Physics Essays
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אימפקט פקטור

2020-2021

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אימפקט פקטור Trend

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Physics Essays

The 2020-2021 אימפקט פקטור of Physics Essays is still under calculation. Stay tuned!

Physics Essays Impact Factor
Highest IF
0.356
Highest אימפקט פקטור

The highest אימפקט פקטור of Physics Essays is 0.356.

Lowest IF
-
Lowest אימפקט פקטור

The אימפקט פקטור of Physics Essays is still under calculation. Stay Tuned!

Total Growth Rate
-
IF Total Growth Rate

The total growth rate of Physics Essays IF is still under calculation. Stay Tuned!

Annual Growth Rate
-
IF Annual Growth Rate

The annual growth rate of Physics Essays IF is still under calculation. Stay Tuned!

אימפקט פקטור Ranking

Subcategory Quartile Rank Percentile
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אימפקט פקטור Ranking

The אימפקט פקטור Ranking of Physics Essays is still under analysis. Stay Tuned!

Physics Essays Impact Factor 2021-2022 Prediction

Physics Essays Impact Factor Predition System

Physics Essays Impact Factor Prediction System is now online. You can start share your valuable insights with the community.

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Total Publications
2198
Total Citations
3895

Annual Publication Volume

Annual Citation Record

אימפקט פקטור History

Year אימפקט פקטור
Year אימפקט פקטור
2020-2021 -
2019-2020 -
2018-2019 -
2017-2018 -
2016-2017 -
2015-2016 -
2014-2015 -
2013-2014 0.245
2012-2013 0.356
2011-2012 0.276
אימפקט פקטור History

The אימפקט פקטור 2020-2021 of Physics Essays is still under analysis. Stay Tuned!
The אימפקט פקטור 2019-2020 of Physics Essays is still under analysis. Stay Tuned!
The אימפקט פקטור 2018-2019 of Physics Essays is still under analysis. Stay Tuned!
The אימפקט פקטור 2017-2018 of Physics Essays is still under analysis. Stay Tuned!
The אימפקט פקטור 2016-2017 of Physics Essays is still under analysis. Stay Tuned!
The אימפקט פקטור 2015-2016 of Physics Essays is still under analysis. Stay Tuned!
The אימפקט פקטור 2014-2015 of Physics Essays is still under analysis. Stay Tuned!
· The 2013-2014 אימפקט פקטור of Physics Essays is 0.245
· The 2012-2013 אימפקט פקטור of Physics Essays is 0.356
· The 2011-2012 אימפקט פקטור of Physics Essays is 0.276

Publications Cites Dataset

Year Publications Citations
Year Publications Citations
1988 40 1
1989 57 9
1990 65 11
1991 69 25
1992 78 30
1993 75 45
1994 68 57
1995 69 45
1996 68 59
1997 80 77
1998 85 63
1999 78 66
2000 80 84
2001 47 83
2002 50 114
2003 44 212
2004 44 96
2005 53 85
2006 58 134
2007 55 100
2008 43 99
2009 77 173
2010 80 250
2011 88 276
2012 80 187
2013 81 289
2014 69 254
2015 48 237
2016 101 224
2017 74 171
2018 69 106
2019 65 125
2020 60 100
2021 0 8
Publications Cites Dataset

