Annual Review of Biochemistry
Standard Journal Abbreviation (ISO4)

Annual Review of Biochemistry
Standard Abbreviation

ISO4 Standard

Annu. Rev. Biochem.


Annual Review of Biochemistry
Abbreviated Title Table
Full Journal Title Journal Abbreviation
Full Journal Title Journal Abbreviation
Annual Review of Biochemistry
  • Annu. Rev. Biochem.
  • ANNU REV BIOCHEM
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    Abbreviation of Annual Review of Biochemistry

    The ISO4 abbreviation of Annual Review of Biochemistry is Annu. Rev. Biochem. . It is the standardised abbreviation to be used for abstracting, indexing and referencing purposes and meets all criteria of the ISO 4 standard for abbreviating names of scientific journals.

    ISO4 Abbreviation of Annual Review of Biochemistry

    (Information and documentation – Rules for the abbreviation of title words and titles of publications) is an international standard, defining a uniform system for the abbreviation of serial publication titles. One major use of ISO 4 is to abbreviate the names of scientific journals. The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) has appointed the ISSN International Centre as the registration authority for ISO 4. It maintains the containing standard abbreviations for words commonly found in serial titles. LTWA includes more than 56,000 words and their abbreviations in 65 languages. In conclusion, under ISO 4 standards, the Annual Review of Biochemistry should be cited as Annu. Rev. Biochem. for abstracting, indexing and referencing purposes.

    The ISO4 abbreviation of Annual Review of Biochemistry is 
                                        Annu. Rev. Biochem.
                                    .
    Annual Review of Biochemistry
    Journal Profile
    Annual Review of Biochemistry | Academic Accelerator - About the Journal

    About

    The Annual Review of Biochemistry, in publication since 1932, sets the standard for review articles in biological chemistry and molecular biology. Since its inception, these volumes have served as an indispensable resource for both the practicing biochemist and students of biochemistry. Annual Review of Biochemistry is an annual peer reviewed scientific journal published by Annual Reviews, a nonprofit scientific publisher. Its first volume was published in 1932, and its founding editor was J. Murray Luck. The current editor in chief is Roger D. Kornberg. The journal focuses on molecular biology and biological chemistry review articles. According to the Journal Citation Reports, the journal has a 2019 impact factor of 25.787, ranking it third out of 297 journals in the category Biochemistry and Molecular Biology.

    Highly Cited Keywords

    ISSN
    0066-4154
    ISSN

    The ISSN of Annual Review of Biochemistry is 0066-4154 . An ISSN is an 8-digit code used to identify newspapers, journals, magazines and periodicals of all kinds and on all media–print and electronic.

    ISSN (Online)
    1545-4509
    ISSN (Online)

    The ISSN (Online) of Annual Review of Biochemistry is 1545-4509 . An ISSN is an 8-digit code used to identify newspapers, journals, magazines and periodicals of all kinds and on all media–print and electronic.

    Publisher
    Annual Reviews Inc.
    Publisher

    Annual Review of Biochemistry is published by Annual Reviews Inc. .

    Publication Frequency
    Annual
    Publication Frequency

    Annual Review of Biochemistry publishes reports Annual .

    Coverage
    1946-1948, 1950-1960, 1962-2019
    Coverage

    The Publication History of Annual Review of Biochemistry covers 1946-1948, 1950-1960, 1962-2019 .

    Open Access
    NO
    Open Access

    Annual Review of Biochemistry is Subscription-based (non-OA) Journal. Publishers own the rights to the articles in their journals. Anyone who wants to read the articles should pay by individual or institution to access the articles. Anyone who wants to use the articles in any way must obtain permission from the publishers.

    Publication Fee
    Publication Fee

    There is no publication fee for submiting manuscript to Annual Review of Biochemistry. Annual Review of Biochemistry is Subscription-based (non-OA) Journal. Publishers own the rights to the articles in their journals. Anyone who wants to read the articles should pay by individual or institution to access the articles.

    Language
    English
    Language

    The language of Annual Review of Biochemistry is English .

    Country/Region
    United States
    Country/Region

    The publisher of Annual Review of Biochemistry is Annual Reviews Inc. , which locates in United States .

