## What is/are Atr Ft Ir?

Atr Ft Ir - The interactions between the uranyl(VI) ion, U(VI), and citric acid, H3Cit, were examined using a multi-method approach comprising nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), ultraviolet-visible (UV-vis), attenuated total reflectance Fourier-transform infrared (ATR FT-IR), and extended X-ray absorption fine-structure (EXAFS) spectroscopies as well as density functional theory (DFT) calculations.^{[1]}Infrared (IR) spectroscopy, such as attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR FT-IR), is a well-established method for polymeric material analysis.

^{[2]}The coated nanostructures were characterized using scanning electron microscopy coupled with the energy-dispersive X-ray (SEM/EDS), Attenuated Total Reflectance Fourier-Transform Infrared spectroscopy (ATR FT-IR), and Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) tests.

^{[3]}The thermal behavior of the samples was investigated using DSC, HPLC and ATR FT-IR spectroscopy.

^{[4]}Several techniques have emerged for detecting biomarker signals on an atomic or molecular level, including laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS), Raman spectroscopy, laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) spectroscopy, and attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared (ATR FT-IR) spectroscopy, each of which addresses complementary aspects of the elemental composition, mineralogy, and organic characterization of a sample.

^{[5]}Soon after preparation, the solidification of the fibroin solution prepared from the cocoons and extracted by the Ajisawa method was monitored until the biofilm stabilized, using Attenuated Total Reflectance-Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy (ATR FT-IR) as a function of time.

^{[6]}The surface properties of biochars were characterized by the nitrogen adsorption/desorption isotherms, scanning electron microscopy (SEM/EDS), X-ray fluorescence energy dispersion spectroscopy (ED-XRF), thermal analysis (TGA/DTA), infrared spectroscopy (ATR FT-IR), Raman spectroscopy and the Boehm’s titration method as well as the point of zero charge (pHpzc).

^{[7]}The development of the epoxy thermosets by 1,8- diaminooctane (DAO), triethylenetetramine (TETA) and 5-amino-1,3,3-trimethylcyclohexanemethylamine (IPDA) curing agents was followed by attenuated total reflection infrared (ATR FT-IR) and Raman spectroscopies, whereas their suitability as organic counterpart of the hybrids was established by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermogravimetric (TGA) measurements.

^{[8]}Finally, the detected microplastics were identified using an attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR FT-IR) analysis.

^{[9]}Analytical tests such as x-ray diffraction (XRD), attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR FT-IR), dilatometry and thermogravimetric and differential thermal analysis (TGA/DTA) were performed on the geopolymer to ascertain structural and phase changes when the geopolymer is subjected to higher temperatures up to 800ºC.

^{[10]}The parent and drug loaded samples were characterized by XRD, N2 physisorption, thermal gravimetric analysis, magnetic measurements, XPS and ATR FT-IR spectroscopy.

^{[11]}The chemical properties of propolis were not changed during the fabrication of propolis-embedded zeolite nanocomposites in attenuated total reflection-fourier transform infra-red (ATR FT-IR) spectroscopy measurements.

^{[12]}The present study uses attenuated total reflection Fourier transform-infrared (ATR FT-IR) spectroscopy as a nondestructive technique for discriminating menstrual and peripheral blood traces.

^{[13]}The ATR FT-IR characterization revealed that the PMEA composition of the membrane surfaces increased as the PMEA blend ratio in the dope solution increased.

^{[14]}This study investigated an alternative FT-IR spectroscopic method, attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR FT-IR), which has the potential to provide shorter analysis times while requiring smaller sample volumes.

^{[15]}Elemental analysis, attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared (ATR FT-IR) spectroscopy and quantitative solid state 13C nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy were applied to characterize raw meal and its derived biochar products.

^{[16]}The GNPs and EGNCs characterized using XRD, Raman spectroscopy, ATR FT-IR, and FE-SEM for the structural conformation and surface morphological study.

^{[17]}A new methodology, based on Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy equipped with an attenuated total reflectance accessory (ATR FT-IR), was developed for the determination of diclofenac sodium (DS) in dispersed commercially available tablets using chemometric tools such as partial least squares (PLS) coupled with discriminant analysis (PLS-DA).

^{[18]}A multi-method approach combined batch sorption experiments with spectroscopic methods (time-resolved laser-induced fluorescence spectroscopy (TRLFS) and in situ attenuated total reflection Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR FT-IR)).