· The Physics Essays has published 40 reports and received 1 citations in 1988.
· The Physics Essays has published 57 reports and received 9 citations in 1989.
· The Physics Essays has published 65 reports and received 11 citations in 1990.
· The Physics Essays has published 69 reports and received 25 citations in 1991.
· The Physics Essays has published 78 reports and received 30 citations in 1992.
· The Physics Essays has published 75 reports and received 45 citations in 1993.
· The Physics Essays has published 68 reports and received 57 citations in 1994.
· The Physics Essays has published 69 reports and received 45 citations in 1995.
· The Physics Essays has published 68 reports and received 59 citations in 1996.
· The Physics Essays has published 80 reports and received 77 citations in 1997.
· The Physics Essays has published 85 reports and received 63 citations in 1998.
· The Physics Essays has published 78 reports and received 66 citations in 1999.
· The Physics Essays has published 80 reports and received 84 citations in 2000.
· The Physics Essays has published 47 reports and received 83 citations in 2001.
· The Physics Essays has published 50 reports and received 114 citations in 2002.
· The Physics Essays has published 44 reports and received 212 citations in 2003.
· The Physics Essays has published 44 reports and received 96 citations in 2004.
· The Physics Essays has published 53 reports and received 85 citations in 2005.
· The Physics Essays has published 58 reports and received 134 citations in 2006.
· The Physics Essays has published 55 reports and received 100 citations in 2007.
· The Physics Essays has published 43 reports and received 99 citations in 2008.
· The Physics Essays has published 77 reports and received 173 citations in 2009.
· The Physics Essays has published 80 reports and received 250 citations in 2010.
· The Physics Essays has published 88 reports and received 276 citations in 2011.
· The Physics Essays has published 80 reports and received 187 citations in 2012.
· The Physics Essays has published 81 reports and received 289 citations in 2013.
· The Physics Essays has published 69 reports and received 254 citations in 2014.
· The Physics Essays has published 48 reports and received 237 citations in 2015.
· The Physics Essays has published 101 reports and received 224 citations in 2016.
· The Physics Essays has published 74 reports and received 171 citations in 2017.
· The Physics Essays has published 69 reports and received 106 citations in 2018.
· The Physics Essays has published 65 reports and received 125 citations in 2019.
· The Physics Essays has published 60 reports and received 100 citations in 2020.
· The Physics Essays has published 0 reports and received 8 citations in 2021.
· The total publications of Physics Essays is 2198.
· The total citations of Physics Essays is 3895.

Physics Essays
Journal Profile
Physics Essays | Academic Accelerator - About the Journal

About

- Physics Essays is a peer-reviewed scientific journal covering theoretical and experimental physics. It was established in 1988 and the editor-in-chief is E. Panarella.

ISSN
-
ISSN

The ISSN of Physics Essays is - . An ISSN is an 8-digit code used to identify newspapers, journals, magazines and periodicals of all kinds and on all media–print and electronic.

ISSN (Online)
-
ISSN (Online)

The ISSN (Online) of Physics Essays is - . An ISSN is an 8-digit code used to identify newspapers, journals, magazines and periodicals of all kinds and on all media–print and electronic.

Publisher
nan
Publisher

Physics Essays is published by nan .

Publication Frequency
Quarterly
Publication Frequency

Physics Essays publishes reports Quarterly .

Coverage
nan
Coverage

The Publication History of Physics Essays covers nan .

Open Access
-
Open Access

The publication type of Physics Essays is still under survey. Stay tuned!

Publication Fee
Review
Publication Fee

The publication fee of Physics Essays is still under survey. Stay tuned!

Language
Multiple languages
Language

The language of Physics Essays is Multiple languages .

Country/Region
nan
Country/Region

The publisher of Physics Essays is nan , which locates in nan .

What is Impact Factor?

The impact factor (IF) or journal impact factor (JIF) of an academic journal is a scientometric index calculated by Clarivate that reflects the yearly average number of citations of articles published in the last two years in a given journal. It is frequently used as a proxy for the relative importance of a journal within its field; journals with higher impact factor values are often deemed to be more important, or carry more intrinsic prestige in their respective fields, than those with lower values.