    Selected Articles

    Full Title Authors
    Full Title Authors
    Single-Molecule Kinetics in Living Cells Johan Elf · Irmeli Barkefors · Irmeli Barkefors
    A Lifetime of Adventures in Glycobiology Stuart Kornfeld · Stuart Kornfeld
    Nuclear Genomic Instability and Aging Laura J. Niedernhofer · Aditi U. Gurkar · Aditi U. Gurkar · Yinsheng Wang · Jan Vijg · Jan H.J. Hoeijmakers · Paul D. Robbins · Paul D. Robbins
    Metabolite–Enzyme Coevolution: From Single Enzymes to Metabolic Pathways and Networks Lianet Noda-Garcia · Wolfram Liebermeister · Wolfram Liebermeister · Dan S. Tawfik · Dan S. Tawfik
    A Rich Man, Poor Man Story of S-Adenosylmethionine and Cobalamin Revisited Jennifer Bridwell-Rabb · Tsehai A. J. Grell · Catherine L. Drennan · Catherine L. Drennan
    Dosage Compensation of the X Chromosome: A Complex Epigenetic Assignment Involving Chromatin Regulators and Long Noncoding RNAs Maria Samata · Maria Samata · Asifa Akhtar · Asifa Akhtar
    Ancient biomolecules and evolutionary inference Enrico Cappellini · Ana Prohaska · Fernando Racimo · Frido Welker · Mikkel Winther Pedersen · Morten E. Allentoft · Peter de Barros Damgaard · Petra Gutenbrunner · Julie Dunne · Simon Hammann · Mélanie Roffet-Salque · Melissa Ilardo · J. Víctor Moreno-Mayar · Yucheng Wang · Martin Sikora · Lasse Vinner · Juergen Cox · Richard P. Evershed · Richard P. Evershed
    The MRE11–RAD50–NBS1 Complex Conducts the Orchestration of Damage Signaling and Outcomes to Stress in DNA Replication and Repair Aleem Syed · John A. Tainer · John A. Tainer · John A. Tainer
    Regulation of Clathrin-Mediated Endocytosis Marcel Mettlen · Ping Hung Chen · Saipraveen Srinivasan · Gaudenz Danuser · Sandra L. Schmid · Sandra L. Schmid
    Along the Central Dogma—Controlling Gene Expression with Small Molecules Tilman Schneider-Poetsch · Minoru Yoshida · Minoru Yoshida
    Structure and Function of the 26S Proteasome Jared Am Bard · Jared Am Bard · Ellen A. Goodall · Ellen A. Goodall · Eric R. Greene · Eric R. Greene · Erik Jonsson · Erik Jonsson · Ken C. Dong · Ken C. Dong · Andreas Martin · Andreas Martin · Andreas Martin
    Regulated Proteolysis in Bacteria Samar A. Mahmoud · Peter Chien · Peter Chien
    Imaging Bacterial Cell Wall Biosynthesis Atanas D. Radkov · Atanas D. Radkov · Yen-Pang Hsu · Garrett Booher · Michael S. VanNieuwenhze · Michael S. VanNieuwenhze
    Understanding and Improving the Activity of Flavin-Dependent Halogenases via Random and Targeted Mutagenesis Mary C. Andorfer · Jared C. Lewis · Jared C. Lewis
    The Oxysterol-Binding Protein Cycle: Burning Off PI(4)P to Transport Cholesterol Bruno Antonny · Joëlle Bigay · Bruno Mesmin · Bruno Mesmin
    Regulation of RNA Polymerase I Transcription in Development, Disease, and Aging Samim Sharifi · Holger Bierhoff · Holger Bierhoff
    Directed Evolution of Protein Catalysts Cathleen Zeymer · Donald Hilvert · Donald Hilvert
    Lipid Cell Biology: A Focus on Lipids in Cell Division Elisabeth M. Storck · Cagakan Özbalci · Ulrike S. Eggert · Ulrike S. Eggert
    Retrospective on Cholesterol Homeostasis: The Central Role of Scap Michael S. Brown · Arun Radhakrishnan · Joseph L. Goldstein · Joseph L. Goldstein
    Metabolic Regulation of Transcription and Chromatin Ronald C. Conaway · Ronald C. Conaway
    Protein Quality Control Degradation in the Nucleus Charisma Enam · Yifat Geffen · Tommer Ravid · Richard G. Gardner · Richard G. Gardner
    The Molecular Basis of G Protein–Coupled Receptor Activation William I. Weis · Brian K. Kobilka · Brian K. Kobilka