^{[19]}The polymer type of the fibres was established by microscopic examination and infrared (ATR FT-IR) spectroscopy.

^{[20]}The outcomes achieved confirmed that the degradation process has influenced the IR spectra of the fibers to the point of making them spectrally indistinguishable, highlighting useful information to understand the role of the degradation process in the ATR FT-IR spectra of archaeological bast fibers.

^{[21]}In the present study, chemical images were obtained by plotting the peak position of a spectral band from the data sets generated using in situ attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared (ATR FT-IR) spectroscopic imaging.

^{[22]}Attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared (ATR FT-IR) spectroscopy and thermogravimetric measurements also showed that Li2-short and liy were more similar to each other, and Li2-long and Li2-mix closer to WT while Li1 was quite independent.

^{[23]}6 on average), intensive aliphatic CH stretching vibration bands at 2700–3000 cm-1 in ATR FT-IR spectra, abundant aliphatic and thiophenic pyrolyzates.

^{[24]}However, it is currently unclear from the chemical analysis performed of the paint surface chemistry (ATR FT-IR spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, SEM-EDX) what the drivers behind this might be.

^{[25]}Characterization tests include Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC), Attenuated Total Reflection Fourier Transform Infrared (ATR FT-IR) spectroscopy and Field Emission Gun Scanning Electron Microscopy (FEG – SEM).

^{[26]}The mineralogy and petrography of the samples were determined by optical microscopy (OM), powder and micro X-ray diffraction (PXRD and μXRD), μRaman spectroscopy and attenuated total reflection-Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR FT-IR).

^{[27]}A refractometric method, coupled with molecular dynamics study, attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared (ATR FT-IR), and Raman spectroscopy, was used to determine optical characteristics of concentration features of aqueous solutions of acetic acid.

^{[28]}, Validation of ATR FT-IR to identify polymers of plastic marine debris, including those ingested by marine organisms.

^{[29]}And SEM, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR FT-IR), contact angle measurement, and the membranes performance assessments were used for membrane characterization.

^{[30]}40 Kajal samples from 33 different brands were collected and analyzed using Attenuated Total Reflectance Fourier Transform Infrared (ATR FT-IR) Spectroscopy with advance statistical and computational tools.

^{[31]}Both hybrid materials were characterized via micro-ATR FT-IR and Raman spectroscopy, XRPD, TEM and SEM microscopy, and Brunauer, Emmett and Teller (BET) surface measurements.

^{[32]}Attenuated Total Reflection Fourier-Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (ATR FT-IR) analysis showed that ultrasound was capable of effectively removing silica and calcium scaling.

^{[33]}The results of ATR FT-IR indicated the formation of a furan ring, carbonyl, and ether groups in the cured insoluble matter of the SC adhesive, which indicated dehydration condensation as the reaction mechanism between sucrose and citric acid.

^{[34]}Here we show the ability of attenuated total reflection Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy (ATR FT-IR) in conjunction with multivariate data analysis to predict the age of milk.

^{[35]}Vibrational modes and thermal decomposition behavior of nano-sized MOF-5 were verified from ATR FT-IR and TGA results, respectively.

^{[36]}In the present study, such a methodological application of attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared (ATR FT-IR) spectroscopy has been put forward as one of the initial steps towards the identification and discrimination/classification of seminal fluid from vaginal fluid and other human biological as well as non-biological look-alike semen substances using chemometric tools which are principal component analysis (PCA), partial least square regression (PLSR), and linear discriminant analysis (LDA).

^{[37]}The results demonstrated that by normalization with appropriate internal standards (phase-specific normalization), more accurate quantitation of the SiH and allyl functional groups can be achieved based on in situ Raman results than that based on in situ attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared (ATR FT-IR) results.

^{[38]}ATR FT-IR spectroscopy showed that the dominant microplastic particles are expanded polystyrene, polyethylene terephthalate, polypropylene, and polyethylene.

^{[39]}Optical and structural properties of nanostructures were optimized in reference to measurements made by using UV/Vis absorption spectrophotometry (UV/Vis), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) supported by energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and attenuated total reflectance Fourier transformation infrared spectroscopy (ATR FT-IR).

^{[40]}Herein, we demonstrate a method for determination of donor sex, based on attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared (ATR FT-IR) spectroscopy of dry urine traces.

