This paper will identify how translational research that investigates methods of enhancing extinction learning can more effectively model such elements of human fear learning, and how doing so will enhance the relevance of this research to the treatment of fear-based psychological disorders.
The current study therefore aimed to investigate i) whether rumination subtypes are associated with problematic substance use among people with a long-term history of illicit drug use independently of related psychological disorders (depression and post-traumatic stress disorder [PTSD]), and ii) whether gender moderates these relationships.
ABSTRACT Despite research examining the role of metacognitive beliefs about coping processes in maintaining psychological disorders, to date, no studies have explored their role in the maintenance of prolonged grief.
This chapter serves as basis for further discussions (Chapters “ Personality Traits Characterized by the Adjectives in A Dream of Red Mansions” and “ Narrations of Personality Disorders in A Dream of Red Mansions”) on the relationship between Chinese culture, especially that of the late imperial China, and the psychological disorders.
Small fluctuations in striatal glutamate and dopamine are required to establish goal‐directed behaviors and motor learning, while large changes appear to underlie many neuropsychological disorders, including drug dependence and Parkinson's disease.
Establishing links between psychological disorders, such as ADHD, and personality constructs provides valuable information relative to understanding vulnerabilities, development, prognosis, and treatment outcomes.
Antiepileptic drugs have drawn attention to biological and translational medicine because their impact on epigenetic mechanisms will lead to the identification of novel biomarkers and possible therapeutic strategies for the prevention and treatment of various diseases ranging from neuropsychological disorders to cancers and other chronic conditions.
A 31-year-old Caucasian woman with a history of anxiety disorder presented with chronic ulcerative lesions of the skin in arms and legs, treated initially as cutaneous vasculitis, evolving with relapsing during corticosteroid tapering, was diagnosed, after thorough investigation and no organic disease found, with dermatitis artefacta – a self-inflicted harm due to psychological disorders.
Conclusions The findings underscore the need to consider multimorbidity including possible psychological disorders and associated medications when prescribing opioids (codeine, morphine, meperidine), particularly for recent birth cohorts.
Furthermore, women today are older when having their first child, which has led to more complex care needs during childbirth due to an increased potential for more chronic diseases and psychological disorders to arise.
Native healers of the Orinoco and Amazon basins have used traditionally ayahuasca as a healing tool for multiple purposes, particularly to treat psychological disorders in the patients, with some beneficial effects experimentally and clinically validated.
The management of problem emotions, behaviors, and thoughts as well as personality changes in people with neurological dysfunction is distinctly different from management of the same issues in patients with psychological disorders.
The use of laser hair removal devices by unskilled aestheticians who is untrained and do not have the proper protective equipment at the beauty centers, can cause serious ophthalmological and psychological disorders and thus substantial labour productivity loss and economic loss.
The aim of the study was to identify the relationship of dissomnic and psychological disorders in patients in the remote post-exposure period of chronic mercury intoxication (ChMI) and to substantiate the effectiveness of the proposed scheme of their therapy.
Aging population may suffer from various physical, cognitive, and social problems, due to aging process such as impairment of physical related functions (decreased mobility and walking speed, falls, frailty, decreased walking speed, difficulties in basic, and instrumental activities of daily living), cognitive related functions (memory-related issues), sensory functions (hearing loss, cataracts and refractive errors, presbyopia, decreased vestibular function), behavioural and psychological disorders, social isolation issues, and poor quality of life.
To investigate the relative contributions of prenatal complications, perinatal characteristics, neonatal morbidities and socio-economic conditions on the occurrence of motor, sensory, cognitive, language and psychological disorders in a large longitudinal preterm infant population during the first 7 years after birth.
Method ADT items were prospectively tested in a community-based group (n = 118), children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD; n = 90) and non-ASD children presenting mimicking conditions such as intellectual disabilities, language impairments and various psychological disorders (n = 36).
There are multiple and complex factors involved with expectations for recovery, including the context of the initial injury event, personal constructs surrounding injury, and premorbid psychological disorders.
This study investigated whether there is a difference in the psychological state of PE and non-PE in outpatients, and whether there is a correlation between ejaculatory latency and psychological disorders.
Further attention in this field can offer not only insight into expanding the fundamental roles and impacts of the human microbiome, but also further offer new therapeutic strategies for psychological disorders based on regulating the balance of resident bacteria.
Individuals carrying an FMR1 expansion between 55 and 200 CGG repeats, are at risk of developing the Fragile X-associated tremor/ataxia syndrome (FXTAS), a late onset neurodegenerative disorder characterized by cerebellar gait ataxia, intentional tremor, neuropathy, parkinsonism, cognitive decline, and psychological disorders, such as anxiety and depression.