    Biological Insight from Super-Resolution Microscopy: What We Can Learn from Localization-Based Images David Baddeley · Joerg Bewersdorf · Joerg Bewersdorf
    Defining Adult Stem Cells by Function, not by Phenotype Hans Clevers · Fiona M. Watt · Fiona M. Watt · Fiona M. Watt
    Translesion and Repair DNA Polymerases: Diverse Structure and Mechanism Wei Yang · Yang Gao · Yang Gao
    Ribosome-Targeting Antibiotics: Modes of Action, Mechanisms of Resistance, and Implications for Drug Design Jinzhong Lin · Dejian Zhou · Thomas A. Steitz · Thomas A. Steitz · Yury S. Polikanov · Matthieu G. Gagnon · Matthieu G. Gagnon · Matthieu G. Gagnon · Matthieu G. Gagnon
    Protein Quality Control of the Endoplasmic Reticulum and Ubiquitin–Proteasome-Triggered Degradation of Aberrant Proteins: Yeast Pioneers the Path Nicole Berner · Karl-Richard Reutter · Dieter H. Wolf · Dieter H. Wolf
    Protein Evolution and Design Gunnar von Heijne · Gunnar von Heijne
    Signaling to and from the RNA Polymerase III Transcription and Processing Machinery Ian M. Willis · Robyn D. Moir · Robyn D. Moir
    DNA-Encoded Chemical Libraries: A Selection System Based on Endowing Organic Compounds with Amplifiable Information Dario Neri · Richard A. Lerner · Richard A. Lerner
    Lesion Bypass and the Reactivation of Stalled Replication Forks Kenneth J. Marians · Kenneth J. Marians
    Principles of Protein Stability and Their Application in Computational Design Adi Goldenzweig · Sarel J. Fleishman · Sarel J. Fleishman
    A Solid-State Conceptualization of Information Transfer from Gene to Message to Protein Masato Kato · Steven L. McKnight · Steven L. McKnight
    Reductionist Approach in Peptide-Based Nanotechnology Ehud Gazit · Ehud Gazit
    Chromatin and Metabolism Tamaki Suganuma · Jerry L. Workman · Jerry L. Workman
    How Messenger RNA and Nascent Chain Sequences Regulate Translation Elongation Junhong Choi · Rosslyn Grosely · Arjun Prabhakar · Christopher P. Lapointe · Jinfan Wang · Joseph D. Puglisi · Joseph D. Puglisi
    The Structural Enzymology of Iterative Aromatic Polyketide Synthases: A Critical Comparison with Fatty Acid Synthases Shiou-Chuan Tsai · Shiou-Chuan Tsai
    Transition Metal Sequestration by the Host-Defense Protein Calprotectin Emily M. Zygiel · Elizabeth M. Nolan · Elizabeth M. Nolan
    Protein Serine/Threonine Phosphatases: Keys to Unlocking Regulators and Substrates David L. Brautigan · Shirish Shenolikar · Shirish Shenolikar
    Mechanisms and Functions of Spatial Protein Quality Control Emily Mitchell Sontag · Rahul S. Samant · Judith Frydman · Judith Frydman
    Mechanisms of Autophagy Initiation James H. Hurley · Lindsey N. Young · Lindsey N. Young
    Structural Studies of Amyloid Proteins at the Molecular Level David Eisenberg · Michael R. Sawaya · Michael R. Sawaya
    Biochemistry of Catabolic Reductive Dehalogenation Maeva Fincker · Alfred M. Spormann · Alfred M. Spormann
    Molecular Characteristics and Biological Functions of Surface-Active and Surfactant Proteins Margaret Sunde · Chi L. L. Pham · Ann H. Kwan · Ann H. Kwan
    Engineering and In Vivo Applications of Riboswitches Zachary F. Hallberg · Yichi Su · Rebekah Z. Kitto · Ming C. Hammond · Ming C. Hammond
    Eukaryotic DNA Replication Fork Peter M. J. Burgers · Thomas A. Kunkel · Thomas A. Kunkel
    At the Intersection of Chemistry, Biology, and Medicine Christopher T. Walsh · Christopher T. Walsh
    Systems Biology of Metabolism Jens Nielsen · Jens Nielsen
