^{[1]}The subjects were 87 students in Mathematical Learning for Junior High School course of Mathematics Education Study Program at Universitas Lambung Mangkurat in the 2019/2020 academic year.

^{[2]}The validation results of two mathematics education lecturers and one junior high school mathematics teacher showed that the student worksheet satisfied the ’good’ criteria.

^{[3]}Therefore, this research aims to produce the instructional materials for the logical thinking of mathematics ability based on Indonesian Realistic Mathematics Education for junior high school students for Grade 8, which is valid and practical.

^{[4]}In response to the big data era trend, statistics has become an indispensable part of mathematics education in junior high school.

^{[5]}

## 2020 2021 academic

The population in this study were students of the Nommensen HKBP University of Pematangsiantar Mathematics Education Study Program in the odd semester of the 2020/2021 Academic Year.^{[1]}The population in this study were all students of the Mathematics Education Study Program, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Muhammadiyah Kotabumi University in the 7th semester of the 2020/2021 academic year, totaling 41 people.

^{[2]}The research subjects were mathematics education students at the Faculty of Teacher Training and Education at Majapahit Islamic University in semester V of the 2020-2021 academic year who had completed Mathematical Problem-Solving courses.

^{[3]}Population and sample of this research were mathematics education department students for the 2020/2021 academic year, totaling around 80 people.

^{[4]}

## academic year 2018

The subject is student of mathematics education program and physics education program at STKIP Surya in academic year 2018/2019 from Ambon, that was separated into PBL class and GDL class, each of class contained 5 students heterogeneously.^{[1]}The subjects in this study were students of the Department of Mathematics Education in the second semester of the academic year 2018-2019 at Universitas Suryakancana.

^{[2]}Thirty-seven bachelor degree students of semester 6 (even semester, academic year 2018-1019) of Mathematics Education, Faculty of Education and Teacher Training, University of Bengkulu were used as subjects of this study.

^{[3]}

## high order thinking

This research aimed to know (1) mathematics learning by realistic mathematics education which increase students’s high order thinking skills, (2) the increasing student’s high order thinking skills by using realistic mathematics education.^{[1]}This Research aims to develop and produce a test instrument based on realistic mathematics education to improve the high order thinking skills for grade VIII students.

^{[2]}

## collaborative problem solving

The important role of student agency in collaborative problem-solving has been acknowledged in previous mathematics education research.^{[1]}In mathematics education studies, where collaborative problem-solving is considered a necessary pedagogical approach, lecturers have had challenges incorporating collaborative problem-solving in an authentic manner.

^{[2]}

## year 2019 2020

Research subjects in this study was 34 college students of Mathematics Education Department Offering A school year 2019/2020.^{[1]}

## hasil belajar siswa

Untuk meningkatkan hasil belajar siswa pada mata pelajaran kimia pada materi Bentuk Molekul maka dilakukan penelitian tindakan kelas dengan menerapkan model pembelajaran Discovery Learning berbantuan PhET (Physics Education and Technology) Simulations.^{[1]}

## 12 Cs Education

ABSTRACT Background and Context: While assessment of computational thinking concepts, practices, and perspectives is at the forefront of K-12 CS education, supporting student communication about computation has received relatively little attention.^{[1]}Current efforts to expand K-12 CS education highlight the great need of well-prepared CS teachers with a strong sense of professional identity.

^{[2]}This panel of thought leaders will offer perspectives and valuable information grounded in research and theoretical literature that cultivate more meaningful, culturally relevant practices in K-12 CS Education.

^{[3]}The national call to increase student participation in CS is widely adopted, but there is limited research that examines English learners (EL) on the agenda for K-12 CS education.

^{[4]}

## cs education study

The population in this study were students of the Nommensen HKBP University of Pematangsiantar Mathematics Education Study Program in the odd semester of the 2020/2021 Academic Year.^{[1]}The subjects in this study were 16 students in the 3rd semester of Mathematics Education Study Program, the Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Riau.

^{[2]}The research subjects were 11 students of the Mathematics Education Study Program, Teacher Training and Education Faculty, Universitas Veteran Bangun Nusantara Sukoharjo.

^{[3]}The participants were 50 students of mathematics education study program in a state university in Bali, Indonesia.

^{[4]}The purpose of this study was to identify Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) in mathematics education study program students in the Mathematical statistics course.

^{[5]}This study aims to explore the metacognitive skills of students with high mathematical abilities in the mathematics education study program at the Faculty of Teacher Training and Education in the University of Tadulako in solving contextual problems.

^{[6]}The population in this study were students of the Mathematics Education Study Program of Unika Santu Paulus Ruteng.

^{[7]}The research subjects were three students of the Mathematics Education Study Program who contracted the Real Number.

^{[8]}Master of Mathematics Education Study Program of the Faculty of Teacher Training and Educational Sciences of the University of Cenderawasih.

^{[9]}The subjects of this study were students of the Basic Physics subject III in the Physics Education Study Program of the University of Jember.

^{[10]}The subjects in this study were students of the Mathematics Education Study Program who took an Introduction to Basic Mathematics at Indraprasta University PGRI Jakarta.

^{[11]}The subjects of this research were students of the 6th semester of the Mathematics Education study program in the Elementary Linear Algebra course which consisted of 20 students.

^{[12]}This study aims to analyze students' problem-solving abilities in the mathematics education study program after learning using modules in the trigonometry course.

^{[13]}To achieve these goals, the researcher applied pra-experimental research design in the type of one-shot case study with the subject of this study is students from mathematics education study program in semester six 2019-2020 academic year.

^{[14]}The sample in this research are students' of the second semester of the mathematics education study program.

^{[15]}The population of this study was the third-semester students of mathematics education study program at STKIP PGRI Lubuklinggau.

^{[16]}Subjects in this study were 11 students of class IIB of Mathematics Education Study Program Universitas Mahasaraswati Denpasar.

^{[17]}The research subjects were the first semester students of the mathematics education study program, totaling 63 students.

^{[18]}The conclusion of this research is that the learning outcomes of student character education during the learning process using Schoology learning media in the students of the Mathematics Education Study Program of STKIP PGRI Nganjuk have increased.

^{[19]}This research involved 43 students of the 6th semester of the 2019-2020 academic year of the Physics Education study program of the Universitas PGRI Kanjuruhan Malang who took solid state physics course.

^{[20]}The sample in this study were 30 students of the Mathematics Education study program at the Indonesian Technocrat University.

^{[21]}This exploratory qualitative article with an inductive approach aims to analyze the needs of students of the mathematics education study program at one of the leading universities in Surakarta City regarding learning media that can facilitate the implementation of distance learning during the Coronavirus pandemic.

^{[22]}This study uses a quantitative descriptive method that aims to describe the ability of students of the