Physics Essays | Academic Accelerator - About the Impact Factor

Impact factor is commonly used to evaluate the relative importance of a journal within its field and to measure the frequency with which the “average article” in a journal has been cited in a particular time period. Journal which publishes more review articles will get highest IFs. Journals with higher IFs believed to be more important than those with lower ones. According to Eugene Garfield “impact simply reflects the ability of the journals and editors to attract the best paper available.” Journal which publishes more review articles will get maximum IFs. The Impact Factor of an academic journal is a scientometric Metric that reflects the yearly average number of citations that recent articles published in a given journal received. It is frequently used as a Metric for the relative importance of a journal within its field; journals with higher Impact Factor are often deemed to be more important than those with lower ones. The Physics Essays Impact Factor IF measures the average number of citations received in a particular year (2020) by papers published in the Physics Essays during the two preceding years (2018-2019). Note that 2020 Impact Factor are reported in 2021; they cannot be calculated until all of the 2020 publications have been processed by the indexing agency. New journals, which are indexed from their first published issue, will receive an impact factor after two years of indexing; in this case, the citations to the year prior to Volume 1, and the number of articles published in the year prior to Volume 1, are known zero values. Journals that are indexed starting with a volume other than the first volume will not get an impact factor until they have been indexed for three years. Occasionally, Journal Citation Reports assigns an impact factor to new journals with less than two years of indexing, based on partial citation data. The calculation always uses two complete and known years of item counts, but for new titles one of the known counts is zero. Annuals and other irregular publications sometimes publish no items in a particular year, affecting the count. The impact factor relates to a specific time period; it is possible to calculate it for any desired period. In addition to the 2-year Impact Factor, the 3-year Impact Factor, 4-year Impact Factor, 5-year Impact Factor, Real-Time Impact Factor can provide further insights and factors into the impact of Physics Essays.

History

The impact factor was devised by Eugene Garfield, the founder of the Institute for Scientific Information (ISI). Impact factors are calculated yearly starting from 1975 for journals listed in the Journal Citation Reports (JCR). ISI was acquired by Thomson Scientific & Healthcare in 1992, and became known as Thomson ISI. In 2018, Thomson ISI was sold to Onex Corporation and Baring Private Equity Asia. They founded a new corporation, Clarivate, which is now the publisher of the JCR.

Use

The impact factor is used to compare different journals within a certain field. The Web of Science indexes more than 11,500 science and social science journals. Journal impact factors are often used to evaluate the merit of individual articles and individual researchers. This use of impact factors was summarised by Hoeffel:

Impact Factor is not a perfect tool to measure the quality of articles but there is nothing better and it has the advantage of already being in existence and is, therefore, a good technique for scientific evaluation. Experience has shown that in each specialty the best journals are those in which it is most difficult to have an article accepted, and these are the journals that have a high impact factor. Most of these journals existed long before the impact factor was devised. The use of impact factor as a measure of quality is widespread because it fits well with the opinion we have in each field of the best journals in our specialty....In conclusion, prestigious journals publish papers of high level. Therefore, their impact factor is high, and not the contrary.