    Conceptual and Experimental Tools to Understand Spatial Effects and Transport Phenomena in Nonlinear Biochemical Networks Illustrated with Patchy Switching Rebecca R. Pompano · Andrew H. Chiang · Christian J. Kastrup · Rustem F. Ismagilov · Rustem F. Ismagilov
    Microbial Rhodopsins: Diversity, Mechanisms, and Optogenetic Applications Elena G. Govorunova · Oleg A. Sineshchekov · Hai Li · John L. Spudich · John L. Spudich
    Cellular Electron Cryotomography: Toward Structural Biology In Situ Catherine M. Oikonomou · Grant J. Jensen · Grant J. Jensen
    Electric Fields and Enzyme Catalysis Stephen D. Fried · Stephen D. Fried · Steven G. Boxer · Steven G. Boxer
    Mechanisms of Deubiquitinase Specificity and Regulation Tycho E. T. Mevissen · David Komander · David Komander
    A Bright Future for Antibiotics Donna Matzov · Anat Bashan · Ada Yonath · Ada Yonath
    A New Facet of Vitamin B12: Gene Regulation by Cobalamin-Based Photoreceptors S. Padmanabhan · Marco Jost · Catherine L. Drennan · Montserrat Elías-Arnanz · Montserrat Elías-Arnanz
    Redox-Based Regulation of Bacterial Development and Behavior Abigail J. Sporer · Lisa J. Kahl · Alexa Price-Whelan · Lars E. P. Dietrich · Lars E. P. Dietrich
    Site-Specific Self-Catalyzed DNA Depurination: A Biological Mechanism That Leads to Mutations and Creates Sequence Diversity Jacques R. Fresco · Olga Amosova · Olga Amosova
    The Evolution of Organellar Coat Complexes and Organization of the Eukaryotic Cell Michael P. Rout · Mark C. Field · Mark C. Field
    How α-Helical Motifs Form Functionally Diverse Lipid-Binding Compartments Lucy Malinina · Dinshaw J. Patel · Rhoderick E. Brown · Rhoderick E. Brown
    Teaching Old Dyes New Tricks: Biological Probes Built from Fluoresceins and Rhodamines Luke D. Lavis · Luke D. Lavis
    Extracellular Heme Uptake and the Challenge of Bacterial Cell Membranes Weiliang Huang · Angela Wilks · Angela Wilks
    Proteasomal and Autophagic Degradation Systems Ivan Dikic · Ivan Dikic
    Protein Misfolding Diseases F. Ulrich Hartl · F. Ulrich Hartl
    Protein Misfolding, Amyloid Formation, and Human Disease: A Summary of Progress Over the Last Decade Fabrizio Chiti · Christopher M. Dobson · Christopher M. Dobson
    The Ubiquitin System, Autophagy, and Regulated Protein Degradation Alexander Varshavsky · Alexander Varshavsky
    Telomerase Mechanism of Telomere Synthesis R. Alex Wu · Heather Upton · Jacob M. Vogan · Kathleen Collins · Kathleen Collins
    Cyclic GMP–AMP as an Endogenous Second Messenger in Innate Immune Signaling by Cytosolic DNA Kazuki Kato · Hiroki Omura · Ryuichiro Ishitani · Osamu Nureki · Osamu Nureki
    Mitochondrial Machineries for Protein Import and Assembly Nils Wiedemann · Nikolaus Pfanner · Nikolaus Pfanner
    Ubiquitin Ligases: Structure, Function, and Regulation Ning Zheng · Nitzan Shabek · Nitzan Shabek
    Endoplasmic Reticulum–Plasma Membrane Contact Sites Yasunori Saheki · Pietro De Camilli · Pietro De Camilli
    Metabolite Measurement: Pitfalls to Avoid and Practices to Follow Wenyun Lu · Xiaoyang Su · Matthias S. Klein · Ian A. Lewis · Oliver Fiehn · Joshua D. Rabinowitz · Joshua D. Rabinowitz
    Isocitrate Dehydrogenase Mutation and (R)-2-Hydroxyglutarate: From Basic Discovery to Therapeutics Development Lenny Dang · Shin-San Michael Su · Shin-San Michael Su
    Spatial and Temporal Regulation of Receptor Tyrosine Kinase Activation and Intracellular Signal Transduction John J. M. Bergeron · Gianni M. Di Guglielmo · Sophie Dahan · Michel Dominguez · Barry I. Posner · Barry I. Posner