^{[41]}Two-dimensional imaging and depth analysis using attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared (ATR FT-IR) spectroscopy and confocal Raman microscopy were used, in addition to the evaluation of pharmaceutical properties, including spreading properties, rheological properties, and amount of solvent.

^{[42]}In this study, attenuated total reflection Fourier transform-infrared (ATR FT-IR) spectroscopy was evaluated as a potentially nondestructive, rapid, and in situ method for phenotype profiling based on the analysis of biological stains.

^{[43]}In vivo ATR FT-IR spectra were collected after removing each tape.

^{[44]}In this investigation, we applied previously proposed simple algorithms to analyze the attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared (ATR FT-IR) spectra of cotton fibers during secondary cell wall (SCW) biosynthesis.

^{[45]}To reach this aim, several experimental techniques were used, including dynamic light scattering (DLS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) supported by energy dispersive X-ray scattering (EDX) and selected area electron diffraction (SAED), as well as attenuated total reflectance Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR FT-IR) for the material characterization.

^{[46]}Characteristics of two types of MWCNTs were measured by zeta potential and ATR FT-IR graphs and TEM images.

^{[47]}The application of electrospray (ES) for quantitative transfer of analytes from solution to an internal reflection element for analysis by attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared (ATR FT-IR) spectroscopy has been developed in this work.

^{[48]}Attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared (ATR FT-IR) spectroscopy, size exclusion chromatography (SEC) and biological activity analyses were performed.

^{[49]}

## attenuated total reflection

Infrared (IR) spectroscopy, such as attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR FT-IR), is a well-established method for polymeric material analysis.^{[1]}The development of the epoxy thermosets by 1,8- diaminooctane (DAO), triethylenetetramine (TETA) and 5-amino-1,3,3-trimethylcyclohexanemethylamine (IPDA) curing agents was followed by attenuated total reflection infrared (ATR FT-IR) and Raman spectroscopies, whereas their suitability as organic counterpart of the hybrids was established by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermogravimetric (TGA) measurements.

^{[2]}Finally, the detected microplastics were identified using an attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR FT-IR) analysis.

^{[3]}Analytical tests such as x-ray diffraction (XRD), attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR FT-IR), dilatometry and thermogravimetric and differential thermal analysis (TGA/DTA) were performed on the geopolymer to ascertain structural and phase changes when the geopolymer is subjected to higher temperatures up to 800ºC.

^{[4]}The chemical properties of propolis were not changed during the fabrication of propolis-embedded zeolite nanocomposites in attenuated total reflection-fourier transform infra-red (ATR FT-IR) spectroscopy measurements.

^{[5]}The present study uses attenuated total reflection Fourier transform-infrared (ATR FT-IR) spectroscopy as a nondestructive technique for discriminating menstrual and peripheral blood traces.

^{[6]}This study investigated an alternative FT-IR spectroscopic method, attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR FT-IR), which has the potential to provide shorter analysis times while requiring smaller sample volumes.

^{[7]}Elemental analysis, attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared (ATR FT-IR) spectroscopy and quantitative solid state 13C nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy were applied to characterize raw meal and its derived biochar products.

^{[8]}Characterization tests include Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC), Attenuated Total Reflection Fourier Transform Infrared (ATR FT-IR) spectroscopy and Field Emission Gun Scanning Electron Microscopy (FEG – SEM).

^{[9]}The mineralogy and petrography of the samples were determined by optical microscopy (OM), powder and micro X-ray diffraction (PXRD and μXRD), μRaman spectroscopy and attenuated total reflection-Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR FT-IR).

^{[10]}A refractometric method, coupled with molecular dynamics study, attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared (ATR FT-IR), and Raman spectroscopy, was used to determine optical characteristics of concentration features of aqueous solutions of acetic acid.

^{[11]}Attenuated Total Reflection Fourier-Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (ATR FT-IR) analysis showed that ultrasound was capable of effectively removing silica and calcium scaling.

^{[12]}Here we show the ability of attenuated total reflection Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy (ATR FT-IR) in conjunction with multivariate data analysis to predict the age of milk.

^{[13]}Herein, we demonstrate a method for determination of donor sex, based on attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared (ATR FT-IR) spectroscopy of dry urine traces.

^{[14]}Two-dimensional imaging and depth analysis using attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared (ATR FT-IR) spectroscopy and confocal Raman microscopy were used, in addition to the evaluation of pharmaceutical properties, including spreading properties, rheological properties, and amount of solvent.