Eugene Garfield

In brief, Impact factors may be used by:
  • Authors to decide where to submit an article for publication.
  • Libraries to make collection development decisions
  • Academic departments to assess academic productivity
  • Academic departments to make decisions on promotion and tenure.
As impact factors are a journal-level metric, rather than an article- or individual-level metric, this use is controversial. Garfield agrees with Hoeffel,but warns about the "misuse in evaluating individuals" because there is "a wide variation [of citations] from article to article within a single journal". Other things to consider about Impact Factors:
  • Many journals do not have an impact factor.
  • The impact factor cannot assess the quality of individual articles. Even if citations were evenly distributed among articles, the impact factor would only measure the interests of other researchers in an article, not its importance and usefulness.
  • Only research articles, technical notes and reviews are “citable” items. Editorials, letters, news items and meeting abstracts are “non-citable items”.
  • Only a small percentage of articles are highly cited and they are found in a small subset of journals. This small proportion accounts for a large percentage of citations.
  • Controversial papers, such as those based on fraudulent data, may be highly cited, distorting the impact factor of a journal.
  • Citation bias may exist. For example, English language resources may be favoured. Authors may cite their own work.
Moreover, informed and careful use of these impact data is essential, and should be based on a thorough understanding of the methodology used to generate impact factors. There are controversial aspects of using impact factors:
  • It is not clear whether the number of times a paper is cited measures its actual quality.
  • Some databases that calculate impact factors fail to incorporate publications including textbooks, handbooks and reference books.
  • Certain disciplines have low numbers of journals and usage. Therefore, one should only compare journals or researchers within the same discipline.
  • Review articles normally are cited more often and therefore can skew results.
  • Self-citing may also skew results.
  • Some resources used to calculate impact factors have inadequate international coverage.
  • Editorial policies can artificially inflate an impact factor.
Impact factors have often been used in advancement and tenure decision-making. Many recognize that this is a coarse tool for such important decisions, and that a multitude of factors should be taken into account in these deliberations. When considering the use of the impact factor (IF), keep these aspects in mind:
  • IF analysis is limited to citations from the journals indexed by the Web of Science/Web of Knowledge. Currently, the Web of Science indexes only 8621 journals across the full breadth of the sciences, and just 3121 in the social sciences.
  • A high IF/citation rate says nothing about the quality -- or even, validity -- of the references being cited. Notorious or even retracted articles often attract a lot of attention, hence a high number of citations. The notority related to the first publication on "cold fusion" is one such example.
  • Journals that publish more "review articles" are often found near the top of the rankings. While not known for publishing new, creative findings, these individual articles tend to be heavily cited.
  • The IF measures the average number of citations to articles in the journal -- given this, a small number of highly-cited articles will skew the figure.
  • It takes several years for new journals to be added to the list of titles indexed by the Web of Science/Web of Knowledge, so these newer titles will be under-represented.
  • It's alleged that journal editors have learned to "game" the system, encouraging authors to cite their works previously published in the same journal.
Comparing Journals Across Disciplines? Not a good idea! Using Impact Factors within a given discipline should only be done with great care, as described above. Using impact factor data to compare journals across disciplines is even more problematic. Here are some of the reasons:
  • Disciplines where older literature is still referenced, such as Chemistry and Mathematics, offer challenges to the methodolgy since older citations (older than two years) are not used to calculate the impact factor for a given journal. (Five-year impact factor analysis, which can be calculated using the Journal Citation Index database, helps smooth out this problem only to some degree.)
  • Different disciplines have different practices regarding tendency to cite larger numbers of references. Higher overall citation rates will bump upward impact factor measurements.
  • Where it's common for large numbers of authors to collaborate on a single paper, such as in Physics, the tendency of authors to cite themselves (and in this case, more authors) will result in increased citation rates.

Pros and Cons of the Impact Factor

Pros:

  • A vetted, established metric for measuring journal impact within a discipline.
  • Designed to eliminate bias based on journal size and frequency.
Cons:
  • Individual articles makes an uneven contribution to overall Impact Factor.
  • Impact Factor does not account for certain things, things like context (postive or negative citaion) and intentionality (self-citation).
  • The metric is proprietary to and bound by the contents of the Thomson Reuters database.
  • Citations, on which the Impact Factor is based, count for less than 1% of an article's overall use.

Criticism

Numerous critiques have been made regarding the use of impact factors. A 2007 study noted that the most fundamental flaw is that impact factors present the mean of data that are not normally distributed, and suggested that it would be more appropriate to present the median of these data. There is also a more general debate on the validity of the impact factor as a measure of journal importance and the effect of policies that editors may adopt to boost their impact factor (perhaps to the detriment of readers and writers). Other criticism focuses on the effect of the impact factor on behavior of scholars, editors and other stakeholders. Others have made more general criticisms, arguing that emphasis on impact factor results from negative influence of neoliberal policies on academia claiming that what is needed is not just replacement of the impact factor with more sophisticated metrics for science publications but also discussion on the social value of research assessment and the growing precariousness of scientific careers in higher education.
Experts stress that there are limitations in using impact factors to evaluate a scholar's work. There are many reasons cited for not relying on impact factor alone to evaluate the output of a particular individual. Among these are the following:

  • A single factor is not sufficient for evaluating an author's work.
  • Journal values are meaningless unless compared within the same discipline. Impact factors vary among disciplines.
  • The impact factor was originally devised to show the impact of a specific journal, not a specific scholar. The quality and impact of the author's work may extend beyond the impact of a particular journal.
According to Jim Testa, a researcher for ThomsonReuters Scientific, the most widespread misuse of the Impact Factor is to evaluate the work of an individual author (instead of a journal). "To say that because a researcher is publishing in a certain journal, he or she is more influential or deserves more credit is not necessarily true. There are many other variables to consider." (interview 6/26/2008 in Thomson Reuters blog entry)

Selected Articles

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