    Nucleic Acid–Based Nanodevices in Biological Imaging Kasturi Chakraborty · Aneesh T. Veetil · Samie R. Jaffrey · Yamuna Krishnan · Yamuna Krishnan
    マクロドメイン: 構造,機能,進化と触媒活性 Rack Johannes Gregor Matthias · Perina Dragutin · Ahel Ivan · Ahel Ivan
    Mechanics and Single-Molecule Interrogation of DNA Recombination Jason C. Bell · Jason C. Bell · Stephen C. Kowalczykowski · Stephen C. Kowalczykowski
    Radical S-Adenosylmethionine Enzymes in Human Health and Disease Bradley J. Landgraf · Erin L. McCarthy · Squire J. Booker · Squire J. Booker
    CRISPR/Cas9 in Genome Editing and Beyond Haifeng Wang · Marie La Russa · Lei S. Qi · Lei S. Qi
    Reactive Oxygen Species and Neutrophil Function Christine C. Winterbourn · Anthony J. Kettle · Mark B. Hampton · Mark B. Hampton
    The Substrate Specificity of Sirtuins Poonam Bheda · Hui Jing · Cynthia Wolberger · Hening Lin · Hening Lin
    The Biochemistry of O-GlcNAc Transferase: Which Functions Make It Essential in Mammalian Cells? Zebulon G. Levine · Suzanne Walker · Suzanne Walker
    Necroptosis and Inflammation Kim Newton · Gerard Manning · Gerard Manning
    Structure and Function of the Mitochondrial Ribosome Basil J. Greber · Nenad Ban · Nenad Ban
    The p53 Pathway: Origins, Inactivation in Cancer, and Emerging Therapeutic Approaches Andreas C. Joerger · Alan R. Fersht · Alan R. Fersht
    Mammalian Autophagy: How Does It Work? Carla F. Bento · Maurizio Renna · Ghita Ghislat · Claudia Puri · Avraham Ashkenazi · Mariella Vicinanza · Fiona M. Menzies · David C. Rubinsztein · David C. Rubinsztein
    Organization and Regulation of Mitochondrial Protein Synthesis Martin Ott · Alexey Amunts · Alan Brown · Alan Brown
    Ice-Binding Proteins and Their Function Maya Bar Dolev · Ido Braslavsky · Peter L. Davies · Peter L. Davies
    Understanding the Chemistry and Biology of Glycosylation with Glycan Synthesis Larissa Krasnova · Chi-Huey Wong · Chi-Huey Wong
    Signaling Networks Determining Life Span Celine E. Riera · Carsten Merkwirth · C. Daniel De Magalhaes Filho · Andrew Dillin · Andrew Dillin
    Mechanisms of Bacterial Transcription Termination: All Good Things Must End Ananya Ray-Soni · Michael J. Bellecourt · Robert Landick · Robert Landick
    Enjoy the Trip: Calcium in Mitochondria Back and Forth Diego De Stefani · Rosario Rizzuto · Tullio Pozzan · Tullio Pozzan
    Nucleotide Excision Repair and Transcriptional Regulation: TFIIH and Beyond Emmanuel Compe · Jean-Marc Egly · Jean-Marc Egly
    Transcription as a Threat to Genome Integrity Hélène Gaillard · Andrés Aguilera · Andrés Aguilera
    Maintenance and Expression of Mammalian Mitochondrial DNA Claes M. Gustafsson · Maria Falkenberg · Nils-Göran Larsson · Nils-Göran Larsson
    Biosynthesis of the Metalloclusters of Nitrogenases Yilin Hu · Markus W. Ribbe · Markus W. Ribbe
    Macrodomains: Structure, Function, Evolution, and Catalytic Activities Johannes Gregor Matthias Rack · Dragutin Perina · Ivan Ahel · Ivan Ahel
    Shared Molecular Mechanisms of Membrane Transporters David Drew · Olga Boudker · Olga Boudker
    Mitochondrial Gene Expression: A Playground of Evolutionary Tinkering Walter Neupert · Walter Neupert
    Cellular Homeostasis and Aging F. Ulrich Hartl · F. Ulrich Hartl
    Dietary Protein, Metabolism, and Aging George A. Soultoukis · Linda Partridge · Linda Partridge
    Mechanisms of Mitotic Spindle Assembly Sabine Petry · Sabine Petry
    Experimental Milestones in the Discovery of Molecular Chaperones as Polypeptide Unfolding Enzymes Andrija Finka · Rayees U. H. Mattoo · Pierre Goloubinoff · Pierre Goloubinoff