^{[15]}In this study, attenuated total reflection Fourier transform-infrared (ATR FT-IR) spectroscopy was evaluated as a potentially nondestructive, rapid, and in situ method for phenotype profiling based on the analysis of biological stains.

^{[16]}In this investigation, we applied previously proposed simple algorithms to analyze the attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared (ATR FT-IR) spectra of cotton fibers during secondary cell wall (SCW) biosynthesis.

^{[17]}The application of electrospray (ES) for quantitative transfer of analytes from solution to an internal reflection element for analysis by attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared (ATR FT-IR) spectroscopy has been developed in this work.

^{[18]}

## attenuated total reflectance

The interactions between the uranyl(VI) ion, U(VI), and citric acid, H3Cit, were examined using a multi-method approach comprising nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), ultraviolet-visible (UV-vis), attenuated total reflectance Fourier-transform infrared (ATR FT-IR), and extended X-ray absorption fine-structure (EXAFS) spectroscopies as well as density functional theory (DFT) calculations.^{[1]}The coated nanostructures were characterized using scanning electron microscopy coupled with the energy-dispersive X-ray (SEM/EDS), Attenuated Total Reflectance Fourier-Transform Infrared spectroscopy (ATR FT-IR), and Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) tests.

^{[2]}Several techniques have emerged for detecting biomarker signals on an atomic or molecular level, including laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS), Raman spectroscopy, laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) spectroscopy, and attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared (ATR FT-IR) spectroscopy, each of which addresses complementary aspects of the elemental composition, mineralogy, and organic characterization of a sample.

^{[3]}Soon after preparation, the solidification of the fibroin solution prepared from the cocoons and extracted by the Ajisawa method was monitored until the biofilm stabilized, using Attenuated Total Reflectance-Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy (ATR FT-IR) as a function of time.

^{[4]}Attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared (ATR FT-IR) spectroscopy and thermogravimetric measurements also showed that Li2-short and liy were more similar to each other, and Li2-long and Li2-mix closer to WT while Li1 was quite independent.

^{[5]}40 Kajal samples from 33 different brands were collected and analyzed using Attenuated Total Reflectance Fourier Transform Infrared (ATR FT-IR) Spectroscopy with advance statistical and computational tools.

^{[6]}In the present study, such a methodological application of attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared (ATR FT-IR) spectroscopy has been put forward as one of the initial steps towards the identification and discrimination/classification of seminal fluid from vaginal fluid and other human biological as well as non-biological look-alike semen substances using chemometric tools which are principal component analysis (PCA), partial least square regression (PLSR), and linear discriminant analysis (LDA).

^{[7]}Attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared (ATR FT-IR) spectroscopy, size exclusion chromatography (SEC) and biological activity analyses were performed.

^{[8]}

## transmission electron microscopy

And SEM, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR FT-IR), contact angle measurement, and the membranes performance assessments were used for membrane characterization.^{[1]}Optical and structural properties of nanostructures were optimized in reference to measurements made by using UV/Vis absorption spectrophotometry (UV/Vis), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) supported by energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and attenuated total reflectance Fourier transformation infrared spectroscopy (ATR FT-IR).

^{[2]}To reach this aim, several experimental techniques were used, including dynamic light scattering (DLS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) supported by energy dispersive X-ray scattering (EDX) and selected area electron diffraction (SAED), as well as attenuated total reflectance Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR FT-IR) for the material characterization.

^{[3]}

## situ attenuated total

A multi-method approach combined batch sorption experiments with spectroscopic methods (time-resolved laser-induced fluorescence spectroscopy (TRLFS) and in situ attenuated total reflection Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR FT-IR)).^{[1]}In the present study, chemical images were obtained by plotting the peak position of a spectral band from the data sets generated using in situ attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared (ATR FT-IR) spectroscopic imaging.

^{[2]}The results demonstrated that by normalization with appropriate internal standards (phase-specific normalization), more accurate quantitation of the SiH and allyl functional groups can be achieved based on in situ Raman results than that based on in situ attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared (ATR FT-IR) results.

^{[3]}

## transform infrared spectroscopy

A new methodology, based on Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy equipped with an attenuated total reflectance accessory (ATR FT-IR), was developed for the determination of diclofenac sodium (DS) in dispersed commercially available tablets using chemometric tools such as partial least squares (PLS) coupled with discriminant analysis (PLS-DA).^{[1]}