    Single-Molecule Kinetics in Living Cells
    Annu. Rev. Biochem. | 2018
    Johan Elf · Irmeli Barkefors · Irmeli Barkefors
    Nuclear Genomic Instability and Aging
    Annu. Rev. Biochem. | 2018
    Laura J. Niedernhofer · Aditi U. Gurkar · Aditi U. Gurkar · Yinsheng Wang · Jan Vijg · Jan H.J. Hoeijmakers · Paul D. Robbins · Paul D. Robbins
    Metabolite–Enzyme Coevolution: From Single Enzymes to Metabolic Pathways and Networks
    Annu. Rev. Biochem. | 2018
    Lianet Noda-Garcia · Wolfram Liebermeister · Wolfram Liebermeister · Dan S. Tawfik · Dan S. Tawfik
    A Rich Man, Poor Man Story of S-Adenosylmethionine and Cobalamin Revisited
    Annu. Rev. Biochem. | 2018
    Jennifer Bridwell-Rabb · Tsehai A. J. Grell · Catherine L. Drennan · Catherine L. Drennan
    Ancient biomolecules and evolutionary inference
    Annu. Rev. Biochem. | 2018
    Enrico Cappellini · Ana Prohaska · Fernando Racimo · Frido Welker · Mikkel Winther Pedersen · Morten E. Allentoft · Peter de Barros Damgaard · Petra Gutenbrunner · Julie Dunne · Simon Hammann · Mélanie Roffet-Salque · Melissa Ilardo · J. Víctor Moreno-Mayar · Yucheng Wang · Martin Sikora · Lasse Vinner · Juergen Cox · Richard P. Evershed · Richard P. Evershed
    Regulation of Clathrin-Mediated Endocytosis
    Annu. Rev. Biochem. | 2018
    Marcel Mettlen · Ping Hung Chen · Saipraveen Srinivasan · Gaudenz Danuser · Sandra L. Schmid · Sandra L. Schmid
    Structure and Function of the 26S Proteasome
    Annu. Rev. Biochem. | 2018
    Jared Am Bard · Jared Am Bard · Ellen A. Goodall · Ellen A. Goodall · Eric R. Greene · Eric R. Greene · Erik Jonsson · Erik Jonsson · Ken C. Dong · Ken C. Dong · Andreas Martin · Andreas Martin · Andreas Martin
    Regulated Proteolysis in Bacteria
    Annu. Rev. Biochem. | 2018
    Samar A. Mahmoud · Peter Chien · Peter Chien
    Imaging Bacterial Cell Wall Biosynthesis
    Annu. Rev. Biochem. | 2018
    Atanas D. Radkov · Atanas D. Radkov · Yen-Pang Hsu · Garrett Booher · Michael S. VanNieuwenhze · Michael S. VanNieuwenhze
    Directed Evolution of Protein Catalysts
    Annu. Rev. Biochem. | 2018
    Cathleen Zeymer · Donald Hilvert · Donald Hilvert
    Lipid Cell Biology: A Focus on Lipids in Cell Division
    Annu. Rev. Biochem. | 2018
    Elisabeth M. Storck · Cagakan Özbalci · Ulrike S. Eggert · Ulrike S. Eggert
    Retrospective on Cholesterol Homeostasis: The Central Role of Scap
    Annu. Rev. Biochem. | 2018
    Michael S. Brown · Arun Radhakrishnan · Joseph L. Goldstein · Joseph L. Goldstein
    Protein Quality Control Degradation in the Nucleus
    Annu. Rev. Biochem. | 2018
    Charisma Enam · Yifat Geffen · Tommer Ravid · Richard G. Gardner · Richard G. Gardner
    Defining Adult Stem Cells by Function, not by Phenotype
    Annu. Rev. Biochem. | 2018
    Hans Clevers · Fiona M. Watt · Fiona M. Watt · Fiona M. Watt